Questions on the Fibonacci numbers, a special sequence of integers that satisfy the recurrence $F_n=F_{n-1}+F_{n-2}$ with the initial conditions $F_0=0$ and $F_1=1$.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
2answers
103 views

number theory fibonacci

Using facts of the Fibonacci sequence, I need to show that if $m,n$ are natural numbers that satisfy $m \mid F_n$ and $m \mid F_{n+1}$, then $m=1$. I am not sure where to start with this.. I am ...
1
vote
4answers
141 views

Proving that $\alpha^{n-2}\leq F_n\leq \alpha^{n-1}$ for all $n\geq 1$, where $\alpha$ is the golden ratio

I got stuck on this exercise. It is Theorem 1.15 on page 14 of Robbins' Beginning Number Theory, 2nd edition. Theorem 1.15. $\alpha^{n-2}\leq F_n\leq \alpha^{n-1}$ for all $n\geq 1$. Proof: ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

nth term in the fibonacci series

I have read in a page that " To find the nth term of the Fibonacci series, we can use Binet's Formula" F(n) = round( (Phi ^ n) / √5 ) provided n ≥ 0 where Phi=1·61803 39887 49894 84820 ...
3
votes
1answer
386 views

Fibonacci / Lucas Numbers Relationship: $F_{2n} = F_n L_n$

Prove the identity by induction: $$ F_{2n} = F_n L_n, $$ where $F_n$ and $L_n$ are the $n^{th}$ Fibonacci and Lucas number, respectively. I have an answer but am not happy with it since it doesn't ...
1
vote
2answers
189 views

Prove $F_{n+1}F_{n-1}-(F_{n})^2=(-1)^n$ without induction

I am asked to pove the statement about fibonacci sequence. The task is from the passage about series and sequences. But the proof seems to need induction way, doesn't it? Prove the statement ...
7
votes
3answers
482 views

Fibonacci numbers divisible by $9$

The $n$th Fibonacci number $F_n$ is defined as follows,$$F_1=F_2=1\mbox{ and } F_{n+2}=F_{n+1}+F_{n}\mbox{ for } n\geq 1$$ I want to know how many of the first $1000$ Fibonacci numbers are divisible ...
2
votes
2answers
68 views

Non-isomorphic combinatorial classes with growth rate equal to the golden ratio?

In a couple of weeks, I'm giving a talk about the growth rates of some combinatorial classes. In the introduction, I thought I'd present the class of tilings of a $n\!\times\!2$ strip with dominos, ...
4
votes
3answers
286 views

Why doesn't this induction “proof ”show $f_n = (\phi)^n + (1-\phi)^n$?

Here, $\phi$ is the golden ratio and $f_n$ is the $n^{th}$ Fibonacci number. The formula I'm using is actually the closed form of the Lucas numbers. Let $n = 1$. Then $f_n = 1$ and $\phi + 1 - \phi ...
2
votes
3answers
288 views

Lucas Numbers and Matrices

Is there a $2 \times 2$ matrix that can be raised to any power to obtain the Lucas Numbers? If so, what is that matrix? I've looked around on this website and other sites and am not able to find the ...
3
votes
2answers
634 views

Induction Proof: Formula for Fibonacci Numbers as Odd and Even Piecewise Function

How can we prove by induction the following? $ F_{n+1} = \left\{ \begin{array}{l l} F_{n/2}^2+F_{(n+2)/2}^2 & \quad \text{if $n$ is even}\\ ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Induction Proof: Formula for Sum of n Fibonacci Numbers

I am stuck though on the way to prove this statement of fibonacci numbers by induction : my steps: definition: $F_{0}:=0, F_{1}:=1 $ and $F_{n}:=F_{n-1}+F_{n-2}$ The Hypothesis is: $\sum_{i=0}^{n} ...
0
votes
1answer
208 views

recurrence and fibonacci [closed]

could someone possibly help me with a proof. prove $a_n = F_{2n-1}$ for fibonacci numbers and a recurrence relation where $a_1 = 1$ $a_2 = 2$ $a_3 = 5$ $a_4 = 13$ $a_5 = 34$ 89,233,610,1597 ...
3
votes
3answers
284 views

Is there a closed form equation for fibonacci(n) modulo m?

Basically I am curious if there's a direct way to calculate fibonacci(n) modulo m with a closed form formula so I don't have to bother with matrix exponentials.
0
votes
1answer
126 views

fibonacci question [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Recurrence relation, Fibonacci numbers $(a)$ Consider the recurrence relation $a_{n+2}a_n = a^2 _{n+1} + 2$ with $a_1 = a_2 = 1$. $(i)$ Assume that all $a_n$ are ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

What does $F^2_n$ mean?

In this Wikipedia entry on Cassini's identity, I saw this equation: $F_{n-1}F_{n+1}-F^2_n=(-1)^n$ $F^2_n$, what does that mean? Is it a summation signs for n to 2? I don't know what it means.
2
votes
1answer
822 views

Recurrence relation, Fibonacci numbers

$(a)$ Consider the recurrence relation $a_{n+2}a_n = a^2 _{n+1} + 2$ with $a_1 = a_2 = 1$. $(i)$ Assume that all $a_n$ are integers. Prove that they are all odd and the integers $a_n$ and $a_{n+1}$ ...
2
votes
2answers
333 views

Fibonacci conjecture: $(F_{n+5})^2 - (F_n)^2 = 3((F_{n+3})^2 - (F_{n+2})^2) + 8 F_{n+2} F_{n+3} $.

So this is the question I have The Fibonacci sequence is a recurrence system given by $$F_1 = 1, \ F_2 = 1, \ F_{n+2} = F_{n+1} + F_n \qquad (n = 1, 2, 3, \ldots).$$ This question concerns the ...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

Another Bijective proof for Fibonacci Identities

I'm going through a past exam, and this question popped up: Prove: $3P_n = P_{n-2} + P_{n+2},\,n>2$ Where $\tilde{P}_j = \{\textrm{monomer-dimer pavings on a } 1\times j \textrm{ board}\}$ and ...
2
votes
1answer
212 views

Bijective Proof of a Fibonacci Identity

Prove (Using bijections): $F_{1}+F_{3}+\cdots+F_{2n-1}=F_{2n}$ Where $F_{i}$ is the $i$th Fibonacci number. Apparently you use monomers and dimers to prove this, but I don't really know what to ...
4
votes
2answers
117 views

How many ways to reach $1$ from $n$ by doing $/13$ or $-7$?

How many ways to reach $1$ from $n$ by doing $/13$ or $-7$ ? (i.e., where $n$ is the starting value (positive integer) and $/13$ means division by $13$ and $-7$ means subtracting 7)? Let the number ...
3
votes
1answer
162 views

Diophantine equation: fermat numbers and fibonacci numbers

My question is how to find all solutions $(m,n)\in\mathbb N^2$ for $F_n=f_m$, where $F_n=2^{2^n}+1$ and $f_m$ is the $m$th fibonacci number: $f_0=0$, $f_1=1$ and $f_n+f_{n+1}=f_{n+2}$ for each ...
3
votes
4answers
207 views

Explaining a Fibonacci

Explain why the number below is not 299th Fibonacci number: 222232244629420445529739893461909967206666939096499764990979600 I need an explanation
1
vote
2answers
327 views

Primitive squareful Fibonacci numbers

In https://oeis.org/A065069 numbers $n$ such that Fibonacci($n$) is not squarefree, but for all proper divisors $k$ of $n$, Fibonacci($k$) is squarefree, are listed. OEIS gives a Mathematica program ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

How to prove gcd of consecutive Fibonacci numbers is 1? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Prove that two any consecutive terms of Fibonacci sequence are relatively prime How to proof it ? Can you help me ? Let $f_n$ be Fibonacci Sequence. ...
2
votes
6answers
265 views

Fibonacci equality, proving it someway

$ F_{2n} = F_n(F_n+2F_{n-1}) $ $ F_n $ is a nth Fibonacci number. I tried by induction but i didn't get anywhere
6
votes
2answers
504 views

Computing nth term of fibonacci-like sequence for large n

Sum up to nth term of fibonacci sequence for very large n can be calculated in O($\log n$) time using the following approach: $$A = \begin{bmatrix} 1&1 \\\\1&0\end{bmatrix}^n$$ ...
0
votes
2answers
121 views

Fibonacci Matrix

I'm looking for a good way to find the matrix form of fibonacci equation, and also a more general implementation. I've looked all other the web and haven't found it. I'll be really thankfull to any ...
2
votes
1answer
228 views

Proof the following proposition: for all $n \geq 0, \mathrm{fib}(n) \leq n!$

I am a comp science undergrad and just started to learn proof. And I have been thinking about this question for a few days. How should I present my answer? Do I have to use the Binet's formula? Or can ...
2
votes
1answer
534 views

Proof about lucas numbers.

Define the lucas numbers to be $$l_n = l_{n-1} + l_{n-2} $$ if $n \ge 2$ with initial conditions $l_0 = 2$ and $l_1= 1$ I "proved" by induction that $l_n = f_{n-1} + f_{n+1}$ for $n \ge 1$ (by ...
1
vote
2answers
91 views

Existence of 5-d centrally symmetric self-dual polytope

Does there exist a 5-dimensional centrally symmetric self-dual polytope?
1
vote
2answers
112 views

Proof for one of the Lucas problem

Can anybody provide a combinatorial proof or algebraic proof of following identity? $${n\choose 0 }+ {n-1\choose 1}+{n-2\choose 2}+ .. +{{n-\lfloor n/2\rfloor} \choose {\lfloor n/2\rfloor}} = ...
1
vote
1answer
134 views

How to solve for the $n$-th Fibonacci number that is greater than or equal to $N$?

The general formula for the $n$-th Fibonacci number is: $$\frac{\phi^n - (1 - \phi)^n}{\sqrt{5}}$$ where $$\phi = \frac{1 + \sqrt{5}}{2}$$ Given $N$, is there a way to solve for $n$ in this ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

Every natural number can be written as the sum of distinct Fibonacci numbers?

Can anyone hint me to prove: $\forall n\in \mathbb{N}: \exists$ Fibonacci numbers $ F_{i_1},\ldots,F_{i_k}$ such that: $$\sum F_{i_k}=n$$ Note: Every Fibonacci number can appear only once. Thanks
1
vote
1answer
118 views

Power Variant of Fibonacci sequence

I was trying to simplify the following sequence, such that I can calculate the $n$th term in $\log n$ time. This can be done, if we can express the $n$th in terms of combinations of Fibonacci like ...
1
vote
1answer
226 views

Need formula for sequence related to Lucas/Fibonacci numbers

I am trying to get a formula for the nth term of the following sequence: 2, 14, 22, 58, 266, 398, 1042, 4774, 7142, 18698, 85666, 128158, 335522,... It's not in OEIS and as far as I can tell ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

How to solve tribonacci series [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Fibonacci, tribonacci and other similar sequences Suppose my Tribonacci series is like this: \begin{equation} T(n) = T(n-1) + T(n-2) +T(n-3) \end{equation} with initial ...
0
votes
2answers
215 views

How to reduce the complexity of calculating the following summation? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Summation of series of product of Fibonacci numbers Find $$\sum_{i=1}^{N-1}F_{i + 1} F_{N + 4 - i}$$ Is there a direct formula to calculate this, rather than actually ...
1
vote
1answer
335 views

How to remove the denominator?

I have the following expression for $n>3$: $$\frac{5\cdot(n-1)\cdot[8\cdot\operatorname{Luc}(n) + 5\cdot\operatorname{Luc}(n-1)] + [4\cdot\operatorname{Luc}(n-1) - ...
0
votes
0answers
97 views

Finding the kth n-anacci number

At this wolfram link the formula for the kth n-anacci number is given: http://mathworld.wolfram.com/Fibonaccin-StepNumber.html#eqn8 (Eq. 4) Not sure if I understand correctly. If I want the fifth ...
5
votes
5answers
362 views

Fibonacci nth term

It is known that the nth term of the Fibonacci sequence can be found by the formula: $F_n = \frac{\phi^n - (-\phi)^{-n}}{\sqrt{5}}$, where $\phi$ is the golden ratio (1.618...). Would this be the ...
4
votes
1answer
340 views

Summation Of Product Of Fibonacci Numbers

Im trying to find out a general term for the following summation of products of fibonacci numbers:-- $$\sum_{k=4}^{n+1} F_{k}F_{n+5-k}\; , n \geq 3$$ I tried using Binet's equation but I am ...
4
votes
1answer
373 views

prove that $\operatorname{fib}(n)<{(5/3)}^n$

I am trying to prove that $$ \operatorname{fib}(n)<\left(\frac{5}{3}\right)^n $$ where $\operatorname{fib}(n)$ is the $n^{th}$ fibonacci number. For a proof I used induction, as we know ...
0
votes
1answer
140 views

Reducing this expression to simpler form

$\newcommand{\Fib}{\operatorname{Fib}}$I am trying to reduce this expression for the $n$th term of sequence $G$. $G[n]=\Fib(4) \times \Fib(n-1) + \Fib(5) \times \Fib(n-2) + \Fib(6) \times \Fib(n-3)+ ...
0
votes
2answers
892 views

Summation of series of product of Fibonacci numbers

What is the sum of following product of Fibonacci numbers $$\sum_{k=1}^{n-1} Fib(k)*Fib(n+3-k)$$ can anyone suggest only approach to find general term?
4
votes
1answer
826 views

Sum of product of Fibonacci numbers

I want to calculate the sum of product of Fibonacci number for a given $n$. That is, for given $n$, say $$F_1 F_n + F_2 F_{n-1} + F_3 F_{n-2} + F_4 F_{n-3} + F_5 F_{n-4} + \cdots.$$ what should be ...
2
votes
3answers
980 views

Fibonacci numbers and proof by induction

Consider the Fibonacci numbers $F(0) = 0; F(1)=1; F(n) = F(n-1) + F(n-2)$. Prove by induction that for all $n>0$, $$F(n-1)\cdot F(n+1)- F(n)^2 = (-1)^n$$ I assume $P(n)$ is true and try to show ...
1
vote
0answers
276 views

Fibonacci and Lucas relations

We know that $H_n$ = $L_n + mF_n$, where $n = 0$ or $n > 0$ is simply relation between Fibonacci sequence and generalized Fibonacci-Lucas sequence. Are there any methods to prove the following ...
5
votes
2answers
243 views

Two sums with Fibonacci numbers

Find closed form formula for sum: $\displaystyle\sum_{n=0}^{+\infty}\sum_{k=0}^{n} \frac{F_{2k}F_{n-k}}{10^n}$ Find closed form formula for sum: $\displaystyle\sum_{k=0}^{n}\frac{F_k}{2^k}$ ...
2
votes
3answers
3k views

What will the recursion tree of Fibonacci series look like?

I am watching the Introduction to algorithm video, and the professor talks about finding a Fibonacci number in $\Theta(n)$ time at point 23.30 mins in the video. How is it $\Theta(n)$ time? Which ...
-2
votes
2answers
386 views

Fibonacci numbers extended

I am so excited and enjoyed the both the proofs of my previous question on Fibonacci series. I am so interested and fascinating person on fib series/functions. I use to do some rough work in my ...