Questions on Fourier series, the expansion of a function in terms of basis functions that satisfy an orthogonality relation. Usually, complex exponentials or sines and cosines are used.

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435 views

Is it possible for cosine functions to have Fourier sine series expressions or sine functions to have Fourier cosine series expressions?

Is it possible for cosine functions to have Fourier sine series expressions or sine functions to have Fourier cosine series expressions? For example, do $\sum\limits_{n=1}^\infty a_n\sin nu=\cos u$ ...
3
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1answer
418 views

heat equation solution

This is the question, I have solved it but I need someone to double check my solution. Question: Find the temperature $u(x, t)$ in a rod of length $L$ if the initial temperature is $f(x)$ throughout ...
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2answers
273 views

What is the reason for these jiggles when truncating infinite series?

Plotting the series $$\displaystyle y = \sum_{k} \frac{\sin kx }{k}$$ In the limit it would look like Taking a finite number of terms, I want to understand what is the reason for the jiggling at ...
3
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1answer
186 views

How large are the second, third, fourth, etc. ringing artifacts in Gibbs phenomenon?

I've read that in the Gibbs phenomenon, partial Fourier series will over- or underestimate a function's value in neighborhoods of jump discontinuities. Specifically, the maximum error will converge to ...
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2answers
2k views

Fourier cosine transform

Find Fourier cosine transform of $e^{-a^2 x^2}$ and hense evaluate Fourier sine transform of $x\cdot e^{-a^2x^2}$. I can solve this question only if there is $x$ instead of $x^2$ in the exponential ...
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1answer
40 views

Coefficient in the Fourier expansion of the cusp form

Ideal of cusp for $\Gamma_{0}(4)$ is principal and generated by $f(z)=η(2z)^{12}=q+\sum a(n)q^n $, this is discussed here. How one can compute the coefficient $a(n)$ when $n$ is rather large ? for ...
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3answers
82 views

Fourier series simplification

I want to show that $$\frac{1}{\pi} \int_{-\pi}^{\pi} f(x)g(x)dx = \frac{a_0\alpha_0}{2} + \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} (a_n\alpha_n + b_n\beta_n)$$ where $f,g: [-\pi,\pi] \to \mathbb{R}$ are integral ...
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1answer
100 views

Fourier series without Fourier analysis techniques

It is known that one can sometimes derive certain Fourier series without alluding to the methods of Fourier analysis. It is often done using complex analysis. There is a way of deriving the formula ...
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2answers
158 views

Sum of Fourier Series

I need to find the Fourier Series for $f\in \mathcal{C}_{st}$ that is given by $$f(x)=\begin{cases}0,\quad-\pi<x\le 0\\ \cos(x),\quad0\le x<\pi\end{cases}.$$ in the interval $]-\pi,\pi[$ ...
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2answers
132 views

How to solve this equation by Fourier series?

$$ y''+3y=\sin ^4 x ,\quad y=\frac{1}{8} +\frac{\cos2x}{2}-\frac{\cos4x}{104}.$$ Now the text book states the solution, but I don't know the process of solving this equation. I need your help!
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3answers
189 views

Series help, fourier series

How do I know if a given function can be represented by a fourier series, that converges to the value of that function at non discontinuities. Also where did Fourier come up with the idea of ...
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3answers
471 views

About completeness of the Fourier series.

The Fourier series of a function is given by $$ \frac{a_0}{2} + \sum_{n=1}^\infty a_n \cos n \theta + \sum_{n=1}^\infty b_n \sin n \theta . $$ Here what does the statement " $\sum_{n=1}^\infty b_n ...
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1answer
5k views

Using Fourier series to calculate an infinite sum

Given the Fourier series of the $2\pi$-periodic function defined for $$-\pi\leqslant x \leqslant \pi$$ by $$f(x) = |x|$$ is $$ \frac{\pi}{2} -\frac{4}{\pi} \sum_{k\geq 1, k\ odd}^{\infty} ...
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2answers
547 views

The link between vectors spaces ($L^2(-\pi, \pi$) and fourier series

So in my PDE course we started with a review of complex numbers and vector spaces to introduce us to fourier series. I have a few questions about this. I know 'big ell 2' and 'little el 2' are ...
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1answer
32 views

Writing a Fourier series of a $2\pi$-periodic function.

This problem was taken from Stein's Introduction to Fourier analysis, and it goes like this: Let $f$ be a $2\pi$-periodic Riemman integrable function defined on $\mathbb{R}$. Show that the Fourier ...
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1answer
96 views

Fourier sine series expansion

The function $f(x)$ is defined as $$f(x)=1\qquad0<x<\pi$$ Sketch the odd extension and show that the Fourier sine series expansion is ...
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1answer
51 views

Sum involving the “distance to the nearest integer function”

I want to prove that if $||x||$ is the distance between $x$ and the nearest integer to $x$, $\{\alpha_1,\ldots, \alpha_N\}$ are points in $\mathbb{R}$/$\mathbb{Z}$ and we define $$S(y) = ...
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2answers
57 views

Integrating a Fourier series

I am trying to integrate the Fourier series of $$f(x) = x,-\pi<x<\pi.$$ Using complex exponentials to find the series, I get the series $$\frac{2}{\pi} \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{(-1)^{n+1}}{n} ...
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1answer
47 views

Setting up my Fourier series for $B_n$

Related but not necessary to know: here Looking at the temperature distribution in an infinitely long cylinder of metal with insulated sides and initial temperature distribution $f(x)= ...
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2answers
39 views

What is the $L$ in the Fourier series term?

I am a bit confused about this: I want to calculate the Fourier series $S^f$ of $f(x)$, where $f$ is periodic with period $k\in \mathbb{R}$. I know that the equations for my terms are: ...
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0answers
77 views

A question about theorem 2 in de Bruijn's 1950 paper “The roots of trigonometric integrals”

Theorem 2 of de Bruijn's paper titled "The roots of trigonometric integrals" (Duke Math. J., 17 (1950)) is given by: What does it mean by "the function $q(x)$ be regular in the sector...? Does it ...
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1answer
1k views

Proof of Parseval's Theorem for Fourier Series

Ok so I want to prove the above expression, I substituted the complex fourier series for f and using the fact f may be complex-valued, carried on by representing $|f(x)|^2$ as $f(x)f(x)^\ast$ where ...
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1answer
383 views

Fourier Series of $f$ on the given interval

my goal is to find the Fourier series of f on the given interval: $$f(x) = \begin{cases} 0, & \text{if } -\pi < x < 0 \\ \sin(x), & \text{if } 0 \le x < \pi \end{cases}$$ I know ...
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1answer
133 views

Uniform convergence of Fourier Series, how do I check it?

Let $f(x)=x(\pi-x)$, $x\in (0,\pi)$. The function satisfies the Dirichlet conditions so its Fourier series, $S_f$ converges pointwise to $f$. The definition of a Fourier series of $f$ on $[a,a+L]$ ...
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1answer
102 views

Fourier Series for $|x|$

How can I calculate the Fourier series for |x| (where $x\in[−\pi,\pi]$) in the complex form? Thanks.
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1answer
262 views

What is the odd Fourier extension of $\sin x \cos(2x)$?

odd half range extension of $$f(x) = \sin x \cos(2x)\text{ with limits $0$ to $\pi$}$$
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0answers
236 views

Fourier Series on a 2-Torus

Taking into account the answer given to this question, in special, the relation between the eigenfunctions of the Laplace-Beltrami operator and the Characters of a group does this imply that on a ...
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3answers
3k views

Fourier transform of $\frac{\sin{x}}{x}$

can you help me with this question find $\sin$ Fourier transform of $\frac{\sin{x}}{x}$
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1answer
127 views

Question about Fourier series

The Fourier series of a function $f: G \to \mathbb C$ where $G$ is a group is the representation of $f$ in terms of characters $\chi_g \in \mathrm{Hom}(G, S^1)$ of $G$. I understand the case where ...
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1answer
690 views

Dirichlet kernel.

I have a function $h\in L^1(\mathbb{T})$, and I want to show that: $$\int_{\pi\geq |t|>\delta>0} h(x+t)D_N(t) dt/2\pi \leq \xi_N(h,\delta)$$ where $\xi_N(h,\delta) \rightarrow 0$ as ...
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2answers
211 views

$f,g$ are two continuous functions with period$=1$, are the Fourier coefficients $f*g=f(n)g(n)$?

Let $f,g$ be two continuous functions with period$=1$. Are the Fourier coefficients of $f*g$ are given by the products $f(n)g(n)$ (of the $n$-th coefficient in each series)? Thanks!
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1answer
1k views

Convergence of Fourier series for $|\sin{x}|$

I was solving this question I saw in a textbook. The question is : Calculate the Fourier series for $ f(x) = |\sin x| $ for $-\pi \leq x \leq \pi$. Which I had $ f(x) = \frac{a_{0}}{2} + \sum ...
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2answers
774 views

Fourier transform of $\mathrm{sinc}(4t)$

I'm preparing for an exam in the signals and systems class I'm taking. One of the practice exams has a problem that requires you to take the Fourier transform of $\text{sinc}(4t)$. From a table of ...
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1answer
707 views

rapidly decaying sequence and fourier series coefficients of a compactly supported smooth function

In this question the term rapidly decaying sequence is used. What is the definition of a rapidly decaying sequence.(in cases of terms being purely real or complex.) How to prove that the sequence of ...
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1answer
285 views

Bounds for Fourier series

Fourier series of function f: $$f(x)=\sum_{s=-\infty}^{\infty}f_{s}\exp(2\pi isx)$$ Suppose $f_{s}\sim\frac{1}{s^{p}}$. What can we say about $f(x)$? Can we find some bounds for $f(x)$ like ...
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1answer
2k views

Continuity and discontinuity in fourier series?

Can somebody please explain continuity and discontinuity in fourier series?
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61 views

Proving Gibbs phenomenon using Dirichlet kernel

I am working on a problem$^{(1)}$ on using Dirichlet kernel to prove Gibbs phenomenon. It is a long proof broken down into 7 steps, and on each step I have to answer some questions. Long story short, ...
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0answers
34 views

Do three valued basis vector elements lead to the fastest discrete Fourier transforms?

When sin() and cos() are approximated to 1, 0 and -1 in the basis vectors in a real or discrete Fourier transform the basis vectors have a lot of elements of zero or in common leading to an algorithm ...
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1answer
51 views

Computing the Fourier series of $f = \cos{2x}$?

I'm currently attempting to solve the following problem: Given the function $f$ defined on the interval $(0, \pi)$ by $f(x) = \cos{2x}$, find the $2\pi$-periodic, even extension of $f$ and compute ...
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1answer
94 views

From fourier series to continuous fourier transform

In derivation of fourier transform, we start with the fourier series coefficients. If we let $T \to \infty$, it's common to say the spacing between consecutive fourier coefficient will approach $0$, ...
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1answer
32 views

A Fourier series' upper bound involving gamma function

I am reading Donald E. Knuth's "The Art of Computer Programming" Vol. 3 and stuck on the equation 47 and inequality 48 on Page 133,which are the follows: $$ \delta(n)=\frac{2}{\ln2}\sum_{k \ge 1} ...
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1answer
23 views

For $f(\theta)= e^{\theta}$. Is it true that $\hat{f}(n)(1-in)=0$ for all $n\in \mathbb Z.$?

(This is motivated from the following question) Fact: If $f \in C^1(\mathbb{T})$, then the Fourier coefficients $\widehat{f'}(n)$ of the derivative $f′$ can be expressed in terms of the Fourier ...
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1answer
49 views

Want to prove that the Hilbert transform of a $C^1(\mathbb T)$ function is the principal value of the convolution with $\cot(\pi x)$

So here is my problem, Let $L^2_0:=\{f\in L^2: \hat{f}(0)=0\}$ and consider the Hilbert transform given by the following map $$H:L^2_0([0,1])\rightarrow L^2_0([0,1])$$ $$f\mapsto (\mathcal ...
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1answer
46 views

Check answer on given question

I would like to take care on my answer on the following question Fourier transform involving a dirac delta function I have tried to answer this question,of course did not know exact answer,just if ...
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2answers
86 views

Using fourier analysis in order to solve differential equations.

http://www.enm.bris.ac.uk/admin/courses/EMa2/Lecture%20Notes%2009-10/LSPDE5.pdf The above PDF teaches us the separation of variables method. However, there are some things I dont understand, that I ...
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2answers
561 views

Trapezoid rule over trigonometric polynomials

The question is regarding trapezoid rule applied on trigonometric polynomials Here is the question Show that the composite trapezoid rule over an equidistant partitioning with interval size $h = ...
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1answer
95 views

Fourier expression for infinite recurring binary sequence

We have infinite binary sequences of type $$\langle g_n \rangle_{j=4}=\{0,0,0,1,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,1,...\} \,;\, n\to\infty$$ where $j$ indicates the length of a period. we try to express them ...
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1answer
232 views

Show $\left\lvert\sum_{k=-n}^n \frac{\sin k t }{k}\right\rvert \le \pi + 2$ for all $n$ and $t$, $t \in [0,2\pi]$

Let $f(t)=(t-\pi)\chi_{(0,2\pi)}$, $t \in [0,2\pi]$, then the partial sum of the Fourier series of $f$ is $$ S_n(t)=- \sum_{0 < |k| \le n} \frac{\sin k t}{k}. $$ Show $|S_n(t)| \le \pi+2$ for all ...
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337 views

Let $a_{n}\downarrow 0$ and if series $\sum a_{n}\sin nx$ is a Fourier series of function $f\in L^{1}$ then $\sum \frac{a_{n}}{n}<+\infty.$

I want to show that if $\displaystyle\sum a_{n}\sin nx (a_{n}\downarrow 0)$ is a Fourier series of $f\in L^{1}$ then $\displaystyle \sum \frac{a_{n}}{n}<+\infty.$ I know i have to use some property ...
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1answer
1k views

Deriving fourier series using complex numbers - introduction

So this is the follow up thread to the one I asked before but you don't need to read the other one for this to make sense. If you want to, read PZZ's answer: link to the thread. So I know that there ...