Use this tag for questions about fields and field theory in abstract algebra. A field is, roughly speaking, an algebraic structure in which addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of elements are well-defined. Please use (galois-theory) instead for questions specifically about that ...

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Splitting field containing $n$th root

Let $K$ be a splitting field of a polynomial over $\mathbb{Q}$. Suppose $K$ contains an $n$th root of some number $a$. Then how can we show that $K$ contains all the $n$th roots of unity? I don't ...
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77 views

Factoring irreducible polynomial over normal extension

Let $f$ be an irreducible polynomial over $F$ and $K/F$ be a normal extension. How to prove $f$ is factored by product of irreducible poly. over $K$ with same degree? I tried to do it by if $f_1, ...
3
votes
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95 views

Question about Wantzel's proof of the necessary condition for compass/straightedge constructibility

I'm trying to understand Wantzel's original proof of the necessary condition for constructibility with a straightedge and compass. It's expressed in terms of polynomials rather than field extensions. ...
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163 views

Link between representation theory and Galois theory: Trivial representation in field towers.

Let $K|F$ be a finite cyclic Galois extension of number fields of degree prime to $p$ with Galois group $H$, where $p$ denotes a rational prime. Let $L|K$ denote a pro-$p$-extension (possibly ...
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86 views

Is there a more efficient way of proving a polynomial is primitive?

I have found an impressive Java implementation of a $ℤ2$ Polynomial class in which there seems to be an efficient implementation of a test for reducibility (see ...
3
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58 views

Tensor product of fields and ramification theory

In the wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tensor_product_of_fields They write: "For example if one adjoins √2 to the rational field ℚ to get K, and √3 to get L, it is true that the field M ...
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95 views

(Revised) Does p(a)=p(b) => a=b?

This is a revised version of problem posted here named :Does $p(a) = p(b) \Rightarrow a=b \ $? Let $S=(P_1,P_2,…,P_n)$ be a set of polynomials with complex coefficients. I call S critical if it ...
3
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125 views

Galois group of $x^{4}+ax^{2}+b$

Let $x^{4}+ax^{2}+b\in K[x]$ (with $\mathrm{char}K\neq 2$) be irreducible with Galois group $G$. I have shown that (a) if $b$ is a square in $K$, then $G$ is the Klein 4-group, (b) if $b$ is not a ...
3
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118 views

Question about solvability of the minimal polynomial of the element in extended field.

Let $F$ have characteristic $0$, and assume we have fields $L\supset K\supset F$. Now suppose $\alpha\in L$ be solvable by radicals over $K$, and the coefficients of the minimal polynomial of ...
3
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85 views

The Galois group of $f(t)=t^3-x_1t^2+x_2t-x_3$

I'm trying to solve this question: Let $F[x_1, x_2,x_3]$ be a polynomial ring in $x_1, x_2,x_3$ over a field $F$. Let $K=F(x_1,x_2,x_3)$ be the field of rational functions (i.e., the ...
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139 views

When the extensions Q(α,β) and Q(αβ) over Q are the same?

I would like to know in which conditions the extensions $\mathbb{Q}(\alpha,\beta)$ and $\mathbb{Q}(\alpha\beta)$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ are the same. Thanks in advance.
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621 views

Quick explanation: calculating class group of $\sqrt{-21}$

I'm trying to calculate the class group of $\mathbb{Q} (\sqrt{-21})$, and I've managed to confuse myself. I've used the standard Minkowski bound to show that we only need to consider principal ideals ...
2
votes
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30 views

Etymology of normal extensions and subgroups

According to wikipedia, a normal extension is a splitting field of a family of polynomials, and a normal subgroup is one that is invariant under conjugation. Why are normal extensions and normal ...
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62 views

$\overline{\mathbb Q}$ and $\mathbb C$ same first order theory

How do you show that $\overline{\mathbb Q}$ (the algebraic closure of $\mathbb Q$) and $\mathbb C$ have the same first order theory over the signature $(0,1,+,\cdot)$?
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74 views

Show that $x^4+n(2-n)x^2+n^2$ reducible over Q for any natural number n.

Show that $$x^4+n(2-n)x^2+n^2$$ reducible over Q for any natural number n. Here is what I did $$x^4+n(2-n)x^2+n^2=x^4+2nx^2-n^2x^2+n^2=x^4+2nx^2+n^2-n^2x^2$$ $$=(x^2+n)^2-(nx)^2$$ ...
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0answers
38 views

If an irreducible $f(x)$ divides $f(x^2)$, then its splitting field is $F(\alpha)$ for any root $\alpha$ of $f(x)$?

Let $F$ be a field and let $f(x) \in F[x]$ be an irreducible polynomial. Suppose $E$ is an extension of $F$ which contains a root $\alpha$ of $f(x)$ such that $f(\alpha^2)=0$. Show that $f(x)$ splits ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

A book for advanced field theory

I am searching for an alternative text to chapter 5 of Bourbaki for field theory, that covers, for example, separable and inseparable degrees. I know the basics about field theory and Galois theory. ...
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votes
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87 views

A question about field extension: Zariski's lemma

Suppose $E$ is a field extension of $F$ and there exists $\alpha_1,\alpha_2,\ldots,\alpha_n\in E$ such that $E=F[\alpha_1,\alpha_2,\ldots,\alpha_n]$, then the field extension $E/F$ is algebraic. Is ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Degree of the field extension for $x^4+3$

I want to find a splitting field for : $x^4+3 \in \mathbb{Q}[x]$ and the degree of that extension , I would be thankful if you verify/correct what I have tried for this problem : First I find the ...
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0answers
36 views

The number of bijective polynomials of particular degree in a field

I need to know please: In a finite field of q elements how many bijective polynomials exist whose degree are smaller than d?
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22 views

Normal extensions problem in Lang

This is a problem in Lang's Algebra. $F$ is finite normal extension over $k$ and $f(x)$ is irreducible in $k[x]$. If $f(x)=g(x)h(x)k(x) \in F[x]$ where $g(x),h(x)$ are monic irreducible factors in ...
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44 views

Is the extension normal and a little work check.

Let us consider the polynomial $f(x)=x^3+x^2-4x+1$. I was asked the following things: (1) Prove that $f(x)$ has one and only one negative root. For this I just used Bolzano's theorem and noticed it ...
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49 views

Smallest field containing $\mathbb{Q}$ and closed under square root

I'm following Isaacs' Algebra and I need to prove that the field $K$ of constructible numbers is the smallest subfield of $\mathbb{C}$ such that is closed under taking square root. I already know ...
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votes
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32 views

Determining if an extension is a normal extension [MORANDI'S BOOK]

I'm dealing with the following problem: Let $K$ be a field and suppose that $\sigma\in\mbox{Aut}(K)$ has infinite order. Let $F$ be the fixed field of $\sigma$. If $K/F$ is algebraic, show that ...
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44 views

Brauer groups of curves and base change

Let $X/k$ be a smooth, projective curve over $k$ and let $L/k$ be a finite extension of fields, where $k$ is a finite extension of $\mathbb{Q}_p$, $p \not=2$. Suppose $k(X)$ contains no elements ...
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votes
0answers
20 views

Is every field between $F$ and $F(\alpha_1,\cdots,\alpha_n)$ of the form $F(\alpha_j,\cdots,\alpha_k)$

Say I have a field $F$, and an extension field $L = F(\alpha_1,\cdots,\alpha_n)$. Is it true that every $K$ such that $$ F \subset K \subset F $$ (all field extensions), $K = ...
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votes
0answers
15 views

Is the embedding problem with a cyclic kernel always solvable?

This question comes from this question by user72870. I shall explain how it relates to that question at the end. Let me shortly define my question: We call an embedding problem a diagram of the form: ...
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votes
0answers
32 views

Finding degree of an extension

Find the degree of the field extension $\mathbb{Q}[\sqrt[3]{2},\sqrt[3]{3}]$ over $\mathbb{Q}$. My approach: Call the desired degree $n$. Clearly, $3|n$ and $n\leq 9$. So possible values of $n$ are ...
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42 views

Is this element constructible from this elements?

Let the figure below. According to same notation of the figure verify if it's possible to construct the point $\displaystyle \zeta=e^{\frac{2\pi i}{13}}$ with straight-edge and compass from ...
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votes
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57 views

When $\mathbb{Q}(\alpha+\beta)=\mathbb{Q}(\alpha, \beta)$?

Let $\alpha, \beta$ be algebraic numbers over $\mathbb{Q}$. Which necessary and sufficient conditions are known such that $$ \mathbb{Q}(\alpha+\beta)=\mathbb{Q}(\alpha, \beta) \text{ ?} \tag{$\ast$}$$ ...
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39 views

Finite dimensional field extension, finitely many intermediate fields

Good morning, My question is the following: Does every finite dimensional field extension have finitely many intermediate fields? I thought about it quite a while and know that the following is true: ...
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votes
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58 views

Question on a finite field extension of $\mathbb{Q}$

I have a polynomial $p(x) \in \mathbb{Q}[x]$ and is irreducible over $\mathbb{Q}$. Let it be of degree $n$ and $\alpha_1, ..., \alpha_n$ be its roots. I know that $$ \mathbb{Q}(\alpha_i) \cong ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Why is the subfield (of a field) generated by an algebraic element equal to the subring generated by the same element?

I am trying to prove that, for a field extension $\mathbf{K}/k$ and $a$ an algebraic element over $k$, $$k(a)=k[a],$$ where $k(a)$ is the subfield of $\mathbf{K}$ generated by $a$ and $k[a]$ is the ...
2
votes
0answers
24 views

Proving that a field of characteristic $0$ is the field of fractions of a proper subring.

If $K$ is a field of characteristic $0$, $A$ is a subring of $K$ maximal subring of $K$ which doesn't contain $\frac{1}{2}$, and $F$ is the field of fractions of $K$, then I have proved that $K$ is ...
2
votes
0answers
71 views

How the total order property of $\mathbb{R}$ is related to not being algebraicaly closed?

The field of real numbers $\mathbb{R}$ is total-ordered and not algebraicaly closed, the field of complex numbers $\mathbb{C}$ is not ordered but is algebraicaly closed. Intuitively how these two ...
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42 views

Did I Do This Galois Theory Problem Right? Subfields of $\mathbb{Q}(\zeta_{12})$.

Let $\omega$ be a primitive $12$th root of unity. (i) What is $[ \mathbb{Q}(\omega) : \mathbb{Q}]?$ (ii) List the distinct conjugates of $\omega + \omega^{-1}$. (iii) What is $Aut(\mathbb{Q}(\omega ...
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36 views

Is this proof that sigma is a fieldautomorphism legit?

I read a proof of the following theorem in "Basic abstract algebra" by Bhattacharya, Jain and Nagpaul and I thought that the proof looked overcomplicated. I have written my own proof of the theorem ...
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votes
0answers
41 views

Is $\Bbb{Q}[\sqrt[2]{2},\sqrt[3]{2}]$ isomorphic to $\Bbb{Q}[x,y]/(x^2-y^3)$?

Say we have the field extension $\Bbb{Q}[\sqrt[2]{2},\sqrt[3]{2}]$. Is this field isomorphic to $\Bbb{Q}[x,y]/(x^2-y^3)$? I made some preliminary investigation, and this doesn't seem to be true. Is ...
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votes
0answers
32 views

Number of elements and number of different basis of $\mathbb F_5^3$

Let $\mathbb F:=\mathbb F_5$ the field with five elements. (i) How many elements has $\mathbb F^3$? (ii) How many different basis has $\mathbb F^3$? My idea: (i) $\mathbb F^3$ has $5^3$ elements. ...
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62 views

Is there a typo in this proof about Galois theory in Artin's Algebra?

The following is a statement in Artin's Algebra (2nd edition p. 489): Corollary 16.6.5 (a) Every finite extension $K/F$ is contained in a Galois extension. (b) If $K/F$ is a Galois extension, ...
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votes
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43 views

existence of purely inseparable extension

Let $F<E$ be a finite extension that is not separable. Show that for each $n\geq 1$, there exists a subfield $E_n$ of $E$ for which $E_n<E$ is purely inseparable and $[E:E_n]_i=p^n$ ($[...]_i$ ...
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votes
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22 views

Splitting Fields Proof

Let $K\subseteq L$ be fields and $ f \in K[X] \setminus K$. Prove that the following are equivalent. (a) $L$ is a splitting field for $f$ over $K$ (b) $f$ splits over $L$ and $L=K(a_1,\ldots,a_n)$ ...
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183 views

Proving that the algebraic reals form an infinite field extension over $\mathbb Q$

I believe I have proved the following, from the free textbook here, page 356. I have 2 different proofs and would greatly appreciate thoughts on them. Show that the set of all elements in ...
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votes
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58 views

How does one characterise the reals without points?

The Real number line is defined upto unique isomorphism in the category $Fld$ as a Dedekind complete ordered field. One can view the Reals geometrically with its usual topology. In pointless ...
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37 views

Galois group of composite of Galois extensions

I'm reading through the proof in Dummit and Foote p. 593 that $$\operatorname{Gal}(K_1K_2/F) \cong H := \{(\sigma, \tau) \in \operatorname{Gal}(K_1/F) \times \operatorname{Gal}(K_2/F) \mid ...
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37 views

The existence of Pisot numbers in any real number field

Wikipedia claims that, given a real algebraic number field $K$ of degree $n$, there is an algebraic integer $r \in K$ of degree $n$ such that $r>1$, but every conjugate of $r$ has modulus $<1$ ...
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votes
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34 views

Fields and quotient ring

Let $P(X)\in{\mathbb{R}[X]}$ irreducible polynomial. Then $\mathbb{R}[X]/(P(X)=X^2+1)\approx{\mathbb{C}}$. If $P(X)=X^2+X+1$ also $\mathbb{R}[X]/(P(X))\approx{\mathbb{C}}$? Or for a arbitrary ...
2
votes
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72 views

Properties of cyclotomic polynomial

Assume first that $p$ a prime divides $n$. I have to show that $\Phi_{np}(X)=\Phi_n(X^p)$. Here is what I tried: Suppose $\eta_i$ are roots of $\Phi_{np}(X)$ so $\eta_i=\text{exp}(\frac{2\pi i ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

Factor polynomials into irreducibles over GF(q)

The polynomials $x^4+x^3+1$ and $x^4+x^3+x^2+x+1$ are irreducibles over GF(2). (a) Factor both polynomials into irreducibles over GF(4). (b) Factor both polynomials into irreducibles over GF(8). I ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

Field extension of complex root of cubic equation

If $c$ is a complex root of a cubic $a(x)\in\mathbb{Q}[x]$, show that $\mathbb{Q}(c)$ is the splitting field of $a(x)$ over $\mathbb{Q}$. For this, we must show that $\mathbb{Q}(c)$ contains all ...