# Tagged Questions

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### Show that some group is isomorphic to $\mathbb{Z_n}$

If $G$ has order $4$ and has an element of order $4$, then $G$ is isomorphic to $\mathbb{Z_4}$. Can someone briefly explain why this is true? I understand that $|G| = 4$, but I don't understand ...
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### Sum of the elements of a cyclic subgroup

Let $G$ be a finite cyclic subgroup of the group of units of a commutative unital ring $R$. What is the sum of the elements of $G$, i.e. $$\sum_{x \in G}{x}?$$ [The answer is not difficult in the ...
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### Hecke Operators

I'm currently working my way through the section on Hecke operators in Serre's book. In the proof that $T(m)T(n) = T(mn)$ for all $m,n \in \mathbb{Z}_{\geq 1}$ with $\textit{gcd}(m,n) = 1$. In ...
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### An elementary question regarding a multiplicative character over finite fields

Reading Chapter 2 of Koblitz's Introduction to Elliptic Curves and Modular Forms, I got stuck on the following question. I would like to proceed my reading, so I would appreciate any hint to this. I ...
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### Density of nilpotent numbers

A natural number $n$ is nilpotent if every group of order $n$ is nilpotent (equivalently, a direct product of Sylow subgroups). A natural number $n$ has nilpotent factorization if $\ell\not\equiv1$ ...
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### Understanding the elements in groups(modulo, cyclic and other(?))

Question exactly as given on past exam: Consider the group $G=(\mathbb{Z}/15\mathbb{Z})^\times$ (under multiplication). Let $H$ be the subgroup generated by $2$ (that is, $H = \langle 2 \rangle$). ...
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### Is there any usage of this sum formula?

Let $\phi$ be the Euler phi function, then $$n=\sum_{d|n}\phi(d)$$ It is one of the most famous formulas in number theory. It can be generalized by using groups. Let $G$ be a group of order $n$ and ...
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### $\psi (m)\leq \phi (m)$ or $\psi (m) \geq \phi (m)$ when $\psi (m)\neq 0$?

(This is different than If $x^m=e$ has at most $m$ solutions for any $m\in \mathbb{N}$, then $G$ is cyclic) I was trying to solve this: Let $G$ be a finite abelian group of order $n$ for which the ...
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### If p is a prime number of the form $4n+3$, show that we cannot solve $x^2\equiv -1\mod p$

Hint: Use Fermat's Theorem that $a^{p-1}\equiv 1\mod p$ if $p \nmid a$. (I have no idea, but something in group theory should help)
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### The Proof of Wilson's Theorem using the auxiliary multiplicative modulous group [duplicate]

(self answered question, thanks for the hints Derek Holt provided:-)) problem 18,section 4 chapter 2 in Herstein's abstract algebra: Using the results of Problem 15 and 16,prove that if p is an ...
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### How to prove $\frac{1}{q} \binom{p^k q}{p^k} \equiv 1 \mod p\;\;$?

An argument that I just came across asserts that if $p$ is prime, and $k, q\in \mathbb{Z}_{>0}$, then $$\frac{1}{q} \binom{p^k q}{p^k} \equiv 1 \mod p \;.$$ This assertion was made in a way (i.e. ...
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### isometry group of an integer $n$ as of the corresponding $\Omega(n)$-parallelotope

Let $\prod_{i\in I}p_{i}^{a_{i}}$ be the prime factorization of a positive integer $n$ and let's consider the $\Omega(n)$-parallelotope built with, for all $i\in I$, $a_{i}$ pairwise orthogonal ...
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### Are algebraic properties consistent among ALL types of number groups?

I'm embarking on a self study course of group theory, modular arithmetic, and other mathematics relating to cryptography. I notice that when studying modular arithmetic that they explicitly say that ...
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### Are there groups with conjugacy classes as large as the divisors of perfect numbers?

Are there groups, where the conjugacy classes have elements according to the divisors of perfect numbers larger than $6$? I already got the first example, so therefore $6$ is excluded: $S_3$. The ...
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### When is the group of units in $\mathbb{Z}_n$ cyclic?
Let $U_n$ denote the group of units in $\mathbb{Z}_n$ with multiplication modulo $n$. It is easy to show that this is a group. My question is how to characterize the $n$ for which it is cyclic. Since ...