# Tagged Questions

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### Closest fixed point to a convex set

Consider the compact convex sets $Y \subset X \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, and a Lipschitz continuous function $f : X \rightarrow X$. Assume that $f$ has multiple fixed points. (From Brouwer's theorem, $f$ ...
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### Is the composition of monotone operators monotone?

Let $H$ be a real Hilbert space with inner product $\langle\cdot, \cdot \rangle: H \times H \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, and induced norm $\left\| \cdot \right\|: H \rightarrow \mathbb{R}_{\geq 0}$. Let ...
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### Definition of upper hemicontinuity of a correspondence.

When using and examining Kakutani's fixed-point theorem, I've got a question about upper hemicontinuity. A correspondence $f:X\rightarrow2^Y$ is a point-to-set mapping. One way to define upper ...
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### Convex Feasibility problem on Hilbert space

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space with real inner product $\langle\cdot, \cdot \rangle: H \times H \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$. Consider a closed convex set $X \subset H$ and let $P_X: H \rightarrow X$ be the ...
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### Showing that $f$ has exactly one fixed point

Let $\gamma$ be the circle $\{z \in \mathbb{C}: \lvert z\rvert=1 \}$. Suppose $f$ is a function analytic on an open set containing $\gamma$ and its interior and that $\lvert\, f(z)\rvert<1$ for ...
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### Prove the Contraction Mapping Theorem.

Prove the Contraction Mapping Theorem. Let $(X,d)$ be a complete metric space and $g : X \rightarrow X$ be a map such that $\forall x,y \in X, d(g(x), g(y)) \le \lambda d(x,y)$ for some ...
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### The number of periodic orbits

Let $\{a_n\}_{n=2}^\infty$ be a sequence of nonnegative integers. How to construct a continuous map $f$ on the 2-dimensional closed disk such that the number of $n$- periodic orbits is $a_n$? So far, ...
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### Fixed point of a shrinking map. Proof.

Could you please verify my proof? Let $f:X \to X$ be a shrinking map on a compact metric space $(X,d)$. In other words: $d(f(x),f(y)) < d(x,y)$ for all $x,y \in X$. Prove: $f$ has a unique ...
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### Showing a sequence $x_{n+1} = Tx_n$ forms a contraction mapping

I want to show that the sequence given by $$x_{n+1} = Tx_n = x_n-\frac{(x_n^2-2)}{x_n+x_{n-1}}$$ forms a contraction mapping. That is $$|Tx_1-Tx_2|\leq c|x_1-x_2|.$$ Where $c$ is to be determined. I ...
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### Importance of Banach fixed point in mathematics

I know the proof of Banach fixed point theorem in complete metric space and two example of it. It is useful to prove Picard's theorem on existence and uniqueness of ordinary differential equation. In ...
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### How to decide if these two maps are proper?

We define a mapping $f$ of a topological space $X$ into a topological space $Y$ to be proper if the subspace $f^{-1}(C)$ is compact in $X$ whenever $C$ is a compact subspace of $Y$. Now how to ...
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### Contradict the Contraction Mapping Theorem

I am trying to show that the function $f(x) = 2\pi+x-\tan^{-1}x$ is contractive but has no fixed points. Finally I wish to conclude that it does not contradict the contraction mapping theorem. $f$ is ...
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### upper semi-continuity of a multi-valued function $T$ and lower semi-continuity of $d(x,T(x))$

Let $(X,d)$ be a complete metric space, $CB(X)$ the set of closed and bounded subsets of $X$, and $T:X\rightarrow C(X)$ be a multi-valued function. How can you prove this: If $T$ is upper ...
In $\mathbb R_{+}$ (non-negative) I realize that any nonnegative valued continuous function $f\colon X \rightarrow Y$ where $X, Y \subseteq \mathbb R_{+}$ with a negative finite gradient has a fixed ...