Questions having to do with financial mathematics. Please note that for questions in quantitative finance, quant.stackexchange.com is perhaps a better site.

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FM question: Price call option with dividend paying?

In a binomial tree model with dividends, if stock price goes up in the latest period, then a dividend of $0.5 will be paid out;otherwise, no dividend is paying out. The stock price at time n is: ...
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1answer
73 views

How to test if two sets of data are closely related?

As part of my masters thesis i am 'Examining the Reliability of Markov Chains and The Kalman Filter as Stock Market Forecasters'. I will be using the daily returns from the s&p500 over a 5 year ...
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66 views

Eurpean call option is a convex function of the strike price - proof

I need to show that the price of a plain European call option is a convex function of the strike E of the option i.e. show that $ \frac{\partial^2 C}{\partial E ^2} \geq 0$
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1answer
86 views

Exam FM question. Bonds with loss at the last moment.

I was working on the following problem and the answer that was given to me looks a little shady and I wanted someone to confirm my thoughts. As of 12/31/2005, an insurance company has a known ...
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2answers
65 views

Variance and diversification of a portfolio

Suppose I have a portfolio composed by $n$ assets and fixed total size, with stochastic returns. I'm looking for a result stating that as $n$ increases the variance (or any other measure of riskiness) ...
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12 views

Convergence under rank correlation

I have a following setup: Let $c\in{\Bbb R}$, $R^2\in [0,1]$ and $\Psi,\varepsilon_1,\varepsilon_2,\ldots$ independent random variables on a probability space $(\Omega,{\cal A},{\Bbb P})$. Define the ...
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38 views

Stochastic control with stopping times

Given a wealth process that evolves as $$d w_t = r w_t dt + \theta_t ( \sigma dW_t + (\mu-r) dt) - c_t dt.$$ and smooth functions $u,F: [0, +\infty) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, how can we optimise the ...
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1answer
65 views

Isolating for i

So this might seem a bit fundamental, but in financial math the following equation gives you the price for a bond $$ P = C \frac {1-(1+i)^{-n}} {i} + B(1+i)^{-n} $$ where $P$ is the price of the ...
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1answer
27 views

How much should they have in the account?

The Meek brothers are planning a trip around the world. They hope to work some as they go, but believe that they should have accessible $\$800$ per month so they can live in relative comfort for the ...
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1answer
153 views

Reference Request - Introductory book on Mathematical Modelling in Economics and Business

I have to take a compulsory course named Mathematical Modelling in Economics and Business this semester and have absolutely no background on the subject. I also noticed there is no post on this site ...
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1answer
32 views

Splitting profits based on quantity of work when work is reused

General Problem We (a small organization) want to split all profits for a project based on the quantity of work invested into that project (thus, if Person A invests 40h and Person B invests 60h, A ...
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1answer
48 views

Discrete Dynamical Systems & Credit Card Debt: How to solve for payment

I have the following problem, taken out of Giordano, Fox, and Horton's A First Course in Mathematical Modeling: Your current credit card balance is $\$12,000$ with a current rate of $19.9\%$ per ...
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1answer
58 views

Differential of stochastic term

Question 1: How does one come up with the equation in the red box below? It looks like some kind product rule, but I'm not sure how to apply Ito's lemma here. Bjork doesn't seem to explain it ...
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24 views

Zero coupon bond is without discounting coupons?

How much should you pay for a zero coupon bond due in 10 years with a YTM 7%? I simply did 1000/(1.035)^20, without discounting the coupons. Is this correct? Or am i missing something? Thanks!
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1answer
74 views

YTM and YTC. how do you discount the coupon rate?

A corporation sold a 30-year bond with a coupon rate of 8% (4% semiannually) two years ago. The bonds are callable at 105% of par value 5 years after issue and 103% of par value 10 years after issue. ...
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1answer
17 views

Finantial Math problem verification: price of a product, devaluation and type of change

The problem is: "Which would be the price, in Mexican Pesos (MXN) that would have a car in five years, if its actual value is US 28,567? Consider that its price increments in a 1.2% each semester and ...
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23 views

Mixed Lognormal Model Calibration

Any ideas as to how to calibrate a mixed lognormal volatility model (Brigo and Mercurio 2002) for arbitrary N < 10? The paper seems vague with respect to implementation.
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2answers
169 views

Book request: Mathematical Finance, Stochastic PDEs

I'm a math student, starting a PhD in the near future. My field of research will be mostly in the field of applied mathematics / numerics. Topics will deal with Kinetic Theory, Moment Equations, ...
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1answer
35 views

Exam FM problem using force of interest. Calculate $P-Q$ [closed]

The foce of interest at time $t$ is given by $\delta_t=.01t$. $P$ is the present value of a 12 yr annuity due of $100$ payable annually. $Q$ is the present value of a 12 yr annuity immediate of ...
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1answer
48 views

House loses value each year. How long will it take for the house to be worth $150000

A house purchased for $\$226000$ loses $4\%$ of its value each year. How long will it take for the house to be worth $\$150000$? The way I set up the equation was $150000=(226000)(.96)^x$. I just ...
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1answer
33 views

Covariance in normal lognormal (NLN) mixture

Let $u = \epsilon e^{\frac{1}{2} \eta}$ where \begin{equation*} \left( \begin{array}{c} \epsilon \\ \eta \\ \end{array} \right) \sim N\left( \left( \begin{array}{c} 0 \\ 0 \\ ...
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20 views

Is there a goodness-of-fit chi-square test for muli-factor SDE models?

I read in the book 'Modeling with Itô Stochastic Differential Equations' by Edward Allen about a chi-square test for SDE models. In section 5.5 this test is explained for a one-factor model. Can this ...
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1answer
27 views

Find probability that payoff function is in $[10,20]$

In moment $t=0$ we bought option with expiration date $T=2$. The payoff function of this option is given by: $$f=(\max_{t\in[0,T]} S_t -110)^{+}$$ where $S_t$ satisfies $$dS_t=15dW_t$$ $$S_0=95$$ ...
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1answer
54 views

Hypothetical scenario with economics

You have been assigned to purchase a new molding machine. One vendor offered a machine that will cost $200,000$, with an estimated installation of $10,000$. The machine has an expected life of $10$ ...
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1answer
40 views

Discount rate of an annuity

The formula for the present value of an annuity is: $$p = \frac{a[1-(1+r)^{-n}]}{r}$$ Where: p = present value r = discount rate n = number of payments I would like to find the discount rate, since ...
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0answers
27 views

Linear Algebra for fund allocation logic

I am writing a program which automatically calculates the trade allocations. Imagine we have a 3 funds, Fund A, B and C. They current asset allocations (so-far-percentages) are 10%, 20%, 70% ...
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1answer
58 views

cash flow diagram, in/outflow series

I have a econ midterm coming up soon and stumbled upon this question. I know this is the math section but it appears not many use the finance one. My approach is: 2C=800/(1.12^2)+1200/(1.12^6)=125.71 ...
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2answers
63 views

Why does PERT work?

e is the limit of (1+1/n)^n. So how come we do Pe^rt to calculate continuously compounded interest? The regular formula for compound interest is (1+r/n)^tn, with rate being part of the base, not the ...
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1answer
34 views

Find the accumulated value at time 8 of $1600 invested at time 6

Given: $a(t) = xt^{2} + yt + z $ $100a(2) = 152$ and $200a(4) = 240$ Using that, I found that $z = 1, $ $x = -0.105 $, and $y = 0.47$ The question asks for the accumulated value at time 8 of 1600 ...
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2answers
62 views

Need help and clarification in Exam FM problem, future value.

The problem that I am working on is the following. Jim began saving money for this retirement by making monthly deposits of 200 into a fund earning 6% interest compounded monthly. The first ...
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2answers
26 views

The Present Worth of $169 due in 2 years at 4% Per Annum Compound Interest

The present worth of $\$169$ due in 2 years at $4\%$ per annum compound interest is The choices are as follow: $\$150.50$ $\$154.75$ $\$156.25$ $\$158$ I tried to solve this by multiplying $169$ ...
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1answer
67 views

Whats the formula to work out the minimum monthly payment of a loan?

I'm a developer, and i'm building a snowball debt calculator. I want a formula to work out what the minimum monthly repayment would be on a debt with a given interest. And I really want to get the ...
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1answer
57 views

Exam FM problem. What does this problem mean?

Danny borrows 4,000 from Genevive at an annual effective rate of interest i. He agrees to pay back 4,000 after 14 years and 5,440.32 after another 14 years. Danny repays the ...
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2answers
32 views

Methods of solving this exam FM problem with geometric-investments.

The problem I am working on is as follows. Matthew makes a series of payments at the beginning of each year for $20$ years. The first payment is $100$. Each subsequent payment through the tenth ...
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1answer
37 views

Pricing a riskless asset in the Black & Scholes market

Consider a Black&Scholes Market where a risky asset evolves according to: $$\frac{dS_t}{S_t}=\mu dt+\sigma dB_t$$ $$S_o=s$$ Riskless asset is associated with risk free rate r. I want to represent ...
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1answer
31 views

Can someone check my answers to this problem?

This is from Discrete Mathematics and its Applications Definition of recurrence relation from book From my understanding, compounded annually means that every year(annually) the account will ...
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1answer
59 views

Exam FM problem with loans. $(1.0075)^2$ or $(1.0075)^3$?

I am a bit confused about the following problem and I would like to have clarification. A loan of $12,000$ was made with annual rate of $12\%$ convertible quarterly. Smith plans to make a ...
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1answer
23 views

Calculating the yield of a bond purchased at a lower price.

I am working on the following problem. A 10 year bond bearing a $7\%$ coupon rate payable semiannually is bought to yield $5\%$ semiannually. The bond is redeemable at par. If the bond is ...
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1answer
19 views

Algebraic representation of how values are calculated in TI BA II+?

In order to understand how the BA II+ works, I would like to know the algebraic representation of it. For example, for the problem below Present value of an annual coupon bond that pays 80 per ...
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1answer
59 views

Exam FM problem. Bonds

the following problem is what I am working on. Suzan can buy a zero coupon bond that will pay $1000$ at the end of $12$ years and is currently selling for $624.60$. Instead she purchases a $6\%$ ...
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1answer
57 views

How do you compute such a limit? (Where the variable is the upper limit in a definite integral)

I have computed limits rigorously before but I have never come across an example where the variable is located in the upper limit of a definite integral. The exact question is attached. It's shown ...
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32 views

I have questionin from the stochastic differential equation merton model

in the following stochastic differential equation merton model we have $$\frac{ds}{s}=(\alpha-\lambda k)dt+\sigma dW+dq$$ where $\alpha$ is the instantaneous expected return on the stock; ...
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1answer
115 views

Heavy-tailed distributions

I have encountered the following two definitions of heavy-tailedness (right tail) for a $[0,\infty)$-valued random variable $X$ satisfying $\mathbb{E}[X]<\infty$: (i) ...
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2answers
66 views

Interest rates. What is the difference between $I=I_0(1+r)^t$ and $\frac{dI}{dt}=rI$?

When I was in school, we used this method for generating the amount of money would be in a bank account after $t$ years with interest rate $r$: $$I=I_0(1+r)^t \text{ where }I_0\text{ is the initial ...
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1answer
52 views

Conditional likelihood of continuously-combounded returns

The simplest possible asset pricing model ist the geometric brownian motion for asset price. Here the price $S_t$ solve the familar $$dS_t = (\mu +0.5 \sigma^2)S_t \, dt + \sigma S_t \, ...
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1answer
39 views

Find compound growth rate from cumulative totals

I'm a bit out of my depth here, so please feel free to correct any errors in terminology, etc. I'm looking to solve for a percentage growth rate. I know the starting population, the number of ...
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1answer
61 views

How to calculate savings over the life of a car loan?

I'm working through the maths in this, only the relevant parts of which I quote: ...On a \$25,000 car loan through the manufacturer for four years, your monthly payment would be about [1.] \$520 ...
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0answers
62 views

Simplifying $\sum_{t=1}^{n}t^2v^t$ using actuarial notation.

In financial mathematics involving immunization, I encounter situations where I am trying to calculate $$(A) \quad v+4v^2+9v^3+ \cdots +n^2v^n=\sum_{t=1}^{n}t^2v^t $$ where $v$ is the present value ...
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0answers
36 views

Are these two option valuation formulas equivalent? Why?

I have been reading a finance paper that claims that the following function, which is a value for a financial derivative (1): $$V(s,t)=E_{Q} \left[\zeta\big(S(T)\big)e^{-\int_t^T r_F(\nu) ...
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1answer
101 views

Exam FM Portofolio problem: Using Macaulay Duration

The following problem is what I am working on and I cannot solve it. Under the current market conditions Bond 1 has a price (per 100 of face amount) of $P_1=88.35$ and a Macaulay duration of ...