For question involving exponential functions and questions on exponential growth or decay.

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2
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2answers
51 views

How to use exponential function?

I know how to use exponential function when required in computer calculator but how does it work? I am still studying and our textbooks are not so detailed which gives us the idea how it works. I am ...
0
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2answers
38 views

A High School Exponential Decay Question

I've been teaching a student, when we encountered a question that I just couldn't work out. It goes like this: A city has a population of 10 million, decreasing by 1% every year. In a hundred ...
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3answers
50 views

Exponential problem

$\$10,000$ increases every day by $1\%$. How long until it doubles? I tried doing it by multiplying by $1\%$ for each day and got $10$ days but I don't think that is right. I know there must be an ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Exponencial function where I give $x$ to $x$ and it'll return me an exponential function between $0$ and $1$.

Sorry my enlgish isn't very good. I'm looking for a function that if, for example, I want $x=$ from 300 to 24 and it'll give me y between $0$ and $1$ exponentially.
8
votes
3answers
477 views

Evaluate a limit (probably involving L'Hôpital rule)

Evaluate the limit: $$\mathop {\lim }\limits_{x \to \infty } x\left( {{{\left( {1 + {1 \over x}} \right)}^x} - e} \right)$$ My attempts didn't yield a result. I'd be glad for a guidance. Thanks!
0
votes
1answer
70 views

What is the outdoor temperature? Working included.

Is my working correct in regards to this question? I'm quite stuck on it and I'm not too sure if I am in the right direction. Any advice is appreciated. Thank you. Question: A thermometer that has ...
5
votes
1answer
73 views

Solutions to $x+e^x=k$

So I am trying to solve $x+e^x=k$ and here is what I have done: $$x+e^x=k$$ $$e^{x+e^x}=e^k$$ $$e^xe^{e^x}=e^k$$ Now, if we use the lambert W function which has the identity such that if $y=xe^x$ ...
2
votes
3answers
57 views

Determining $\lim_{n\to\infty}\left(n^{\tfrac{1}{n}}-1\right)^n$ with only elementary math

I am trying to find this limit: $$\lim_{n\to\infty}\left(n^{\tfrac{1}{n}}-1\right)^n,$$ I tried using exponential function, but I see no way at the moment. I am not allowed to use any kind of ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Is my working correct? Exponenial decay

Is my working correct? If not, please let me know where I have gone wrong. Thank you for taking the time to check! Question: A thermometer that has been stored indoors where the temperature is 22 ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

An efficient technique to test if an exponential of logs gives an integer

Is there an efficient way of testing if the resulting value of an exponential gives an integer without actually expanding the equation. For example: $ {\log(12) - \log(4)}=1.09861\ldots $ and is a ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Rate of convergence of an exponential function

If I have a function $$f = \exp(\sqrt{n} \cdot \frac{\sqrt{\log{n}}}{\sqrt{n}-\sqrt{\log n}}),$$ I can notice, that $$\lim_{n \to \infty} f = \infty,$$ but also I can notice that it goes very slowly ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Sketching the graph of $y =\ln(4-x)$

$y = \ln(4 - x) $ This graph has two operations applied to the $\ln x$ graph - a reflection and a translation. If you reflect the graph in the $y$-axis first, and then shift the graph 4 units to ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Why is $\left(1-\frac{1}{k}\right)^t < e^{-t/k}$?

I came across this statement, but can't see why it holds: $\left(1-\frac{1}{k}\right)^t < e^{-t/k}$ I'm sure it's something simple, but I don't have a great deal of mathematical experience. I ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

The only differentiable function $f \colon \mathbb R \to \mathbb R$ such that $f^\prime(x)=f(x)$ is $f(x)=ce^{x}$

Prove that the only differentiable function $f \colon \mathbb R \to \mathbb R$ such that $f^\prime(x)=f(x) \mspace{1ex} \forall x\in \mathbb R$ is $f(x)=ce^{x}, \forall x\in \mathbb R$, and for some ...
2
votes
2answers
109 views

What's the density of $Z=\max(X,Y)-\min(X,Y)$ with $X,Y$ exponentials of parameter $\lambda$?

Let be $X,Y$ two independent exponential random variables with parameter $\lambda$. What is the pdf of $Z=\max(X,Y)-\min(X,Y)$? Thanks for your help.
4
votes
2answers
72 views

Operators $A$ such that $e^A$ is norm preserving

Let $X$ be a Banach space. $A$ a bounded operator. We can define the exponential of $A$ by $$e^{A}=\sum_{n=0}^{+\infty}\frac{A^n}{n!},$$ which is also a bounded operator. Is there any sufficient ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

Is the function $f(x)=1^x=1$ considered an exponential function?

I am confused about the following: The exponential function (by definition) is a function of the form $f(x)=a^x$ where $a>0$. However, when $a=1$, we get the constant function $f(x)=1^x=1$. Is the ...
2
votes
4answers
59 views

Can somebody explain to me why these terms are equal?

I just read a proof on ProofWiki that proves Euler's formula, but I can't seem to understand what is done in this following step: ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

What is the outdoor temperature? Help please!

Does anyone know how I would go about answering this question? Any feedback is appreciated! A thermometer that has been stored indoors where the temperature is 22 degrees Celsius, is taken outdoors. ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

trouble with infinite values from exp() and log()

I'm writing a function for Gaussian mixture models with spherical covariance structures--ie $\Sigma_k = \sigma_k^2 I$. This particular function is similar to the ...
4
votes
1answer
153 views

What $\alpha$ such that if $xy=\alpha$, then $e^{-x}+e^{-y}\geq 2e^{-\sqrt \alpha} $?

For every $ x,y \gt 0$, if $ xy=\alpha$, then we have $$e^{-x}+e^{-y}\geq 2e^{-\sqrt \alpha} $$ What are the possible values of $\alpha$? $2 < e^{1/(n+1)} + e^{-1/n}$ led to this problem. ...
0
votes
2answers
39 views

How to prove the following? $\frac{d}{dx}a^x=(\ln a)a^x$

How to prove that the following holds? $$\frac{d}{dx}a^x=(\ln a)a^x.$$ Just a hint will do it.
3
votes
2answers
99 views

Show that $f(x)=e^x$

In this case $f(x)=1+x+x^2/2!+x^3/3!+x^4/4! + ... = \sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}$. I understand it conceptually in terms of the Taylor series, but I have no idea how to prove it rigorously.
30
votes
3answers
922 views

Limit with a big exponentiation tower

Find the value of the following limit: $$\huge\lim_{x\to\infty}e^{e^{e^{\biggl(x\,+\,e^{-\left(a+x+e^{\Large x}+e^{\Large e^x}\right)}\biggr)}}}-e^{e^{e^{x}}}$$ (original image) I don't ...
4
votes
2answers
103 views

Non-integral power of a singular matrix

I know, that if $A$ is nonsingular matrix, so $\det{A} \ne 0$, then $A^p=\exp\left(p\ln A\right)$ is true for any real exponent, but what about if $A$ is singular? Then $A$ has a zero eigenvalue, so ...
0
votes
2answers
75 views

Compound interest coumpounded n time per year formula. $A=P\left(1+\frac{r}{n}\right)^{nt}$ intuition behind it.

I know that the compound interest formula for the interest compounded annually is given by $$A=P(1+r)^t$$ I know the intuition behind it. But why the compound interest formula for the interest ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Exponential percentage decrease based on time

I have a bar that shows the time left for a task to finish and I want it to decrease faster as it gets closer to the end time. Example: Let's assume that the total time required for Task A to ...
1
vote
2answers
101 views

How do I transform an r.v. using the floor function? (exponential distribution)

Just had a bash at this question for my Intro to Maths Stats module...I got to the end with a probability density function rather than a probability mass function, namely $f_Y(y) = \lambda a ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Mean and STD of a max/min of an exponentially distrubuted iid random variable

Let $S_1, S_2, S_3, ...$ be a sequence of independent, identically distributed (iid) random veriables, each exponentially distributed with a mean of $\mu_S$ (hence $\sigma_S = \mu_S$). Let $M_n = ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Definite integration of a exponential function mixed with rational functions

Suppose $a>0$ , I am interested in a solution of the following definite integral: $$\int_{1}^{\infty}\frac{\exp({-az})}{z \sqrt{z^2-1}}{\,dz}$$ Thank you.
7
votes
3answers
102 views

Calculation of integral $\int\exp \left(-\alpha \sin^2 \left(\frac{x}{2} \right) \right) dx$

Given $\alpha$ is a constant. How to calculate the following integral? \begin{equation} \int \exp \bigg(-\alpha \sin^2 \bigg(\frac{x}{2} \bigg) \bigg) dx \end{equation} Thanks for your answer.
1
vote
3answers
300 views

Prove by induction that (5^(n))-1 is divisible by 4 for all natural numbers n.

Prove by induction that $5^n-1$ is divisible by $4$ for all natural numbers $n$. I got $P(k+1)=5^{k+1}-1$ but I don't where to go now.
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Solving $Ae^x=Bx$ analytically, where $A$ and $B$ are constants?

This equation mixes both exponential terms and linear terms, something which I do not know how to deal with. Any pointers?
0
votes
0answers
61 views

Problem with commutator relations

part a) is fine. part b) is not. A commutator is defined as, for operators $A$ and $B$, $[A,B]=AB-BA$. [SOLVED]I get that $H(\lambda)=e^{-\lambda D}Ce^{\lambda D}$, $H'(\lambda)=-De^{-\lambda ...
1
vote
1answer
354 views

Double integrals of exponential functions

I need to find the double integral of $$e^{\frac{x}{y^2}}$$ bound by the $y\mbox{-axis}$, $x=y^2$, $y=1$, and $y=2$. The limits of integration were easy to find, but I am pretty confused about how to ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Exponentiation of imaginary operator

It is very easy to prove that if $D=\dfrac{d}{dx}$, then $(e^{nD}f)(x)=f(x+n)$ about $x=m$ in the real numbers. Proof: $$(e^{mD}f)=\sum^\infty_{n=0}\dfrac{D^nf}{n!}m^n\\ \implies ...
1
vote
4answers
146 views

What is the name of the answer to exponentiation?

What is the name of the answer to exponentiation? Adding two numbers produces a sum. Multiplying two numbers produces a product, but I cannot think of or find the name for the solution to ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Mean and STD of a sequence based on Exponential Random Variable

Say I have a sequence $S$ that is a exponentially random variable with mean $\mu$. Now say I create another other sequences from this: $T$ which is $T(n) = 2(S(n+1)-S(n))$. I know that theoretically, ...
3
votes
2answers
101 views

Integral of exponential using error function

I'm trying to solve some integrals below $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} {x^n e^\frac{-(x - \mu)^2}{\sigma^2}}dx$$ I am interested in the solutions where n = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4. I have learned that ...
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vote
1answer
83 views

Exponential problems

A ship embarked on a long voyage. At the start of the voyage, there were 300 ants in the cargo hold of the ship. One week into the voyage, there were 600 ants. Suppose the population of ants is an ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Series proof for $e^x$.

Problem: Prove $$\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{1}{n!}x^n=e^x$$ I am a bit confused on how I should start this proof. Any pointers on how I should start would help.
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Gradient of matrix exponential function

Grateful if somebody could help me with the following. I am trying to find the gradient of the next expression: $$f(a_1, a_2, a_3, a_4)=\Vert R*y-x \Vert $$ where $y$ and $x$ are known 4x1 column ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

Solving Exponential Function for termites vs spiders

The populations of termites and spiders in a certain house are growing exponentially. The house contains 120 termites the day you move in. After four days, the house contains 210 termites. Three days ...
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vote
1answer
53 views

Rewriting in $y=A_0\cdot e^{at}$

How do you rewrite $y = −8(1.589)^{t − 3}$ in $y=A_0e^{at}$ form for appropriate constants $A_0$ and $a?$ For other problems I took the $\ln$ of the number inside the parenthesis. So for example I ...
1
vote
2answers
59 views

Exponential Growth Rates

So if you are given two different numbers to determine a growth rate, do you use to largest number compared to the value when x=0. For example the problem I am working on is: Your grandfather ...
0
votes
2answers
36 views

Logs of a complex number

Write a solution in Cartesian for of What should come next?
0
votes
1answer
19 views

prove doubling time in an exponential function

I am currently working my way through Hughes-Hallet et al., Calculus- Single and Multivariable. I am having trouble with the following problem. Show algebraically that if P=P0a^t doubles between ...
-1
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1answer
72 views

how to solve equation $x^x=5$ [duplicate]

How can I calculate the equation $x^x=5$ Is it an exponential function? Thank you.
3
votes
8answers
311 views

How come $1^{\infty}$ = undefined, while $2^{\infty} = \infty$ and $0^{\infty} = 0$? [duplicate]

$1^\infty$ = undefined $2^\infty = \infty$ $0^\infty = 0$ Why is $1^\infty$ undefined? People were trying to explain to me that infinity isnt part of the Real numbers, yet, $2^\infty$ and ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Finding Complex Zeros

I have to find how many zeros $3e^z - z$ has in $abs(z) < 1$. I know a function has a zero of order m if $f(z) = (z-z_0)^mg(z)$, where $g(z)$ does not equal 0. I was thinking of maybe applying ...