# Tagged Questions

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### Convergence for all $\theta$ of a sum with periodic function

How can I show that: $$\sum_{n \geq 1} \dfrac{\sin(n\theta)}{n}$$ converges for all $\theta \in \mathbb{R}$?
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### a question how to prove:$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{{(-1)}^{n-1}{\cos(nx)}\over {n}}=\ln(2\cos(x/2))$

I found a complicated question in my textbook, I can't solve it? How to prove $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{{(-1)}^{n-1}{\cos nx}\over {n}}=\ln(2\cos(x/2))$$ where $x\in(-\pi,\pi)$. My tried method: I tried ...
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### Sequence of trigonometric polynomials which converges to an integrable function

A function $f:\mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{C}$ is said to be a trigonometric polynomial if it has the form $$f(x)=\sum_{k=-N}^Na_ke^{ib_kx},$$ where $a_k\in \mathbb{C}$ and $b_k\in \mathbb{R}$. Can we find ...
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### Functional equation relating to normal numbers

My coauthor and I have run into the following problem in a research project involving normal numbers. We suspect that the following question may be resolved using standard techniques in analysis. We ...
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### Is it true that the Fourier coefficient of convolution is the product of the coefficients?

what I mean by the title is the following: if we define the convolution between two $2\pi$-periodic, $C^1$ functions as $f*g(x) = (2\pi)^{-1}\int_{-\pi}^\pi f(x-y)g(y)dy$, is it true that the Fourier ...
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### Difference between almost everywhere convergence of whole Fourier series and a subseries of $L^2$ functions

Let $f \in L^2(\mathbb{R})$ and $F_{N}f$ denote the $N$-th partial sum of its Fourier series. Then $||F_{N}f -f||_{L^{2}} \rightarrow 0$ as $N \rightarrow \infty$. But this implies there exists a ...
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### The property of positive fourier series. [duplicate]

This is the problem in the book 'Classical and multilinear harmonic analysis, volume 1' Let $f(x)=\sum_{n=0}^{N}[a_{n}\cos{2\pi nx}+b_{n}\sin{2\pi nx}]$ be a nonnegative function defiend on $[0,1]$. ...
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### Smooth function becomes analytic

Let $f$ be a smooth function ,defined on unit interval $[0,1]$.Moreover $\Vert f^{(k)}\Vert_2\leq \alpha,\:\forall k\in\mathbb{N}_o$. Can we conclude that $f$ is analytic. More generally when ...
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### Convergence of series of functions: $f_n(x)=u_n\sin(nx)$

Let $f_n(x)=u_n\sin(nx)$ where $\displaystyle\sum f_n$ converges pointwise, and $\displaystyle x \mapsto \sum_{n=0}^{+\infty} f_n(x)$ is continuous. Prove that $u_n\rightarrow 0$ when n ...
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### holomorphic function with integral coefficients

I'm trying to prove that an holomorphic function on $\{Z, |Z|<1\}$ and continuous on $\{Z, |Z|\leq 1\}$ with coefficients in $\mathbb Z$ is polynomial. I have tried to establish some partial ...
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### Is continuous function space with standard inner product on $\big[0,\frac{1}{2}\big]$ not complete?

I think Fourier approximation on step function is one example of incompleteness, is it true? Or could you suggest any intuitive examples for incompleteness?
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### Evaluate $\int_{-\pi}^\pi \big|\sum^\infty_{n=1} \frac{1}{2^n} e^{inx}\big|^2 \operatorname d\!x$

I am trying to solve exercises for the coming exam, and I am stuck on this exercise: Evaluate $$\int_{-\pi}^\pi \Big|\sum^\infty_{n=1} \frac{1}{2^n} \mathrm{e}^{inx}\,\Big|^2 \operatorname d\!x$$ ...
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### Fourier transform supported on compact set

Let $f\in L^2(\mathbb{R})$ be such that $\hat{f}$ is supported on $[-\pi,\pi]$. Show that $$\hat{f}(y)=1_{[-\pi,\pi]}(y)\sum_{n=-\infty}^\infty f(n)e^{-iny}$$ in the sense of $L^2(\mathbb{R})$-norm ...
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### Fourier series of $f(x)=1$ and $f(x)=x$

Would someone be kind enough to explain to me what would be the Fourier series of $f(x)=1$ and $f(x)=x$ on $[0,1]$? See, all the equations I can find are for intervals of the type $[-L,L]$. Now I ...
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### Fourier coefficients converging

I'm thinking about this question, which has no answer yet despite being on a bounty and having 100+ views. Maybe it would be easier to start by asking this: Let $g\in C_0^{\infty}(\mathbb{R})$ ...
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### Computing Fourier transform for $L^2$ function

For a function $f\in L^1(\mathbb{R})$, its Fourier transform is defined as $$\hat{f}(y)=\int_{-\infty}^\infty f(x)e^{-ixy}dx$$ For a function $f\in L^2(\mathbb{R})$, its Fourier transform is ...
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### Evenness of Fourier coefficients implies even function

Let $f\in L^1(\mathbb{R}/2\pi\mathbb{Z})$ and let $F(n)$ denote its Fourier coefficients $$F(n)=\frac{1}{2\pi}\int_{-\pi}^{\pi}f(x)e^{-inx}dx$$Assume that the Fourier coefficients determine an $L^1$ ...
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### Evenness of Fourier coefficients

Let $f\in L^1(\mathbb{R}/2\pi\mathbb{Z})$ and let $F(n)$ denote its Fourier coefficients $$F(n)=\frac{1}{2\pi}\int_{-\pi}^{\pi}f(x)e^{-inx}dx$$ I want to prove that $f$ is even if and only if ...
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### Can I calculate approximately a definite integral of a function by integrating its Fourier Sine Series term-by-term?

I'm not sure how to put fancy formulae here because I'm a fairly new user. So bear with me for a moment as we go through a formulae-less reasoning. 1) I have a function $f(x)$. 2) I want to ...
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### These questions are all about Fourier analysis.

Please prove these equalities,these questions appear in the chapter of Fourier series. If you can use other methods,please tell me more about it, and I am glad to know how to solve the questions: ...
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### Prove $\left|\sum_{k=2001}^{m}a_{k}\sin{(kx)}\right|\le 1+\pi$ ,$m\ge 2001,x\in R$

let $\{a_{n}\}$ is non-increasing postive sequence;show that if for $n\ge 2001,na_{n}\le 1$, then for any positive integer numbers $m\ge 2001,x\in R$, we have ...
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### A PDE problem about $(\partial_x^2 + \partial_t^2)u = 0$ using Fourier series.

I'm trying to solve the following initial value problem (from Folland, pg. 277, exercise $48$a) using Fourier series: Let $x \mapsto f(x)$ and $x \mapsto u(x, t)$ be periodic functions on ...
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### State-of-art of the Discrete Fourier Transform

I would like to know what is the state-of-art in the research of the discrete Fourier transform. I have listed some questions to help answering, please add your own to make the list more ...
My question relates to the properties of the Fourier series of a function, $f: \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$. I know from an elementary course in differential equations (for engineers) that, for all ...