Questions on Fourier series, the expansion of a function in terms of basis functions that satisfy an orthogonality relation. Usually, complex exponentials or sines and cosines are used.

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I might need some help on this Complex Fourier Series Problem

Here is the problem: Use the complex Fourier Series on $[-L,L] $ with complex coefficients to find a representation of $\frac{1}{2L} \int_{-L}^{L} |f(x)|^{2} dx$ Here is my attempt: The ...
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1answer
167 views

Can piecewise $C^{1}$ on $[a,b]$ imply Lipschitz continuity

I saw a statement that if $f$ is continuous,$2\pi$-periodic function which is $C^{1}$ piecewisely on $[-\pi,\pi]$, then its Fourier series converges uniformly to $f$ on $[-\pi,\pi]$. I was wondering ...
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5k views

How to plot fourier series in matlab

For homework (with no prior experience in matlab, guh.) I'm asked to do the following: Plot the (2N + 1)-term approximation $$\sum\limits_{k=-N}^N{a_ke^{jk\omega_0t}}$$ where $a_k = \frac{\sin(k\...
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1answer
39 views

Why is matlab giving me a single answer when I divide by a vector?

I'm attempting to do a stem plot of $\frac{sin(k2D\pi)}{k\pi}$ in matlab. Following is my procedure: ...
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1answer
42 views

Can you help me with this Complex Fourier Series Problem?

Find the Complex Fourier Series of $F(x) = \cos(2x) + \sin(x)$ on the interval $[-\pi, \pi]$ Here is my attempt: The complex Fourier Series is in the form $\cos(2x) +\sin(x) = \sum_{n= -\infty}^{\...
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1answer
31 views

Fourier cosine series for a interval $[0, l]$

It is asked to find the Fourier Cosine Series for the function defined by $$f(x) = \cos \frac{\pi x}{l}, x \in [0, l/2]$$ $$f(x) = 0, (l/2, l]$$ I thought it should be $$\frac{a_o}{2} + \sum a_n \...
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2answers
75 views

If $f \in L^2(\mathbb T)$ then $S_n(f) \to f$ in $L^2$ sense.

Theorem: If $f \in L^2(\mathbb T)$, then $S_n(f) \to f$ in $L^2(\mathbb T)$ sense. Proof: Let $f \in L^2(\mathbb T)$, then by definition $\|f\|_2^2 = \frac{1}{2\pi} \int_0^{2\pi} \vert f(x) \vert^2 \,...
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2answers
40 views

Terms in Fourier Series

Can any one explain why? $$\int_0^\pi \sin(nx)\sin(mx)\,dx=\begin{cases}0,&n\not=m,\\ {\pi\over 2},&n=m,\end{cases}$$ and $$\int_0^\pi \cos(nx)\cos(mx)\,dx=\begin{cases} 0, &n\not=m,\\ {\...
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63 views

heat equation with fourier series

Original PDE $$T_t=\alpha T_{xx}$$ I need to solve this equation numerically and analytically and compared them. I've already done the numerical part. But I need to solve it analytically now. Given ...
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242 views

problem on a function being identically zero

Let $f:[0,\pi] \to \mathbb{R}$ be a continuous function such that $f(0)=0$. If $$ \int_0^\pi f(t)\cos nt\, dt = 0 $$ for all $n \in \mathbb{N} \cup \{0 \}$, is $f$ identically zero?
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Can the Fourier Series be made “ Shorter ”?

I have tried to give only the intuitive part of my question and haven't included many specific details. Please help me frame it more precisely. I have inluded the symbol (*) where I need more details. ...
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1answer
62 views

Are fourier series of a periodic function expanded on different intervals equivalent

I was given an assignment by my instructor where i had to write the function $$ f(t) = \begin{cases} 1-t & 0\leq t < 1 \\ t-1 & 1 \leq t < 2 \end{cases}\\ f(t + 2) = f(t) $$ as a ...
5
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1answer
116 views

Importance of groups $(\mathbb R,+)$ and $(\mathbb Z,+)$ for Fourier series

I have heard that the groups $(\mathbb R,+)$ and $(\mathbb Z,+)$ are the most important groups for Fourier series. Why is this the case? Supposedly, it has something to do with the fact that for any $...
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2answers
40 views

Fourier Series Proof

I have concerns about this problem Let $f_e(x)$ and $f_o(x)$ represent general continuous even and odd functions on $[-L,L]$. Prove that $\int_{-L}^{L} f_e(x) dx$ = 2 $\int_{0}^{L} f_e(x) dx$ ...
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48 views

Bound on the integral of a differentiable function against sine functions

Consider a function $f: [0, L] \to \Bbb R$ and $k$ natural number. Suppose that $f', f'', ...$ $f^{n-1}$ are continuous and that $f^{k}$ is absolutely integrable. Show $$ \left| \int_{0}^{L}{f(x)\sin ...
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1answer
710 views

Y-Axis units on FFT graph

A 50Hz sinusoid wave with a voltage range of +/-20V is sampled at 512Hz for 1 second. No bias or phase shift are present. The signal is run through an FFT. The result is one spike at 50Hz on the ...
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5answers
45 views

Proving a function $f(x + T)=k\;f(x)$ satisfies $f(x)=a^x g(x)$ for periodical $g$

I need to prove the following: If a function $\,f$ satisfies $$f(x+T)=k\;f(x), \forall x \in \mathbb R$$ for some $k \in \mathbb N$ and $T > 0$, prove that $\,f$ can be written as $f(...
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1answer
32 views

Fourier coefficient one-period function

Define a function $f(x) =(2\cos(\pi x))^{10} $$f\in L^{1}$ so it's one-period. I would like to calculate the Fourier coefficient $\hat{f}(2)$. So we get $\displaystyle\hat{f}(n)=\int_{0}^{1}e^{-2\pi ...
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1answer
101 views

Fourier Sine Series and Cosine Series

This is the Fourier Series representation for a periodic function with period 2p, given in my lecture note. $\dfrac{a_0}{2} + \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}(a_n cos(\dfrac{n\pi t}{p})+b_nsin(\dfrac{n\pi t}{p}))$...
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1answer
51 views

evaluate arithmetic sum by using fourier series

Hi I've been trying for 40 minutes to evaluate the sum of the following arithmetic series with no luck. $\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{sin(2k)}{k}$ I've tried to make this into a fourier series by ...
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0answers
54 views

Show that $x(\pi - x)= \frac{\pi^2}{6}-\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \frac{\cos(2kx)}{k^2}$

Show that $$x(\pi - x)= \frac{\pi^2}{6}-\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \frac{\cos(2kx)}{k^2}$$ for $ 0<x<\pi$ My idea: I've defined the periodic function $$f(x) = 0 \text{ if } x \in [- \pi, 0) \text{ ...
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0answers
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Fourier Cosine Series question

If I have even piecewise periodic function ($T=6$) $$x(t)=\begin{cases} 0 &-3\leq t \leq-2  \\ 2+t &-2\leq t \leq-1 \\ 1 &-1\leq t \leq 1 \\ -t+2 &1\leq t \leq 2 \\ 0 &2 \leq ...
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0answers
66 views

Discrete Fourier Transform by hand

I have an assignment where I'm given the DFT of a sequence $x[n]$ as $X[k]=\{4,3,2,1,0,1,2,3\}$ and also $$y[n] = \left\{ \begin{array}[cc] xx[n/2] & \text{if n is even} \\ 0 & \text{otherwise}...
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1answer
89 views

Calculating fourier series

I've a fourier series with a period = $2\pi$ that is even. f(t) = \begin{cases} 0 \text{, when: } 0<t<\pi-2 \\ \pi \text{, when: } \pi-2<t<\pi \end{cases} The functions trigonometric ...
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3answers
282 views

Finding the fourier series of floor function

Find the fourier series for $f(x)=\cases{x-[x]\quad x\in\mathbb{R\setminus Z} \\ \frac 1 2\quad x\in\mathbb{Z}}$ on $[-\pi,\pi]$ and its values for $x=1.5,3,5$. In order to find the series I need to ...
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1answer
164 views

Why coefficients of Fourier series are countable, though the initial periodic function is described with an uncountable set of points

Coefficients in the Fourier series for any periodic square-integrable function $f(x)$ form a countable (though infinite) set, i.e., they have cardinality $\aleph_0$. As far as Fourier exponents form a ...
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72 views

Fractional Sobolev space $H^{1/2}(-\pi,\pi)$

Let $H^{1/2}(-\pi,\pi)$ be the space of $L^2$ functions whose Fourier series coefficients $\{c_n\}_n$ satisfy the summability constraint $\sum_n |n| |c_n|^2 < \infty$. Are functions in $H^{1/2}(-\...
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1answer
2k views

Finding the Fourier series of a piecewise function

I'm s little confused about Fourier series of functions that are piecewise. Here’s an example of such a function: $$f(x) = \begin{cases} x & -\frac\pi2 < x < \frac\pi2 \\[5pt] \pi - x & \...
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2answers
56 views

Derivative of Fourier series

Let function $f(t)$ is represented by Fourier series, $$\frac{a_0}{2}+\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}(a_n\cos{\frac{2n\pi t}{b-a}}+b_n\sin{\frac{2n\pi t}{b-a}}),$$ where $a$ and $b$ are lower and upper boundary, $...
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1answer
71 views

Using the Fourier Series of $f(t)=(t-\frac{1}{2})^{2}$ to deduce the sum $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty }\frac{1}{n^{2}}$?

So this is a question in one of the previous tests: My approach (if you want just skip to step 3.):$$$$ 1. Formulation of the problem and calculating the constant term of the series $a_o$ I ...
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2answers
19 views

Doubt in Fourier Series

When we solve the equation $$\frac 2{\pi}\int_{0}^{\pi}k\sin(nx)dx;$$ after integrating it, we get $\frac {2k}{n\pi}(1-\cos n\pi)$. Why is $\cos n\pi=(-1)^n$?
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Functions f(x) equal to Taylor series vs Fourier series vs Bessel series

(I had trouble phrasing the question below due partially to the fact that Bessel functions $J_{\alpha}(x)$ and $U_{\alpha}(x)$ are defined for any complex $\alpha$, so below I tried to express an ...
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1answer
173 views

Fourier series for a non-periodic function

My textbook says that: 'If we which to find the Fourier series of a non-periodic function only within a fixed range then we must continue the function outside the range so as to make it periodic.' ...
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1answer
101 views

complex fourier series with odd function

Consider the periodic and hybrid function defined as $$f(t)=x, 0\le x \le 1$$ and $$f(t)=1$$ $$1\le x\le 2$$ Attempt: I need to calculate Cn $$C_n=\frac{1}{2}\int_0^1 xe^{-in\pi x}dx+\frac{1}{2}\...
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2answers
72 views

Fourier Transform of mix partial derivative

I know FT{$\frac{\partial u}{\partial x}$} = (ik)FT{u}. Give a function $U(x,y)$. Is the following true? FT{ $\frac{\partial^2 U}{\partial y \partial x}$} = FT{$\frac{\partial U}{\partial y}$} FT{$\...
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2answers
44 views

Convergence of Fourier Series in $L^1(\mathbb{T})$

Suppose $f \in L^1(\mathbb{T})$ and the sequence of partial sums of its Fourier series converges (in $L^1(\mathbb{T})$) to $g$. How can I prove $f=g$?
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1answer
101 views

Showing that two functions are orthogonal on a rectangle

I was given the following question, and I think I'm nearly there, I just wanted to ask for some clarification in the last step. Derive the eigenvalues and functions of the SL problem $\phi_{xx} +\...
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1answer
69 views

Estimating the modulus of continuity of translation in $L^2$ by a Sobolev norm of the function

For any $s\in \mathbb{R}$ define the Hilbert space $H^s(\mathbb{T})$ by means of norm $$\|f\|^2_{H^s}=|\widehat{f}(0)|^2+\sum_{n\in\mathbb{Z}}|n|^{2s}|\widehat{f}(n)|^2.$$ Show that for any $0\leq s\...
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0answers
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Wiener Algebra, absolute convergence of fourier series

So how do you prove if $f, g\in L^2(\mathbb{T})$, then $f*g\in \mathbb{A}(\mathbb{T})$. $\mathbb{T}$ denote $[0,1)$ and $\mathbb{A}(\mathbb{T})$ denote the Wiener algebra such that if $f\in \mathbb{A}(...
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1answer
49 views

Prove that $\sum_{k=1}^\infty\frac{1}{16k^4 - 1} = \frac{1}{2} - \frac{\pi}{8}\coth(\frac{\pi}{2})$

I want to prove that: $$\sum_{k=1}^\infty\frac{1}{16k^4 - 1} = \frac{1}{2} - \frac{\pi}{8}\coth\left(\frac{\pi}{2}\right)$$ Using the fourier series: $$\phi(x) = \begin{cases}0 & \text{if }-\pi<...
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177 views

Fourier series with half range

Question What are $a_0,a_n,b_n$ equal to with range $-L\leq x \lt0$, rather than the standard $-L\leq x \leq L$? For example: $$f(x)=2x^2,\quad-1\leq x\leq0$$ Instead of $f(x)=2x^2,\quad-1\leq x\...
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107 views

Fourier series: term-by-term Laplace transform.

Quick question: If a Fourier series is uniformly convergent should the term-by-term Laplace transform of the series equal the result of the periodic function theorem for the Laplace transform?
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46 views

Uniform convergence of the series $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{\cos(2nt)}{4 n^2 - 1} $

I am trying to find if this series is uniformly convergent: $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{\cos(2nt)}{4 n^2 - 1} $$ So far I have (using the Weierstrass M-Test): $$| \frac{\cos(2nt)}{4 n^2 - 1}| \le \...
3
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1answer
72 views

Fourier coefficients of a (finite, regular, positive) measure are absolutely summable => the measure has a density

Let $\mu$ be a finite, regular, positive measure on $[0,1)$ such that $\sum_{n\in\mathbb{Z}} |\hat{\mu}(n)| < \infty$. How can I prove that there exists $f(x)$ such that $\mu(dx) = f(x)dx$? ...
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51 views

Why does the point spread function not violate the linearity of the Fourier transform?

In radio astronomy the point spread function is the Fourier inverse of the $uv$-sampling function of a telescope. The $uv$-sampling function is a sum of sampling functions (one for each baseline). So ...
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0answers
56 views

Fourier Series in different forms

I am trying to write the Fourier series of $(1-x)$ in $[0,1]$ in two different ways: $$f(x)=\frac{a_0}{2}+\sum_{n=1}^\infty (a_n\cos(2\pi nx/L)+b_n\sin(2\pi n x/L)),$$ $$f(x) = \frac{a_0}{2}+\sum_{n=...
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2answers
36 views

How to orient the integration contour when applying the residue theorem?

For fixed $s$ and $k$ real positive numbers, I consider the $2\pi$-periodic function $f:\mathbf R\to\mathbf C$ defined by $$f(x)=\frac1{s+\mathrm i k\cos x}$$ and want to compute its Fourier series ...
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0answers
40 views

How Many Negative Eigenvalues of $-\frac{d^{2}}{dx^{2}}$ on $[0,L]$?

What is the maximum number of eigenvalues $\lambda < 0$ for the trigonometric problems?: $$ \begin{array}{c} -\frac{d^{2}f}{dx^{2}}=\lambda f,\\ \cos\...
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2answers
55 views

A simple Fourier Transformation

I am a bit stuck with this small basic signal. I have this $$y(t)=\frac{\sin(200\pi\,t)}{\pi\,t}$$ and I want to take its Fourier Transformation. Obviously it looks like the sinc function. But that ...
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1answer
214 views

Solving the wave equation bounded by one free end and one fixed end

Given that $\{\sin\left[\frac{(2n-1)\pi}{2L}x\right] : n\in\mathbb N\}$ is the complete set of eigenfunctions of a regular Sturm-Liouville with boundary points $0$ and $L$ and weight function $1$, and ...