Questions on the Fibonacci numbers, a special sequence of integers that satisfy the recurrence $F_n=F_{n-1}+F_{n-2}$ with the initial conditions $F_0=0$ and $F_1=1$.

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What is the broader name for fibonacci and lucas sequences?

Fibonacci and Lucas sequences are very similar in their definition. However, I could just as easily make another series with a similar definition; an example would be: $$x_0 = 53$$ $$x_1 = 62$$ $$x_n ...
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3answers
601 views

What are the first 3 digits of the product of the first 1000 fibonacci numbers

What are the first 3 digits of the product of the first 1000 Fibonacci numbers? Could anyone give me hints on how to start this problem? I haven't done a problem like this before and I am curious ...
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1answer
203 views

Seeking a combinatorial proof of the Fibonacci identity $f_{2k-1}f_{4k}=f_{2k}+f_{2k}f_{4k-1}$

I would appreciate if somebody could help me with the following problem Q: Show that (for $k,n\in \mathbb{N}$), if $f_1=f_2=1$, $f_{n+2}=f_{n+1}+f_n$, then ...
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2answers
310 views

on fibonacci sequence how to prove that $a_n=\frac{1}{\sqrt{5}} ((\frac{1+\sqrt{5}}{2})^n-(\frac{1-\sqrt{5}}{2})^n)$ [closed]

how to prove that $$a_n=\frac{1}{\sqrt{5}} ((\frac{1+\sqrt{5}}{2})^n-(\frac{1-\sqrt{5}}{2})^n)$$ without use induction is there any help ? thanks for all
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3answers
82 views

Fiddling with a Fibonacci-Like Sequence

Let $X\in\mathbb{Z}.$ Let $F_n$ be a sequence of positive integers given by $$F_{i+1}=F_i+F_{i-1}$$ $$F_2=X*F_1+F_0$$ I am trying to find an upper bound or (sharp) inequality of $F_i$ in terms of ...
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5answers
775 views

What is the summation notation for the Fibonacci numbers?

I learned about summation notation the other day, and I'm looking for a way to write the Fibonacci numbers with it. What would it look like?
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2answers
95 views

Error in Fibonacci recurrence proof by induction?

I'm working on a problem from a number theory book (Number Theory by George E. Andrews - problem 1-1-11). The text reads: Prove: $\displaystyle F_1F_2+F_2F_3+F_3F_4+\ldots+F_{2n-1}F_{2n}=F_{2n}^2$ ...
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3answers
110 views

Fibonacci sequence: how to prove that $\alpha^n=\alpha\cdot F_n + F_{n-1}$?

Let $F_n$ be the $n$th Fibonacci number. Let $\alpha = \frac{1+\sqrt5}2$ and $\beta =\frac{1-\sqrt5}2$. How to prove that $\alpha^n=\alpha\cdot F_n + F_{n-1}$? I'm completely stuck on this question. ...
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1answer
97 views

Have I correctly derived an inverse to the Binet formula?

I was interested by another user's question on finding such an inverse and in particular noted Will Orrick's comment in the best answer that one can square both sides to obtain a quartic.I thought I'd ...
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1answer
112 views

Important numbers in Combinatorics

I recently went through some important numbers like the Stirling and Bell number for calculation of partitions /equivalence relations. I was wondering if someone can help me get a list of important ...
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1answer
180 views

If $m$ and $n$ are positive integers, then $(F_m,F_n)=F_{(m,n)}$.

Edit: The $F$'s are Fibonacci numbers. I need an idea on how to show the following: If $m$ and $n$ are positive integers, then $(F_m,F_n)=F_{(m,n)}$. I believe that using the fact that ...
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1answer
112 views

Invent a combinatorial interpretation for the ''Tribonacci numbers''

" Recall that our combinatorial interpretation of the Fibonacci numbers $f_0 = f_1 = 1$ with $f_n = f_{n-1} + f_{n-2}$ for $n \geq 2$ was the number of ways to tile a board of length $n$ using squares ...
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3answers
106 views

How to prove? (Do not use mathematical induction)

I would appreciate if somebody could help me with the following problem: Q: Show that $$f_1=f_2=1, f_{n+2}=f_{n+1}+f_{n}(n\in \mathbb{N})~~~~ \Rightarrow ...
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2answers
123 views

intuition for the closed form of the fibonacci sequence

I'm trying to picture this closed form from Wikipedia visually: The idea is, if you take $\phi^n / \sqrt{5}$ and round it to the nearest integer, you'll get the $n$th Fibonacci number. I see ...
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8answers
801 views

Need help deriving recurrence relation for even-valued Fibonacci numbers.

That would be every third Fibonacci number, e.g. $0, 2, 8, 34, 144, 610, 2584, 10946,...$ Empirically one can check that: $a(n) = 4a(n-1) + a(n-2)$ where $a(-1) = 2, a(0) = 0$. If $f(n)$ is ...
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5answers
299 views

Fibonacci nth term

It is known that the nth term of the Fibonacci sequence can be found by the formula: $F_n = \frac{\phi^n - (-\phi)^{-n}}{\sqrt{5}}$, where $\phi$ is the golden ratio (1.618...). Would this be the ...
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2answers
365 views

How do I prove Binet's Formula? [duplicate]

My initial prompt is as follows: For $F_{0}=1$, $F_{1}=1$, and for $n\geq 1$, $F_{n+1}=F_{n}+F_{n-1}$. Prove for all $n\in \mathbb{N}$: ...
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1answer
125 views

Identity for $e$ in terms of the Fibonacci sequence.

The following identity appears in Martin Gardner's paper, "Dr. Matrix on Little Known Fibonacci Curiosities: $$e = \frac{1 + 1 + \frac{2}{2!} + \frac{3}{3!} + \frac{5}{4!} + \frac{8}{5!} + ...
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2answers
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What is the functional inverse (with respect to $h$ (!)) of $f^{\circ h}(x)={F(h) +x F(h-1) \over F(1+h) +x F(h) }$?

I've considered the fractional iteration of $f(x) = {1 \over 1+x} $ for which the general expression depending on the iteration-height parameter $h$ might be assumed by the formula $$ f^{\circ h}(x) ...
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7answers
839 views

How are we able to calculate specific numbers in the Fibonacci Sequence?

I was reading up on the Fibonacci Sequence when I've noticed some were able to calculate specific numbers. So far I've only figured out creating an array and counting to the value, which is incredibly ...
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2answers
570 views

Recurrence for a lagged Fibonacci sequence

I know how to do the matrix for the standard $f(n) = f(n-1) + f(n-2)$ relationship, but what if it's piecewise? For instance, $f(1)$ through $f(30)$ have some preset values, and then for $f(31)$ ...
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411 views

Use of the Reciprocal Fibonacci constant?

The Reciprocal Fibonacci constant ($\psi$) is defined as $$\psi=\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{F_k}$$ where $F_{k}$ is the $k^{th}$ Fibonacci number. The irrationality of $\psi$ has been proven. ...
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4answers
1k views

Closed form solution of Fibonacci-like sequence

Could someone please tell me the closed form solution of the equation below. $$F(n) = 2F(n-1) + 2F(n-2)$$ $$F(1) = 1$$ $$F(2) = 3$$ Is there any way it can be easily deduced if the closed form ...
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2answers
183 views

How to vary increase of x as n increments through the Fibonacci series?

Excuse my incorrect use of terminology, I hope my question is clear: I am coding a Python module which tests whether a given number is a member of the Fibonacci series. No problem with that. ...
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1answer
114 views

Register Machine on Fibonacci Numbers

This problem is easy to understand but I am struggling to come up with any solutions. According to Wikipedia a register machine is a generic class of abstract machines used in a manner similar to a ...
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2answers
367 views

proof by induction to demonstrate all even Fibonacci numbers have indices divisible by 3

I am practicing proof by induction, and would like to use induction to prove the following hypothesis about the Fibonacci numbers: $$(\forall n\ge0) \space 0\equiv n\space mod \space 3 \iff 0 \equiv ...
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2answers
120 views

Induction on the Fibonacci sequence?

Prove by induction that the $i$th Fibonacci number satisfies the equality: $$F_i = \frac {\phi^i - \hat\phi{}^i}{\sqrt5}$$ where $\phi$ is the golden ratio and $\hat\phi$ is its conjugate. ...
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2answers
127 views

Fiboncacci theorem: Proof by induction

I have the following theorem to prove by induction: $$ F_{n} \cdot F_{n+1} - F_{n-2}\cdot F_{n-1}=F_{2n-1} $$ It is mentioned in my script that the proof should be possible only by using the ...
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2answers
301 views

How can I find an inverse to the Binet formula?

I'm already aware of the Binet formula $F_n = \frac{\varphi^n + \frac{1}{\varphi^n}}{\sqrt{5}}$. I'm attempting to find the inverse of that formula so I can find the position in the sequence of ...
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0answers
64 views

Simplify Fibonacci Power Series

I am working on an algorithm to count the number of models for Exactly One in Three SAT (X3SAT) instances. It is known that a chain of X3SAT clauses of length $c$ has $F(c+3)$ satisfying assignments ...
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1answer
693 views

Sum of product of Fibonacci numbers

I want to calculate the sum of product of Fibonacci number for a given $n$. That is, for given $n$, say $$F_1 F_n + F_2 F_{n-1} + F_3 F_{n-2} + F_4 F_{n-3} + F_5 F_{n-4} + \cdots.$$ what should be ...
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2answers
234 views

Computing first digits of Fibonacci numbers

How would you compute the first $k$ digits of the first $n$th Fibonacci numbers (say, calculate the first 10 digits of the first 10000 Fibonacci numbers) without computing (storing) the whole numbers ...
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1answer
465 views

Causal Inverse Z-Transform of Fibonacci

Say the Fibonacci sequence is defined by: $y(n) = y(n-1) + y(n-2)$ initial conditions: $y(0)=0, y(1)=1$ I incorporate those initial conditions as: $y(n) = y(n-1) + y(n-2) + \delta(n-1)$ ...
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1answer
518 views

N-nacci Identities: The Final Question (Generalizing Time!)

Okay so here is my personal work on the problem set. I only have question 5 remaining which involves generalization of any recursive sequence. $n$'s correspond to the $n$ in n-nacci. I hope to write ...
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Fibonacci series in 0-Even-Odd-Even-Odd-N series up to N

Another question from the test for the Normale of Pisa: Consider the series $S_n$ of integer numbers repeteandly even - odd - even - odd that start with 0 and finish with n, so with n = 3 we get 2 ...
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652 views

Prove by induction Fibonacci equality

[question:] Prove by induction that the i th Fibonacci number satisfies the equality $$F_i=\frac{\phi^i-\hat{\phi^i}}{\sqrt5}$$where $\phi$ is the golden ratio and $\hat{\phi}$ is its conjugate. ...
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4answers
178 views

Explaining a Fibonacci

Explain why the number below is not 299th Fibonacci number: 222232244629420445529739893461909967206666939096499764990979600 I need an explanation
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Fibonacci and the algebraic expression $x^2-x-1$

$$\left( \left( 1/2\,{\frac {-\beta+ \sqrt{{\beta}^{2}-4\,\delta\, \alpha}}{\alpha}} \right) ^{i}- \left( -1/2\,{\frac {\beta+ \sqrt{{ \beta}^{2}-4\,\delta\,\alpha}}{\alpha}} \right) ^{i} \right) ...
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Fibonacci Coding - Error detection/correction

I'm researching into Fibonacci coding and up until this point I have surprised myself and understood the majority of what I have been reading. I'm now looking into the usefulness of Fibonacci ...
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0answers
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Strange equality of the operator E($Eu_n=u_{n+1}$)

The operator $E$ is defined as $Eu_n=u_{n+1}$. I encountered a strange equality. when I tried out Let $u_n$ represent a series such that $$u_{n+2}=u_{n+1}+u_n. \tag{$\star$}$$ Or ...
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2answers
135 views

Combinatorics — Fibonacci

For the following expression, find a simple formula which only involves one Fibonacci number. Then prove it by induction. $$F_1+F_3+ \cdots +F_{2n+1} $$ I'm be appreciated for any help. I have no ...
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1answer
152 views

Number of Permutations Fixed by the Fundamental Transformation is Fibonacci

Writing a permutation in $S_n$ as a product of disjoint cycles, we define a standard representation by writing each cycle with its largest element first, and ordering the cycles by the increasing ...
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2answers
104 views

“Fat” sets of integers and Fibonacci numbers

Let us call a set of integers "fat" if each of its elements is at least as large as its cardinality. For example, the set $\{10,4,5\}$ is fat, $\{1,562,13,2\}$ is not. Define $f(n)$ to count the ...
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231 views

Fibonacci Sequence in $\mathbb Z_n$.

Consider a Fibonacci sequence, except in $\mathbb Z_n$ instead of $\mathbb Z$: $$F(1) = F(2) = 1$$ $$F(n+2) = F(n+1) + F(n)$$ It is easy to see that each of these sequences must cycle through some ...
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1answer
285 views

How to remove the denominator?

I have the following expression for $n>3$: $$\frac{5\cdot(n-1)\cdot[8\cdot\operatorname{Luc}(n) + 5\cdot\operatorname{Luc}(n-1)] + [4\cdot\operatorname{Luc}(n-1) - ...
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1answer
74 views

quick approximation for largest fibonacci under a limit?

I asked in a previous post about finding a closed form for: $$\sum_{i=0}^{n}F_{3i}$$ which is the sum of the even fibs less than or equal to the nth even fib. the great answersI got showed me a very ...
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2answers
210 views

Verify the following identity for Fibonacci numbers

This is a homework problem that I would very much appreciate some help with. Thanks!
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156 views

Summation of Fibonacci numbers.

Let $f_n$ be the sequence of Fibonacci numbers. We need to show that $$\sum_{n\ge0} f_n x^n = \dfrac{1}{1-x-x^2}$$ I remember a solution when we are using the generating functions like: $f(x) = F_0 ...
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4answers
138 views

Fibonacci sequence

Given an integer $n ≥ 1$, let $f_n$ be the number of lists whose elements all equal $1$ or $2$ and add up to $n−1$. For example $f_1 = 1 = f_2$ because only the empty list ($0$ ones and $0$ twos) sums ...
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7answers
534 views

Prove the following equality: $\sum_{k=0}^n\binom {n-k }{k} = F_n$ [duplicate]

I need to prove that there is the following equality: $$ \sum\limits_{k=0}^n {n-k \choose k} = F_{n} $$ where $F_{n}$ is a n-th Fibonacci number. The problem seems easy but I can't find the way to ...