# Tagged Questions

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### Find a relationship between $\hat f$ and $\hat g$, given $g(x)=\int^{x+1}_x f(t)\,dt$, $f\in L^2(\mathbb R)$,

Given $f\in L^2(\mathbb R)$ and $g(x)=\int^{x+1}_x f(t)\,dt$ (a) Relate $\hat f$ and $\hat g$ (b) Prove $g\in H^1(\mathbb R)$ Part A: \hat g(k)= \int^{\infty}_{-\infty} \int^{x+1}_{x} ...
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### Square Summable functions

Can somebody please help me understand the notion of square summable functions intuitively?? I have been self studying Hilbert Spaces and Fourier Transform for DSP. Any help is appreciated. Thanks.
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### Parseval's theorem to $\sum_{k=1}^\infty |\langle x,x_k\rangle|^2$.

Let $\{x_k\}$ be a collection of vectors in a Hilbert space. We take any $x\in H$. The symbol $\langle .,.\rangle$ denote the inner product. The question is as follows. I have to apply the Parseval's ...
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### Span of functions dense in $L^2$

This is an exercise from Werner's Funktionalanalysis. I have to show that the linear span of the functions $f_n(x)=x^ne^{-x^2/2}, n\geq0$ is dense in $L^2(\mathbb{R})$. The book gives the hint to ...
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### Hilbert spaces other than $L^2$

From measure theory we know that if $G$ is a finite measure space then $p \leq p^\prime$ implies $L^{p^\prime}(G) \subset L^p(G)$ where $L^p$ is the space of all $p$-integrable functions. So let $G$ ...
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### A problem on Fourier transforms and orthogonality

Let $f$ be a square integrable function, strictly positive almost everywhere. Consider the family of functions $f_a=f(x+a)$, where $a$ is any real number. I want to prove that if a function is ...
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### What is $\mathcal{C}(S^{1})$? (Where $S^1$ denotes unit circle)

What is $\mathcal{C}(S^{1})$ (Continuous function on a unit circle)? (Where $S^1$ denotes unit circle) I saw this in a proof of showing Fourier Basis $S:=\{1,\sqrt{2}\cos{nx},\sqrt{2}\sin{nx}\}$ is ...
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### Finding an ON basis of $L_2$

The set $\{f_n : n \in \mathbb{Z}\}$ with $f_n(x) = e^{2πinx}$ forms an orthonormal basis of the complex space $L_2([0,1])$. I understand why its ON but not why its a basis?
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### Why is Parseval's Equality and Bessel's Inequality Different?

Bessel's Inequality: $\sum_n |\langle x, e_n \rangle |^2 \leq \|x\|^2$ Parseval: $\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;$ $\sum_n |\langle x, e_n \rangle |^2 = \|x\|^2$
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### completeness of orthonormal set

I am currently working through some lecture notes on the Geometry of Hilbert spaces, and I am stuck with the following comment: If we are given the inner product space $C([0,1])$ of continuous ...
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### For what sequences of real numbers $\left\{ k_{n}\right\}$ is the set of functions $\left\{ e^{ik_{n}x}\right\}$ a basis?

It is well known that the set of functions $\left\{ e^{^{inx}}\right\}$, for integer $n$, is an othonormal basis for the space of square integrable real functions in the interval $[-\pi,\pi]$. Now ...
I used to think that in any Vector space the space spanned by a set of orthogonal basis vectors contains the basis vectors themselves. But when I consider the vector space $\mathcal{L}^2(\mathbb{R})$ ...
### Why is it useful to express PDE solutions as $L^2$-convergent series?
The existence of an $L^2$ orthonormal basis consisting of eigenfunctions of a Sturm-Liouville equation helps us to express the solutions of various ODEs and PDEs as infinite series. However, in the ...