Questions about exponentiation, the operation of raising a base $b$ to an exponent $a$ to give $b^a$.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

2
votes
1answer
65 views

How could I solve $x^{t-1}e^{-x} = a$ for $x$?

Consider this equation: $$x^{t-1}e^{-x} = a$$ I am aware that this is what you integrate from $0$ to $\infty$ in respect to $x$ to get the Gamma Function, but I do not want to worry about it here. I ...
0
votes
3answers
50 views

Solving $8^{2x}-2\cdot8^x+1=0$

$8^{2x}-2\cdot8^x+1=0$, I tried a lot of ways to solve this equation, like changing $8$ to $2^3$, or writing $2*8^x$ as $2*2^{3x}$ and then $2^{3x+1}$, but i'm not getting anywhere, i have the ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Calculate $2^n \pmod{14^8}$ with large numbers quickly

Is there a way to calculate $2^n \pmod{14^8}$ faster than binary exponentiation? The $n$ values in question are very large, for example $2^{65536}$, and the calculations have to be done around $14^8$ ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

A basic question about exponentiation

This is a silly question but under what conditions is $a^{xy}=(a^x)^y$ true, given all are complex numbers?
12
votes
2answers
175 views

Solving $z^z=z$ in Complex Numbers

I wanted to find all complex numbers $z\neq0$ such that $z^z=z$. I observed that $z=\pm1$ satisfies the equation. But I had problems when tried to find all the possible solutions since $z^z$ may take ...
0
votes
4answers
61 views

Is $a^b$ larger than $b^a$ if $a<b$ and $a,b > 1$?

Is $a^b$ larger than $b^a$ if $a<b$ and $a,b > 1$? I tried this out for a few numbers and this seems to be the case. If this is true, could you show me a proof? I would be very interested. If ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

E Scientific Exponential Notation

Gday, I have a question regarding scientific notation. Today I learnt that $a\operatorname{\mathbf{E}}b$ is the same as $a\cdot10^b$ and since myself and examiners (I'm in year 12) like neat working ...
1
vote
1answer
17 views

Does there exist any non-trivial square matrices of dimension $n$ with power cycles of less than $n$

Earlier I was faced with the matrix: $$A=\begin{bmatrix} \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}} & -\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}} \\ \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}} & \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}} \end{bmatrix}$$ Which cycles ...
1
vote
2answers
28 views

About $(x^3 - 4)^2 - x^6 + 2x^5 = 2x^5 -8x^3 + 16$

Studying polynomials I got the follows: $$ (x^3 - 4)^2 - x^6 + 2x^5 = 2x^5 -8x^3 + 16 $$ I can't understand from where we got this $-8x^3$. I got to simplify this polynomial just to: $$ 2x^5 + 16 ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Trailing zeros in indice question

The expression $15^{80}$ x $28^{60}$ x $55^{70}$ gives a number that ends in a string of zeros. How many consecutive zeros are in that final string? I've done this type of question with factorials, ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

What is $R^0$ when $R=0$? [duplicate]

We say that for a number $R$, $R^0 =1$, but if $R=0$ how can $R^0$ be $1$?
3
votes
1answer
51 views

Easy difference of exponents ($a^b$ - $c^d$) for arbitrarily large numbers

I am wondering if there is an easy way to calculate the difference of two exponents, with different bases, without calculating the number. If I have $a^b$ - $c^d$, where $c^{d+1} \gt a^b \ge c^d$ ...
0
votes
2answers
31 views

Comparing large exponents

Without calculator, I have to determine which of the following is larger: $2^{350}$ or $5^{150}$ I know only very basic exponential laws, and haven't covered logarithms yet. Tried various algebraic ...
1
vote
3answers
79 views

Prove that $n^a < a^n$ for $a>1$ and $n$ big enough

How can I solve this? I'm trying to prove using limits but it's not working.. Thanks
4
votes
4answers
80 views

What is the solution to the equation $9^x - 6^x - 2\cdot 4^x = 0 $?

I want to solve: $$9^x - 6^x - 2\cdot 4^x = 0 $$ I was able to get to the equation below by substituting $a$ for $3^x$ and $b$ for $2^x$: $$ a^2 - ab - 2b^2 = 0 $$ And then I tried \begin{align}x ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Check whether a number could expressed as power of another two numbers [duplicate]

I found in many places how to find whther a number could be expressed as power of 2. What I need to know is, if a number is given whther that number could be expressed as a number raised to another. ...
2
votes
2answers
55 views

Linear Recurrence In Faster Time

I am trying to solve this linear recurrence using matrix exponentiation:- $$f(n) = 2f(n-1) - f(n-2) + c,$$ where $c$ is a constant. What I have come up with is this - Let the matrix $M$ be $$ ...
2
votes
2answers
28 views

Need assistance in solving exponential equation: $\frac{27^x}{9^{2x-1}}=3^{x+4}$

Find value of x: $$\frac{27^x}{9^{2x-1}}=3^{x+4}$$ My steps: $$\frac{(3^3)^x}{(3^2)^{2x-1}}=3^{x+4}$$ $$\frac{3x}{4x-2}=x+4$$ Please help me finish solving, and correct me if what I did so ...
-1
votes
1answer
31 views

Need assistance solving exponential equation: $64=0.8^d$x$100$

Solve the exponential equation: $64=0.8^d$x$100$ I tried doing: $64/100=80/100^d$ but since there is no common factor which gives these numbers with different powers I failed to find the value of ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

Set Notation with exponent

I am looking at the function: $$f: \{5\}^2 \to \{5\}$$ it is certainly nothing too exceptional , but I find it difficult to understand what $\{5\}^2$ as a set notation and from then the whole ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Error in proof: Distribution of exponents for negative number [duplicate]

Here are steps of the "proof": $1=1$ $\Rightarrow 1=\sqrt{1}$ $\Rightarrow 1=\sqrt{-1\times-1}$ $\Rightarrow 1=\sqrt{-1}\times\sqrt{-1}$ $\Rightarrow 1=i\times i$ $\Rightarrow 1=-1$ At which ...
0
votes
1answer
8 views

Evaluate and simplify multiplication of exponents with base e; polar forms

$$2e^{(i×\pi/4)}×3e^{(i×\pi/6)}$$ How would I evaluate and simplify the above, and then express it in polar form? I understand $re^{i\theta} = r(\cos\theta+i\,\sin\theta)$. The question is to find ...
0
votes
2answers
80 views

How do I evaluate this:$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{n²}(e^x −1 −\frac{x}{1!} −\frac{x²}{2!}−\cdots\frac{x^n}{n!})$?

How do i evaluate this sum :$$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{n²}(e^x −1 −\frac{x}{1!} −\frac{x²}{2!}−\cdots\frac{x^n}{n!})$$ Note: I 'd surprised if it is convergent Thank you for any help.
9
votes
6answers
529 views

How to prove that $7^{31} > 8^{29}$

How can I prove that $7^{31}$ is bigger than $8^{29}$? I tried to write exponents as multiplication, $2\cdot 15 + 1$, and $2\cdot 14+1$, then to write this inequality as $7^{2\cdot 15}\cdot 7 > ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Why is this true: $1- (1-1/n)^{\varepsilon n} \leq \varepsilon + \mathcal{O}(\varepsilon^2)$

In my lecture notes, the following is written: $$1- (1-1/n)^{\varepsilon n} \leq \varepsilon + \mathcal{O}(\varepsilon^2)$$ as $\varepsilon \rightarrow 0$ and $n$ some fixed constant (non-negative ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Properties of exponentiation proof

I'm trying to prove the following: "Let $x, y$ be non-zero rational numbers, and let $n,m$ be integers. Then we have $x^n x^m = x^{n+m}$." I've managed to prove by induction the case $n,m \geq 0$ ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

How can I raise a Taylor Series to a power?

I have recently been undertaking the challenge of finding the antiderivative of $x^x$. In doing so, I have come across the idea of raising a Taylor series to a variable exponent. I came to the ...
8
votes
5answers
1k views

Taking the square root of an imaginary number

We know that when we take the square root of a negative real number, it's realness "splits open" and an "imaginary" dimension is introduced (characterized by the presence of iota). The question is, ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Formula for $\sum_{i = 1}^n k^n$ [duplicate]

I know from my calculator the answer is $\sum_{i = 1}^n k^n$ = $\frac{k^{n+1}-k}{k - 1}$. I'd just like help understanding why.
9
votes
1answer
159 views

For which complex $a,\,b,\,c$ does $(a^b)^c=a^{bc}$ hold?

Wolfram Mathematica simplifies $(a^b)^c$ to $a^{bc}$ only for positive real $a, b$ and $c$. See W|A output. I've previously been struggling to understand why does $\dfrac{\log(a^b)}{\log(a)}=b$ and ...
0
votes
2answers
59 views

What determines what base the right side of this base coversion will be?

Referring to this example of positional notation on Wikipedia: There are several examples $$465\;\;\text{(base 10)} = 465\;\;\text{(base 10)}$$ But then $$465\;\;\text{(base 7)} = ...
2
votes
3answers
82 views

Sum of super exponentiation

$f(x,n)=x^{2^{1}}+x^{2^{2}}+x^{2^{3}}+...+x^{2^{n}}$ Example: $f(2,10)$ mod $1000000007$ = $180974681$ Calculate $\sum_{x=2}^{10^{7}} f(x,10^{18})$ mod $1000000007$. We know that $a^{b^{c}}$ mod ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Harmonic Mean Solution

The harmonic mean of two positive numbers is the reciprocal of the arithmetic mean of their reciprocals. For how many ordered pairs of positive integers $(x, y)$ with $x < y$ is the harmonic mean ...
1
vote
1answer
118 views

How can one solve $1^x=2$?

Sure, common sense says there's no solution. But, I feel, there should be one! (If there isn't, can't we construct one?)
-5
votes
3answers
67 views

What's the value of $i^i$? [duplicate]

What's the value of $i^i$?Is it real or imaginary?[$i$ here denotes imaginary number.]
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Defining exponentiation on the integers

If one defines the integers as equivalence classes of pairs of natural numbers, there is a (canonical?) way to define addition and multiplication for the integers based on addition and multiplication ...
0
votes
3answers
78 views

Solve $3^{2x} -2 \cdot 3^{x+5} + 3^{10} = 0$ for $x$

Here's the question: Solve for $x$ in $$3^{2x} - 2 \cdot 3^{x+5} + 3^{10} = 0$$ I know that you have to factor something out, I'm just not sure what that something is. Thanks in advance
0
votes
5answers
66 views

Is there any notation for general $n$-th root $r$ such that $r^n=x$?

As we know that the notation for the $n$-th principal root is $\sqrt[n]{x}$ or $x^{1/n}$. But the principal root is not always the only possible root, e.g. for even $n$ and positive $x$ the principal ...
2
votes
2answers
46 views

What is the logic/theorem/derivation behind finding the exponent of p in n! By [n/p] + [n/p^2] + [n/p^3] + …? [duplicate]

The exponent of prime number of 3 in 100! is 48. It means 100! is divisible by $3^48$ $$E_3(100!) = \left\lfloor\frac{100}3\right\rfloor + \left\lfloor\frac{100}{3^2}\right\rfloor + ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Exponentiation of Pascal's Triangle(in matrix form)

I want to find a pattern in subsequent exponentiations of the pascal triangle shown in the form below Matrix P[K+1][K+1]: $$ \begin{matrix} \binom{0}{0} & 0 & 0 & 0\cdots ...
-3
votes
1answer
150 views

Which is the largest power of natural number that can be evaluated by computers? [closed]

Which is the largest power of natural number that can be evaluated by computers? For example if we take a very large power of 7: $7^{120000000000}$. Can a computer calculate this number?
0
votes
3answers
55 views

Find remainder of $\frac{17^{235}}{ 23}$

I need to find remainder of $\frac{17^{235}}{ 23}$. This is supposed to be solved using the following method: $\varphi(23) = 22$ ${17}^{235} = (({17}^{22})^{10})\cdot {17}^{15}$ ${17}^{22}\equiv 1 ...
-4
votes
2answers
80 views

What is the solution of $2^{2^{2^2}}$? [closed]

Which of the following values is same as $2^{2^{2^2}}$ ? $2^6$ $2^8$ $2^{16}$ $2^{222}$ What if it is $a^{b^c}$ ? Is it $a^{(b^c)}$ or $a^{bc}$ ?
1
vote
2answers
44 views

Help with some simpler symmetric group $S_n$ problems.

I apologize if the problems seem trivial but I have not been able to find example problems or solutions to some of these questions. Could someone please confirm my attempts are correct or not? ...
2
votes
3answers
92 views

Find all $x$ such that $2^x,2^{x^2}$ and $2^{x^3}$ form $3$ terms of an A.P.

I know that if $a,b,c$ are in Arithmetic Progression, then $2b=a+c$, but in this case, I am unable to solve for $x$. Hints are appreciated. Thanks.
6
votes
6answers
127 views

What are the last two digits of $77^{17}$?

I'm trying to solve current task referenced the following but I stuck at $\displaystyle77^{17}\equiv x\pmod{100}$. As it is described on above link it uses Binomial Theorem. But I read a lot about the ...
4
votes
4answers
158 views

How to find the value of $x$ in $x^5=32$

I understand that $2^5=32$ but how would one go about finding it without doing any guessing (what if the numbers were much greater)?
-1
votes
2answers
64 views

Evaluate $2^{-n}(2^n-2^{1+n})$

The answer is $-1$, but how does one expand and simplify this expression to find this answer (what are the steps)?
-1
votes
4answers
179 views

Is $ (((\sqrt{2})^ \sqrt{2})^ \sqrt{2})^{\cdots} $ an irrational number?

It is well known that $ \sqrt{2} $ is an irrational number. Is there someone who can show me if this number: $$ \left(\left(\left(\sqrt{2}\right)^ \sqrt{2}\right)^ \sqrt{2}\right)^{\cdots} $$ is ...
-5
votes
1answer
73 views

How to solve an exponent equation? [closed]

Can someone help me with this exponent equation. $2 ^ {2x+2} - 6 ^ x - 2 \times 3 ^{2x+2} = 0$ Any ideas how to solve it? Please I really have no idea. And I have exams. Tomorrow. And now it's like ...