Fourier analysis, also known as spectral analysis, encompasses all sorts of Fourier expansions, including Fourier series, Fourier transform and the discrete Fourier transform (and relatives). The non-commutative analog is (representation-theory).

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How to solve the following partial differntial equation using fourier transform?

How to solve this equation? $$2\iota n_0k_0 \frac {\partial E_x}{\partial y}=\frac {\partial^2 E_x}{\partial x^2} + \frac{\partial^2 E_x}{\partial z^2} $$ where, $E_x(x,y,z)$, $n_0$ and $k_0$ are ...
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18 views

If D_m is the mth Dirichlet kernel, $||D_m||_1\to\infty$ as $m\to\infty$

I was working on this problem for my own studying but am stuck on how to solve it. Let $D_m$ be the $m$th Dirichlet kernel. Show that $||D_m||_1\to\infty$ as $m\to\infty$. Anything would help. Thanks
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25 views

Is $\{(\epsilon + \cos(x))^{2k}\}_{k\in\mathbb{N}}$ a family of good kernels?

Show that for any $0<\delta<\pi$, $$\lim_{k\to \infty} c_k\int_{\delta<|x|<\pi} \left(\epsilon + \cos(x)\right)^{2k} dx = 0 $$ where $\epsilon >0$ is some small number (for ...
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1answer
35 views

Identity for the sum of products of Sinc functions

The Sinc function is defined as follows: $$\mathrm{sinc}(t) = \begin{cases} \frac{\sin(\pi t)}{ \pi t} & \mathrm{if} \quad t \neq 0, \\ 1 & \mathrm{otherwise.} \end{cases}$$ I want to show the ...
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9 views

Calculating mean and standard deviation of frequency given time displacement data

For example, using this data set (sample rate = 200 Hz): https://my.mixtape.moe/mtyocd.gz If I take the power DFT of it (either unwindowed or with the Blackman-Harris window) and zoom in, I can see ...
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12 views

For fourier series g(x), prove that the fourier series for the integral G(x) can be found by term-by-term integration of g(x)

I want to prove that if I have a fourier series of the form $g(x) = a_0/2 + {\sum_i}^\infty a_icos(ix) + b_isin(ix) $, the fourier series of G(x) $-x*a_0/2$ can be found by simply integrating g(x) ...
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23 views

Fourier series for absolute value of sin functiom

If we take the absolute value for sin function, then it becomes even. However, isn't period of this function pi? To find fourier series, 1.Even 2. period 2 pi. Can we just treat this function as ...
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26 views

Planar sets in R^{2} with bounded Fourier transforms

I have a question which I'd be greatly happy to hear an answer for (because it sounds really cool!). Say I'm given some "nice" region $\Omega$ in $[0,1]^{2}$, how can one determine all the $p>0$ ...
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1answer
21 views

How to find the inverse Fourier transfmation of $\exp(-sk)/k$.

I've tried this with the help of hint given by one of my friend.He told me to first find the Inverse fourier transformation of $\exp(-sk)$ which is $$ \frac{\sqrt2}{\sqrt \pi}\frac{x}{x^2+ s^2}$$ ...
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1answer
37 views

Integral with Dirac delta function

We are given that: $$u(x,t)=\frac{2}{\pi} \int_0^\infty e^{-k^2t}G_s(k)\sin {kx}\space\text{d}k,$$ where $G_s(k)$ is the Fourier sine transform of $g(x)$. Find the solution $u(x,t)$ when ...
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21 views

Fourier series: can a function be odd and have a dc component?

Long story short: fourier series is taken in two subjects (for now). One doc says that the dc component is 0 if the function is odd. The other says that odd and even has no effect on the dc ...
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113 views

Evaluating infinite series $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{a^{2}+(2n+1)^2}$

I have no idea to approach this problem. Mathematica gave the sum to be $$ \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{a^{2}+(2n+1)^2} = \frac{\pi}{4a} \tanh(\frac{a \pi}{2}) $$ How can I analyze this?
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1answer
17 views

Fourier transform of $\cos(x) f(2x+3) $

So when trying to compute the Fourier transform I believe I can use the convolution theorem to evaluate this as a whole. $$ \widehat{g*h}(x) = 2\pi \hat{g}(k) \cdot \hat{h}(k) $$ If it let $ g(x) = ...
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27 views

Inverse Fourier Transform

I have to calculate the following Inverse Fourier-Transform, which describe the potential function for a point force on a half-space: ...
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25 views

Given Fourier coefficients of a function , find the function

Given these Fourier coefficients: $$ X[k]=\begin{cases} 1 & \text{, k even}\\ 2 & \text{, k odd}\\ \end{cases} $$ I want to find the analytical expression for the function. What i tried was ...
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1answer
34 views

Dilation of Fourier transform

Let $f\in \mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R}).$ The Fourier transform of $f$ is defined by $\hat{f}(w) := \int_{-\infty}^\infty f(x) e^{-2\pi i x w} dx$. We use the notation $f(x) \longrightarrow \hat{f}(w)$ ...
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20 views

Fourier transform of Si[$x^2 + y^2$]; Energy integrals involving sin integral functions

Problem Statement I'm trying to prove( or disprove ) the following identity \begin{equation} \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{\Big[\text{Si}[x_1^2 + y^2]- \text{Si}[x_2^2 + ...
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9 views

Sequence $\{ e^{2 \pi i n x}\}_{n\in\mathbb N}$ and Paley-Wiener space $PW(0,1)$.

Let us consider the Paley-Wiener space: $$PW(0,1):=\{f\in L^2(\mathbb R)\cap C(\mathbb R),\ \operatorname{supp}\hat f\subset (0,1) \}.$$ Let us consider $\{ e^{2 \pi i n x}\}_{n\in\mathbb N}$, for ...
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1answer
15 views

Stuck finding inverse Fourier transform.

I have the equation $u_t - u_{xx} = f(x,t),\; x\in\mathbb{R},\;t>0$, with the initial condition $u(x,0) = 0$. I think I see where this is going but I want to make sure I'm not going in the wrong ...
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34 views

Find the function $f(x)$ by using its fourier coefficient

It is easy to find the fourier coefficient and fourier expansion of $f(x)$ function. But I want solve the inverse problem How to find the function $f(x)$, if I know its fourier coefficient (or ...
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33 views

Proving $\|[b,T](f)\|_{p}\le C\|b\|_{BMO(\mathbb{R}^{n})}\|f\|_{p}$ using the Fefferman-Stein inequality

Let $1<p<\infty$ and $1<r<\infty$ and let $\mathcal{M}_{r}(g)$ denote $\mathcal{M}(|g|^{r})^{\frac{1}{r}}$, where $\mathcal{M}$ is the Hardy-Littlewood maximal function. Also let $T\in ...
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19 views

Class of Functions , that admit Fourier transforms

For which class of functions/distributions is it sensible to take a Fourier transform ?
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95 views

Several questions about the proof of this lemma

I am reading this paper. I have Several questions about the proof of the lemma 3.3. How to Prove 1,2,3,4?
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1answer
44 views

Integration and differentiation of Fourier series

I am interested in the properties of Fourier series under integration and differentiation, and I've noticed a "strange" phenomenon. Suppose I have a Fourier series which I Integrate, and suppose that ...
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24 views

Fourier Series and Fourier Transform confusion.

I dont understand the following paragraph after the proof. In particular, how does that theorem above give us that the Fourier transform maps $L^2$ onto $l^2$? all that theorem says is that this set ...
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8 views

Deconvolution by disks

I have a function $$f(x,y) = \begin{cases} 1, \|(x,y)-p\| < r\\0, \|(x,y)-p\|\geq r\end{cases}$$ where $p$ is some unknown point in $[0,1]^2$; i.e. $f$ is the characteristic function of some disk ...
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29 views

Dirac function expansion

In my book it is said that Dirac function $\delta(\tau)$ can be expanded as: $$ \delta(\tau)=(\beta \hbar)^{-1}\sum_{n \in even} e^{-i\omega_n\tau} $$ where $\omega_n=\frac{n\pi}{\beta\hbar}$, and ...
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24 views

Gaussian is a rapidly decreasing function.

Definition of rapidly decreasing function $$\sup_{x\in\mathbb{R}} |x|^k |f^{(l)}(x)| < \infty$$ for every $k,l\ge 0$. Given the Gaussian function $f(x) = e^{-x^2}$, I know that its derivatives ...
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31 views

How to get from $\sum_{n=0}^N (a_n \cos{nx} + b_n \sin{nx})$ to $\sum_{-N}^{N} c_n e^{inx}$?

I'm currently reading Baby Rudin, and I'm in the section of Chapter 8 that covers Fourier series. There is one line that I just can't figure out for the life of me, and I can't find anything online ...
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14 views

What if we define function of moderate decrease as function satisfying $|f|\le\frac{A}{x^2}$

In Stein's Fourier Analysis, he defines the a continuous function $f$ as of moderate decrease if there exists $A>0$ such that $$|f(x)| \le \frac{A}{1+x^2} \forall x\in\mathbb{R}$$ I am wondering ...
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1answer
37 views

What is wavelet tranform in simple words?

I have read wiki and other sources and have still problem understanding the wavelet transform. What is the basic idea in simple words? Does the Fourier uncertainty hold for wavelet transform?
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26 views

Geometrical interpretation of complex exponential integral

Coefficients of Fourier series of a function $f$ are computed by multiplying $f(x)$ by the exponential term $e^{-inx}$, then by integrating $f(x)e^{-inx}$ from $-\pi$ to $\pi$ and dividing by $2\pi$ ...
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11 views

upsampling and plotting a signal in matlab

I want to upsample by 5 a signal in frequency domain, and then plot(stem) it. I figured how to upsample, Fk=(1/5)*upsample(ak_new,5) now this creates a vector ...
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6 views

How can I obtain the inverse transform?

The inverse Fourier transform is defined as: $$\mathcal{F}^{-1}[g](x) = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2 \pi}} \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} g(k) e^{i k x} d k$$ I can't get an inverse Fourier Transform to ...
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20 views

Uniform convergence of Fourier series given certain conditions

If $f$ is a continuous, $a$-periodic and piecewise differentiable function on $[0,a]$ with piecewise continuous derivative on $[0,a]$, then $(f_N)$ converges uniformly to $f$ over $\Bbb R$. ...
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45 views

Convolution of Schwartz and test function approximated by partition of unity.

Let $\rho\in\mathscr{D}$, $0\leq\rho\leq 1, \rho(0) = 1$, and $\sum_{n\in\mathbb{Z}^d}$ $\rho(x-n) = 1$. Denote, $\rho_{n,\epsilon}() = \tau_n\rho(\frac{x}{\epsilon})$, where $\tau$ is the translation ...
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1answer
42 views

Coercitivity of an elliptic operator with constant coefficients

We are given an elliptic operator $P=\sum_{|\alpha|\leq m}a_\alpha\partial^\alpha$ that is elliptic in $\Omega$. $a_\alpha$ are constants. I am supposed to show that $$\|u\|_s\leq ...
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1answer
26 views

If $\mu$ equals Haar measure on the 3-dimensional unit sphere $S^2$, then $\hat{\mu}(\varepsilon) = \dfrac{2\sin(2\pi |\varepsilon|)}{|\varepsilon|}$.

If $\mu$ equals Haar measure on the 3-dimensional unit sphere $S^2$, then $\hat{\mu}(\varepsilon) = \dfrac{2\sin(2\pi |\varepsilon|)}{|\varepsilon|}$. I am not quite sure how to start this problem. ...
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27 views

How do I calculate the Fourier Transform of this signal?

The Context: Find $X(ω)$ which is the frequency domain representations of $x(t)$. $$ x(t) = \sum_{k=-\infty}^\infty \delta(t-4k) $$ This my professor's solution: As we can see, the ...
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1answer
14 views

Prove that if $f \in C^r(T)$, then $\hat{f}(n) = o(\frac{1}{|n|^r} )$ as $n \rightarrow ±∞$

I searched through everything that came up when I searched this question, but didn't come with anything. I'm used to typing in latex, so please excuse any formatting errors.
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26 views

Use trigonometric polynomial to approximate periodic function.

From page 53 of Fourier Analysis by Stein, we have If $f$ is integrable on the circle, then the Fourier series of $f$ is Cesaro summable to $f$ at every point of continuity of $f$. Moreover, ...
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27 views

Fourier series in spherical coordinates?

I'm reading an article and he just state: let $f\left(\theta,\varphi\right)$ be of this form $$f\left(\theta,\varphi\right)={\sum}g_{m}\left(\theta\right)e^{im\varphi},$$ I'm on the unitary ...
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69 views

Given that $\sum\frac{1}{n^2} = \frac{\pi^2}{6}$, how can I find $\sum\frac{1}{n^6}$?

Given that $\sum\frac{1}{n^2} = \frac{\pi^2}{6}$, how can I find $\sum\frac{1}{n^6}$? I know that you can prove the first equality using Fourier analysis. For the second one, do I try to use a ...
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1answer
33 views

Determing an inverse Fourier transform

The inverse Fourier transform is defined as: $$\mathcal{F}^{-1}[g](x) = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2 \pi}} \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} g(k) e^{i k x} d k$$ I can't get an inverse Fourier Transform to ...
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1answer
30 views

What is duality argument for the operator on $L^p-$ spaces?

Suppose that the operator $T: L^{p}(\mathbb R) \to L^{p}(\mathbb R)$ (say for instance, some nice convolution operator) is bounded for $1\leq p \leq 2.$ At various, places we see that (for ...
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1answer
16 views

inverse fourier transform of w*e^w

I have the function \begin{align} F^{-1}\{{λe^{-|λ|}}\} \end{align} How can we find the inverse Fourier transform? The correct answer is: \begin{align} \frac{-2ix}{π(1+x^2)^2} \end{align} Can ...
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32 views

Does Fourier Algebra of locally compact group separate compact sets of the group?

Let $G$ be a locally compact group. Consider the left regular representation $\lambda$ over $L^2(G)$. Then according to Eymard, Fourier algebra of $G$, $A(G)$ is the set of all coefficients of ...
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1answer
62 views

Fourier series of dirac delta

Let $f \in S(\mathbb{R}^n)$ is it true that $$\frac{1}{(2\pi)^n} \lim_{\epsilon \rightarrow 0} \sum_{z\in \mathbb{}{Z^n}} \int_\mathbb{R^n} f\left( \frac{x}{\epsilon} \right) e^{iz (x-a\epsilon)} dx = ...
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33 views

Question about Dirichlet kernel of Fourier transform for $f\in L^p$ with $p\in [1,2]$, help needed in understanding proof.

I am trying to understand the proof that the following two statements are equivalent. For fixed $R>0$ and $f\in L^p(\mathbb{R}^n)$ let $$S_Rf(x)=\int_{|\xi|<R} \hat{f}(\xi)e^{2\pi i x . ...
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1answer
16 views

Can we relax the hypothesis of Uniqueness theorem for Fourier series?

I know this fact: "Suppose that $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb T)$ and $\hat{f}(n)=0$ for all $n\in \mathbb Z,$ then $f=0 $ all most everywhere on $\mathbb T$." My Question is: Suppose that $f\in ...