Fourier analysis, also known as spectral analysis, encompasses all sorts of Fourier expansions, including Fourier series, Fourier transform and the discrete Fourier transform (and relatives). The non-commutative analog is (representation-theory).

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Fourier-Transformation of Operator

I have an operator $\hat{L}$ which gives $$\hat{L} f(x) = \lambda \cdot f(x)$$ where $\lambda$ is the eigenvalue. Now I Fourier-Transform my function $f(x)$: $$\mathcal{F}(f)(p) = g(p)$$ Question: ...
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Complex Integration: theorem of Residues

I am trying to prove a theorem that is doing my head in a bit. I have tried to simplify the problem as much as possible and leave out the details, even though it might look a bit too big. The ...
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Fourier transform help for solving $u_t+u_{xxxx}+u_{xx}=0$

I just started to learn a little bit of fourier analysis in solving PDEs. I want to find a solution $u(x,t)$ to $u_t+u_{xxxx}+u_{xx}=0$. My attempt: Applying the fourier transform to both sides gives ...
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Which of the following functions belong to $S(R^n)=\{ f \epsilon C^\infty(R^n): |x^\alpha| \times |D^\beta f(x)| \leq C_{\alpha, \beta} \}$

Which of the following functions belong to $S(R)=\{ f \epsilon C^\infty(R): |x^\alpha| \times |D^\beta f(x)| \leq C_{\alpha, \beta} \}$? a) $f(x)=\frac{sin(x)}{x}$ b) $f(x)=1-e^{-x^{-2}}$ with $f(x)=...
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For every $a>0$, show that $\langle f_a, \psi\rangle= \int_{|x|>a} \frac{\psi(x)}{|x|}dx+\int_{|x|>a} \frac{\psi(x)- \psi(0)}{|x|}dx$

To prove that the inner product is a distribution it must satisfy the following property" $$|T(\phi)|=|\langle T,\psi\rangle| \leq C_N \sum_{|\alpha| \leq N} \|\partial^\alpha \psi\|_\infty$$ Part A:...
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$\lim_{k \rightarrow \infty} k(1+\cos(2k \pi x)) \chi_{(-1/2k,1/2k)}$

How do I calculate the following limit: $$\lim_{k \rightarrow \infty} g_k(x) =\lim_{k \rightarrow \infty} k(1+\cos(2k \pi x)) \chi_{\left(\frac{-1}{2k},\frac{1}{2k}\right)}$$
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Fourier transform of scaled function

Let us consider following example $$x(at)\iff\dfrac1{|a|}X\left(j\left(\dfrac\omega a\right)\right).$$ one thing which i did not understand is where absolute value of $a$ came from? Ok if we have ...
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Fourier transform of a sinusoidal function

Let us consider following table which I want to calculate myself $$ x(t)=\frac{\sin(\omega_bt)}{\pi t}\quad\iff\quad X(j\omega)= \begin{cases} 1 & \text{if $|\omega|<\omega_b$}, \\[8pt]...
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Fourier series using summation methods

My question is similar to this one. There are ways of deriving the formulae like $$\sum_{k = 1}^\infty \frac{\sin(kz)}{k} = \frac{\pi - z}{2}$$ using summation methods. My question is: How can we ...
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Filter on Fourier Series

i have a lowpass filter H(ω) which is $ H(ω) = e^{-jω} $ on -2π≤ω≤2π, and $0$ elsewhere and i have a function in fourier series y(t), i need to find the new signal (z(t)) after the application of the ...
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121 views

Inter-neighbor resistance on triangular prism

Given a triangular prism of infinite length along the X direction. A graph is formed with the set of nodes all the points on an edge of the prism with integer values of X, and the with each node ...
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189 views

Fourier transform of a 2-D Gaussian on a ring

I need some help obtaining the 2-D Fourier transform of the following function: $$f(r)=e^{-\frac{-2(r-a)^{2}}{w^{2}}}$$ Where $r$ is the polar radius, $a$ and $w$ are positive. So this describes a ...
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192 views

Spectral norm of a Hadamard product

Let $F$ be the $n\times n$ DFT matrix, i.e., $F_{i,j} = \exp\left(-\tfrac{2\pi(i-1)(j-1)}{n}\imath\right)$, for $1\le i,j\le n$ and $\imath =\sqrt{-1}$. Futhermore, let $\Vert \cdot\Vert$ and $\odot$ ...
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How can apply the $L^p$ norm in a circle to $L^2$ norm in a square?

Let $f(x_1,x_2)=\frac{1}{(x_1+ix_2)^2} \chi_{ \{ (-1,1) \times (-1,1) \}}$ Part A: Evaluate the $L^p(R^2)$ norm of $f(x_1,x_2)\chi_{ \{ (x_1,x_2): x_1^2+x_2^2 \leq 1 \}}$ for every $1 \leq p \leq \...
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Why Fourier transform owns two different signs?

In my book, the defination of Fourier transform is $$F(\lambda)=\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}f(t)e^{i\lambda t}dt$$ While the reverse one is: $$f(x)=\frac{1}{2\pi}\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}F(\lambda)e^{-i\...
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Use the interpolation theorem to estimate the $L^p$ norm of f(x) when $p>2$.

The maximum of the function $\displaystyle f(x)=\frac{\sin(x)}{x}$ is $1$ and $\displaystyle \int_{-\infty}^\infty(\frac{\sin(x)}{x})^2 dx= \pi$. Use the interpolation theorem to estimate the $L^p$ ...
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131 views

Noncommutative Fourier Transform

The theory of Fourier transform for Euclidean spaces has analogues for locally compact abelian groups. In the noncommutative setting, representations can be used to define analogous transforms. My ...
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Discrete Time Fourier Transform of a real signal

I want to prove that if we have a real signal x[n] then for the DTFT it is applied that we have an even symmetry: | X(Ω+1/10) | = | X(-(Ω+1/10)) | (I mean the ...
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Computation of the fourier transformation of a function with a matrix

I want to compute the Fourier transformation of the following function: \begin{align} f:& \mathbb R^n \rightarrow \mathbb R \\ & x \mapsto \exp(-\left<Ax,x\right>) \end{align} where $A$...
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Can this be simplified?

$$ e^{-i\frac43\pi n} - e^{-i\frac23\pi n}, n\in \mathbb{N} $$ I am trying to simplify this but cant. Any ideas appreciated.
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Fourier series of oscillation in form $\cos(2 \pi \frac{k}{T}+\phi)$

I would like to calculate the fourier coefficients of $\cos(2 \pi \frac{k}{T}+\phi)$ where $T \in \mathbb{N}$ is the period and is arbitrary but fixed, $k \in [1, N-1]$ is the number of oscillations ...
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Evaluate the $L^p(R^2)$ norm of $f(x_1,x_2) \times \chi_{ \{(x_1,x_2):x_1^2+x_2^2 \leq 1\} }$ [duplicate]

Let $f(x_1,x_2)=\frac{1}{(x_1+ix_2)^2} \times \chi_{(-1,1) \times (-1,1)}(x_1,x_2)$. Evaluate the $L^p(R^2)$ norm of $f(x_1,x_2) \times \chi_{ \{(x_1,x_2):x_1^2+x_2^2 \leq 1\} }$ for every $1 \leq p \...
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39 views

For which values of $p \geq 1$ is $f \in L^p(\mathrm{R}^2)$?

Let $f(x_1,x_2)=\frac{x_1}{x_2^{1/3}} \times \chi_{\{ [0,1] \times[-1,1]\}}$. Part A: Evaluate $\int_{\mathbb{R}^2} f(x_1,x_2) ~ \mathrm{d}x_1~ \mathrm{d}x_2$ $\int_{\mathbb{R}^2} f(x_1,x_2)~ \...
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Fourier series without Fourier analysis techniques

It is known that one can sometimes derive certain Fourier series without alluding to the methods of Fourier analysis. It is often done using complex analysis. There is a way of deriving the formula $$\...
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Fourier Transform of exp(-a|x-.5|)

So I've been working on the fourier transform of $exp(-a|x-\frac{1}{2}|)$ (with $a>0$) and keep getting: $\left(e^{-\pi i}\right)\left(\frac{2a}{a^+4\pi^2x^2}\right)$. A research partner keeps ...
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Levy processes, vanilla option and Fourier Transform

The context to this problem is mathematical finance, although the answer does not need specific knowledge of the area. I am trying to work out the expression for the price of a call option using Levy ...
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Image Reconstruction:Phase vs. Magnitude

Figure 1.(c) shows the Test image reconstructed from MAGNITUDE spectrum only. We can say that the intensity values of LOW frequency pixels are comparatively more than HIGH frequency pixels. $$ f(x,y)=...
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What are Basis images?

I have read that using Fourier transformation we can decompose any arbitrary image into orthogonal basis images and reconstruct it back. But what are basis images actually?
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Explicit solution of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation

Consider the linear Schrödinger equation, $$ (LS) \begin{cases} \partial_{t}u= i\Delta u, t\in \mathbb R,\\ u(x,0)=u_{0}(x), \end{cases} $$ $x\in \mathbb R^{n}.$ Taking the Fourier transform with ...
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Does the integral in the formal 2D Fourier transform of the logarithm converge?

If $k$ is a nonzero vector in $\mathbb R^2$, how to interpret this integral: $$\int_{\mathbb R^2}e^{ik\cdot x}\ln{|x|}dx$$ Does it converge and in what sense? Thanks in advance.
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Fourier transform of $te^{-t^2}$?

How can I find the Fourier transform of: $$f(t) = te^{-t^2}$$
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Why are divergent Fourier series all so 'HARD'?

I'm not sure if this question is appropriate or even making sense, but I still feel curious: why are every example of divergent Fourier series SO COMPLICATED? It usually takes pages to construct and ...
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A function sequence converge to a Fourier series implies point-wise converge?

Assume $f(x)$ is a smooth $2\pi$ periodic function and can be decomposed as $$f(x)=\sum_{n=-\infty}^\infty a_ne^{inx}$$ A function sequence $f_m(x)$ satisfies $$\int_0^{2\pi}f_m(x)e^{-inx}dx\to a_n,\...
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Building up the Fourier inversion theorem on locally compact abelian groups

I'm reading through Folland's Abstract Harmonic Analysis and I've come to a bit of a road block with some machinery developed for the Fourier inversion theorem. We know that the Fourier transform of a ...
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599 views

Proof of Fourier series Theorem (k-continuous derivatives)

Here's the theorem: Theorem: If $f$ is periodic with Fourier coefficients $a_n,b_n$ and if the series $$\sum_{n=1}^\infty (|n^{k}a_n|+|n^{k}b_n|)$$ converges for some integer $k \geq 1$, then f ...
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Pseudodifferential operators and amplitudes

I am studying psudodifferential operators on $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $U\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ an open subset. A function is $b\in C^\infty(U\times U\times U \times \mathbb{R}^n)$ is an amplitude of order $...
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Characteristic function of logarithm of random variable

If I know the characteristic function $\phi_X(t)$ of a random variable $X>0$, how can I write the characteristic function $\phi_Y(t)$ of $Y=\log(X)$? I know that $\phi_X(t)=E[e^{itX}]$ and $\phi_Y(...
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Discrete Fourier Transform

I am studying DFT and am having trouble with the notation system. The frequency is from $0$ to $2B$ - in DFT the frequency domain does not have negative frequencies. But if this is the case, and we ...
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$\int\exp(-jnw_0t)\,dt$ integral calculus.

I seem to forgot these parts of integral calculus. I am trying to determine the Fourier coefficient in complex exponential form. Here, $t$ is the variable being integrated and $n$ is for all ...
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How to calculate the value of $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} y(t)dt$?

For a function $g(t)$, $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} g(t)e^{-j\omega t}dt=\omega e^{-2\omega ^2}$ for any real value $\omega$. If $y(t)=\int_{-\infty}^{t}g(\tau)d\tau$ then how to calculate the value of $\...
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543 views

Fourier Transform and its Inverse

Could anyone show me how to prove the following results about Fourier Transform, please? It is stated in my book without proof. Thank you. Let $\mathcal F$ denote the Fourier linear operator and $f$ ...
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N-point FFT and 2-radix FFT

I am wondering what is the difference between a N-point FFT (output has same length as the input) and a 2-radix FFT (output is always of length $2^n$) For example a is a sequence: ...
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Is $\langle f,g\rangle$ defined for distributions $f,g$?

Consider a standard setting for the development of the theory of distributions. Let $D(\Omega)$ be the space of test functions and $D'(\Omega)$ be the space of distributions ("generalized functions"). ...
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How to do this Sum? Poisson Resummation?

In the paper hep-th/0812.2909 page 34-35, there's a sum that I've been trying to do explicitly but I can't find a way. The sum is $$ \frac{2l}{\pi l! (l-1)!} \sum_{k\in\mathbb{Z}} \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} ...
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What does the Fourier transform of $1/x^2$ mean?

If I ask Mathematica to compute the Fourier transform of $\frac{1}{x^2}$ using the FourierTransform function, it gives me a result of $$\mathcal{F}\biggl[\frac{1}{...
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intuition behind an identity related to fourier transforms

I saw the proof of this identity in a question about Fourier transforms : $F(f(−t))w=F(f(t))(−w)$ Can someone give the intuition behind it ? What I understand of Fourier transform of a function ...
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Proving something is a convolution operator…

If we define the operator $K(a)=F^{−1}aF$ where $ F:L^2({\mathbb R})\to L^2({\mathbb R})$, is the fourier transform given by $$\left(Ff\right)\left(x\right)=\int_{{\mathbb R}}{f\left(t\right)e^{...
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Fourier transform of exp(cos)

How do I calculate the Fourier transform ($t \rightarrow \omega$) of the following: $\exp(A\cos(\omega_0 t))$ $A$ is a real constant, and $\omega_0$ is a real and positive constant. I know that this ...
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a question about Fourier transforms

I know it s simple but how to show that $\mathcal F(f(-t))w=\mathcal F(f(t))(-w)$ ? $\mathcal F(f(-t))w=\int^\infty_{-\infty}f(-t)e^{-iwt}dt$ $if -t=x\to -dt=dx$ $\int^\infty_{-\infty}f(x).e^{iwx}(-...
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2D Fourier Transform proof of Similarity Theorem

I have to solve an exercise, but if i could use the following theorem, it would be piece of cake Similarity Theorem if $ \mathscr{F}\{g(x,y)\}= G( f_x,f_y)$ then $ \mathscr{F}\{g(ax,by)\}= \frac {...