Questions about exponentiation, the operation of raising a base $b$ to an exponent $a$ to give $b^a$.

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9
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101 views

Biggest powers NOT containing all digits.

Let $m>1$ be a natural number with $m \not\equiv 0 \pmod{10}$ Consider the powers $m^n$ , for which there is at least one digit not occurring in the decimal representation. Is there a largest $n$ ...
6
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204 views

Close power towers

In another question I gave some ways to determine which of two power towers is larger, but my answer there is incomplete because it doesn't handle the case where two towers are very close at each ...
6
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0answers
209 views

The exponential map

I'm following a course about riemannian geometry, and I was fascinated with the exponential map. I was wondering what the reason of this name is... is there any relationship with the real and complex ...
5
votes
0answers
231 views

Notation for n-ary exponentiation

We have $n$-ary sums ($\sum$) and products ($\prod$). Is there an $n$-ary exponentiation operator? $$\underset{i=1}{\overset{n}{\LARGE{\text{E}}}}\, x_i = x_1 \text{^} (x_2 \text{^} (\cdots \text{^} ...
4
votes
0answers
88 views

Calculate $1^1 + 2^2 + 3^3 + … + n^n$

Is there a formula to calculate $1^1 + 2^2 + 3^3 + ... + n^n$ I searched but didn't find a formula for increasing powers
4
votes
0answers
74 views

Definition of $0^z$, $z$ complex

Usually we define the function $a^b$ over the complexes using the exponential function, as $e^{b\log a}$. This function has some issues with multivalued-ness, but it still more or less satisfies ...
4
votes
0answers
140 views

Convergence in Growth/Decay of Sum Odd and Sum Even Exponentiated Terms

where $n \geq 2 $ Given that a function containing an odd number of exponentiated terms as follows $$\left(\frac1{n}\right)^{\left(\frac1{n+1}\right)^{.^{.^{.^{\left(\frac1{n+2m+1}\right)}}}}} $$ ...
3
votes
0answers
27 views

Iterations $n, n^n, (n^n)^{(n^n)},…$

(Note: I'm reposting this, as I posted the original too late in the evening to gain anyone's notice.) A contest problem (#2 on the 2010 Virginia Tech Math Competition) proffers the solver the ...
3
votes
0answers
130 views

Bernoulli formula

The sum: $$S_m(n) = 1^m + 2^m + 3^m + 4^m + 5^m...+ n^m$$ Can be calculated by this formula, called the "Bernoulli formula" in wikipedia $$S_m(n) = \frac{1}{m+1}\sum_{k=0}^m {m+1\choose k}B_k ...
3
votes
0answers
101 views

Given an integer, how can I detect the nearest integer perfect power efficiently?

If you give me an integer N, how can I detect the nearest integer perfect power, larger or smaller than N? In other words, the perfect power the distance between N and which is less than the ...
3
votes
0answers
254 views

What is the Equivalent Form of Tetration to the Exponential $n^{1/n}$?

I've been working on a project for a wiki that I'm a member of. It is the Sequence of the Day for September 2. You can see my progress at ...
2
votes
0answers
98 views

How many zeroes would be there at the end of $11^{(5!)!}-1$?

$$11-1=10 \\ 121-1=120 \\ 1331-1=1330$$ Now it can be seen that the tens digit increases by 1 at each increment of exponent. So, only in case of $11^{10}$ the tens digit is zero and the units digit ...
2
votes
0answers
208 views

Find the value of a^b?

Given a series as f(n)=1^1 * 2^2 * 3^3 * ......n^n since n can be very large Find the value of f(n)/f(r)*f(n-r) and output it modulo m where m is any prime. Now My approach is f(n)=1^1%m * ...
2
votes
0answers
39 views

When is iterated exponentiation used and how is it defined?

I was thinking of ways to define an iterated exponentiation operation. The nice thing about addition and multiplication is that they're associative and commutative, which makes defining the sum and ...
2
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0answers
30 views

What does it mean to have an irrational/imaginary exponent and is there a way to calculate the latter?

In exponentiation, we are told that raising something to an integral power (n, say) means multiplying it with itself a total of n times, if n is non-negative. And we also learn fairly early on that ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

Exponential of a power of the differential operator

In relation to this question: Exponential of a polynomial of the differential operator Is there an expression for $\exp(aD^n)f(x)$ similar to $\exp(aD)f(x)=f(x+a)$?
2
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0answers
60 views

Powers of (large) lower triangular matrix

Consider the following "game" of chance. Each time the player pushes a button he is awarded a random (finite, integer, non-negative) number of points. The probability of receiving any particular score ...
2
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0answers
23 views

Show that $x' = Ax$ is an attractor if end only if there is a quadratic form $q$ positive definite such that $Dq(x) . Ax < 0$ for all $x \neq 0$

Show that $x' = Ax$ is an attractor if end only if there is a quadratic form $q$ positive definite such that $$Dq(x) . Ax < 0$$ for all $x \neq 0$ Definition: a linear system $x' = Ax$ called ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Find a holomorphic function that satisfies this equation

Let $f:\mathbb{C}\times\mathbb{C}\rightarrow\mathbb{C}$ denote a function that satisfies the following equation: $$f(w,z+1)=w^{f(w,z)}$$ Is there a unique holomorphic function $f$ that satisfies this ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

Exponential equations solving methods?

Do you have an idea or general method to solve the following equation?: $$a^{\alpha x}+b^{\beta x} = c^{\gamma x}+ d^{\delta x}$$ when $a,b,c,d$ aren't zero, and $\alpha, \beta, \gamma, \delta$ are ...
2
votes
0answers
82 views

Fast check If the remainder is 1

Is there any fast method to 'say' that $R = (A \mod B)$ is $1$ or $R > 1$ or $R \neq1$ or $R > k>1$ ( where $k$ is a small integer on $32$ bits) without to actually calculate the real value ...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

Sums of powers.

Here's the problem: Show that $19^{19}$ is not the sum of a fourth power and a positive or negative cube. I'm just not really sure how to start approaching this problem. Does anybody have any ...
2
votes
0answers
199 views

Solving $x$ for $y = x^x$ using a normal scientific calculator (no native Lambert W function)?

Solving $x$ for $y = x^x$ using Lambert W function is clear enough thanks to this handy answer, but as I'm using the solution in a network support document I need it in a form that can be solved on a ...
2
votes
0answers
92 views

Is $x^{\frac 12}$ the same as sqrt(x)

maybe this question is very simple and clear and trivial to everbody. but right now i'm not sure. the equotation $$ x^\frac{1}{2} = \sqrt{x} $$ is only true whenever $ x \geq 0 $ right? the square ...
2
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0answers
51 views

Can we define root extraction using Peano Arithmetic?

I've been playing with Peano Arithmetic and I've got multiplication, division, exponentiation, and logarithms. I can't figure out root extraction but I have a stab at it. Exponentiation: $a^0 = 1, ...
2
votes
0answers
98 views

expansion of function on spherical harmonics

Let $f :S^{n-1}\longrightarrow R_+$ be a square integrable function. Let $\{Y_{j,k}\}$ be an orthonormal basis of spherical harmonics on $S^{n-1}$, $j\in Z_+$ and $k=1, \ldots, d_n(j)$, where $d_n(j)$ ...
2
votes
0answers
606 views

Exponent p-value generated in Excel

Excel gave me a p-value of 1.44909E-09 Notice is does not say .09 but 09 This is confusing me, I am trying to analyze my data but am stuck at this point. If it were E-9 it could be ...
2
votes
0answers
227 views

Poisson exponentiation distribution family and convolution

Assume $\xi_i \sim \mathbb{F}_{\lambda_i}(x)$ are random variables from Poisson distribution. Consider random variables $\eta_i \sim \tilde{F}_{\lambda_i,t}(x)$, where $\tilde{F}_{\lambda_i,t}(x) = ...
2
votes
0answers
477 views

exp(ab) decomposition

How can one write $e^{a(x) \cdot b(x)} = c(x) e^{ b(x) }$ with $c(x)$ not implicitly depending on $b(x)$. I do not believe this is generally possible so alternatively one can use an infinite series or ...
2
votes
0answers
124 views

Determining maximum value of $a^b\bmod N$ when $\gcd(a,b)$ is known

Suppose we know the greatest common divisor, $\gcd(A,B)$, of two numbers $A$ and $B$. Is there a way that we can find the maximum value of $a^b \bmod N$ where $N$ is any number? We have a finite ...
2
votes
0answers
88 views

Finding the value of $x$ for an equation

If we have the expression $a=x^{c\cdot x+1}$ where the values of $a,c$ are known, how can we find the value of $x$? I tried using log but it yields: $x = a ^ {(1/x)/(c-1/x)}$ from which I can't find ...
1
vote
0answers
7 views

Exponentiation on order types

How is exponentiation defined on order types? We know that $2^\omega=\omega$. What is $2^{\omega^*}$? Is it $\omega^*$? $\eta$? $\lambda$? I'm guessing $\eta$, but I'm not sure. $\omega$ is the ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

A variant of factorial

Given the definition of a function f as f(n)=1^1 * 2^2 * 3^3 * ... * (n-1)^(n-1) * n^n. Another function g is defined as g(n,r)=f(n)/(f(r)*f(n-r)) Given an n,r,m we are to output g(n,r)%m where m is ...
1
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0answers
47 views

Commuting exponentials of non-commuting matrices

For two non-commuting matrices $A,B \in M(2,\mathbb{K})$, $\mathbb{K}\in \{\mathbb{R},\mathbb{C}\}$, can be shown that: $$ e^C=e^{A+B}=e^Ae^B=e^Be^A \iff \begin{cases} ...
1
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0answers
61 views

Are exponents with a base very close to $1$ (such as $1.0001$) useful in Mathematics?

I was curious if exponents with a base very close to $1$ are ever used in Mathematics and for what applications. For example, when I was in college, my Calculus professor told me that logarithms are ...
1
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0answers
28 views

How to make powers work right on a casio calculator?

I pressed some random buttons and it worked fine,but now its not working again. for example my calculator shows that -6^2 is - 36 and not 36, anyone know how to fix it??? My clculator model is casio ...
1
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0answers
72 views

How to prove that $b^{x+y} = b^x b^y$ using this approach?

Fix $b>1$. If $m$, $n$, $p$, $q$ are integers, $n > 0$, $q > 0$, $r = m/n = p/q$, then I can prove that $(b^m)^{1/n} = (b^p)^{1/q}$. Hence it makes sense to define $b^r = (b^m)^{1/n}$. I ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

$U(n) =$ the smallest strictly positive integer $k$ such that $2^k-1$ is divisible by the first $n$ primes. What are the first values of $U(n)$?

$U(n) =$ the smallest strictly positive integer $k$ such that $2^k-1$ is divisible by the first $n$ prime numbers (except for the first prime number: $2$). What are the first values of $U(n)$ up to ...
1
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0answers
24 views

Fast way to find exponential of a matrix dot product where one of them is diagonal

Suppose $Q$ is a dot product of diagonal matrix A and matrix B: $$ Q=A\cdot B= \left( \begin{matrix} a_1 & 0 & \cdots & 0 \\ 0 & a_2 & \cdots & 0 \\ ...
1
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0answers
81 views

If $f$ is holomorphic, then there is a holomorphic function $h$ such that $e^{h(z)}=f(z)$

Let $f:G\to\mathbb{C}$ denote a holomorphic function over a star-shaped domain $G$ and $f\ne 0$ on $G$. I want to show that it holds $\frac{f'}{f}$ is holomorphic There is a holomorphic function ...
1
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0answers
25 views

Solving sum of one variable with real exponents

I'm working with an annoying maximisation problem at the moment. I've spent a long time Googling, but I'm not having much success and I suspect it would be simple enough if I had the right tools. I ...
1
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0answers
59 views

Justification for exponents other than positive integers

Here's a question that's bothered me ever since highschool, and I've never heard a good answer. I know that mathematicians can define operators to mean whatever they want, as long as their system of ...
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0answers
85 views

Rising/Falling Powers, Summation

1) Show that $$(-n)^{\bar p} = (-1)^n n^\underline{p}$$ (original screenshot) 2) Evaluate the sum $$\sum_{a\le n\lt b}n^{\bar p}$$ (original screenshot) Thoughts regarding question 1: I've ...
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0answers
39 views

Algebra of Exponential and Log Functions

This question may have a simple answer or a very complex one, but I am interested in what the reasons are for logarithms and exponential functions having the properties they have. To my knowledge ...
1
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0answers
25 views

Rational exponentiation?

Consider the following operation: $\left(\frac{a}{b}\right)^\frac{n}{m}$ where $a, n\in\mathbb{Z}$ and $b, m\in\mathbb{N^*}$. My question is: when the result is a rational number, how (formula or ...
1
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0answers
32 views

Math equations of electron scattering

I'm trying to figure out the missing step here, in a problem about X-ray crystallography. I am referring to the attached image: In the image, A= electron density, Z= distance traveled, λ= X-ray ...
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0answers
80 views

Double summation of elementary functions

I am finding some trouble on calculating the following double summation: $ \sum_{k=1}^\infty \frac{b^k}{k!k}\sum_{n=0}^{k-1}\frac{(b*x)^n}{(n-1)!} $ Note that the inside sum gives: ...
1
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0answers
59 views

Algorithm for finding power

I has been searching for a high precision library in PHP to do calculations like $$232323232323^{121212.2232323232}$$ etc (ie, with very large numbers, including decimals), but failed to get any. ...
1
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0answers
1k views

How to solve polynomial-exponential equation

I'm trying to solve equations like the following one: $$5 + 3x - 4x^3 = e^{x^2}$$ I've tried using the Lambert W function, but I didn't get any success. I must admit I'm relatively new to Lambert W ...
1
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0answers
48 views

Matrix exponent and representations of $\mathbb{R}$

It is well known that $\exp(C^{-1}AC)=C^{-1}\exp(A)C$, where $C$ is an invertible matrix. Really, $$\exp(A)=\sum{}\frac{A^k}{k!} \quad \text{and} \quad (C^{-1}AC)^k=C^{-1}A^kC,$$ so the first ...