Questions on Fourier series, the expansion of a function in terms of basis functions that satisfy an orthogonality relation. Usually, complex exponentials or sines and cosines are used.

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0
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1answer
19 views

How to use the 3rd and 4th boundary conditions in this?

I was solving $$ \frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial t^2}=\frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial x^2}$$ All the boundary conditions are as follows:- $$u(0,t)=0 \\ u(\pi ,t)=0 \\ u(x,0)=\sin x \\ u_t(x,0)=x^2$$ ...
1
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4answers
59 views

Why cannot $A\sin\alpha x +B\cos \alpha x$ be zero?

I was going through solving wave equations using fourier and I came across a note saying $A\sin\alpha x +B\cos \alpha x \neq 0$ I believe this applies to $\alpha ,A,B\neq 0$ I was solving $$ ...
1
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0answers
17 views

Convergence of Fourier sine and cosine series

Discuss whether or not it is possible to have a Fourier series $$a_0+\sum_{k=1}^\infty[a_k\cos(kx)+b_k\sin(kx)]$$ converge for all $x$ without either $$a_0+\sum_{k=1}^\infty a_k\cos(kx) ...
2
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1answer
31 views

Finding Fourier series constant and integral

I have been studying Griffith's Intro to Electrodynamics. I am studying differential equations and Fourier series. I am studying the problem discussed here: Why is this allowed? ("Fourier's ...
-1
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0answers
9 views

find Fourier series involving impulse units [on hold]

I'm studying for a midterm, and I'm trying to understand the solution of this problem. It seems like the solution skips a few steps. I was wondering how you solve for $a_k$ (Fourier series). I think ...
0
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3answers
26 views

Riemann Lebesgue Lemma application?

Riemann Lebesgue Lemma. shows that if $f \in L^1 ( \bf R)$ then the Fourier transform of $f$ goes to $0$. Does this also implies that $f(x) \to 0$ as $\vert x \vert \to \infty$
3
votes
1answer
29 views

Trigonometric integrals and limits

Show $$\lim_{N\to\infty}g_N(\theta_N)=2\int^\pi_0\frac{\sin x}{x}dx-\pi,$$ where $$g_N(\theta_N)=\int_0^{\theta_N}\frac{\sin[(N+1/2)x]}{\sin(x/2)}dx-\pi,$$ $$\theta_N=\frac{\pi}{N+1/2},$$ and ...
1
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1answer
15 views

Writing a function $f : [-\pi,\pi) \to \mathbb{R}$ as $\sum c_k e^{ikx}$ where $c_k$ is to be found

I have a function on $[-\pi, \pi)$ defined as: $$ f(x) = \begin{cases} -1 & \mbox{if} \;x \in [-\pi,0) \\ 1 & \mbox{if} \;x \in [0,\pi) \\ \end{cases} $$ And I have to write it in the form ...
1
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2answers
38 views

'Obtain' the Fourier transform

If $g(t) = e^{-a|t|}$ and a is a real positive constant, obtain the fourier transform. I'm a bit unsure what this is asking. I can write out the expression for the fourier transform. Should I stop ...
0
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0answers
11 views

Using the Fourier Series in Variational Optimization Problems

Say I have a functional $L(f)$ which takes as input the function $f:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}$, and I want to find the function that optimizes $L$. Unfortunately, there's no way to define a functional ...
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1answer
34 views

Odd and Even Fourier Series Extension of $f(x)=x$ on $[0,\pi]$

I'm confused on finding the odd and even extensions of $f(x) = x$ on $[0,\pi]$. I know the general forms and how to find the co-efficients, but for the sin series, $f(0)$ =/= $f(\pi)$, so then I only ...
1
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0answers
32 views

Can a sum of trigonometric functions equal a constant for all inputs?

Let $r_1,...,r_n$ and $\phi_1,...\phi_n$ be real numbers. Consider the following sum: $S=\sum\limits_{k=1}^{n}r_k\sin(\phi_k+k\alpha)$ Suppose $S$ is constant for all $\alpha \in R$. Does it ...
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1answer
55 views

Challenge in trignometry and integration [on hold]

Can anyone prove how the two equations are equal? Thanks $$=\frac1\pi \int_0^{2\pi} f(x) \left\{\frac12+\sum_{n=1}^N \cos [n(t-x)] \right\} \, dx$$ $$=\frac1{2\pi} \int_0^{2\pi} f(x) ...
1
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1answer
24 views

Apply Periodic Boundary to PDE (Fourier Transform)

Use Fourier Transform to solve the BVP: \begin{cases} u_t + a u_x - b u_{xx} = 0, & \mbox{for } x \in [-1,1] \\ u(x,0) = f(x) \\ u(x+2,t) = u(x,t) \end{cases} I solved the problem (attached); ...
0
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0answers
18 views

Agile method to find Fourier coefficients [closed]

Is there a way to calculate Fourier serie coefficients which doesn't pass through an integral?
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0answers
34 views

Calculating Fast Fourier Transform from given set of data

I am trying to calculate the Fast Fourier Transform numerically from the given data : Given: f0 f1 f2 f3 f4 f5 f6 f7 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 I have to find the ...
0
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0answers
29 views

Fourier sine and cosine: reconstruction depends on 'noise data' outside signal

I am working in strain analysis. Strain in a mechanical testing machine is captured by strain gages. Signals are like the slim line in the graph below showing strain versus time. The data are of the ...
1
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0answers
31 views

How to approach solving this Fourier series [closed]

$$f(x):=\frac{1}{e^{2+\cos x}-1}$$ Source. Hi. I need to find Fourier series for this function. This is even function so Fourier coefficient $b_n$ is 0. Basically I need to solve this integral ...
1
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0answers
13 views

Sawtooth wave as a sum of sines

Wikipedia gives the equation for a sawtooth waveform composed as a sum of sines as: $$ x_\mathrm{sawtooth}(t) = \frac{A}{2}-\frac {A}{\pi}\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}\frac {\sin (2\pi kft)}{k} $$ Where $A$ ...
23
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1answer
342 views
+50

Show that $ \lim\limits_{n\to\infty}\frac{1}{n}\sum\limits_{k=0}^{n-1}e^{ik^2}=0$

TL;DR : The question is how do I show that $\displaystyle \lim_{n\to\infty}\frac{1}{n}\sum_{k=0}^{n-1}e^{ik^2}=0$ ? More generaly the question would be : given an increasing sequence of integers ...
1
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2answers
28 views

Fourier series and convolution

Let $f$ and $g$ be $2\pi$-periodic, piece-wise smooth functions having Fourier series $f(x)=\sum_n\alpha_ne^{inx}$ and $g(x)=\sum_n\beta_ne^{inx}$, and define the convolution of $f$ and $g$ to be ...
1
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1answer
18 views

Is the complex form of the Fourier series of a real function supposed to be real?

The question said to plot the $2\pi$ periodic extension of $f(x)=e^{-x/3}$, and find the complex form of the Fourier series for $f$. My work: ...
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0answers
17 views

What is an angle in fractional fourier transforms?

I would like to know the geometrical interpretation of an angle in fractional Fourier transforms. Is this a rotation of time-frequency plane or rotation of the signal?
0
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1answer
32 views

Fourier cosine series giving nonsense answer

I'm currently trying to find the cosine Fourier series of $f(x) = \left | \sin \frac{\pi n }{L} x\right |$ on the interval $0 < x < L$. I first started by calculating the first term of the ...
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0answers
39 views

Solution of boundary value problem using Fourier series

I want to solve the following PDE using Fourier series. $u(x,y): \Omega \to \mathbb{R}$, $\Omega=(0,\pi)\times (0,2\pi)$ $u-3u_{xx}-u_{yy}= 3\sin(2x)-\sin(5x)$ $u_{xx}$ and $u_{yy}$ are second ...
1
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1answer
18 views

Problem calcualting Fourier coeff. of tent function.

Consider the tent-function on $[-\pi,\pi]$ depending on some $\delta$. I.e $(1-\frac{\mid x \mid}{\delta})$, $x$ is zero when larger then $\delta$ When I compute ...
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0answers
11 views

Example of multidimensional Fourier transform

Please, take the function, for example $\sin(xy)+\cos(xz)$ from dimension 3 to $R$, and give me a multidimensional Fourier transform for it. I'll be also thankful for general multidimensional Fourier ...
0
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1answer
27 views

Fourier Coefficient

I have to compute the coefficient $b_3$ of the odd Fourier Series associated with the function $y=2-x$ in the interval $(0,1)$, period $2$. By using the formula $$ b_k = \frac{1}{T}\int_{-T}^{T} ...
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0answers
30 views

Moving limits inside inside an infinite sum, a special case.

I have come over a problem where I have found that this expression is most likely equal to a square wave with period 4 and phase shift 1. $$ f(t) = \lim_{n \rightarrow \infty}\sum_{k=1}^n ...
0
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1answer
15 views

Compute the Fourier Series of a trig function

I want to compute the Fourier series for the following function $$ g_n(\theta) = -2nK_{n}(\theta)\sin(n\theta)$$ where $K_n(\theta)$ is the Fejer Kernel. I tried to compute the Fourier coefficients ...
0
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1answer
44 views

fourier transform of $f(x) = x^2+\frac{1}{1+2x^4}$

I really have no thought on this. I can't seem to use residue thm., nor could I find a inverse transform for it. by some Fourier Calculator I know it's solvable but how?
0
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2answers
21 views

Harmonic Motion - Fourier Approximation What does this mean below?

There is a method to solve systems under harmonic loading, harmonic balance method, which is basically obtaining fourier expansions of unknown response quantities and solving for coefficients of ...
1
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0answers
20 views

Resolvent of the operator

Consider the Laplace operator defined on the biggest possible subset of$L^{2}(R^{2})$: $T= - \partial^{2}_{x} -\partial^{2}_{y}+x^{2}+y^{2}+ 2.i(x \frac{\partial}{\partial ...
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0answers
25 views

Fourier Polynomials: standardly used term?

When teaching Fourier series to students, I realized that one of my references (only one or two I know that does this) calls the $n$-th partial sum of the Fourier series of an $L^2$ function $f$, the ...
2
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0answers
20 views

“Fourier” subsets of a complete basis

If we have some complete basis where the basis functions have a finite bandwidth in fourier space, and we are interested in reproducing a function with a finite bandwidth, we know that there is some ...
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0answers
24 views

How to transform an even function into an odd one?

Expand $$ x(t) =\begin{cases} t,& 0 < t < \pi/2 \\ \pi - t,& \pi / 2 < t < \pi \end{cases}$$ in Fourier sine series. First, $x(t)$ needs an horizontal translation into an ...
1
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0answers
28 views

Fourier series - Why does $\hat f(0) \ne 0$?

Let $f\in C^1$, $2\pi$-periodic, and let's assume $\int_{-\pi}^\pi |f'|^2 \le 1$. Prove: $$\sum_{n\in\mathbb{Z}} |\hat f(n)|^2 \le \frac{1}{2\pi}$$ There's a $c\in\mathbb{C}$ such that: ...
7
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1answer
90 views

Show that $f_n\to f$ uniformly on $\mathbb{R}$

Let $$P_n(x) = \frac{n}{1+n^2x^2}$$. First, I had to prove that $$\int_{-\infty}^\infty P_n(x)\ dx = \pi$$ And that for any $\delta > 0$: $$\lim_{n\to\infty} \int_\delta^\infty P_n(x)\ dx = ...
2
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2answers
26 views

Why does convolution of delta function commute (test distribution perspective)?

If I understand correctly, for test functions $f$ we define $$ \langle\delta, f\rangle = f(0)$$ and convolution is defined as $$ \langle g * T, f\rangle = \langle T, g^- * f\rangle,$$ where $f$ ...
1
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2answers
51 views

Show that $f(x)\equiv 0$.

Let $f:[0,2\pi]\to\mathbb{R}$, which is $2\pi$ periodic and continuous. It is given that for every $n\in\mathbb{Z}$:$$\int_0^{2\pi} f(x)e^{i\left(n+\frac{1}{2}\right)x} = 0.$$ Show that $f(x)\equiv ...
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0answers
37 views

Good reference for Fourier Analysis

Would you please indicate a good reference about Fourier analysis (Fourier series, convergence theorems: pointwise, uniform convergence, $L^2-$convergence...etc)? It should concern the organisation of ...
1
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0answers
29 views

Finding the zeroth Fourier coefficient using limit

The $\text{n:th}$ Fourier coefficient (for the $\cos(nx)$ part) is defined by $$a_n = \frac{1}{\pi} \int_{-\pi}^{\pi} f(\theta) \cos(n\theta)d\theta.$$ Inserting $n=0$, we get $$a_0 = \frac{1}{\pi} ...
1
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1answer
37 views

Which way does the Fourier Transform go?

This might be a silly question, but I'm really confused by the way Fourier Transform was taught in my algorithms class, and everything else I found on the internet. The way we defined FT is first ...
3
votes
1answer
32 views

Double integral calculation and fourier transform

I try to find the following $$\int_{\mathbb{R}}^{}\int_{\mathbb{R}}^{} e^{-y(x+z)-(x^2+z^2)} dxdz$$ and I change variables $x=r\cos(\theta)$ and $z=r\sin(\theta)$ and the integral becomes: ...
1
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1answer
42 views

Find a function $u(x,t)$ satisfying some initial conditions for a vibrating string of length $\pi$.

Solve the following problem for a vibrating string of length $π$: Find a function $u(x, t), 0 ≤ x ≤ π, t ≥ 0$, satisfying $∂^2u/dt^2 = ∂^2u/dx^2, 0 < x < π, t > 0$ the boundary conditions ...
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0answers
20 views

Matrix representation of nonlinear functions

Let $\tau : [0,1]\rightarrow [0,1] $ be a continuous invertible map. Then the 'extension of $\tau$ to the space of square integrable real valued functions on $[0,1]$ is defined by the linear operator ...
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0answers
39 views

Applying Fourier transform to equation

I would like to know why we divide the $(i*ω)^2$ to the equation. When I asked my supervisor, he said I need to learn Fourier Transform: more specifically I need to understand relationship between ...
1
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0answers
15 views

Coefficients of Fourier-Bessel series for a Neumann condition

What is the expression for coefficients of Fourier-Bessel series for a Neumann condition? I know what it is for Dirichlet condition. $\frac{\partial f}{\partial x} = 0$
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0answers
21 views

Expanding a formula

We have the below formula $$\int_{-\pi}^{\pi}s_n^2 (x) dx =\int_{-\pi}^{\pi}\left[\frac{a_0}{2}+\sum _{k=1}^n a_k \cos (k x)+b_k \sin (k x)\right]^2 dx,$$ using the aforementioned formula, how (from ...
2
votes
2answers
59 views

Evaluating the Fourier coefficients of $abs(x)$

Let's get started: $$\hat f(n) = \frac{1}{2\pi}\int_0^{2\pi} |x|e^{-inx} dx$$ since $|x|$ is an even function: $$= \frac{1}{\pi}\int_0^{\pi} xe^{-inx} dx$$ Integration by parts yields: ...