# Tagged Questions

Questions on Fourier series, the expansion of a function in terms of basis functions that satisfy an orthogonality relation. Usually, complex exponentials or sines and cosines are used.

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### Find this Limit (Fourier series)

Find the following limit: $$\large\lim_{n\to\infty} \int_{-\pi}^\pi \biggl(x + \frac{\pi}{2}\biggr)^2 \frac{\sin\bigl(\bigl(n+\frac{1}{2}\bigr)x\bigr) + x \cos nx}{\sin \frac{x}{2}}\,dx.$$ We tried ...
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### Fourier transform of $f(x)=x$ if $0<x\leq 1$ and $f(x)=0$ otherwise

What is the Fourier transform of the function defined by $f(x)=x$ on $[0,1]$ and $f(x)=0$ otherwise, i.e., $\hat f(\xi) = \int_\mathbb{R} { e^{-iu\xi} f(u) du }$? Is there a closed-form? Else, how ...
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### Strange inequality in the proof of differentiability of Fourier series

I am looking at a proof and I found a strange inequality. Let $n\in \mathbb{Z}^d$ then it is stated that $\sum_{j=1}^d{(2\pi)^{2k}n_j^{2k}}>>\parallel n\parallel_2^{2k}$ due to the inequality ...
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### Intriguing Poisson sum with hyperbolic function

I've been playing with lots of Poisson sums lately, and I thought this one to be interesting: $$\sum_{k\in\mathbb{Z}}\left(\frac{1}{(k+x)\sinh{(k+x)\pi q}}-\frac{1}{\pi q (k+x)^2}\right)$$I want to ...
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### Sum function of a series

Does anyone know what is the sum function $f(x)$ of the series $\displaystyle\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{\cos(nx)}{n^2}$? I have no idea how to find a sum function... Any help would be appreciated.
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### Why is periodic harmonic analysis only possible with sines?

This paper shows that if we consider odd functions on $(-\pi,\pi)$ in $L_2$, then the only $2\pi$-periodic function $f$ for which $f(nx)$ is a complete orthogonal system is the sine function. I'll ...
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### Convergence of the series $\sum_{n=0}^\infty \sin(n! \pi m \sin(1))$

In this exercise I was asked to prove the convergence of the following infinite sum: $$\sum_{n=0}^\infty \sin(n! \pi m \sin(1)),$$ where $m$ denotes any integer. I don't have any idea on how to ...
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### Problem in computing complex integrals for fourier transform

This is from a problem set of open course 8.02 by MIT OCW. I am not able to understand how the integral was solved. I have basic knowledge of Fourier transformation, and the Dirac delta function ...
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### Role of i in Fourier transform

I've seen several derivations of the Fourier transform, but most don't cover the conversion to the form $$S(f) = \int_{\infty}^{-\infty} s(t)e^{-i2\pi ft} \;\mathrm{d}t$$ What is the role of ...
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### What can we say about the transform of a function on a truncated domain, with respect to the transform on the full domain?

Let $f$ be a function on R and $\hat f$ its Fourier transform. Consider a truncated version of $f$ called $\bar f$ whose value outside an interval is $0$. Formally, $\bar f(x) = f(x) * 1_{x \in I}$ ...
### Closed form of $\sum_{n=1}^\infty (-1)^n\frac{\sin(n\theta)}{n^3}$ for $\theta\in (-\pi,\pi)$
We have to find the closed form of the following series $$\sum_{n=1}^\infty (-1)^n\frac{\sin(n\theta)}{n^3}$$ for $\theta\in (-\pi,\pi)$. We tried to use the following form of the sine ...
### A bound on the $\mathrm{L}^p$ norm in terms of the $\mathrm{L}^2$ norm in periodic Sobolev spaces
Preliminaries: Given ${s \geq 0}$, let ${\mathrm{H}_P^s}$ denote the ${\mathrm{L}^2}$-based fractional-order Sobolev space of ${P}$-periodic functions on the line with norm \begin{equation*} \| u ...