Use this tag for questions about fields and field theory in abstract algebra. A field is, roughly speaking, an algebraic structure in which addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of elements are well-defined. Please use (galois-theory) instead for questions specifically about that ...

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2
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0answers
13 views

Field norm of $F(\sqrt[n]{a})$

Let $F$ be a field of characteristic zero that contains a primitive $n^{th}$ root of unity. Pick $a$ such that $K=F(\sqrt[n]{a})$ is a cyclic extension of $F$ of degree $n$. Let $\sigma$ be a ...
5
votes
1answer
53 views

Existence of Jordan decomposition over finite field

Prove that over finite field $\mathbb F$ exists additive Jordan-Chevalley decomposition: for all matrix $M$ there are semisimple matrix $M_{s}$ and nilpotent matrix $M_{n}$ such that $M=M_{s}+M_{n}$. ...
2
votes
0answers
22 views

Question about the index of a subgroup in $\mathrm{Aut}(\mathbb{C} / K )$ with $K$ a number field.

Suppose that $k_0$ is a number field with subfield $K$. Set $[k_0 : K] = d$. If $G = \mathrm{Aut}(\mathbb{C} / K )$ and $H$ is the subgroup of $G$ which fixes $k_0$, is it true that $[G:H] = d$? ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Factoring $x^{15}−1$ into irreducible polynomials over $\mathrm{GF}(2)$

Factorize $x^{15}−1$ into irreducible polynomials over $\mathrm{GF}(2)$ The answer is $$(x+1)(x^2+x+1)(x^4+x+1)(x^4+x^3+1)(x^4+x^3+x^2+x+1)$$ but how would I find this? Please help.
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Problem involving cubic field extensions

Let $F$ be a field of characteristic $0$ and let $L$ be a cubic extension. I want to show that there exists an element $a \in F,$ and an extension $L_0$ of $\mathbb{Q}(a)$ such that ...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

Can extension by an isomorphic field be of degree at least 2?

Suppose $K/F$ is a field extension such that $K\not=F$. Is it legitimate to say that $F$ and $K$ can't be isomorphic since by assumption \begin{equation*}[K:F]\ge 2\end{equation*}and if $K$ and $F$ ...
3
votes
3answers
68 views

Why does $\sqrt{6} + \sqrt{10} + \sqrt{15}$ have four conjugates?

I am having trouble understanding how algebraic number $\sqrt{6} + \sqrt{10} + \sqrt{15}$ has four conjugates. Minimal polynomial is $x^4-62 x^2-240 x-239$ according to Wolfram Alpha. Factorized: ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

What do we know about fields possessing an involution?

The field $\mathbb{C}$ of complex numbers has an involution, and the same is true of the field of algebraic numbers (the algebraic closure of $\mathbb{Q}$ as a subfield of $\mathbb{C}$) and of the ...
6
votes
2answers
108 views

Is there always an intermediate field between non-prime field extension?

If we have $[E:F]=n$, where $n$ is not a prime number but is finite, can we like prime factorize $n=p_1p_2...p_r$, so that we have $[E:F]=[E:K_1][K_1:K_2]...[K_{r-1}:F]$ and each of the ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Is there an isomorphism $\mathbb{C}_p \cong \mathbb{C}_q$ for primes $p \neq q$?

Let $p \neq q$ be distinct primes. Is there a field isomorphism $\mathbb{C}_p \cong \mathbb{C}_q$? Is there a field isomorphism $\mathbb{C}_p \cong \mathbb{C}$? If such an isomorphism exists, given ...
42
votes
6answers
4k views

Continuity of the roots of a polynomial in terms of its coefficients

It's commonly stated that the roots of a polynomial are a continuous function of the coefficients. How is this statement formalized? I would assume it's by restricting to polynomials of a fixed ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Proving that $t^{p^r}-a$ is irreducible when $a\in k$ is not a $p$th power

Let $p$ be an odd prime, $F$ a field of characteristic $0$ and $a\in F$ with $a\neq 0$. Assume $a$ is not a $p$th power in $F$. Prove that for every positive integer $r$, $t^{p^r}-a$ is irreducible ...
6
votes
1answer
75 views

Is there an infinite topological meadow with non-trivial topology?

For reference meadows are a generalization of fields that were designed to be compatible with the requirements of universal algebra. Specifically a meadow is a commutative ring equiped with an ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Are logarithms of prime numbers algebraically independent?

From Baker's theorem it follows that a linear combination of natural logarithms of prime numbers with non-zero algebraic coefficients can never be zero. Has it been proved that the set of all natural ...
2
votes
1answer
27 views

Basis for the field extension $\mathbb{Q}(\zeta_{12})$

Consider the cyclotomic field $\mathbb{Q}(\zeta_{12})$ where $\zeta_{12}$ represents the $12$-th primitive root of unity. Since the minimal polynomial of $\zeta_{12}$ is given by $\Phi_{12}(x)$ which ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

$x^p -x-1$ irreducible over $\mathbb{F}_{p}$ [duplicate]

Show that $x^p - x -1$ is irreducible over $\mathbb{F}_{p}$. I've seen this polynomial (or some variation x^p -x -a) on several of our qualifying exams and in every case they ask you to show it is ...
2
votes
3answers
234 views

Can we say “commutative ring = field”?

We know the difference between ring ($R$) and field ($F$) is that $R$ does not guarantee multiplication is commutative. Now, if considering commutative $R$, which means ($R$, $*$) is a group, can ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

A question about fields and separability in Serre's “Local Fields”

On page 14 of the English edition of Serre's "Local Fields", that is chapter 1, section 4, I am confused by the following; there is talk of fields $B/\mathfrak P$ and $A/\mathfrak p$ for prime ideals ...
2
votes
1answer
24 views

How do we define discriminant over a commutative ring?

Let $f$ be a nonconstant polynomial over a field $F$. Since there exists a splitting field of $f$ over $F$, $f$ can be decomposed as $f=c\prod_{i=1}^n (X-\alpha_i)$ Hence, it is possible to define ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

Galois group over $\mathbb{Q}$ [closed]

Let $$\begin{align*} K&=\mathbb{Q}(\{\text{all $2^n$-th roots of unity for $n\in\mathbb{N}$}\})\\ L&=\mathbb{Q}(\{\text{all $n$-th roots of unity for $n\in\mathbb{N}$}\}) \end{align*}$$ What ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Choice of Primitive Element in ''Primitive Element Theorem''

Let $F$ be a field of characteristic $0$, and $K$ a finite extension of $F$. Then it is well known (see this) that $K$ can be obtained by attaching an element $\alpha \in K$ to $F$, i.e. ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Relation between roots of an irreducible polynomial

Let $K$ be a field, and $\alpha$ be an element of a separable extension of $K$, such that $\alpha^p\in K$, but $\alpha\notin K$, $p$ a prime. Let $f$ be the minimal polynomial of $\alpha$ over $K$ ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Extension of field automorphism to automorphism of algebraic closure

Let $k$ be a field and let $f(x)\in k[x]$ be irreducible. Let $K$ be the algebraic closure of $k$, and say among the roots of $f(x)$ are $\alpha,\beta\in K$. Then there exists an automorphism of $K$ ...
2
votes
2answers
64 views

If $X^p-a$ has no zeros in a field $F$ of characteristic $p$ where $a \in F$, is it irreducible?

Let $F$ be a field of characteristic $p>0$ and $a\in F$. I have an easy question which I'm stuck on. If the polynomial $X^p-a$ has no zeros in $F$ then is it irreducible over $F$? ...
2
votes
2answers
45 views

If $A\otimes_k l$ is a normal integral domain then $K(A)\otimes_k l$ is a field.

I am trying to solve Ex. 5.4.M in Vakil's notes. Quoting the text: Suppose $A$ is a $k$-algebra, and $l/k$ is a finite extension of fields. (Most likely your proof will not use finiteness; this ...
3
votes
4answers
50 views

Establishing additive and multiplicative inverses for a finite field

I am struggling with the following problem: Let $F$ be a finite field, and let $G$ be a subset of $F$ with the following properties: $0$ and $1$ are in $G$; whenever $a$ and $b$ are in $G$, $a + ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Why is the degree of this field extension $[K(x,y): K(x^p, y^p)]= p^2$?

Fix a prime $p$. Let $K:=\overline{\mathbb{F}}_p$ be the algebraic closure of $\mathbb{F}_p$. Consider now the field $K(x,y)$ of rational functions in $x,y$ and its subfield $K(x^p,y^p)$ of rational ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the main difference between a vector space and a field?

In my opinion both are almost same. However there should be some differenes like any two elements can be multiplied in a field but it is not allowed in vector space as only scalar multiplication is ...
3
votes
0answers
41 views

Ordered fields are real?

This question is motivated by another question posted earlier today. Let $F$ be a field endowed with an embedding $F\hookrightarrow\Bbb R$. Then the ordering of $\Bbb R$ induces an ordering on $F$. ...
1
vote
6answers
76 views

Constructing $\mathbb{C}$ from $\mathbb{R}$

I'm having difficulty grasping the notion that you can define the complex numbers as $\mathbb{C}=\mathbb{R}[t]/\langle t^2+1\rangle$. As far as I understand, $\mathbb{R}[t]$ is the set of all ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

A polynomial's irreducibility in $\Bbb{Z}_p$

Show that if $f$ is irreducible in $\Bbb{Z}_p[x]$ then $f$ divides $x^{p^n} - x$ for some $n \in N$. I know that: $f$ is irreducible, so $F = \Bbb{Z}_p / {\left\langle f\right\rangle}$ is a ...
0
votes
2answers
25 views

Field $F$ with $\operatorname{char}F=3$ and algebraic over $\mathbb{F}_3$ has a primitive root of unity.

Suppose that $F$ is a field with $\operatorname{char}F=3$ and $F$ is an algebraic extension of $\mathbb{F}_3$. Prove that $F$ contains a primitive $n$th root of unity for some $n>2$.
0
votes
1answer
36 views

The characteristic of real-closed fields is zero?

We know that $F$ is a real-closed field if $F$ is not algebraically closed but $F(\sqrt{-1})$ is algebraically closed. So I have this question What can we say about $\operatorname{char}F$? Is it ...
2
votes
2answers
41 views

$K/F$ Galois Extension, $H \leq G$, where $G$ the Galois group, then there is $\alpha \in K$ s.t. $H=\{\sigma \in G : \sigma \alpha = \alpha\}$.

Let $K/F$ be a finite Galois extension of fields with Galois group $G$. Let $H$ be a subgroup of $G$. Then there is $\alpha \in K$ such that $H=\{\sigma \in G : \sigma \alpha = \alpha\}$. My proof ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

Finding the Fixed Fields in the Galois Correspondence for the Splitting Field of $x^4-3x^2+4$ over $\mathbb{Q}$

I have found the Galois group of the polynomial $x^4 - 3x^2 + 4$ (see below), but I am not sure how to find the fixed fields in the Galois correspondence. The roots of the polynomial are $$\pm ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

If $F$ is a field, then any two algebraic closures are isomorphic by an isomorphism that is the identity on $F$.

To start, suppose $K_1$ and $K_2$ are two algebraic closures of $F$. (a) Let $P$ be the set of partial functions $f$ from $K_1$ to $K_2$ with the following properties: $F$ is contained in ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Do real quadratic fields with unique primary factorization exist?

Bumped in Stillwell's book "Elements of Number Theory" into "The real quadratic fields with unique prime factorization are still not known ...". But doesn't $\mathbb{Q}[\sqrt{2}]$'s ring of integers ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Question on primitive element for extensions of finite fields [duplicate]

I was given this question in field theory class which I am stumped on as after some effort I still cannot tackle. I am given a general natural number $n>1$ and am asked to prove or disprove: ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Another abstract algebra/field theory question

Suppose that $F$ is a field, $S \subseteq F^n$ and $I$ is an ideal in $F[x_1, \cdots, x_n] = F[\bar{x}]$. Define $$I(S) = \{ f \in F[\bar{x}]: f(\bar{s}) = 0, \forall \bar{s} \in S\}$$ and ...
4
votes
1answer
35 views

splitting field of $x^8-1$ over $\mathbb F_3$

Suppose $F=\mathbb F_3$ and $f(x)=x^8-1$ in $F[x]$. I tried finding the Galois group of the splitting field of $f(x)$ over $F$ and I'm not so sure if what I did was correct. I began by looking at ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Subgroups of the multiplicative group of a Field [duplicate]

I am reading S. Roman's book "Field Theory". In chapter $1$ I found the following exercise Let $F^*$ be the multiplicative group of all nonzero elements of a field $F$. We have seen that if G is a ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

A field F can be extended to one in which all polynomials over F have a solution

Please check to see if my methods are correct. This question is a lot to absorb all at once. Let P be the set of non-constant polynomials over a field F and let X be the set of finite subsets of ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Proof that an integral domain that is a finite-dimensional $F$-vector space is in fact a field

I'm reading Galois Theory by Steven H. Weintraub (second edition), and finding that I'm at least somewhat short on the prerequisites. However the following proof looks wrong to me - am I ...
4
votes
2answers
49 views

Showing that the Field Extension $\mathbb{Q}(T^{1/4})/ \mathbb{Q}(T)$ is not Galois

Prove that $\mathbb{Q}(T^{1/4})$ is not Galois over $\mathbb{Q}(T)$, where $T$ is an indeterminate. I am not sure how to proceed due to the indeterminate. It suffices to show that the degree of ...
4
votes
2answers
51 views

primitive element $a$ of $\mathbb F_{p^n}/\mathbb F_p$ such that $a^n\in\mathbb F_p$

Is it true that for every $n\in \mathbb N$ there exists a prime $p$ such that the extension $\mathbb F_{p^n}/\mathbb F_p$ has a primitive element $a\in \mathbb F_{p^n}$ and $a^n\in\mathbb F_p$? I ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Field extension generated by $\alpha$ and separability

In my notes, I have written that the field extension of $k$ generated by an element $\alpha \in K$, where $K$ a larger field, is defined to be $$k(\alpha) = \bigcap_{ \alpha \in E} E$$ where $E ...
2
votes
2answers
47 views

The Galois group of a specific polynomial $ f(x) = x^6-2x^3+2 \in Q[x] $

Hello all I was given this question in Algebra asking me to show a polynomial's Galois group has both a subgroup and quotient group isomorphic to $S_3$ the three symmetric group. The polynomial in ...
5
votes
2answers
35 views

Galois group and degree of splitting field over complex rational functions.

Suppose $F=\mathbb C (t)$ the field of rational functions over $\mathbb C$. let \begin{equation*}f(x)=x^6-t^2\in F[x]\end{equation*}Denote $K$ as the spliting field of $f$ over $F$. I'm trying to ...
0
votes
2answers
41 views

Example check: two algebraically closed fields with one a subset of the other

The problem asks to find two different algebraically closed fields $\mathcal{E}$ and $\mathcal{F}$ with $\mathcal{E} \subseteq \mathcal{F}$. We have not done a whole lot of stuff with algebraically ...
1
vote
2answers
39 views

What is the characteristic of a field in lay terms?

And why do we usually assume a field has characteristic not equal to 2?