For question involving exponential functions and questions on exponential growth or decay.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

-1
votes
1answer
27 views

The Euler number and exponential function from the property of being own derivative

I watched an MIT video about the Euler number. There they figure it out as follows: The exponential function should be a function that per definition has the property, that it equals to its ...
1
vote
4answers
54 views

Prove that If $0<x<\ln 2$ then $x^2\geq e^x-x-1$

If $0<x<$ln $2$ then $x^2\geq e^x-x-1$ I got this problem while reading a proof. Tried to prove it but failed. $e^x=1+x+\frac{x^2}{2!}+\frac{x^3}{3!}+...$. So $e^x\geq 1+x$ for all $x$ but ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Find the Limit: $\lim_{x\to2^{+}}e^{3/2(2-x)}$

$$\lim_{x\to2^{+}}e^{3/2(2-x)}$$ Properties of the Natural Exponential Function: The exponential function $f(x)=e^x$ is an increasing continuous function with domain $\mathbb R$ and range ...
1
vote
3answers
79 views

Prove that $n^a < a^n$ for $a>1$ and $n$ big enough

How can I solve this? I'm trying to prove using limits but it's not working.. Thanks
1
vote
0answers
33 views

What are modulos and how would I be able to use them to solve questions regarding the last digit of a raised power?

When given questions like "What is the last digit of the result to 3^56?", I usually look for a recurring pattern involving smaller powers of 3. In this question for example, the recurring pattern for ...
4
votes
4answers
298 views

Algorithm for rolling an infinite-sided weighted die

If I wanted to have a die that rolled, for example: ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Monotonicity of matrix exponential for special matrices

Let $D$ be a matrix having positive off-diagonal values and nonpositive diagonal values such that the row sums are nonpositive and $D$ is invertible. Then $-D$ is an M-matrix. Now decrease some ...
0
votes
2answers
42 views

Abnormal graph curve explanation? Exponential?

I am conducting research on a plot of data. Most appear linear, as expected, but one series was a surprise. One plot has a more accelerated growth curve - and I'm wondering why? Here is an image of ...
1
vote
3answers
55 views

$k2^x+2^x=8$, find the possible values of $k$ [closed]

Find all the possible values of $k$ such that equation $$k2^x+2^x=8$$ has a single root. Find the root in the case. Can anyone give some hints for me? I have no idea how to solve it.
0
votes
1answer
19 views

A function for non-linear animation steps (large in the middle, small at the ends)

In a word game for Android I animate movement of letter tiles (for example when user selects "shuffle tiles" or "return tiles from game board" in menu) in a linear way (they have constant velocities) ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Why is this true: $1- (1-1/n)^{\varepsilon n} \leq \varepsilon + \mathcal{O}(\varepsilon^2)$

In my lecture notes, the following is written: $$1- (1-1/n)^{\varepsilon n} \leq \varepsilon + \mathcal{O}(\varepsilon^2)$$ as $\varepsilon \rightarrow 0$ and $n$ some fixed constant (non-negative ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Closed form for an integral

I am trying to find a closed form for this integral: $\int\limits_{a}^{\infty} \exp(-\frac{b}{x})\exp(-cx)dx$ where a,b,c, are positive constants. Does anyone have any suggestions or can advise? ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Solving an exponential function

I have the below exponential function which I wish to solve it for $b$. Other than resorting to the Lambert W function, is there alternative way of representing the solution? $$ \frac{(1+a)(1-b)}{ab ...
-2
votes
1answer
59 views

Can you solve this? $15\cdot(3^{x+1}) - 243\cdot(5^{x - 2}) = 0$ [closed]

This is an exponential functions problem. Please help me with this!
0
votes
2answers
41 views

Proving Lower bounds on an Approximately Linear Function

We are looking for a lower bound on the function, $\frac{1.31}{e^{\frac{1.31}{x+1}} - 1}$ for $x \geq 2$. This function seems to behave linearly. We believe that the following statement holds: ...
2
votes
4answers
130 views

How do I solve $2^x + x = n$ equation for $x$?

I need to solve the equation $$2^x + x = n$$ for $x$ through a programming-based method. Is this possible? If not, then what would be the most efficient way to approximate it?
3
votes
5answers
52 views

Why do we use base $e$ in population growth questions?

I know that we need base e to differentiate but I don't see what makes this formula work. $$ P = P_0 e^{rt} $$ where the 0 refers to initial population, $r$ the rate, and $t$ the time. Changing ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Solving a exponential/log equation

I was looking for inspirations for solving the below equation for x $$ -e^x \ln \left( \frac{(e^x -2 \alpha)(1+\alpha)}{1-\alpha} \right) + xe^x +2\alpha e^x - 4 \alpha^2 - 2\alpha = 0$$ where ...
0
votes
6answers
132 views

how to prove that $\lim\limits_{n\to\infty} \left( 1-\frac{1}{n} \right)^n = \frac{1}{e}$ [duplicate]

I need to prove $$\lim\limits_{n\to\infty} \left( 1-\frac{1}{n} \right)^n = \frac{1}{e}$$ For now, I only know the e definition: $\lim\limits_{n\to\infty} \left ( 1+\frac{1}{n} \right)^n = e $, and I ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Definition of exponential function -

A lot of textbooks offer a definition of the exponential function such as this: $$\exp(x):=\sum_{k=0}^{\infty}\frac{x^k}{k!}.$$ a) Show that the given definition for $\exp$ is correct, ...
0
votes
2answers
29 views

Excel's EXP function compared to a series expansion

I am comparing the results of a series expansion of $e^x$ to Excel's $\mathop{EXP}(x)$ function. Should I expect them to be the same? Excel's gives $\mathop{EXP}(10) = 22026.4657948067$. However, ...
9
votes
1answer
150 views

For which complex $a,\,b,\,c$ does $(a^b)^c=a^{bc}$ hold?

Wolfram Mathematica simplifies $(a^b)^c$ to $a^{bc}$ only for positive real $a, b$ and $c$. See W|A output. I've previously been struggling to understand why does $\dfrac{\log(a^b)}{\log(a)}=b$ and ...
21
votes
3answers
445 views

How can I prove $\pi=e^{3/2}\prod_{n=2}^{\infty}e\left(1-\frac{1}{n^2}\right)^{n^2}$?

I am interested about some infinite product representations of $\pi$ and $e$ like this. Last week I found this formula on internet ...
1
vote
3answers
59 views

Finding X from Exponential Equations

$$2^x \cdot 4^{1-x}= 8^{-x}$$ I wrote all the base numbers as a power of 2 but I'm not sure what to do after.
3
votes
4answers
43 views

Unknown both as a exponent and as a term in an equation

Let's say I have an equation $e^{x-1}(x+1)=2$. According to Solving an equation when the unknown is both a term and exponent it's impossible to solve this using elemetary functions. If so, then how do ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Expectation of geometric summation of exponentail random variables

We have $\{X_i, i = 1,2,\ldots\}$ as a sequence of independent exponentially distributed rv's with parameter $\lambda$. We also have, $Y =\sum_{i=1}^{N} X_i$. I need to prove that, $Y$ has the ...
1
vote
3answers
33 views

function bounded by an exponential has a bounded derivative?

here's the question. I want to be sure of that. Let $v:[0,\infty) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}_+$ a positive function satisfying $$\forall t \ge 0,\qquad v(t)\le kv(0) e^{-c t}$$ for some positive constants ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Inverse of the complex exponential function, considered as a multivariable function

Consider the complex exponential function $g: \mathbb{C} \to \mathbb{C}, z \mapsto e^z$. When identifying $\mathbb{C}$ with $\mathbb{R}^2$ in the natural way, then $g$ can be considered as a ...
1
vote
2answers
27 views

Comparison between two exponentail random variables

A and B are exponentially distributed with parameter $\alpha$ and $\beta$. A and B race with each other continuously. $N_b$ denotes the number of times B wins before A wins single time. Find $P (N_b ...
2
votes
2answers
82 views

Need help with $e^x=1/x$

I've tried everything. I expressed $x$ and I got $x=\ln{1\over x}$, and don't know what to do. Original question is to find $e^x-{1\over x}=0$. There is a solution I've typed it in Wolfram
4
votes
2answers
40 views

Solve for $x$ in: $e^{2\ln(x)-\ln(x^2+x-3)} = 1$

So the question is to solve for x in: $$e^{[2\ln(x)-\ln(x^2+x-3)]} = 1$$ I took the natural log of both sides, and simplified. Here is what I've gotten it down to: $$2\ln(x) = \ln(x^2+x-3)$$ And I'm ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Functions to manipulate (increase) probability exponentially or logaritmically?

Very simple. I want a function to manipulate a probability in order increase it without getting out of the range of 0 to 1. Basically a function similar to the blue lines in the following sketch: ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Another trigonometric moment problem

Is there a standard approach for solving the following system: $$ m_k = \sum_{j=1}^N a_j e^{-2\pi i \mu_j k \delta}, \quad k = 0, 1, 2, \ldots, $$ where $N \in \mathbb{N}$, $m_k \in \mathbb{C}$, ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

Show that $\frac {\partial B} {\partial T} =$ $\frac{c}{(\exp\frac{hf}{kT}-1)^2}\frac{hf}{kT^2}$

Find an expression for $\frac {\partial B} {\partial T}$ applied to the Black-Body radiation law by Planck: $$B(f,T)=\frac{2hf^3}{c^2\left(\exp\frac{hf}{kT}-1\right)}$$ The correct answer is $\frac ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Why does integrating a complex exponential give the delta function?

How come, when we integrate a complex exponential from $ -\infty $ to $ \infty $, we get a scaled delta function? $$ \begin{align} \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} e^{i k x} \; dk & = 2 \pi \delta \left ( ...
0
votes
2answers
46 views

Find the sum of the roots of the exponential equation

The equation $$2^{333x - 2} + 2^{111x + 2} = 2^{222x + 1} + 1$$ has three real roots. Find their sum. I'll simplify it first as: $$\frac{1}{4}2^{333x} + (4)2^{111x} = (2)2^{222x } + 1$$ Let ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Why is this true - easy question concerning asymptotics of exponential

Suppose $\lambda > 0$ is constant as $t \searrow 0$. In my lecture notes it is written that $\left(1+\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \frac{(-\lambda t)^k}{k!}\right) \lambda t = \lambda t + o(t)$ and ...
8
votes
4answers
132 views

What is the inverse of $2^x$? [duplicate]

Note: This may not be correct mathematical term, so in case of confusion, I mean what division is to multiplication. If not, just poke me in the comments. I was given this the other day: $2^x=8$ ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

How to find the expected cost of an exponential probability?

The length $X$ of of a call follows the exponential distribution with mean $2$ minutes. In dollars, the cost of of a call of $x$ minutes is $3x^2-6x+2$. Find the expected cost of a call? The addition ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Integration Of exponential Function

I have tried almost everything, but can't solve this integral. $$\int e^{-1/x^2} \, dx $$
7
votes
5answers
1k views

Proof of the derivative of ln(x)

I'm trying to prove that $\frac{\mathrm{d} }{\mathrm{d} x}\ln x = \frac{1}{x}$. Here's what I've got so far: $$ \begin{align} \frac{\mathrm{d}}{\mathrm{d} x}\ln x &= \lim_{h\to0} \frac{\ln(x + h) ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Prove $e^x$ limit definition from limit definition of $e$.

Is there an elementary way of proving $$e^x=\lim_{n\to\infty}\left(1+\frac xn\right)^n,$$ given $$e=\lim_{n\to\infty}\left(1+\frac1n\right)^n,$$ without using L"Hopital's rule, Binomial Theorem, ...
2
votes
0answers
24 views

Exponential of powers of the derivative operator

A translation operator The Taylor series of a function $f$ is $$f(x)=\sum_{n=0}^\infty\frac{(\partial_x^nf)(a)}{n!}(x-a)^n$$ where $\partial_x$ is the derivative operator. Expanding about $x+b$: ...
3
votes
2answers
115 views

Show that $\frac{(x^2 + y^2 )}{4} \leq e^{x+y-2}$

Show that \begin{equation} \frac{x^2 + y^2}{4} \leq e^{x+y-2} \end{equation} is true for $x,y \geq 0$. As far, I have prove that \begin{equation} x^2 + y^2 \leq e^{x}e^{y}\leq e^{x+y} ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Solve $e^{\sqrt{x^{2} - x - 1}} = |x|$

Is it possible to obtain the solution of $$e^{\sqrt{x^{2} - x - 1}} = |x|$$ in closed form? I know that $x$ must be somewhere between $\displaystyle\frac{\sqrt{5} + 1}{2}$ and $2$ after trying some ...
1
vote
2answers
45 views

Very easy question about infinitesimals [duplicate]

how can I prove that: $$ \lim_{x\to 0} \frac{e^{-1/x^2}}{x} = 0 ? $$ I suppose that the exponential "goes" to $0$ faster than linear, but I'm not sure.
1
vote
2answers
93 views

Product limit with exponentials

Find an explicit formula for the limit: $$\lim_{n \rightarrow \infty} n \prod_{k=2}^{n} (2 - e ^ {\frac 1 k})$$ I am not asking for convergence proof since I know the sequence is decreasing and ...
1
vote
3answers
59 views

How do I integrate this exponential + Bessel function term?

I would like to integrate this in my research: $\int_0^\infty s e^{i bs^2}J_0(a s)$, where a and b are both real and greater than zero. Integration by parts seems like the obvious first step, but ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

How to integrate $\int^{\infty}_{-\infty} e^{-2\pi^2/x^2} dx$?

I am wondering how can i integrate this quantity above? Here it is again, $$\int^{\infty}_{-\infty} e^{-2\pi^2/x^2}dx.$$ Thanks a lot.
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Exponential operator on function; can it be simplified?

Suppose I have two operators $A(t),V(t)$. There is also a parameter $t \in [0, \infty]$. Moreover I have a continuous function $f(t)$ which satisfies $A(s)f(t)=0$ for all $s \in [0,\infty]$. How can I ...