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31 views

The optimal way of improving fluency in elementary maths techniques, whilst holding a 9-5 job?

As an example of someone who has discovered maths at a later point in my life than average, and who has (perhaps unusually?) proven the point that it is perfectly possible to study undergraduate ...
1
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2answers
128 views

How many digits do we need for a proof ??

In the question: Integral $\int_1^\infty\frac{\operatorname{arccot}\left(1+\frac{2\pi}{\operatorname{arcoth}x-\operatorname{arccsc}x}\right)}{\sqrt{x^2-1}}dx$, the value of that integral was ...
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2answers
202 views

In simple terms what is the sequence 220,171700,167167000,166716670000 a part of?

I know that <1,2,3,...,10>$\cdot$<1 0,9,8,...1>=220 <1,2,3,...,100>$\cdot$<100,99,98,...,1>=171700 <1,2,3,...,1000>$\cdot$<1000,999,998,...,1>=167167000 ...
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0answers
35 views

Book on higher-power trigonometric equation simplification techniques

Recently, I have become fascinated about learning techniques for simplifying experimentally derived trigonometric mathematical models that are raised to higher powers. Are there any good references ...
1
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0answers
16 views

How do I state a reduction in cost?

I have developed an algorithm and am having a hard time stating its benefit versus a baseline. Suppose that the baseline cost of solving the problem is 1000 seconds. Now suppose that my algorithm ...
3
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1answer
100 views

Interesting pattern that I found while finding dice that always roll a prime number

The original puzzle I was trying to solve is to find unique numbers to write on the faces of two dice such that the numbers you see on each dice after rolling sum to a prime. I realized that for this ...
2
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1answer
74 views

Unexpected data for primes?

I found some unexpected data for primes. Consider $p(n)$ being the product over all primes smaller than or equal to $n$. When factoring $p(n)^a +1$ for $a=1$ or $a=2$ we get the expected amount of ...
9
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0answers
187 views

Does $\pi$ satisfy the law of the iterated logarithm?

It is widely conjectured that $\pi$ is normal in base $2$. But what about the law of the iterated logarithm? Namely, if $x_n$ is the $n$th binary digit of $\pi$, does it seem likely (from ...
3
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1answer
106 views

Probability sequential terms of a linear congruential generator are coprime

I was following section 3.1.2 of the Structure and Interpretation of Computer Programming where they calculate $\pi$ using Cesàro's theorem that the probability two randomly chosen numbers are coprime ...
1
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1answer
87 views

Help with a different approach to extracting a polynomial equation from differences

It is well known that we can determine the degree of a polynomial can be found by finding when the differences are the same. i.e. if the second differences are the same, it is a polynomial of the 2nd ...
1
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1answer
47 views

Explanation over this simple equation, which involves multiplication of two square-roots

It was the time in schools, where we were taught about finding square roots of numbers. For a long time, i found the technique very difficult, so always used to find some shortcut to get rid of the ...
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4answers
322 views

Divide by a number without dividing.

Can anyone come up with a way to divide any given x by any given y without actually dividing? For example to add any given x to any given y without adding you would just do: $x-(-y)$ And to ...
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8answers
700 views

Free online mathematical software

What are the best free user-friendly alternatives to Mathematica and Maple available online? I used Magma online calculator a few times for computational algebra issues, and was very much satisfied, ...
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5answers
267 views

Reducibility of $x^{2n} + x^{2n-2} + \cdots + x^{2} + 1$

Just for fun I am experimenting with irreducibility of certain polynomials over the integers. Since $x^4+x^2+1=(x^2-x+1)(x^2+x+1)$, I thought perhaps $x^6+x^4+x^2+1$ is also reducible. Indeed: ...
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2answers
1k views

Unexpected approximations which have led to important mathematical discoveries

On a regular basis, one sees at MSE approximate numerology questions like Prove $\log_{{1}/{4}} \frac{8}{7}> \log_{{1}/{5}} \frac{5}{4}$, Prove $\left(\dfrac{2}{5}\right)^{{2}/{5}}<\ln{2}$, ...
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2answers
65 views

How to find length when viewing at some angle?

I have a question on angles. I have a rectangular tile. when looking straight I can find the width of the tile, but how do I find the apparent width when I see the same rectangular tile at some ...
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1answer
23 views

look for a metric for a two variable system

I have a series of experiments for different objects from the experiments let me put it in an abstract way there is a condition A for a specific object O the success rate/percentage is p(A) generally ...
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1answer
58 views

simplifying “$\prod_{a\in A}\sum_{b\in B_a}{h(a,b)}$”

Is this equality correct? For finite sets $A$ and $B_a$ (where $a\in A$), we have: $$\prod_{a\in A}\sum_{b\in B_a}{h(a,b)}=\sum_{f\in \prod_{a\in A}B_a}\quad \prod_{a\in A}{h(a,f(a))}$$
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3answers
121 views

Given $n+1\mid2\sum_{k=1}^{n}{a_k}$, find $a_k$.

Let $m$ be a positive integer. There are only 2 finite sequences of positive integers like $a_1,a_2,...,a_m$ such that $$(\forall n \leq m)\left(n+1\mid2\sum_{k=1}^{n}{a_k}, \quad a_n\in [1,m],\quad ...
4
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2answers
146 views

Congruent division of a shape in euclidean plane

Any triangle can be divided into 4 congruent shapes: http://www.math.missouri.edu/~evanslc/Polymath/WebpageFigure2.png An equilateral triangle can be divided into 3 congruent shapes. Questions: ...
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1answer
302 views

Yet another nested radical

Consider $$F(x) = \sqrt{x -\sqrt{2x - \sqrt{3x - \cdots}}}$$ I believe I can prove (with some handwaving) that $F$ does converge everywhere in $\mathbb{C}$ $\Im F = 0$ for sufficiently large real ...
35
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10answers
2k views

Mind-blowing mathematics experiments

We've all heard of some mind-blowing phenomena involving the sciences, such as the double-slit experiment. I was wondering if there are similair experiments or phenomena which seem very ...
4
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3answers
186 views

Probability of Random number selection

Suppose you are asked to pick any random real number. Then you have a choice to pick any number between -∞ and +∞, i.e, infinite numbers. The probability that you select a particular number n = 1/∞ = ...
0
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0answers
136 views

Tanh-Sinh integration in 2-dimensions.

I recently implemented a Tanh-Sinh quadrature integrator for a two dimensional integral, simply by integration first over the the first variable and then over the second. My question is whether or not ...
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2answers
650 views

Why is $\zeta(2) = \frac{\pi^2}{6}$ almost equal to $\sqrt{e}$? [closed]

Why is $\zeta(2) = \frac{\pi^2}{6}$ almost equal to $\sqrt{e}$? Experimenting a bit I also found $\zeta(\frac{8}{3}) \approx e^\frac{1}{4}$, $\zeta(\frac{31}{9}) \approx e^\frac{1}{8}$ and ...
2
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1answer
172 views

number of additive partition

I have a question related with number of additive partition or method similar like this: $$p(5)=1+4=2+3=1+1+1+1+1=1+1+1+2=1+2+2=1+1+3$$ For a given number $n$,if we are trying to calculate ...
8
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2answers
236 views

What experimental-mathematical problem would you try to solve if you had a supercomputer?

At the present moment, what open mathematical problem do you seriously think you could solve if you had a very powerful computer at your disposition? I mean something like the Four-Color Problem, i.e. ...
0
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3answers
1k views

Extract a Pattern of Iterated continued fractions from convergents

I have been working on an article at https://oeis.org/wiki/Table_of_convergents_constants where I posted a table of "convergents constants" (defined at https://oeis.org/wiki/Convergents_constant) ...
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1answer
165 views

Is there an explanation for the patterns formed by the binomial coefficients C(n+d-1,d) mod 512?

Simplicial sequences generalize the familiar "linear", "triangular", and "tetrahedral" number sequences. (A line segment is a 1-simplex, a triangle is a 2-simplex, a tetrahedron is a 3-simplex, and so ...
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3answers
502 views

Is there a real number lookup algorithm or service?

Is there a way of taking a number known to limited precision (e.g. $1.644934$) and finding out an "interesting" real number (e.g. $\displaystyle\frac{\pi^2}{6}$) that's close to it? I'm thinking of ...