2
votes
0answers
41 views

How to solve this finite-difference equation?

How to solve the following finite-differences equation: $$f(x) = f(x-1) + f(x-\sqrt{2}), \quad x\in [\sqrt{2}, +\infty) \,?$$ Let's say $f(x) = f_0(x)$ for $x \in [0, \sqrt{2})$ is a given function. ...
3
votes
4answers
62 views

Elementary Proof of sum of alternating factorials

so I came across the rather interesting identity $$ \sum_{i = 0}^{\infty}\left[\sum_{j=0}^{i}\left[\frac{(-1)^j}{j!} \right] \prod_{j=0}^{i}\left[ (x-j)\right] \right] = x! $$ For positive integers ...
5
votes
1answer
70 views

Expressing a Recursion in terms of factorials

Given the recursion $$f(n) = nf(n-1) + (n-1)f(n-2) $$ $$f(0) = 1, f(1) = 1$$ How exactly does one express the target function? I know that $$f(n) = nf(n-1)$$ gives rise to $$f(n) = \Gamma(n+1)$$ ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

General solution of a finite-difference equation with real non-commensurable differences.

How to find a general solution of the following functional (recurrence) equation: $$f(x) = c_1 f(x - a_1) + \dots + c_n f(x - a_n), \tag{1}$$ where $c_i, a_i$, $i = 1, ... n$ are arbitrary real ...
0
votes
1answer
278 views

Solving Linear Systems with Singular Matrices

Good morning! For (say, homogenous) linear systems of the form $$x_{n+1} = A x_n,$$ where $A$ is a nonsingular matrix, each initial value problem can be solved by the method of finding a general ...
3
votes
2answers
202 views

Recurrence relations on a continuous domain

While attempting to read Shannon's paper I came across the following (p. 3): suppose $N\colon \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ is a function, which for some fixed (given) set of values $t_1, t_2, \dots, ...