Questions on Fourier series, the expansion of a function in terms of basis functions that satisfy an orthogonality relation. Usually, complex exponentials or sines and cosines are used.

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10
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179 views

About the Gibbs phenomenon for the Legendre polynomials as an orthogonal base of $L^2(-1,1)$

In a recent question, I proved that the Fourier-Legendre expansion of the function $f(x)=\text{sign}(x)$ over $(-1,1)$ is given by: $$2\sum_{m\geq 0}\frac{4m+3}{4m+4}\cdot\frac{(-1)^m}{4^m}\binom{2m}{...
9
votes
0answers
115 views

Which Fourier series are “legal”?

Let's consider a continuous function $f(x)$ and real numbers $\lambda_n=(\alpha+\beta n)\pi$ where both $\alpha$ and $\beta$ are integers. In any interval $I$, is it true that $$ f(x)=\sum_{n\geq 0}...
9
votes
0answers
253 views

Interesting Integral with Parameters

I would like to compute the following integral: $$\int\frac{d^{2}\overrightarrow{q}}{2\pi}\int\frac{d^{2}\overrightarrow{k}}{2\pi}e^{i\overrightarrow{q}\cdot\overrightarrow{r}}\left(e^{i\...
7
votes
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223 views

Difficult Fourier transform exercise

I am currently dealing with a problem in functional analysis where I want to show the following. Let $\phi_{k+1}(x):=\sqrt{2} \sum_{n \in \mathbb{Z}} h(n) \phi_k(2x-n)$ and $\phi_0= \chi_{[0,1]},$ if ...
7
votes
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340 views

Show that the function is constant

Let $S^n$ be an $n$-dimentional unit sphere. Consider $f: S^n \longrightarrow R_+$ even continuous function. Denote $$ F(f):=\int_0^{\infty}\int_{S^n}f(y)g\left(\frac{|xy|}{t}\right)dy\frac{dt}{t^{...
6
votes
0answers
255 views

expansion for $1-|t|$

Let $f$ be a continuous function on $\mathbb{R}$ with compact support with exactly one maximum. Form the functions $$ f_{m,k}(x)=f^m\left(x-\frac{k}{2^m}\right) $$ I am wondering if one can expand ...
5
votes
0answers
58 views

Numerically solving a non-linear PDE by an ODE on the Fourier coefficients

I need to solve numerically a PDE of the form $$ u_t(x,t)=u_{xx}(x,t)+u_x(x,t)^2-a(x)u_x(x,t)-a_x(x) $$ with initial condition $u(x,0)=u_0(x)$. I can assume that both $u(\cdot,t)$ and $a(\cdot)$ are ...
5
votes
0answers
106 views

How to find Green's function using Fourier-Bessel expansion

The Green's function satisfies the non homogeneous Bessel equation can be written as $xg''+g'+\left(k^2x-\frac{m^2}{x}\right)g=-\delta(x-\xi)$ where $m\geq0$ and an integer. The boundary conditions ...
5
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0answers
57 views

Accelerated Eigenfunction Expansions of Random Functions

I am interested in eigenfunction expansions of random functions. We know that the autocorrelation of brownian motion, $\{ B_t \}_{t \geq 0}$, is given by $$ E[B_t B_s] = \min\{s,t \}, $$ which can ...
5
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119 views

Fourier transformation example

I have been studying Fourier transform and to make things completely clear I wanted to make a simple example for myself and I wanted to present it here, in order to verify that I have a correct ...
5
votes
0answers
71 views

Find a relationship between $\hat f$ and $\hat g$, given $g(x)=\int^{x+1}_x f(t)\,dt$, $f\in L^2(\mathbb R)$,

Given $f\in L^2(\mathbb R)$ and $g(x)=\int^{x+1}_x f(t)\,dt$ (a) Relate $\hat f$ and $\hat g$ (b) Prove $g\in H^1(\mathbb R)$ Part A: $$\hat g(k)= \int^{\infty}_{-\infty} \int^{x+1}_{x} f(t)\,...
5
votes
0answers
173 views

Prove a function has $k$ continuous derivatives from its Fourier series

Here is the problem. Let $k\in \mathbb{N}$. Suppose that there is a constant $C$ such that $|c_n|<\frac{C}{|n|^{k+1}}$ ($c_n$ here is the $n$th Fourier coefficient). Prove that $f(x)=\sum_{n\in\...
5
votes
0answers
198 views

Expansion in Fourier series involving a complicated “argument”

I know how to expand a function $f(x)$ into a Fourier series with the period $2L$: $$f(x) = \frac{a_0}{2} + \sum_{n=1}^\infty a_n\cos(n\pi x/L)+\sum_{n=0}^\infty b_n\sin(n\pi x/L),$$ but what if I ...
5
votes
0answers
289 views

What are the conditions sufficient and necessary on $g(t)$ for the Dirichlet integral to be equal to $\frac{\pi}{2} g(0+)$?

Dirichlet Integral of a function $g\colon \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ is defined as $$ DI(\alpha) = \int_0^{\delta} g(t) \frac{\sin(\alpha t)}{t} dt$$ assume $\alpha \in \mathbb{N}$ For the equality ...
4
votes
0answers
46 views

is there something wrong with the Fourier transform coefficients?

define the Fourier transform and its inverse $$\hat{u}(y)=\frac{1}{(2\pi)^{n/2}}\int_{\mathbb R^n}e^{-ixy}u(x)\,dx$$ $$\check{u}(y)=\frac{1}{(2\pi)^{n/2}}\int_{\mathbb R^n}e^{ixy}u(x)\,dx$$ then ...
4
votes
0answers
76 views

Asymptotic expansion for the solution of linear KDV eq.

Hi, The question arises from the book Solitons by P. G. Drazin about the linearized KDV eq. $$ u_t+u_{xxx}=0 $$ My first step was to take a Fourier transform of the equation, find that the ...
4
votes
0answers
117 views

Is there a closed-form approximation to a band-limited sawtooth?

A partial Fourier Series with no coefficients is equal to the closed form expression: $${A \over n} \sum_{k=1}^n \cos(k\theta) = {A \over 2n} \left\{{\sin([2n + 1]\theta/2) \over \sin(\theta/2)} - 1\...
4
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0answers
196 views

How to compute Fourier coefficients using a cubic spline-corrected FFT?

I'm not particularly experienced in numerical analysis, and so I recently had quite a massive shock when I discovered that sampling a smooth function and computing the FFT of the result does not ...
4
votes
0answers
162 views

How to do this Sum? Poisson Resummation?

In the paper hep-th/0812.2909 page 34-35, there's a sum that I've been trying to do explicitly but I can't find a way. The sum is $$ \frac{2l}{\pi l! (l-1)!} \sum_{k\in\mathbb{Z}} \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} ...
3
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0answers
30 views

Help solving a Fourier Series for a function with P=2L

I have a periodic function $$ f(x) = \begin{cases} -2x-x^2, & -2 \leq x < 0 \\ 2x-x^2, & 0 \leq x < 2 \\ f(x)=f(x+4) & otherwise \end{cases}$$ and this period is repeated. I ...
3
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0answers
70 views

if $f(x)$ is periodic $\left|\int_1^\infty f(x) x^{-s} dx\right| \sim C\left|\int_1^\infty \sin(x) x^{-s} dx\right|$ when $\text{Im}(s) \to \infty$

is it true that if $f(x)$ is periodic, non-constant and bounded $$\text{when } T \to \infty ,\qquad\qquad\sup_{|t| \ <\ T}\ \ \left|\ \int_1^\infty f(x) x^{-\sigma-it} dx\ \right| \ \sim \ ...
3
votes
0answers
36 views

Lebesgue measurable with two periods

I am trying to prove that a Lebesgue Measurable function with two periods $a $ and $b$ such that $b/a $ is irrational must ne constant almost everywhere.... I really dont know what to do, it says that ...
3
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0answers
47 views

Is $\sum_n\exp(ian+ibn^2+icn^3)$ known in terms of anything else?

For arbitrary $a,b,c$, does the series $$F(a,b,c)=\sum_{n=-\infty}^\infty\exp\left(ian+ibn^2+icn^3\right),$$ i.e. an evenly-weighed series of exponentials of cubic polynomials, converge to anything ...
3
votes
0answers
39 views

Fourier analysis on groups, and the isomorphism of characters in the “classical” setting

I am reading these lecture notes By Daniel Bump about Character Theory on Abelian Groups. If $G$ is a group, then $G^*$ denotes its characters, the set of homomorphisms $\pi : G \to \mathbb C^{\times}$...
3
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0answers
120 views

Orthonormal Basis of $L^2$

Theorem: ' ' The Orthonormal family $e_n(x)=e^{2\pi i n x},\ n\in\mathbb{N}$ is a basis for $\mathcal{L}^2([0,1])$.`` In this case, $\{e_n(x)\}_{n\in\mathbb{N}}$ being a basis would mean that any $f\...
3
votes
0answers
56 views

Using a Fourier Series to Solve Differential Equation

The problem states to use the fourier series of the function f(t) defined as follows: $f(t)= t+1 , -1<t<0 $ $f(t)=1-t , 0<t<1$ to solve the differential equation: x''+4x=f(t), x(0)=1, ...
3
votes
0answers
53 views

On converting from real to complex Fourier series

Let a real-valued function $f$ be defined as following: $$f\left ( x \right )=\left\{\begin{matrix} 2k-x, x\in\left [ 2k-1,2k \right ) & \\ x-2x , x \in \left[ 2k,2k+1\right )& \end{matrix}\...
3
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0answers
79 views

What type of equation is this?

Is this equation an ODE or PDE $$ \frac{d^3u}{dx^3}−αxu=0, x∈R $$ The only thing given is $\int_R u(x) =\pi $ and $α>0$ is some constant. I have to find the solution using fourier ...
3
votes
0answers
96 views

About the closed form for $\lim_{y\to +\infty}\left(-\frac{2}{\pi}\log(1+y)+\int_{0}^{y}\frac{|\cos x\,|}{1+x}\,dx\right)$

Recently, when facing a baby Rudin's exercise, I proved that: $$ \int_{0}^{y}\frac{|\cos x\,|}{1+x}\,dx = \frac{2}{\pi}\log(1+y)+O(1) $$ holds by integration by parts. Now I wonder if $$\color{red}...
3
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99 views

For which algebras Taylor series and the Fourier series can be generalized?

I'm not a professional mathematician. The question is in the title. But most of all I'd like to know about this for quaternions algebra with non commutative multiplication. I'd like to know about ...
3
votes
0answers
38 views

Issues proving a basis via wedge product

On a quiz I was given the problem" a series that is a basis for $[-1,1]$ is $ \sum_0^{\infty} c_n P_n $, where $ P_n $ is a polynomial and each polynomial $P_n$ is orthonormal to the others. Using the ...
3
votes
0answers
82 views

Fourier transform and non-standard calculus

The Fourier transform is not as easily formalizable as the Fourier series. For example, one needs to introduce tempered distributions to define the Dirac delta-function. Also, it is impossible to view ...
3
votes
0answers
32 views

Local behavior of a Fourier series and a intgral

So I have to calculate an integral that involves a Fourier series of some function. I would like to get some kind of local control of the function near zero the series is $$f(x)=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\...
3
votes
0answers
42 views

Discrete Fourier Transform of a shift of a tuple over a finite field

Let $a = a_0 a_1 \cdots a_{N-1}$ be a sequence over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$, where $N \mid q^n-1$ for some $n$. Let $\xi_N$ be a primitive $N$-th root of unity in the extension $\mathbb{F}_{q^n}$...
3
votes
0answers
116 views

Are there any new research results on approximating Riemann $\Xi(z)$ by a Fourier transformation

Riemann $\Xi(z)$ function is related to Riemann $\zeta(s)$ function via ($s=1/2+i z$): $$\Xi(z)=\frac{1}{2}s(s-1)\pi^{-s/2}\Gamma(s/2)\zeta(s)$$ The functional equation for $\zeta(s)$ is equivalent ...
3
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0answers
90 views

Fourier Series to Laurent Series

Given a periodic function $f(\sigma)$ with period $T$, one can compute its Fourier series, $$f(\sigma)=\sum_{n\in\mathbb{Z}} c_n e^{i \omega n\sigma}$$ where $\omega=2\pi/T$ and the coefficients of ...
3
votes
0answers
51 views

Difference between almost everywhere convergence of whole Fourier series and a subseries of $L^2$ functions

Let $f \in L^2(\mathbb{R})$ and $F_{N}f$ denote the $N$-th partial sum of its Fourier series. Then $||F_{N}f -f||_{L^{2}} \rightarrow 0$ as $N \rightarrow \infty$. But this implies there exists a ...
3
votes
0answers
195 views

Inverse Fourier transform on infinite series

Let $f\in L^2(\mathbb{R})$ be such that $\hat{f}$ is supported on $[-\pi,\pi]$. I have derived that $$\hat{f}(y)=\sum_{n=-\infty}^\infty f(n)1_{[-\pi,\pi]}(y)e^{-iny}$$ in $L^2$ convergence. Let $K(...
3
votes
0answers
33 views

Convergence of the series $\sum_{\xi\in\mathbb Z^n} e^{2\pi ix\cdot \xi} a(x, \xi)\hat{f}(\xi)$?

I need some help with the following problem: let $a:\mathbb R^n\times \mathbb R^n\rightarrow \mathbb C$ be a smooth function and suppose there are constantes $C_{\alpha, \beta}$ and $M(\alpha, \beta)$ ...
3
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0answers
112 views

Fourier transform of a logarithm

How can one go about computing the 2d (or 1d, in either variable) Fourier transform of the function $$\ln(w^2-k^2)?$$
3
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0answers
71 views

Recovery of Bandlimited Signals

Let $\Omega > 0$ and denote by $\mathcal{B}_\Omega$ the subspace of $L^2(\Bbb R)$ consisting of signals that are bandlimited to $(-\Omega, \Omega)$. Denote $\mathcal{L}_{\Omega} : L^2(\Bbb R) \...
3
votes
0answers
77 views

Is harmonicity preserved when taking limits (normal convergence) on the unit disk.

I'm reading Koosis's book on $H^p$ spaces and have a question. He is proving a $L^p$ version of the Dirichlet problem which states that if $F(t)$ is in $L^p$ on the unit circle then $$ U_{r}(\theta)=F\...
3
votes
0answers
567 views

Solve a differential equation using Fourier series

Assume I have a second order differential equation $\ddot{x} = F(x,\dot{x})$ (or an equivalent equation of first order) and that I know there is a periodic solution to it (for simplicity's sake, ...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

A Fourier series $\frac{1}{1+t^2}$

What is the Fourier series of the function $$ f(t) = \frac{1}{1+ a t^2}$$ over $[0,1]$, where $a >0$ is some constant? I mean, are the coefficients known?
3
votes
0answers
36 views

Characterize a large class of shapes using a finite number of parameters

I am doing some numerical computations searching for an optimal shape for a certain functional. In my particular case, the shape $\Omega$ is a 2 dimensional star shaped domain by the origin, which ...
3
votes
0answers
277 views

Questions about the Fourier expansion of $e^{iz\cot(x)}$

By analogy with Jacobi–Anger expansion, one expects that $e^{iz\cot(x)}$ has a Fourier expansion of the form : $$e^{iz\cot(\theta)}=\sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty}\Lambda_{n}(z)e^{in\theta}$$ $\Lambda_{n}(z)...
3
votes
0answers
156 views

Check my solution - Modelling of a spring with Differential Equation

I am doing some work with differential equations. I have solved the following problem but am uncertain if I'm doing it correctly. Could someone look over it for me and check if I'm doing something ...
3
votes
0answers
411 views

Is this sum equal to the Möbius function?

In the wikipedia page Uses of trigonometry under the section Number theory and in the page for the Möbius function there is an explanation for how to calculate the Möbius function from the GCD=1 ...
3
votes
0answers
184 views

Uniform convergence of a series

This problem came from the Krantz text ($2^{nd}$ ed. ch. 9, prob. 17): Prove that the series $\displaystyle\sum_{j=1}^{\infty }{\frac{\sin{(jx)}}{j}}$ converges uniformly on compact intervals that do ...
3
votes
0answers
228 views

Fourier Series generated by a function and periodic with $2\pi$

Consider the Fourier series (in exponential form) generated by a function $f$ which is continuous on $[0,2\pi]$ and periodic with period $2\pi$ , say $$f(x)\sim\sum_{n = - \infty }^{+ \infty }\alpha ...