Questions having to do with financial mathematics. Please note that for questions in quantitative finance, quant.stackexchange.com is perhaps a better site.

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Evaluating NPV caluclators

I'm working on a Net Present Value set of problems and would appreciate someone else's insight as my Excel calculations are coming up differently than other online calculators for NPV. I've read on ...
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Net Present Value [on hold]

If you see after each question, I've put the answer I have arrived at with the work I used to get there. It seems that I am coming up with the wrong answer and I'd like guidance as to what needs to ...
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1answer
64 views

Calculating a Forward Starting Swap with Forward Equations

I have been trying to resolve this problem for some time but I cannot get the correct answer. The problem is the following one. Compute the initial value of a forward-starting swap that begins at ...
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24 views

Strange Monte Carlo Sampling Phenomena

I am running a Monte Carlo simulation to price call and put options, and observe a strange correlation between the number of sampling points and the standard deviation. It makes sense that as the ...
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14 views

Lower semicontinuous risk measure

I am looking for some risk measures that hold the lower semi-continuous property. I am not sure whether Expected Shortfall is a such a measure or not. Can anyone give me some help? Thanks.
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1answer
64 views

A more theoretical than computational interest theory problem involving amortization

I am working on the following problem: A borrower has a mortgage that calls for level annual payments of 1 at the end of each year for 20 years. At the time of the seventh regular payment an ...
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11 views

Not monotonically decreasing Net Present Value for increasing interest rates

Considering the Net Present Value as the discounted sum of all future cash flows, intuitively I expected that the NPV function would always be monotonically decreasing for any increase in the discount ...
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1answer
37 views

Calculate interest over multiple years with added value every year?

I'm trying to calculate the interest and total of money when : Someone is loaning $3600 every year over 11 years with an interest of 10% ? Like : 3600 + 10% = 3960 first year, 3960+3600+10% = 8316 ...
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20 views

Compounded and Simple Interest Rates

Suppose we have a loan worth 10000 that is being repaid late as a lump sum on a given day 30 days after the due date. Suppose the original interest rate is 5% so that the amount owed before late ...
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49 views

Asymptotic Expansion Method for Pricing American Option

In this Article I faced with Asymptotic Expansion method for pricing American option. the price $P(S,t)$ of this option satisfies the partial differential equation (PDE): $${{P}_{t}}+(r-\delta ...
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60 views

A question of odds

Consider an experiment with four possible outcomes, and suppose that the quoted odds for the first three of these outcomes are as follows. What must be the odds against outcome 4 if ...
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1answer
30 views

identifying sudden change in value given a list of values over time

I have a list of the average price of an item in a game over time. Things don't tend to move much. I am wondering how I can detect whether a new value inserted is a surprising movement in price. I ...
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2answers
433 views

A farmer buys a used tractor for Rs 12000. He pays Rs 6000 cash and agrees to pay the balance in annual…

A farmer buys a used tractor for Rs $12000$. He pays Rs $6000$ cash and agrees to pay the balance in annual installments of Rs $500$ plus $12 \%$ interest on the unpaid amount. How much will be the ...
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20 views

Intuition - For every % point that rates rise, a bond’s value will decline by its duration in years.

[Source:] Generally speaking, for every percentage point that rates rise, a bond’s value will decline by its duration (stated in years). So if rates climb by one percentage point, the value of a ...
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1answer
26 views

Interest with Inspection Fee in Promissory Note

A man borrowed from a bank a promissory note that he signed in the amount of 25000 for a period of one year. He received only the amount 21915 after the bank collected the advance interest and an ...
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1answer
720 views

Comparing annualised volatility from monthly and annual data

I fear there is a very simple answer to this question and its killing me that I can't see it. I am interested in calculating historical volatility: I have monthly index values starting in Jan 2005 ...
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1answer
524 views

compound interest with geometric series

Were studying geometric sequences in maths and this came up as one of the questions: A mortgage is taken out for 150000 and is repaid annually with 20000 installments. Interest is charged on the ...
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1answer
24 views

Getting VAR parameters from a research paper.

Many econometrics papers provide the parameters used in their VAR model. If I notate my VAR model as $$z_{t+1} = c + B z_{t} + \Sigma \epsilon_{t+1}$$ where $\epsilon \sim N(0, I)$, then I need to ...
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21 views

Question about the conditional value-at-risk

I have a question about CVaR (Expected Shortfall) An investment who gives a certain amount of cash with a certain probability : A loss of $20$ millions with a probability of $0.0016$ A loss of $11$ ...
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13 views

Mean and variance regime-switching model

Suppose we have the following model for stock price: $$ X_{t}=X_{0}\exp\left(\int_{0}^{t}(r-\frac{1}{2}\sigma_{\epsilon(s)}^2)ds+\int_{0}^{t} \sigma_{\epsilon(s)}dW_{s}\right) $$ This follows a normal ...
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1answer
230 views

Where does this characterization of an annuity immediate come from?

I'm looking through my notes, and I don't see anywhere that an annuity immediate can be defined as $a_n = \frac{1}{a(1)} + \frac{1}{a(2)} + \cdots + \frac{1}{a(n)}$. I've always seen it as $a_n = v ...
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1answer
20 views

Using IRR to calculate future value of cashflow

Discounting a cashflow using given forward rates will result in the following present value: PV = 102.875 = ${5\over (1+3\%)}$ + ${5\over (1+3\%)(1+4\%)}$ + ${105\over (1+3\%)(1+4\%)(1+5\%)}$ where ...
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1answer
12 views

Semi Annual Deposit Compounded Quarterly

A son planned to endow 1000000 to his son on his son's 21st birtthday. How much is his semi-annual deposit in a special account that earns 5% compounded quarterly if the first deposit was made when ...
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2answers
36 views

Retirement Fund with Interest

A young woman 22 years of age has just graduated from college. She accepts a good job and desires to establish her own retirement fund. At the end of each year thereafter she plans to deposit 2000 in ...
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1answer
1k views

Easy proof of Black-Scholes option pricing formula

I use this Book to read the option princing in Black-Scholes model in pages 93-99, The poof of the formula given by $$c(s,t)= N(d_1(s,t)- Ke^{-rT}N(d_2(s,t)))$$ where $$d_{1,2}=\frac{\ln(s/K)+(r\pm ...
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1answer
22 views

Compounded Quarterly

Money borrowed today is to be paid in 6 equal payments at the end of 6 quarters. If the interest is 12% Compounded Quarterly. How much was initially borrowed if quarterly payment is $2000 Answer is ...
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1answer
21 views

Maximizing the Sharpe ratio by finding the optimal weights

In calculating the Sharpe Ratio: $S = (\frac{\bar r_p - r_f}{\sigma_p})$ Where: $\bar r_p$ = Portfolio return (See below) $r_f$ = Risk free rate = 0.03 (for simplicity) $\sigma_p$ = Portfolio ...
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1answer
35 views

Money doubling in value

I understand this maybe a question for http://quant.stackexchange.com/; but I believe the math is simple enough to understand. In How many months at an interest rate of 1% per month does money have ...
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30 views

What math preparation is needed before reading the mathematical method in financial markets?

What math preparation and books are needed before reading the mathematical method in financial markets by Marc Yor if i need to study the whole book? This is one of the advanced finance book
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1answer
23 views

Understanding the solution to a basic annuity problem involving an unknown interest rate

The following is the problem and the solution: Before looking at the solution, here is how I approached the problem: Let $X$ be the amount that each child receives. (i) and (ii) imply that ...
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1answer
24 views

Question related to profit/loss.

Guys see this question: For what sum should goods worth Rs. 1150 be insured at 8% so that in case of loss the owner may recover the premium as well as the goods? I can't understand the meaning ...
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3answers
43 views

Is this equation a parabola or a hyperbola?

In a 1972 paper by Robert Merton, the following equation is derived: $$\sigma(\mu;A,B,C,D)=\sqrt{\frac{A \mu^2-2B\mu+C}{D}}$$ This is known as the Markowitz frontier in finance. When this is ...
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2answers
63 views

Simon invests $\$6000$ and it's compounded semi-annually for ten years

Simon invests $\$6000$ and it's compounded semi-annually for ten years, at $8\%$ per annum. What is the amount of the investment at maturity? I did $(6000)(1.08)^{20}$, and got a completely different ...
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1answer
25 views

Looking for a “Black-Scholes-esque” expression for $E[\max(V-K,Y)]$

In Hull (2008, p. 307), the following equation is found (Eq. 13A.2): $$E[\max(V-K,0)]=\int_{K}^{\infty} (V-K)g(V)\:dV$$ Where $g(V)$ is the PDF of $V$, $K$ is a constant, and both $V,K>0$. He ...
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1answer
10 views

Show that for martingale and predictable process, it is not possible to gain almost surely in some step

Let $X_t, t = 0, 1,\ldots, T$ be a martingale and $V_t, t = 1,2,\ldots, T$ a predictable process, I want to show that for $t = 1,2,\ldots, T$ we have $$ V_t\cdot (X_t - X_{t-1}) \ge 0 \textrm{ ...
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1answer
29 views

Currency Conversion Math

Here is my question. If I have the following exchange rates: 1 Euro = 1.13 USD 1 British Pound = 1.56 USD Is it possible to calculate the value of Euros to British Pounds given that I only have ...
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1answer
274 views

Determining Total Assets, Total Liabilities From a Financial Statement with Missing Values [closed]

I at a loss trying to figure out the total assets and liabilities from what is given. K-Os Corporation Beginning of year Total ...
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58 views

Gaussian distribution finite population with unknown cardinality

I have taken a sample population of a population with unknown size. The sample size is 54 trades. The sample mean is 2.1% (1.021) return per trade. The sample standard deviation is 0.01. 100% of ...
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21 views

Annuity formula proof $\frac{a_{\overline{n}|}}{a_{\overline{k}|}}$

I have the actuarial exam FM in 2 days and there is one more thing that I would like to understand. I cam across a problem having to do with identities and this is the following. A perpetuity ...
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1answer
91 views

Calculus in Economics

A company is planning to manufacture and market a new headphone set. After conducting extensive market surveys, the research department provides the following estimates: Marginal costs function: ...
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1answer
41 views

Distribution of Black Scholes call option price at time 0<t <T

Does anyone know how to find the probability law (distribution) under P* of a Black Scholes Call Option price $C_t$ for $0 < t < T $? (Under P*, $ dC_t = \frac{\partial c}{\partial s}\sigma S_t ...
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33 views

Compound Interest Calculation (Years + Months)

My question is with regards to the calculation of "Compound Interest". I have the formula below where I would get an answer to the total value of the investment over a period of "years". $A$ = ...
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18 views

How to do fixed point iteration with matrices?

I am trying to follow solution to solve $$\min[\mathbf{z},\mathbf{q+Mz}]=0$$ by fixed point iteration. If $\mathbf{M=C+B}$ then a recursive algorithm with $k$ showing the iteration can be written as ...
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50 views

Why hold $Stock=(1−Delta_{put})$

You would like to be holding a protective put position on the stock of XYZ Co. to lock in a guaranteed minimum value of USD 80 at year-end. XYZ currently sells for USD 80. Over the next year, the ...
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1answer
26 views

how to derive the stochastic differential equation of this process

How can I derive the SDE for the vasicek model : $$r_t = 0.1 + 0.1 e^{-t} + e^{-t}\int_0 ^t e^s dB_s$$ From observation, the SDE vasicek's model is such that: $$dr_t = b(a-r_t)dt + \sigma dB_t$$ ...
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85 views

What is the name of this symbol ( ┐) and what does it mean

Sorry bout the dumb question, it's just that I'm taking a mathematical finances class and the teacher started using this symbol today but I've never seem it before, was trying to google it but don't ...
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1answer
41 views

Simple Interest Problem Ambiguity in Conventions

I am solving some simple interest problems. Following questions are creating ambiguity with conventions, hope someone will clarify what is going on. In what time does sum of money become 4 times ...
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1answer
83 views

Stochastic calculus book recommendation

I'm a quantitative researcher at a financial company. I have a PhD in math, but I'm an algebraist, so I only took the two required analysis courses in grad school (measure theory for the first, and I ...
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37 views

Matlab Optimization problem with Matrices

I'm trying to solve an optimization problem in Matlab. The expressions you will find below. Problem is it is all matrices, and I have no idea which solver to use for that. $w$ is of size $n \times 1$, ...
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3answers
48 views

Financial Mathematics, Simple interest question. Help.

Laurie deposits $\$60,000$ in a bank at $5\%$ interest per annum. Andrew deposits $\$40,000$ in bank at $8\%$ per annum. How long wil it take, by simple interest, for Andrew to have more money ...