Fixed-point theorem is a result about existence of fixed points, i.e. points fulfilling F(x)=x, under some conditions on the function F. Results of this type appear in many areas of mathematics, e.g. functional analysis (Banach), algebraic topology (Brouwer), lattice theory (Knaster-Tarski, ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms

7
votes
0answers
123 views

Why use the Lefschetz Zeta function?

Given a compact, triangulable space $X$ and a continuous function $f: X\rightarrow X$, then we define the Lefschetz number $\Lambda_{f}$ by $$\Lambda_{f} = \sum_{k\geq0}(-1)^{k}Tr(f_{\ast}\vert ...
7
votes
0answers
114 views

Fixed points in computability and logic

I asked this question on CS.SE, too: http://cstheory.stackexchange.com/questions/27322/fixed-points-in-computability-and-logic I would like to understand better the relation between fixed point ...
7
votes
0answers
257 views

Fixed point of a shrinking map. Proof.

Could you please verify my proof? Let $f:X \to X$ be a shrinking map on a compact metric space $(X,d)$. In other words: $d(f(x),f(y)) < d(x,y)$ for all $x,y \in X$. Prove: $f$ has a unique ...
7
votes
0answers
340 views

Fixed point: linear operators

I ask my question in two parts: though the topic is similar, I would like to distinguish linear and general cases since methods may be too different while my questions are broad. Consider a space $X$ ...
6
votes
0answers
215 views

Closest fixed point to a convex set

Consider the compact convex sets $Y \subset X \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, and a Lipschitz continuous function $f : X \rightarrow X$. Assume that $f$ has multiple fixed points. (From Brouwer's theorem, $f$ ...
5
votes
0answers
95 views

Converse to Lefschetz fixed point theorem (counterexample)

The celebrated Lefschetz fixed point theorem, in its simplest form, says (following Wikipedia) that if $f\colon X \to X$ is a continuous map of a compact triangulable space $X$ to itself, then $f$ has ...
4
votes
0answers
40 views

Limit of a Discrete Dynamical System, Part 2

In my previous post (i.e., Limit of a Discrete Dynamical System) the following system was considered: ...
4
votes
0answers
94 views

A question on fixed point property

Assume that $0<k<n-1$, Note that $\mathbb{C}P^{k}$ can be considered as a closed subset of $\mathbb{C}P^{n}$, in a natural way. We collapse $\mathbb{C}P^{k}$ to a point. The resulting space is ...
4
votes
0answers
113 views

Showing a sequence $x_{n+1} = Tx_n$ forms a contraction mapping

I want to show that the sequence given by $$x_{n+1} = Tx_n = x_n-\frac{(x_n^2-2)}{x_n+x_{n-1}}$$ forms a contraction mapping. That is $$|Tx_1-Tx_2|\leq c|x_1-x_2|.$$ Where $c$ is to be determined. I ...
4
votes
0answers
134 views

algebraic or homotopical proof for Kakutani fixed point theorem

As Kakutani fixed point theorem is a genral case of Brouwer fixed point theorem, and one can read the proof from homotopy theory books. I wonder if there is any proof for the Kakutani using homotopy ...
4
votes
0answers
330 views

Equivalence of Brouwers fixed point theorem and Sperner's lemma

I'm looking for a proof that Brouwer's fixed point theorem implies Sperner's lemma. All proof I've found just prove that there must be at least one completely colored n-simplex, not that there must be ...
4
votes
0answers
184 views

Vector valued contraction

I am familiar with the Banach Fixed Point Theorem and I have used it to prove existence and uniqueness of functional equations in Banach spaces like $C(X)$, the space of bounded continuous function ...
3
votes
0answers
90 views

Maximum diameter for the preimage of a point when the degree is not 1 or -1

When the degree of a map $S^n \rightarrow S^n$ isn't 1 or -1, are there always two points that map to the same point and whose distance from each other can be bounded below by a function of the ...
3
votes
0answers
82 views

Reference request: generalized Lefschetz-Hopf fixed point theorem

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over $\mathbb{F}_p$. A basic (and very important) theorem is that we have equality $$ \# X(\mathbb{F}_{p^n}) = \sum_{i=0}^{2\dim X} (1)^i ...
3
votes
0answers
115 views

Connection between codata and greatest fixed points

It's easy to see how inductively-defined data types correspond to least fixed points. Let's take the natural numbers as an example, with constructors are $0 : \mathbb N$ and $s : \mathbb N \to \mathbb ...
3
votes
0answers
134 views

Fixed point: general case

This is the second part of the question Fixed point: linear operators. Here I would like to ask you about the general case. A lot of concepts can be described or even defined as a solution of a ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

Find Lyapunov function for $\dot{x} = -\sin(x)$

$$\dot{x} = -\sin(x)$$ Find the fixed points and also find out if it is attractive or repelling Find Lyapunov function for each of the attractive fixed points. I thought: Fixed points are ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Reference request for the proof of the Brodskii–Milman fixed point theroem for isometries

Can any one help me to access the paper M.S Brodskii and D.P Milman, On the center of a convex set, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 59 (1948) 837–840 in Russian? or to prove the theorem If $K$ is a ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Dense subgroup of an extremely amenble group is extremely amenable??

Recall that a topological group $G$ is called extremely amenable if every continuous action of $G$ on a compact space $K$ admit a fixed point. i.e there is a point $\xi\in K$ such that $g.\xi=\xi$ for ...
2
votes
0answers
39 views

Identification of (Centers of) Cycles in a Discrete Time Dynamical System

I am studying dynamics on nonlinear Discrete Time Dynamical System of the form $$ \vec{X}_{t+1} = D(\vec{X}_t), $$ where D is some nonlinear function. I was looking for a (relatively) quick ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Fixed-Points Limit Set

Let $f : \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow X$ be continuous and $X \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be compact and convex. For all $p \in \mathbb{R}$, consider $A_p \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$, with $p \mapsto A_p$ ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

A basic question about upper hemicontinuity

Given a correspondence $f:X\rightarrow 2^X$, suppose X is a closed simplex in $\mathbb{R}^n$, and $f$ is compact-valued. We say $f$ is upper hemicontinuous if, $\forall x\in X$ and every open subset ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

fixed point iteration $x_{k+1}=f(x_k)$ with multiple fixed points

I have a fixed point iteration problem in my research, as below: $$x_{k+1}=f(x_k)$$ where $$f(x)=\frac{\lambda r}{g}\sum_{i,j}\pi_if_{ij}\left[1- \exp\left\{\displaystyle ...
2
votes
0answers
77 views

What is the method for solving this class of problem?

$\frac{dx}{dt} = y$ $\frac{dy}{dt} = -\partial y - \mu x - x^2$ Find the fixed points and discuss stability. I'd at least like to know what I should be googling, any help is appreciated.
2
votes
0answers
92 views

On the Proof of the Perron-Frobenius Theorem.

The Perron-Frobenius theorem states that a square matrix with nonnegative entries has a real nonnegative eigenvalue. One possible proof uses the Brouwer fixed point theorem, and every proof I've seen ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

Proving $\frac{k-1}{k}$ is an attractor of the logistic map $kx(1-x)$.

Consider the logistic map $f(x) = kx(1-x)$ defined on $\mathbb{R}$. We already know $\frac{k-1}{k}$ is a fixed point of $f$, but my issue is showing it's an attractor when $k \in [1,3]$. There is an ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Nullclines for differential equations

Consider the system of differential equations $$\dot {x}=y-x^2$$ $$\dot {y}=x-y$$ a. Determine the fixed points (1,1) (0,0) b. Determine the nullclines and the signs of $\dot {x}$ and $\dot {y}$ ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Does this function have a unique fixed point?

Consider the following equations in fixed-point form: $$\mathbf{x}=F(\mathbf{x})=[f_1(\mathbf{x}),f_2(\mathbf{x}),\cdots,f_n(\mathbf{x})]^T$$ where the function $f_i$ is defined as ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Newton method and the Banach fixed-point theorem

I try to combine the Newton method and the Banach fixed-point theorem but I have still some questions: Let $I \subset \mathbb{R}$ a closed interval and $\phi: I \rightarrow I$ Lipschitz continous. ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

A proviso in l'Hospitals rule

L'Hospital's Rule, which states that: $\displaystyle\lim_{x\to a}\frac{f(x)}{g(x)} = \displaystyle\lim_{x\to a}\frac{f'(x)}{g'(x)}$ can be applied when: (1) f, g are differentiable, (2) g'(z) ≠ 0 ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Question about Computability

Q:Suppose $U(n,x)$ is Gödel Universal Function, show that there is $n$ such that $U(n,x)=n+x$ for all $x$ I did some proof but I am mot sure if I am right. Let's consider a computable binary function ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Proof of equality of least fixed point of two continuous function

The question is simple: given a set U, a continuous function (Scott continuity) $f \colon \mathcal{P}(U) \to \mathcal{P}(U)$ and function $g(X) := f(f(X))$, prove that $g$ is continuous and its least ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Diffeomorphism and hyperbolic points

Suppose $f$ is a diffeomorphism.Prove that all hyperbolic periodic points are isolated. I tried using the mean value theorem using two diferent periodic points (assuming the periodic points arent ...
1
vote
0answers
84 views

Banach Fixed Point Theorem. Measurable version.

The Banach fixed point theorem has the following statement THEOREM ( Banach contraction principle). Let $(Y,d)$ be a complete metric space and $F:Y\to Y$ be contractive . Then $F$ has a uniqe ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Use a fixed point argument to show there exists a unique solution to the following BVP

Show using a fixed point argument that there exists a unique solution $f\in C[0,1]$ to $$ -f''(x)+\sin(f(x))=\sin(x) , x\in (0,1), y(0)=y'(1)=0 $$ This is what I have so far: We can show ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Fixed point method where the derivative is one - does it converge

I'm trying to see if the iterative method $x_n=g(x_{n-1})$ where $g(x)=2\sqrt{x-1}$ will converge to $2$, if I take $x_0$ that is sufficiently close to $2$. Indeed notice that $g(2)=2$. and we have a ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Existence of Galerkin approximations to PDE

Given a weak PDE $$ \langle b(u),v \rangle +\langle a(\nabla u), \nabla v\rangle=\langle f, v \rangle,\qquad v\in H^1_0 $$ where $b\in C(\mathbb{R})$ and $a\in C(\mathbb{R}^n,\mathbb{R}^n)$ grow ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Statement of Markov-Kakutani fixed-point theorem

Markov-Kakutani fixed-point theorem is usually stated as follows: "Let $E$ be a locally convex topological vector space. Let $C$ be a compact convex subset of $E$. Let $S$ be a commuting family of ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

On a Variational Inequality

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space with real inner product. Consider $f: C \rightarrow C$, where $C \subset H$ is closed and convex. I am not sure about the variational inequality problem: find $x \in H$ ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Aitkens Extrapolation

The Aitken's extrapolation can be written as $$X^n = X_{n-2} + \dfrac{(X_{n-1}- X_{n-2})^2}{(X_{n-1}- X_{n-2})-(X_n- X_{n-1})}$$ Verify it? And $X^n$ can be viewed being defined recursively by ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

How to find fixed point for Hamilton equations

I am learning the dynamical system. I start with Taylor-Greene-Chirikov map as follow \begin{eqnarray*} && I_{n+1} = I_n + K\sin(\theta_n), \\ && \theta_{n+1} = \theta_n + I_{n+1} ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

How to linearize and solve ODE $\dot{z}_n = \sum_{m} i M_{nm} \frac{z_m - z_n}{|z_m - z_n|}$ for $z_n\approx 0$?

I came across a physical system which obeys the following ODE $$\frac{d z_n}{dt} = \sum_{m=1}^N i M_{nm} \frac{z_m - z_n}{|z_m - z_n|}, \qquad n\in\{1,2,\dots,N\}$$ where $z_n \equiv z_n(t)$ are ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

How many distinct fixpoints does $\sum_{i=1}^n 2 \sinh(a_i z)$ have?

Let $n$ be a positive integer. Let $z$ be a complex number. Let $a_1,a_2,...,a_n$ be a given sequence of distinct reals larger than $\ln(2)$. How many distinct solutions are there to $\displaystyle ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

Does my fixed point proof hold?

I have am looking for existence of a fixed point for an operator that I have. I already looked at some related fixed point theorems such as Schrauder's and Rothe's. But most of them seem to require ...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

Importance of Banach fixed point in mathematics

I know the proof of Banach fixed point theorem in complete metric space and two example of it. It is useful to prove Picard's theorem on existence and uniqueness of ordinary differential equation. In ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Fixed Point Iteration Scheme

I have been asked to "Find a fixed point iteration scheme for minimising $f(x) = e^{cos (x)}$". Does anybody know what a fixed point iteration scheme actually is? I know it's not Fixed Point ...
1
vote
0answers
129 views

Properties of the derivative $\frac{\delta F(\phi(x))}{\delta\phi(y)}$ , where $ \phi(x) = F(\phi(x)) $ is a fixed point problem.

Dear experts I have a fixed point problem of the type: $ \phi(x) = F(\phi(x)) $, where $x \in \mathbb R^3 $. $\phi(x)$ is differentiable non-negative function on a given domain. I am trying to find ...
1
vote
0answers
98 views

Conjecture on continuous selection of fixed points of a correspondence

I have the following conjecture to show some sort of a continuous selection of fixed points in a correspondence: Let $S$ and $\Theta $ be non-empty, compact and convex subsets of some Euclidean space ...
1
vote
0answers
137 views

Fixpoint of monotone operators

Let $X$ be some set and let $F$ be the set of all functions with a domain $X$ and a range $[0,1]$. We consider $F$ to be a partially ordered set with $f\leq g$ if and only if $f(x)\leq g(x)$ for all ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

Fixed Point Theorem for Set-to-Set Mappings

Is there a fixed-point theorem regarding mappings of the form $T:2^S\to 2^S$, i.e. mappings that map subsets of $S$ to other subsets in $S$: $$ T:S\supseteq A \mapsto T(A)\subseteq S $$ Where $S$ ...