For question involving exponential functions and questions on exponential growth or decay.

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1answer
58 views

Is my working correct? Exponenial decay

Is my working correct? If not, please let me know where I have gone wrong. Thank you for taking the time to check! Question: A thermometer that has been stored indoors where the temperature is 22 ...
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1answer
25 views

An efficient technique to test if an exponential of logs gives an integer

Is there an efficient way of testing if the resulting value of an exponential gives an integer without actually expanding the equation. For example: $ {\log(12) - \log(4)}=1.09861\ldots $ and is a ...
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1answer
45 views

Rate of convergence of an exponential function

If I have a function $$f = \exp(\sqrt{n} \cdot \frac{\sqrt{\log{n}}}{\sqrt{n}-\sqrt{\log n}}),$$ I can notice, that $$\lim_{n \to \infty} f = \infty,$$ but also I can notice that it goes very slowly ...
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1answer
31 views

Sketching the graph of $y =\ln(4-x)$

$y = \ln(4 - x) $ This graph has two operations applied to the $\ln x$ graph - a reflection and a translation. If you reflect the graph in the $y$-axis first, and then shift the graph 4 units to ...
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1answer
31 views

Why is $\left(1-\frac{1}{k}\right)^t < e^{-t/k}$?

I came across this statement, but can't see why it holds: $\left(1-\frac{1}{k}\right)^t < e^{-t/k}$ I'm sure it's something simple, but I don't have a great deal of mathematical experience. I ...
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1answer
67 views

The only differentiable function $f \colon \mathbb R \to \mathbb R$ such that $f^\prime(x)=f(x)$ is $f(x)=ce^{x}$

Prove that the only differentiable function $f \colon \mathbb R \to \mathbb R$ such that $f^\prime(x)=f(x) \mspace{1ex} \forall x\in \mathbb R$ is $f(x)=ce^{x}, \forall x\in \mathbb R$, and for some ...
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2answers
46 views

What's the density of $Z=\max(X,Y)-\min(X,Y)$ with $X,Y$ exponentials of parameter $\lambda$?

Let be $X,Y$ two independent exponential random variables with parameter $\lambda$. What is the pdf of $Z=\max(X,Y)-\min(X,Y)$? Thanks for your help.
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2answers
68 views

Operators $A$ such that $e^A$ is norm preserving

Let $X$ be a Banach space. $A$ a bounded operator. We can define the exponential of $A$ by $$e^{A}=\sum_{n=0}^{+\infty}\frac{A^n}{n!},$$ which is also a bounded operator. Is there any sufficient ...
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1answer
114 views

Is the function $f(x)=1^x=1$ considered an exponential function?

I am confused about the following: The exponential function (by definition) is a function of the form $f(x)=a^x$ where $a>0$. However, when $a=1$, we get the constant function $f(x)=1^x=1$. Is the ...
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4answers
59 views

Can somebody explain to me why these terms are equal?

I just read a proof on ProofWiki that proves Euler's formula, but I can't seem to understand what is done in this following step: ...
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1answer
74 views

What is the outdoor temperature? Help please!

Does anyone know how I would go about answering this question? Any feedback is appreciated! A thermometer that has been stored indoors where the temperature is 22 degrees Celsius, is taken outdoors. ...
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1answer
40 views

trouble with infinite values from exp() and log()

I'm writing a function for Gaussian mixture models with spherical covariance structures--ie $\Sigma_k = \sigma_k^2 I$. This particular function is similar to the ...
4
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1answer
143 views

What $\alpha$ such that if $xy=\alpha$, then $e^{-x}+e^{-y}\geq 2e^{-\sqrt \alpha} $?

For every $ x,y \gt 0$, if $ xy=\alpha$, then we have $$e^{-x}+e^{-y}\geq 2e^{-\sqrt \alpha} $$ What are the possible values of $\alpha$? $2 < e^{1/(n+1)} + e^{-1/n}$ led to this problem. ...
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2answers
38 views

How to prove the following? $\frac{d}{dx}a^x=(\ln a)a^x$

How to prove that the following holds? $$\frac{d}{dx}a^x=(\ln a)a^x.$$ Just a hint will do it.
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2answers
97 views

Show that $f(x)=e^x$

In this case $f(x)=1+x+x^2/2!+x^3/3!+x^4/4! + ... = \sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}$. I understand it conceptually in terms of the Taylor series, but I have no idea how to prove it rigorously.
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3answers
864 views

Limit with a big exponentiation tower

Find the value of the following limit: $$\huge\lim_{x\to\infty}e^{e^{e^{\biggl(x\,+\,e^{-\left(a+x+e^{\Large x}+e^{\Large e^x}\right)}\biggr)}}}-e^{e^{e^{x}}}$$ (original image) I don't ...
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2answers
82 views

Non-integral power of a singular matrix

I know, that if $A$ is nonsingular matrix, so $\det{A} \ne 0$, then $A^p=\exp\left(p\ln A\right)$ is true for any real exponent, but what about if $A$ is singular? Then $A$ has a zero eigenvalue, so ...
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2answers
50 views

Compound interest coumpounded n time per year formula. $A=P\left(1+\frac{r}{n}\right)^{nt}$ intuition behind it.

I know that the compound interest formula for the interest compounded annually is given by $$A=P(1+r)^t$$ I know the intuition behind it. But why the compound interest formula for the interest ...
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1answer
30 views

Exponential percentage decrease based on time

I have a bar that shows the time left for a task to finish and I want it to decrease faster as it gets closer to the end time. Example: Let's assume that the total time required for Task A to ...
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2answers
47 views

How do I transform an r.v. using the floor function? (exponential distribution)

Just had a bash at this question for my Intro to Maths Stats module...I got to the end with a probability density function rather than a probability mass function, namely $f_Y(y) = \lambda a ...
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1answer
20 views

Mean and STD of a max/min of an exponentially distrubuted iid random variable

Let $S_1, S_2, S_3, ...$ be a sequence of independent, identically distributed (iid) random veriables, each exponentially distributed with a mean of $\mu_S$ (hence $\sigma_S = \mu_S$). Let $M_n = ...
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1answer
63 views

Definite integration of a exponential function mixed with rational functions

Suppose $a>0$ , I am interested in a solution of the following definite integral: $$\int_{1}^{\infty}\frac{\exp({-az})}{z \sqrt{z^2-1}}{\,dz}$$ Thank you.
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2answers
68 views

Calculation of integral $\int\exp \left(-\alpha \sin^2 \left(\frac{x}{2} \right) \right) dx$

Given $\alpha$ is a constant. How to calculate the following integral? \begin{equation} \int \exp \bigg(-\alpha \sin^2 \bigg(\frac{x}{2} \bigg) \bigg) dx \end{equation} Thanks for your answer.
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3answers
104 views

Prove by induction that (5^(n))-1 is divisible by 4 for all natural numbers n.

Prove by induction that $5^n-1$ is divisible by $4$ for all natural numbers $n$. I got $P(k+1)=5^{k+1}-1$ but I don't where to go now.
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1answer
36 views

Solving $Ae^x=Bx$ analytically, where $A$ and $B$ are constants?

This equation mixes both exponential terms and linear terms, something which I do not know how to deal with. Any pointers?
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0answers
36 views

Problem with commutator relations

part a) is fine. part b) is not. A commutator is defined as, for operators $A$ and $B$, $[A,B]=AB-BA$. [SOLVED]I get that $H(\lambda)=e^{-\lambda D}Ce^{\lambda D}$, $H'(\lambda)=-De^{-\lambda ...
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1answer
129 views

Double integrals of exponential functions

I need to find the double integral of $$e^{\frac{x}{y^2}}$$ bound by the $y\mbox{-axis}$, $x=y^2$, $y=1$, and $y=2$. The limits of integration were easy to find, but I am pretty confused about how to ...
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1answer
57 views

Exponentiation of imaginary operator

It is very easy to prove that if $D=\dfrac{d}{dx}$, then $(e^{nD}f)(x)=f(x+n)$ about $x=m$ in the real numbers. Proof: $$(e^{mD}f)=\sum^\infty_{n=0}\dfrac{D^nf}{n!}m^n\\ \implies ...
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4answers
75 views

What is the name of the answer to exponentiation?

What is the name of the answer to exponentiation? Adding two numbers produces a sum. Multiplying two numbers produces a product, but I cannot think of or find the name for the solution to ...
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1answer
22 views

Mean and STD of a sequence based on Exponential Random Variable

Say I have a sequence $S$ that is a exponentially random variable with mean $\mu$. Now say I create another other sequences from this: $T$ which is $T(n) = 2(S(n+1)-S(n))$. I know that theoretically, ...
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2answers
87 views

Integral of exponential using error function

I'm trying to solve some integrals below $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} {x^n e^\frac{-(x - \mu)^2}{\sigma^2}}dx$$ I am interested in the solutions where n = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4. I have learned that ...
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1answer
47 views

Exponential problems

A ship embarked on a long voyage. At the start of the voyage, there were 300 ants in the cargo hold of the ship. One week into the voyage, there were 600 ants. Suppose the population of ants is an ...
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1answer
83 views

Series proof for $e^x$.

Problem: Prove $$\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{1}{n!}x^n=e^x$$ I am a bit confused on how I should start this proof. Any pointers on how I should start would help.
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1answer
83 views

Gradient of matrix exponential function

Grateful if somebody could help me with the following. I am trying to find the gradient of the next expression: $$f(a_1, a_2, a_3, a_4)=\Vert R*y-x \Vert $$ where $y$ and $x$ are known 4x1 column ...
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1answer
71 views

Solving Exponential Function for termites vs spiders

The populations of termites and spiders in a certain house are growing exponentially. The house contains 120 termites the day you move in. After four days, the house contains 210 termites. Three days ...
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1answer
50 views

Rewriting in $y=A_0\cdot e^{at}$

How do you rewrite $y = −8(1.589)^{t − 3}$ in $y=A_0e^{at}$ form for appropriate constants $A_0$ and $a?$ For other problems I took the $\ln$ of the number inside the parenthesis. So for example I ...
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2answers
31 views

Exponential Growth Rates

So if you are given two different numbers to determine a growth rate, do you use to largest number compared to the value when x=0. For example the problem I am working on is: Your grandfather ...
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2answers
36 views

Logs of a complex number

Write a solution in Cartesian for of What should come next?
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1answer
15 views

prove doubling time in an exponential function

I am currently working my way through Hughes-Hallet et al., Calculus- Single and Multivariable. I am having trouble with the following problem. Show algebraically that if P=P0a^t doubles between ...
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1answer
66 views

how to solve equation $x^x=5$ [duplicate]

How can I calculate the equation $x^x=5$ Is it an exponential function? Thank you.
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8answers
282 views

How come $1^{\infty}$ = undefined, while $2^{\infty} = \infty$ and $0^{\infty} = 0$? [duplicate]

$1^\infty$ = undefined $2^\infty = \infty$ $0^\infty = 0$ Why is $1^\infty$ undefined? People were trying to explain to me that infinity isnt part of the Real numbers, yet, $2^\infty$ and ...
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1answer
32 views

Finding Complex Zeros

I have to find how many zeros $3e^z - z$ has in $abs(z) < 1$. I know a function has a zero of order m if $f(z) = (z-z_0)^mg(z)$, where $g(z)$ does not equal 0. I was thinking of maybe applying ...
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4answers
204 views

How is the limit definition of e, actually equal to e? [duplicate]

$$\lim_{n\to\infty} (1+\dfrac{1}{n})^n = e.$$ To me this seems like $\dfrac{1}{n}$ goes to $0$, then you get $1^\infty$, which is equal to $1$. So why is it $e$?
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1answer
35 views

Rescaling, or finding logarithmic equivalent of exponential functions

I'm working on an algorithm that gets the weighted least squares of some data and outputs really big, or really small numbers. I'm talking about numbers like $3.55114473577E+256$. Now, part of the ...
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1answer
18 views

Basic Integration + Root + Exponential issue

I have the following question : $\int ( 27e^{9x} + e^{12x} )^{1/3} dx $ However when I solved it I simplified it first to: $\int ( 27e^{9x} + e^{12x} )^{1/3} dx = \int \sqrt[3]{27e^{9x} + ...
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1answer
25 views

%reduction in a decaying exponential function

I am working my way through a calculus book I purchased- Calculus- Single and Multivariable (3rd edition) by Hughes-Hallet et al. I am having issues with the following question "When the olympic ...
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2answers
70 views

Math notation that I am not familiar with

I am working on reverse engineering a game and have come across the following formula as a string in a config file: A*(B^xt)+C; xt=A2*x*(T>x)*(B2^x+C2) It ...
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1answer
26 views

Definition of Derivative And Exponential Functions

Given $f(x) = 5^{3x}$. Find $f'(x)$ using definition of a derivative. The definition of the derivative of $f(x)$ is $f'(x) = \lim_{h \to 0} \dfrac{f(x + h) - f(x)}{h}$ The derivative of $f(x) = ...
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1answer
55 views

Solving an equation with curly brackets and entering into excel

Hi I am sorry if this is a trivial question but I am trying to follow a book to create a mathematical model but I can not get the same result. The equation has curly brackets and I am not sure what ...
4
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1answer
70 views

Applications of the Exponential Integral?

this is my first time asking a question on here so please forgive me if I have made any formatting mistakes. I have the integral $f(x) = \int_0^\infty \frac{e^{-t}}{x + t} \; dt$ and I have shown the ...