Use this tag for questions about fields and field theory in abstract algebra. A field is, roughly speaking, an algebraic structure in which addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of elements are well-defined. Please use (galois-theory) instead for questions specifically about that topic....

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Help understanding fields.

Hi guys I have a test this tuesday and I am given practice questions to do , and I have trouble understanding fields. Like I know by definition what they are, but applying them is kind of confusing. ...
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416 views

The Noether-Deuring Theorem

I have to solve the following exercise taken from the book "Introduction to Representation Theory" by P. Etingof, O. Golberg, S. Hensel, T. Liu, A. Schwendner, D. Vaintrob, E. Yudovina and S. ...
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4answers
294 views

Hyperreal field extension

In non-standard analysis, assuming the continuum hypothesis, the field of hyperreals $\mathbb{R}^*$ is a field extension of $\mathbb{R}$. What can you say about this field extension? Is it ...
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851 views

$K/E$, $E/F$ are separable field extensions $\implies$ $K/F $ is separable

I wish to prove that if $K/E$, $E/F$ are algebraic separable field extensions then $K/F$ is separable. I tried taking $a\in K$ and said that if $a\in E$ it is clear, otherwise I looked at the minimal ...
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231 views

Question about a property certain algebraic extensions $E/K$ (not necessarily separable) have.

A few days ago I found this question here on math.stackexchange, which gave a sufficient criterion for a separable, algebraic extension $E/K$ to be an algebraic closure of $K$. However it was claimed ...
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334 views

algebraic version of “finite covering of a compact space is compact”

The following statement is an exercise in point set topology: If $E \to X$ is a covering with nonempty finite fibers and $X$ is compact, then also $E$ is compact. Now Grothendieck generalized covering ...
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100 views

Genus of $k(T)$?

Let $F$ be a function field in one variable with total constant field $k$, let $X$ be the set of all places $F$, and let $S$ be a nonempty finite subset of $X$. Then the genus of $F$ is equal to the ...
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131 views

algebraically closed fields of characteristic 0 and $\mathbb{C}$

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic 0. Then I've heard that if $k$ has cardinality no greater than that of $\mathbb{C}$, then there is an embedding $k\hookrightarrow\mathbb{C}$....
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329 views

On a Proof in Galois Theory

We have the following lemma (used in the proof of Abel's Theorem): If $\text{Char}(F)=0$, $E/F$ is a radical extension, and $K/E$ is the Galois closure of $E/F$, then $K/F$ is also a radical ...
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Relationship between intersection and compositum of fields

This issue came up in a number theory lecture today. Let $K$ be a number field and let $L/K$ be an abelian (finite Galois) extension. Then there exists a primitive $m$th root of unity $\zeta_m$ so ...
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558 views

Prove $\sqrt[3]{3} \notin \mathbb{Q}(\sqrt[3]{2})$

I've tried solving $\sqrt[3]{3} =a + b* \sqrt[3]{2}+c* \sqrt[3]{4}$, but there is no obvious contradiction, even when taking the norms/traces of both sides. I can't think of another approach. This is ...
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551 views

Proving that these two fields $\mathbb Z_{11}[x]/〈 x^2+1〉$ and $\mathbb Z_{11}[x]/〈 x^2+x+4〉$ are isomorphic with $121$ elements each.

I have been stuck in this problem for some time now. Prove that $x^2+2$ and $x^2+x+4$ are irreducible over $\mathbb{Z}_{11}$. Also, prove further $\mathbb Z_{11}[x]/\langle x^2+1\rangle$ and $\...
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Puiseux series over an algebraically closed field

Using the construction $R_n = K[t^\frac1n]$, $L_n = \text{Quot}(R_n)$ and $P = \bigcup_{n\in \mathbb{N}}L_N$ one automatically gets that the Puiseux series are a field. Nevertheless they are also an ...
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708 views

Show that $\pi \notin Q(\pi^3)$

As the title says. I think a proof by contradiction is the most natural thing. Suppose $\pi \in Q(\pi^3)$. Then \begin{equation} \pi = \frac{a_n(\pi^3)^n+\cdots+a_1\pi^3+a_0}{b_m(\pi^3)^m+\cdots+b_1\...
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266 views

Can you construct a field over every set $M$?

I know there are finite fields like $\mathbb F_2$, $\mathbb F_4$ or the $\mathbb Z/n\mathbb Z$ for prime $n$ with modulo operations. For other special $n$, I've seen fields $\mathbb F_n$ with $n$ ...
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985 views

Galois group of the splitting field of the polynomial $x^5 - 2$ over $\mathbb Q$

We know that the splitting field of $x^5 - 2 $ over $\mathbb Q$ is $\mathbb Q(2^{1/5}, \rho)$, where $\rho$ is a fifth root of unity. Therefore, $\left[\mathbb Q(2^{1/5} , \rho) : \mathbb Q \right] = ...
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359 views

Does there exist a field $K$ such that $\mathbb R \subsetneq K \subsetneq \mathbb C$?

I'm thinking of unions of $\mathbb R$ with some subset of $\mathbb C$ but am not sure how to approach this without ending up with all of $\mathbb C$. Doe anyone have any suggestions?
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4answers
304 views

Can we turn $\mathbb{R}^n$ into a field by changing the multiplication?

Of course $\mathbb{R}$ is a field with usual addition and multiplication. When we move up a dimension into $\mathbb{R}^2$, however, there is not a clear way to multiply two vectors together to get ...
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3answers
999 views

How can one express $\sqrt{2+\sqrt{2}}$ without using the square root of a square root?

I was trying to review some analysis, and came across problem 3 from page 78 of Walter Rudin's Principles of Mathematical Analysis. As part of the problem, I wanted to try to write $\sqrt{2+\sqrt{2}}$...
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629 views

$\mathbb{Q}(\pi, i\pi)$ over $\mathbb{Q}$

Is $\mathbb Q(\pi,i\pi):\mathbb Q$ a simple extension?
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264 views

Why is $\{a + b\sqrt2 + c\sqrt3 : a\in\Bbb{Z}, b, c \in\Bbb{Q}\}$ not closed under multiplication?

The set $R = \{a + b\sqrt{2} + c\sqrt{3}: a \in \Bbb{Z}, c, b \in \Bbb{Q}\}$ is not closed on multiplication, my textbook states. Why is this? And related to that: why then is $S = \{a + b\sqrt{2} : ...
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Can two different roots of an irreducible polynomial generate the same extension?

Let $K$ be a field and $f(x)$ be an irreducible polynomial over $K$. Suppose, $f(x)$ has degree at least $2$. Is it possible that if $a,b$ are two roots of $f(x)$ with $a\neq b$, then $K(a)=K(b)$. ...
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Is it true that $\mathbb{F}_{1}^{\ast} \equiv \mathbb{F}_{2}^{\ast}$ implies $\mathbb{F}_{1} \equiv \mathbb{F}_{2}$?

Let $\mathbb{F}_{1}$ and $\mathbb{F}_{2}$ be fields, and let $\mathbb{F}_{1}^{\ast}$ and $\mathbb{F}_{2}^{\ast}$ denote the corresponding groups of units. If $\mathbb{F}_{1}$ and $\mathbb{F}_{2}$ are ...
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2answers
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Construct algebraic closure of $\mathbb{Q}$

In abstract algebra lecture, the lecturer wants to construct an algebraic closure of $\mathbb{Q}$. The construction is as follow: Suppose $\mathbb{Q_1}=\mathbb{Q}$. Let $\mathbb{Q}_2$ be the set ...
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5answers
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Finding inverse of polynomial in a field

I'm having trouble with the procedure to find an inverse of a polynomial in a field. For example, take: In $\frac{\mathbb{Z}_3[x]}{m(x)}$, where $m(x) = x^3 + 2x +1$, find the inverse of $x^2 + 1$....
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250 views

$[L:K]=n!\ \Longrightarrow \ f$ is irreducible and $\text{Gal}(L/K)\cong S_n.$

How do I go about proving the following theorem ? Let $f\in K[T]$ have degree $n$ and splitting field $L/K$. Then we have $$ [L:K]=n!\ \Longrightarrow \ f\text{ is irreducible and Gal}(L/K)\cong ...
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Good undergraduate level book on Cyclotomic fields

I have Lang's 2 volume set on "Cyclotomic fields", and Washington's "Introduction to Cyclotomic Fields", but I feel I need something more elementary. Maybe I need to read some more on algebraic number ...
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Characteristic 3 analogue of nimbers?

Finite nimbers are a way of turning the natural numbers (finite ordinals) into a characteristic 2 field. Addition in this field is found by writing the numbers in binary and adding without carry, ...
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Help with proof that $\mathbb Z[i]/\langle 1 - i \rangle$ is a field.

I have been having a lot of trouble teaching myself rings, so much so that even "simple" proofs are really difficult for me. I think I am finally starting to get it, but just to be sure could some one ...
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4answers
648 views

Unique quadratic subfield of $\mathbb{Q}(\zeta_p)$ is $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{p})$ if $p \equiv 1$ $(4)$, and $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-p})$ if $p \equiv 3$ $(4)$

I want to prove the assertion: The unique quadratic subfield of $\mathbb{Q}(\zeta_p)$ is $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{p})$ when $p \equiv 1 \pmod{4}$, respectively $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-p})$ when $p \equiv 3 \...
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Is $\mathbb{Q}_p(\zeta_p)$ the same as $\mathbb{Q}_p(p^{\frac{1}{p-1}})$?

It seems so. $\mathbb{Q}_p(\zeta_p)$ is a $p-1^{th}$ extension of $\mathbb{Q}_p$ which doesn't extend the residue field; and so is $\mathbb{Q}_p(p^{\frac{1}{p-1}})$. However I can't see how to express ...
8
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1answer
127 views

$a$ transcendental $\implies a^a$ is transcendental?

Suppose $a\in \mathbb{C}$ is not a algebraic number. Then is $a^{a}$ also transcendental number ? I've not idea about how to do it. I got motivation for asking this question from the fact that $e^...
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452 views

What does algebraic mean?

If something is algebraic in a field, what does it mean? I don't know the correct phrasing. An element $a \in K$ is algebraic over $F$. Please can someone give some correct phrasing with a simple ...
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146 views

Can we make $\mathbb{Z}$ into a field?

This is probably an elementary question about fields, but I think it is a little tricky. Can we make the integers $\mathbb{Z}$ into a field? Let me be more precise. Is it possible to make $\...
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3answers
591 views

Do maximal proper subfields of the real numbers exist?

To clarify the problem, consider the field ${\Bbb R}$ as a field extension of ${\Bbb Q}$ using some sort of Hamel basis. Does there exist a field $F\subsetneq{\Bbb R}$ such that $F(\sqrt{2})={\Bbb R}$ ...
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1answer
663 views

Irreducible cyclotomic polynomial

I want to know if there is a way to decide if a cyclotomic polynomial is irreducible over a field $\mathbb{F}_q$?
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1answer
126 views

Algebraic closure of $(\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z})(T)$

Is there a concrete description of the algebraic closure of $(\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z})(T)$?
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5answers
554 views

why are subextensions of Galois extensions also Galois?

An algebraic extension of fields $L|K$ is defined to be a Galois extension iff the set of elements of $L$ invariant under the action of $Aut_K L$ is $K$. Apparently in the sequence of field ...
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Problem in Jacobson's Basic Algebra (Vol. I)

It is section $4.4$, exercise number $5$. It says the following: Let $F$ be a field of characteristic $p$. Show that $f(x)=x^p-x-a$ has no multiple roots and that $f(x)$ is irreducible in $F[x]$ if ...
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Elementary proof of $\mathbb{Q}(\zeta_n)\cap \mathbb{Q}(\zeta_m)=\mathbb{Q}$ when $\gcd(n,m)=1$.

In an answer to another question I used the fact that $\mathbb{Q}(\zeta_m)\subseteq \mathbb{Q}(\zeta_n)$ if and only if $m$ divides $n$ (here $\zeta_n$ stands for a primitive $n$th root of unity, Edit:...
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Degree of $\sqrt{2}+\sqrt[3]{5}$ over $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{2})$ and $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt[3]{5})$

I'm self-studying field extensions. I ran over an exercise which I can't completely solve. (I haven't yet started studying Galois theory, and I think this exercise isn't meant to be solved using it, ...
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168 views

The angle $168^\circ$ is constructible

Prove that the angle $\theta=168^\circ$ is constructible using a straightedge and a compass. It is enough to show that the number $\cos\theta$ is constructible, and WolframAlpha gave $\cos\theta=\...
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A question regarding normal field extensions and Galois groups

The following is possibly true but I can't find a corresponding theorem: If $E/F$ is the splitting field of some polynomial in $F$ and $F \subset K \subset E$ then: $Gal(E/K)$ normal subgroup of $...
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1answer
116 views

Does $f=g_1^{n_1}\cdots g_k^{n_k}$ imply $Gal(f)=Gal(g_1)\times\cdots\times Gal(g_k)$?

Let $f\in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ and $f=g_1^{n_1}\cdots g_k^{n_k}$ where $g_1,\cdots, g_k$ are distinct irreducible polynomials over $\mathbb{Q}$. Whether does it hold $Gal(f)=Gal(g_1)\times\cdots\times Gal(...
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389 views

Cyclotomic extensions of $\Bbb Q$

Let $n>4$, and $(h,n) = 1$. How to show that $[\mathbb{Q}(\tan 2 \pi h/n):\mathbb{Q}]= \phi(n)$ or $\phi(n)/2$ or $\phi(n)/4$ respectively if $\gcd(n,8)<4$ or $\gcd(n,8)=4$ or $\gcd(n,8)>4$. ...
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615 views

Why $E$ is the algebraic closure of $K$?

Let $E/K$ be a separable, algebraic extension such that every noncostant polynomial in $K[x]$ has a root in $E$, then $E$ is an algebraic closure of $K$. Could you help me to solve this exercise? (...
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216 views

How many solutions of the equation $x^2-y^2=1$ are there with $x,y\in\mathbb F_{p^n}$?

Let $p>2$ be an odd prime. Let $\mathbb F_{p^n}$ be the field with $p^n$ elements. How many solutions of the equation $x^2-y^2=1$ are there with $x,y\in\mathbb F_{p^n}$? My work: Char $F=p$. $...
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1answer
243 views

Finiteness of the Algebraic Closure

Let $\mathbb R$ be the field of real numbers. Its algebraic closure, the field $\mathbb C$, is a finite extension of $\mathbb R$, which has degree 2. Are there other examples of fields (not ...
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183 views

Intermediate field between $F$ and $F(x)$

Suppose that $F$ is a field and that $u \in F(x):= \{PQ^{-1}:P,Q \in F[x], Q\neq 0 \}$, so that $F \subseteq F(u) \subseteq F(x)$. Is there a general method for determining $[F(x):F(u)]$? For my ...
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420 views

Is a completion of an algebraically closed field with respect to a norm also algebraically closed?

Assume we have an algebraically closed field $F$ with a norm (where $F$ is considered as a vector space over itself), so that $F$ is not complete as a normed space. Let $\overline F$ be its completion ...