Finite fields are structures arising in abstract algebra. The order of a finite field is always a prime power, and for each prime power $q$ there is a single isomorphism type. It is usually denoted by $\mathbb{F}_q$ or $\operatorname{GF}(q)$.

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multiplication in Galois Fields

I don't know much about Galois fields. My question is the following Assume we are working with GF(8). Let say for example I want to multiply 2 by 4 in GF(8). Then it should be equal to $2*4 \text{ ...
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Subtraction in GF(2^8) Giving Incorrect Results

Let me preface this by stating that I'm not normally a math person, but I'm currently dabbling in finite fields to help wrap my head around certain cryptographic topics (specifically those based ...
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1answer
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Determine if matrix D belongs to Vect(A,B,C)

So there are 4 matrices, A, B,C,D. They belong to field F5. Determine if D belongs to Vect(A,B,C). I have pretty much done all the calculations its just i fail to conclude/find the right value for the ...
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diagonalization of a matrix over finite fields

I'm having a problem with determine whether a matrix is diagonalizable over $\mathbb F_{2}$, over $\mathbb F_{3}$, etc. for example, for the following matrix: $$ \begin{bmatrix} 1 ...
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1answer
35 views

Maps preserving roots of a polynomial function over finite fields

Let $P(x_{1},\ldots,x_{n}):\mathbb{F}_{2}^{n}\rightarrow \mathbb{F}_{2}$ be a polynomial function with degree $d$ and with variables $x_{1},\ldots,x_{n} \in \mathbb{F}_{2}$. Let $S(P)=\{ ...
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the number of cube roots in a finite field [duplicate]

Let $p$ be a prime number, and let $\mathbb F_p$ be the field with $p$ elements. How should I choose $p$ such that all elements of $\mathbb F_p$ have cube roots in $\mathbb F_p$?
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1answer
24 views

Sequences length for LFSR when polynomial is reducible

An LFSR with polynomial 1+x4+x5 = (1+x+x2)(1+x+x3) can generate several sequences, depending on the initial value. If I did not made any mistake enumerating them, the sequences length are 3, 7 and 21. ...
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Blocking set for cosets of codimension $2$

In this paper following theorem is proved: If $V$ is vector space of dimension $n$ over a finite field $F$ of $q$ elements then any subset of $V$ which meets every hyperplane of $V$ contains at least ...
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Version of Chevalley's Theorem proving $\mathbb{F}_q$ is a $C_1$-field for $\mathbb{Z}/p^n\mathbb{Z}$?

Let $k=\mathbb{F}_q$ Chevalley's theorem states that if $f(x_i)\in k[x_1,...,x_n]$ is such that $f(0,...,0)=0$ and $deg(f)<n$, then there is a non-trivial $a_i\in k^n$ such that $f(a_i)=0$. Is ...
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120 views

Find minimal set of cosets $C$, so that each $2$ vectors in $A_n$ are in one coset in $C$

Let $F_2^n$ be the set of all vectors of length $n$ with values of $0$ or $1$ and $A_n$ = $F_2^n \setminus(11\ldots1)$. Set $A_n$ contains all vectors except one with all $1$s. We can consider cosets ...
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16 views

system of equations with coefficients in finite field

Suppose we have three simultaneously equations with $4$ variables with coefficients in finite fields, i.e. $$\alpha_1A_1 + \beta_1B_1+\gamma_1C_1 + \theta_1D_1=x$$ $$\alpha_2A_1 + ...
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zeros of a simple polynomial

For $x, y \in GF[2^n]$, consider the two-parameter polynomial $P(x,y) = x \cdot y + f(x) + g(y)$, where $f$ and $g$ are arbitrary polynomials on $GF[2^n]$. Can we say anything about the number of ...
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irreducible quadratic trinomial over finite field

In p130 of 《finite field 》 by Lidl et al. : For a trinomial x^2 +x +a over a finite field F_q of odd characteristic it is easily seen it is irreducible over F_q if and only if a is not of the form a = ...
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Euclid and finite fields

In 300 BC or so Euclid pointed out that if $S$ is any finite set of prime numbers then the prime factors of $1+\prod S$ are not in $S$, so that $S$ can always be extended to a larger finite set. Much ...
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1answer
33 views

Which powers of a primitive element of a finite field yield a generator of a finite field extension?

Let $F_{q^m}$ denote the finite field with $q^m$ elements. Let $\gamma$ be a primitive element of $F_{q^m}$. What are the powers $i$ such that $F_q(\gamma^i)=F_{q^m}$? Note that the following ...
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2answers
35 views

If $k>0$ is a positive integer and $p$ is any prime, when is $Z_p[\sqrt{k}] =\{a + b\sqrt k~|~a,b \in Z_p\}$ a field.

If $k>0$ is a positive integer and $p$ is any prime, when is $Z_p[\sqrt{k}] =\{a + b\sqrt k~|~a,b \in Z_p\}$ a field. Find necessary and sufficient condition Attempt: Since, we know that a finite ...
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380 views

Let F be a field of order 32. Show that the only subfields of F are F itself and {0,1}.

$F$ is a field of order $32$. $F$ and {$0,1$} are trivial subfields of $F$. But how can we show that these are the only subfields of $F$? Can someone give me a direction to this question?
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1answer
57 views

If $X^{p^d}\equiv X\text{ mod }f$ for prime numbers $p,d$, then $f\in\mathbb{F}_p[X]$ with $\deg f=d$ is irreducible over $\mathbb{F}_p$

Let $p$ and $d$ be prime numbers and $f\in\mathbb{F}_p[X]$ with $\deg f=d$ and no roots over $\mathbb{F}_p$. I want to show $$X^{p^d}\equiv X\text{ mod }f\;\;\;\Rightarrow\;\;\;f\text{ is irreducible ...
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What is the algebraic normal form of $F(x,y,z)= Trace (\alpha x^{24}) + x^{312} + yz$?

Let $w$ be a primitive element of $\mathbb F_{5^4}$. Let $\alpha=w^{13}$. Define, $F:\mathbb F_{5^4}\times \mathbb F_{5}\times \mathbb F_{5} \Rightarrow \mathbb F_{5} $ as, $$F(x,y,z)= Tr (\alpha ...
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When is $c\alpha$ primitive, for nonzero $c\in GF(q)$ and $\alpha$ primitive in $GF(q^m)$?

Let $q$ prime power and $\alpha \in GF(q^m)$ be primitive element. When is $c\alpha$ still primitive in $GF(q^m)$? EDIT: More generally, if $\alpha \in GF(q^m)$ is any non-zero element, I'm also ...
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Dimension reduction over finite fields

Let $\mathbf b_1, \cdots, \mathbf b_n$ be a basis for $\mathbb F^n_q$ (where $\mathbb F_q$ is a finite field of size $q$). Assume $c \in \mathbb F_q$ is a uniformly randomly chosen number. For a given ...
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Subspace-evasive set performance in the random case

A subspace evasive set is defined as a large subset of a vector space which has small intersection with any $k$ dimensional affine space. That is, it "evades" all affine subspaces of small enough ...
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39 views

Operations in finite field $F_p$

If I have a finite field $F_p$, where $p$ is prime how can I define operations like $+, -, \times, / $? Can I just make: $$add: (a + b) \mod p$$ $$sub: (a-b) \mod p$$ $$mul: (a\times b) \mod p$$ ...
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1answer
56 views

How are the fields $\mathbb{F}_k$(where $k$ is an integer) be generated?

What are elements like in the fields $\mathbb{F}_k$? Does $\mathbb{F}_k$ contain only $k$ elements? When $k$ is a composite integer, what will be different from that $k$ is a prime? Please help me.
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Bounds for the norm of certain additive character sums

Let $q$ be a power of a prime, let $\alpha$ be a primitive element in the finite field with $q$ elements and let $\chi$ be the canonical additive character of the field. Recently I became interested ...
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34 views

Isomorphism of Groups (C.S.I.R)

Suppose $(F , +, .)$ is the finite Field with 9 elements. Let $G = (F , +)$ and H = (F \ {0}, .) denotes the underlying additive and multiplicative groups respectively, Then $ G \cong \mathbb Z_3 ...
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Approximating polynomials over finite fields

Consider a binary finite field $F = GF[2^{n}]$ with addition and multiplication denoted by $\oplus$ and $*$, respectively. Let me represent the elements of $F$ by $n$-bit strings, which means that ...
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Weird field notation

I have a question: Let $\mathbb{F}$ be any field characteristic $0$. Recall that $x_i$, denotes the $i^{th}$ entry of a vector $x\in\mathbb{F}^n$. Define $$S = \{x\in\mathbb{F}^5 \mid x_i = ...
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Show two multiplication tables of GF(8) are isomorphic [duplicate]

How to show the two tables above are isomorphic? I try to map one element to another element in another table, but I fail to do so as I found that one element from the table on the left is mapped to ...
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2answers
114 views

Polynomial multiplication modulo polynomial

Suppose we are working on finite field $F_{16}$ and have pritimive polynomial $z^4+z+1$. I stuck at how to compute polynomial modulo. For example, we have $z^5+z+1$ mod $z^4+z+1$. I use the usual ...
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1answer
75 views

What is the number of distinct subgroups of the automorphism group of $\mathbf{F}_{3^{100}}$?

Let $G$ denote the group of all the automorphisms of the field $\mathbf{F}_{3^{100}}$ that consists of $3^{100}$ elements. What is the number of distinct subgroups of $G$?
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1answer
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Number of points on an elliptic curve over $ \mathbb{F}_{q} $.

I have the following elliptic curve: $$ E: \quad Y^{2} = X^{3} + 1 ~ \text{over} ~ \mathbb{F}_{q}, ~ \text{where} ~ q \equiv 1 ~ (\text{mod} ~ 3). $$ I want to know the number of points on this curve. ...
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Multiplicative group of a finite field

Field $\mathbb{F}$ is finite if and only if its multiplicative group $\mathbb{F}^{\times}$ is finitely generated. The "$\Rightarrow$" implication is obvious, but how to prove the otherwise?
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Can the set L, of all even polynomials be a subspace of F[X]?

So I have the question Let F be a field and let L be the set of all polynomials f(x) element of F[X] satisfying the condition that deg(f) is even. Is L a subspace of F[X]? I would say that L is not a ...
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Let $F$ be a field. If $F^*$ is a cyclic group, must $F$ be a finite field? [duplicate]

Let $F$ be a field. If $F^*$ is a cyclic group, must $F$ be a finite field? (It's well-known that if $F$ is a finite field, $F^*$ is a cyclic group). Thank you in advanced.
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Why is the multiplicative group of a finite field cyclic? [duplicate]

Why is the multiplicative group $(K\smallsetminus\{0\},\cdot)$ of a finite field $(K,+,\cdot)$ always cyclic?
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1answer
34 views

Existence of “simple” irreducible polynomial of degree 12 in a finite field

Assume that we have a finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$, where $p$ is prime, $p \equiv 1\ (\textrm{mod}\ 4)$ and $p \equiv 1\ (\textrm{mod}\ 3)$. I was looking for irreducible polynomial in a form $X^{12} + ...
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37 views

Show that the following Statements

Consider $F = F_3[x]/(x^3 + 2x -1)$, where $F_3$ is the field with 3 elelments. Then $F$ is either normal extension or inseperable extension. Automorphism gruop of $F$ is cyclic. I know that $x^3 ...
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1answer
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Showing $f\in\mathbb{F}_{p^d}[X]:f'=0\Rightarrow\exists g\in\mathbb{F}_{p^d}[X]:f=g^p$

Let $\mathbb{F}_{p^d}$ denote the final field with $p^d$ elements and $\mathbb{F}_{p^d}[X]$ denote the polynomial ring in $X$ over $\mathbb{F}_{p^d}$. How can we show ...
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2answers
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Elements with order 3 in group $F_{16}/\{0\}$

If you have the finite field $GF(16)$ and you define the group $GF(16)/\{0\},*$ this group is cyclic. I need to determine how many elements in this group have order 3. Of course you could just try out ...
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1answer
46 views

Elements of subfield $F_{8}$ of $F_{2}[x]/(x^{6}+x+1)$

I need to find the elements of the subfield $F_{8}$ of $F_{2}[x]/(x^{6}+x+1)$ in their standard representation. I know that $F_{2}[x]/(x^{6}+x+1)$ represents the residu classes of polynomials modulo ...
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1answer
123 views

An example concerning some fields

I was trying to understand the following example This is also why I've made some questions today on locally finite fields. I've almost understand everything (thanks also to some of you) but I ...
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1answer
35 views

Projective special linear group

What is it the minimum number of generators for $PSL(2,\, \mathbb{F}_q)$? Is it known? Is there some references I could see?
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Structure of $G$-invariant bilinear forms over (finite?) fields

I have a question about the structure of $G$-invariant bilinear forms. Let $G$ be an arbitrary finite group and $\mathbb{F}_q$ a finite field such that $2|G|$ is not divisible by the characteristic of ...
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2answers
39 views

Minimal polynomial reducible modulo every prime $p$

Suppose $K = \mathbb{Q}(\alpha)$ with $\alpha = a + b\sqrt{D_1}+c\sqrt{D_2}+d\sqrt{D_1D_2}$ with $D_1,D_2 \in \mathbb{Z}$. Prove that the minimal polynomial $m_\alpha(x)$ for $\alpha$ over ...
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1answer
20 views

fields and subspaces

Let F be a field and let V=F^F, which is a vector space over F. Let w be the set of all functions f element of V satisfying f(1)=f(-1). Is W a subspace of V? a. Has the zero vector b. closed under ...
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1answer
36 views

If p is a prime positive integer, find all subfields of GF(p)

If p is a prime positive integer, find all subfields of GF(p) This question just seems too vague.
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47 views

If $F$ is a field, show the following function is a permutation

Let $F$ be a field. Show that the function $a\rightarrow a^{-1}$ is a permutation of $F\{0_F\}$ So I know that if it is indeed a permutation, then it is one-to-one and onto. Also, For every $a$,$b$ ...
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1answer
34 views

Does the element exist in the Galois Field?

Let p be a prime positive integer and let a be an element of GF(p). Does there necessarily exist an element b of GF(p) satisfying b^2=a? So, taking a element of GF(p), can we find a b element of ...
2
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3answers
39 views

Some properties of elements of the finite field GF(q)

Consider the finite field $GF(q)$ and an element $w$ of order $n$ which is an $n$th root of unity in this field. Could someone give me explanation or reference to the following questions regarding ...