For question involving exponential functions and questions on exponential growth or decay.

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12
votes
0answers
169 views

A closed form for $\int_0^\infty\left(\frac{2^{-x}-3^{-x}}x\right)^adx,\ a\notin\mathbb{Z}^+$

Let $$I(a)=\int_0^\infty\left(\frac{2^{-x}-3^{-x}}x\right)^adx.$$ $I(a)$ has closed form representations for all $a\in\mathbb{Z}^+$. Is there any algebraic (or at least period) ...
6
votes
0answers
140 views

Closed-form of integrals containing double exponentials

Are there closed forms for the following integrals? $$\begin{align} I_1(w) & = \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{\exp(-we^y)}{y^2+\pi^2} dy, \\ I_2(w) & = \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} ...
5
votes
0answers
64 views

Exponential of a polynomial of the differential operator

Given that $$\exp(aD)f(x)=f(x+a)$$ where $\exp(D)$ is the exponential of the differential operator $D$, is there a similar closed-form, general expression for $\exp(g(D))f(x)$, where $g(D)$ is a ...
4
votes
0answers
35 views

Write $\sum_{k=1}^nk\sin(kx)^2$ in closed form

$\underline{Given:}$ Write in closed form $$\sum_{k=1}^nk\sin(kx)^2$$ using the fact that $$\sum_{k=1}^nku^k=\frac u{(1-u)^2}[(n)u^{n+1}(n+1)u^n+1]$$ $\underline{My\ Work:}$ I substituted ...
3
votes
0answers
73 views

Solving an exponential equation without the quadratic formula

High school math student here. In my homework I was asked to solve $16^x +4^{x+1} - 3= 0$ and I used substitution to get $x=\log_4{(-2+\sqrt7)}$. However, this was in the chapter on ...
3
votes
0answers
49 views

Why is the base of an exponential function limited to the set of real numbers greater than zero?

From Rogawski, Jon (2011-04-01). Single Variable Calculus (Page 339). W. H. Freeman. An exponential function is a function of the form $f (x) = b^x$, where $b > 0$ and $b \neq 1$. Why is $b$ ...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

Roots of derivative of q-expontial function

Let the q-deformation of the exponential function be defined by $$ e_q(z)=\sum_{n=0}^\infty{\frac{z^n}{[n]_q!}}. $$ Eq. (1.8) of this paper provides the product representation $$ ...
3
votes
0answers
67 views

Which series of numbers effectively translates the factorial to the exponential function?

We have the relation of the Bernoulli numbers $$B_{2n} = (-1)^{n+1}\frac {2(2n)!} {(2\pi)^{2n}} \left(1+\frac{1}{2^{2n}}+\frac{1}{3^{2n}}+\cdots\;\right).$$ For $n>1$, the right hand sum ...
3
votes
0answers
54 views

How general is the convergence of the exponential function's power series?

Let $\mathbf{V}$ be a Fréchet space whose underlying set is $V$. Let $\;\; \beta \: : \: V\times V \: \to \: V \;\;$ be a continuous bilinear map that has an identity element and is ...
3
votes
0answers
49 views

How quickly can one compare exp(m/n) to a given rational?

For positive integers $\hspace{.06 in}m_{\hspace{.02 in}0}\hspace{.02 in},n_0\hspace{.02 in},m_1,n_1\:$, $\;$ how difficult is it to decide whether $$\exp\left(\hspace{-0.03 in}\frac{m_{\hspace{.02 ...
3
votes
0answers
36 views

How to solve the equation $ (x-2)^{\log_{100}(x-2)}+\log_{10}(x-2)^5-12 = 10^{2\log_{10}(x-2)}$?

If $\displaystyle (x-2)^{\log_{10^2}(x-2)}+\log_{10}(x-2)^5-12 = 10^{2.\log_{10}(x-2)}$, then value of $x$ is ... My try:: Let $\log_{10}(x-2) = y\Leftrightarrow (x-2)=10^y$. Then ...
3
votes
0answers
98 views

Prove (*) by induction on k.

Challenge: For linear systems with constant coefficients, in some sense we "never need more" than the so-called exponential polynomials, meaning expressions in the form $$\sum_{i=1}^m ...
3
votes
0answers
171 views

Infinite series of matrices almost but not quite matrix exponential

I'm working on a problem that has brought up for me the need to address infinite series of the following form, $$ \sum_{i=k}^\infty \frac{1}{i!}A^{i-k+1} $$ where $A$ is an $n\times n$ matrix. If $k = ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

Solving $n \int_{\mathbb{R}}{\left|\frac{1}{n}\sum_{j=1}^n{e^{(itY_j)}}-e^{-\frac{1}{2}t^2}\right|^2}\psi(t)dt$

I have to solve $$ n \int_{\mathbb{R}}{\left|\frac{1}{n}\sum_{j=1}^n{e^{(itY_j)}}-e^{-\frac{1}{2}t^2}\right|^2}\psi(t)dt $$ where $\psi(t)=(2\pi)^{-\frac{1}{2}}e^{-\frac{1}{2}t^2}$ is the density ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

Parameterizing an implicit curve

I have to parameterize this curve: $$F(x,y)=y-x^2+x-e^{-yx^2}=0$$ But I don´t know how to do it. thanks
2
votes
0answers
73 views

Why does the Riemann Xi function $(\xi(s))$ have order of growth 1

Why does $s(s-1)\xi(s)$, have order of growth 1? In other words, why is it that $\forall \epsilon > 0 $ $\exists A_{\epsilon},B_{\epsilon} \in \mathbb R_+$ so that $\forall s \in \mathbb C$, ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

Fractional derivative of exponential function

With the $n$th order derivative ($n$ as a positive integer) of $e^{ax}$ given by $$D^{n}e^{ax}=a^ne^{ax},$$ is the generalized (or fractional) derivative the same? Does it apply for any arbitrary ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

Yacov Perelman Nepero game

This is my first question, so sorry if I'll make any mistake in using the site formatting. I found this game on a book by Yacov Perelman and I thought it could be nice to introduce Nepero number to ...
2
votes
0answers
22 views

Show that $x' = Ax$ is an attractor if end only if there is a quadratic form $q$ positive definite such that $Dq(x) . Ax < 0$ for all $x \neq 0$

Show that $x' = Ax$ is an attractor if end only if there is a quadratic form $q$ positive definite such that $$Dq(x) . Ax < 0$$ for all $x \neq 0$ Definition: a linear system $x' = Ax$ called ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

Area of intersection of polynomial and exponential functions

I was inspired to explore this by a recent post on the math subreddit, which to my knowledge went nowhere. Consider the families of functions $x^y$ and $y^x$. Given some $y \in \Bbb R$, the roots ...
2
votes
0answers
58 views

Lie group - exponential Diffeomorphism

Let $G$ be a nilpotent, connected simply connected Lie group and $\mathfrak{g}$ its Lie algebra. It is known that the exponential map $\exp$ is a diffeomorphism. Now let $\mathfrak{g}_0$ be a Lie ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

Showing the exponential and logarithmic functions are unique in satisfying their properties

The question asks to prove that there exists a unique function defined on $\Bbb R$ and satisfying the following conditions: 1) $f(1) = a$ $(a>0, a \neq 0)$ 2) $f(x_1) \cdot f(x_2) = f(x_1 + ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Exponential equations solving methods?

Do you have an idea or general method to solve the following equation?: $$a^{\alpha x}+b^{\beta x} = c^{\gamma x}+ d^{\delta x}$$ when $a,b,c,d$ aren't zero, and $\alpha, \beta, \gamma, \delta$ are ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

Application of exponential distributions

The magnitudes of earthquakes in a region of North America can be modeled by an exponential distribution with mean 2.5 (measured on the Richter scale). If 3 earthquakes occur in a given month, what is ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

Exponential Distribution and Possible Memoryless Property

My attempt : Do you guys think this is right? This might have something do the with the exponential's memoryless property?
2
votes
0answers
330 views

How to prove $x^y$ is jointly continuous?

It's known that real exponentiation $x^y$ is continuous in each variable, but is real exponentiation jointly continuous in both the exponent and the base? I considering the function ...
2
votes
0answers
87 views

Inverse function of product of exponential matrices

I am looking for the value of $\mathbf{X}$ in a function of the type \begin{align} (\mathbf{X}-\mathbf{A})e^{\mathbf{X}}e^{-\mathbf{A}} = \mathbf{B} \end{align} where ...
2
votes
0answers
410 views

How to calculate uncertainties from a natural exponent graph?

I conducted an experiment in which position of items were shifted on an object, either on the ends of wings of it, or on the base (I'd rather not get too much into what it's about), and the effect on ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

differential operator

I've read journal "On the Comparison of Several Mean Values: An Alternative approach" (Welch, 1951). I don't understand this expression: $$E\left(\exp\left[ \sum_t ( w_t - \omega_t ) ...
2
votes
0answers
472 views

exp(ab) decomposition

How can one write $e^{a(x) \cdot b(x)} = c(x) e^{ b(x) }$ with $c(x)$ not implicitly depending on $b(x)$. I do not believe this is generally possible so alternatively one can use an infinite series or ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Differentiation of $\exp(A)$

Let's say we have $${\sigma(\exp(a\cdot X^{-1} \cdot a^\mathrm{T}))}/{\sigma X}$$ when I know that the term inside the exponent is essentially a scalar. Should I differentiate according to ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Decisions on the order of integration with double integrals (when Deriving PDF via CDF) (Bank Problem)

Consider the following problem: Gandalf, Saruman and Radagast go to a bank together. There are two open counters which Gandalf and Saruman immediately go to get their service. Radagast goes to the ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

Can an integral in the exponent of an exponetial function be written as a product?

I am asked to simplify/calculate the following integral: $$\frac{\int d^3q \exp \left( -\beta C \int d^3q [u(q) u(-q)|q|^2] \right)|u(q)|^2}{\int d^3q \exp \left( -\beta C \int d^3q [u(q) u(-q)|q|^2] ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Functions which can be solutions of exponential algebraic equations.

Can the equation $p(f,e^f)=0$ have a solution in $L^{\infty}([0,1])$? Here $p(x,y)$ is a polynomial with complex coefficients, and $L^{\infty}([0,1])$ is the space of Lebesgue measurable ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Find the positive root of the equation $ce^{-c}-2(1-e^{-c})^2=0$

Can you help me find a root for $c$ in the equation below? $$ce^{-c}-{10\over5}(1-e^{-c})^2=0$$ By expanding this I got, $$ce^{-c}-2 + 4 e^{-c}-2e^{-2c}=0$$ now grouping, ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

Math equation problem - fitting wallpapers on a wall

I am building up a java program but don't have the right idea on how to resolve its math problem. The tasks I am doing are: I have to cover the wall with wallpaper. The wall is "a"(input) meters ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Why does the Laplace transform of $t^2 \exp(at)$ exist?

My book states a theorem : "Let $f(t)$ be a function piecewise continuous on $[0, A]$ for $ A > 0$ and have an exponential order at infinity with $|f(t)| \leq M \exp(at)$. Then the Laplace ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

Are exponents with a base very close to $1$ (such as $1.0001$) useful in Mathematics?

I was curious if exponents with a base very close to $1$ are ever used in Mathematics and for what applications. For example, when I was in college, my Calculus professor told me that logarithms are ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Proving that any continuous homomorphism of $\mathbb{R}/(2\pi\mathbb{Z})$ int0 $T$* is neccesarily an exponential function

This is an exercise form Katznelson's book on Harmonic Analysis, so I want to solve it using his hint. T* here denotes the multiplicative group of units of complex numbers of unit norm. That is to ...
1
vote
0answers
77 views

how to solve this limit with $e^{x}$

I was trying to solve the derivative of $e^{x}$ the traditional way with the definition of the derivative: $$ \lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{e^{x+h}-e^{x}}{h} $$ so I solved like this: ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Exponential Function and simultaneous equations

I have this maths problem for school that I cannot solve. $a(x) = Ne^{kx}$ This exponential function can be calculated by looking at the maximum height of each bounce. $$\begin{array}{|c|c|} ...
1
vote
0answers
215 views

Hidden Markov Model, transition probabilities which are modeled with an exponential distribution

I'm looking at implementing an algorithm described in a paper, but I'm having trouble understanding how the transition probabilities for a Hidden Markov Model are defined. In the first sections, I ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Generating bounds on $e^x$

I had a question in which I had to find the value of zint of $e^x$. How can I generate bounds on $e^x$ so as to obtain its zint? (zint is floor function which is the greatest integer less than or ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Fourier transform of $e^{if(x)}$

I'm trying to find an explicit result for the following Fourier transform: $$\mathcal{F}\left[e^{if(x)}\right](k)=\int_{\mathbb{R}^n} e^{if(x)}e^{-ik\cdot x} dx$$ So far I could come up only with a ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Approximations for finite n in limit-based definition of the exponential function

The exponential function can be defined via: $$ e^x = \lim_{n \rightarrow \infty} \left( 1 + \frac{x}{n} \right)^{n} = \lim_{n \rightarrow \infty} g(x; n) $$ In my problem, I actually have the right ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

How to approximate large sum of exponential variables

Is there any way to approximate the following sum: $$ \sum_{i_1=1}^N \sum_{i_2=1}^N \cdots \sum_{i_k=1}^N \cdots \sum_{i_N=1}^N \exp(-r_{i_1} - r_{i_{k+1}} - r_{i_{2k+1}} - r_{i_{3k+1}} \cdots - ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Can this be solved analytically?

I have a sum of two Gaussian type functions, $g_1(x) = C_1 Exp[-\alpha (X_1-x)^2]$ and $g_2(x) = C_2 Exp[-\beta (X_2-x)^2]$ and have found that the derivative w.r.t. $x$ is $f(x) = 2 C_1 (X_1 - x) ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Only one positive solution

When $(a+b)^2=(x-3a)(x-b)e^x$ has only one positive solution, find the relationship between a and b. Here, a and b are constants and satisfy $a>b>0$. Hint: consider the graph of ...
1
vote
0answers
122 views

How to compute time ordered Exponential?

So say you have a matrix dependent on a variable t: $$A(t)$$ how do you compute $$e^{A(t)}$$ It seems Sylvester's formula, my standard method of computing matrix exponentials can't be applied ...
1
vote
0answers
343 views

Laurent Series and Taylor Expansion of $ 1 / (e^z - 1) $

Could someone please assist me with the second part of the second paragraph, from "By expanding $f_1$..."? I am not convinced that my expansion for $f_1$ is right - I used the standard binomial, ...