The utilization of advanced computing technology in mathematical research: new mathematical results discovered partly or entirely with the aid of computer-based tools.

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Alternate proofs for Collatz 1-Cycles

To follow up on my comment here, I present my proofs of the Collatz 1-Cycles. I have asked to make this cw so others can edit as they wish. Here we show that the differences are equal to $t-1:$ ...
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1answer
81 views

What do these contour maps tell me about my Collatz expression?

I tested this limit on WolframAlpha, $$ \lim_{t\to\infty}\frac {2\ 3^r (2 t - 1) - 6} {3\ 2^r (2 t - 1) - 6}=\left(\frac{3}{2}\right)^{r-1},$$ which displayed two contour maps: . Can ...
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65 views

Primality of Stirling numbers of second kind (again)

This question follows a previous one on the primality of Stirling numbers of the second kind ${n \brace k}$. Gerry indicated a paper on the topic. In this paper it is shown that for ${n \brace k}$ to ...
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24 views

Accounting for drop-outs in clinical trials

'Physical Therapy Review' [Intention to treat analysis, compliance, drop-outs and how to deal with missing data in clinical research: a review Susan Armijo-Olivo, Sharon Warren and David Magee Faculty ...
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1answer
87 views

Why zeta(2) in these inifinite sums?

The infinite sum of the reciprocals of these two sequences have zeta(2) in the result. The value is not in OEIS. A000326 A002411 Edit---rolled back the changes. Both $\frac{1}{2}$ and $2$ are ...
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4answers
187 views

Software, techniques and tricks of experimental mathematics to conjecture possible closed forms

It often happens that people conjecture possible closed forms of integrals, series, and so on starting from a numerical value calculated to very high precision. What are the techniques, tricks, ...
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1answer
63 views

Useful techniques of experimental mathematics (reference request)

I am searching for papers or books that explain thoroughly useful interesting techniques of experimental mathematics that can be understood and profitably applied by an undergraduate student.
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1answer
52 views

Symmetry in mathematics

Why does maxima occur mostly at equality with a fixed condition for geometrical problems like in sum of sines, sum of cosines (considering a triangle), and also in problems like finding maximum area ...
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1answer
102 views

Partial sums of Nicomachus' Triangle rows produce Stirling numbers of the 2nd kind?

I took partial sums of this triangle OEIS A036561 and found Stirling numbers of the 2nd kind. At OEIS A000392, at the mid-point of the comments section, is a conjecture. I think it's what I found. I ...
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48 views

What kind of structures can I count using Alg?

I'm interested in counting structures that satisfy certain constraints up to isomorphism. For example, I might want to know how many clutters there are on $n$ vertices. The only way I can think to ...
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274 views

Identities for Sieve of Eratosthenes collisions.

Edited to define the last two tables Three Questions: 1) Is all notation correct? 2) Is there a symbol for flatten? 3) How would we prove the identities: the sum of the divisors in the symmetric ...
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168 views

Successive ratios of a sequence, is this limit true?

The natural numbers $1,2,3,4,5....$ can be calculated as the row sums of the triangle $T(n,k)$ equal to $1$ if $n \geq k$ and $0$ otherwise: $$\displaystyle T = \left(\begin{matrix} ...
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401 views

Identity for frequency of integers with smallest prime(n) divisor

An identity for A038110 and A038111: $$ \frac{\phi(e^{\psi(p_{n}-1)})}{e^{\psi(p_{n})}}=\frac{\prod _k^{n-1} \left(1-\frac{1}{p_k}\right)}{p_n}, $$ where $\psi(\cdot)$ is the second Chebyshev function ...
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1answer
83 views

My data is not normally distributed: what can I do to estimate a tail probability?

Continuing on from my earlier question, I'm attempting to analyse the data qualitatively. In the following plot, I make $10000$ samples where I count "the number of clashes". I plot $n$ vs. the ...
4
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1answer
107 views

Computer Algebra Systems for Experimental Mathematics (especially Integer Relations with PSLQ)

I would like to use a computer algebra system to do some experimental mathematics, particularly Integer Relation problems using the PSLQ algorithm. I know that Maple has a PSLQ implementation, but ...
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2answers
64 views

Maximum likelihood with Bernoulli trials: what to do if there are no successes?

I'm analyzing the security of a secret sharing scheme. One attempt I'm analyzing is "blind luck". I return a random share and hope that noone notices. The probability $p$ of someone not noticing ...
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1answer
22 views

Types of graphs for this

How many ways could this be graphed, in a way such that it shows that the degree or slope of a surface affects the average speed. I think T1, t2 etc means at second 1, second 2. This was done using a ...
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1answer
45 views

Sum of Digit squares

I like to create problems for myself, While playing with my calculator, I found the following result. Take any positive digit $a_0$, and let $a_n$ denote the sum of digit squares of $a_{n-1}$. Then ...
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2answers
264 views

Writing computer code in a mathematics paper.

I have some computer computations (using GAP) in my research which I would like to write in the paper. How should I go about it? Should I include the full working code or just the major algorithms? ...
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39 views

The optimal way of improving fluency in elementary maths techniques, whilst holding a 9-5 job?

As an example of someone who has discovered maths at a later point in my life than average, and who has (perhaps unusually?) proven the point that it is perfectly possible to study undergraduate ...
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2answers
137 views

How many digits do we need for a proof ??

In the question: Integral $\int_1^\infty\frac{\operatorname{arccot}\left(1+\frac{2\pi}{\operatorname{arcoth}x-\operatorname{arccsc}x}\right)}{\sqrt{x^2-1}}dx$, the value of that integral was ...
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2answers
209 views

In simple terms what is the sequence 220,171700,167167000,166716670000 a part of?

I know that <1,2,3,...,10>$\cdot$<1 0,9,8,...1>=220 <1,2,3,...,100>$\cdot$<100,99,98,...,1>=171700 <1,2,3,...,1000>$\cdot$<1000,999,998,...,1>=167167000 ...
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47 views

Book on higher-power trigonometric equation simplification techniques

Recently, I have become fascinated about learning techniques for simplifying experimentally derived trigonometric mathematical models that are raised to higher powers. Are there any good references ...
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18 views

How do I state a reduction in cost?

I have developed an algorithm and am having a hard time stating its benefit versus a baseline. Suppose that the baseline cost of solving the problem is 1000 seconds. Now suppose that my algorithm ...
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1answer
123 views

Interesting pattern that I found while finding dice that always roll a prime number

The original puzzle I was trying to solve is to find unique numbers to write on the faces of two dice such that the numbers you see on each dice after rolling sum to a prime. I realized that for this ...
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1answer
87 views

Unexpected data for primes?

I found some unexpected data for primes. Consider $p(n)$ being the product over all primes smaller than or equal to $n$. When factoring $p(n)^a +1$ for $a=1$ or $a=2$ we get the expected amount of ...
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344 views

Does $\pi$ satisfy the law of the iterated logarithm?

It is widely conjectured that $\pi$ is normal in base $2$. But what about the law of the iterated logarithm? Namely, if $x_n$ is the $n$th binary digit of $\pi$, does it seem likely (from ...
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1answer
140 views

Probability sequential terms of a linear congruential generator are coprime

I was following section 3.1.2 of the Structure and Interpretation of Computer Programming where they calculate $\pi$ using Cesàro's theorem that the probability two randomly chosen numbers are coprime ...
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1answer
146 views

Help with a different approach to extracting a polynomial equation from differences

It is well known that we can determine the degree of a polynomial can be found by finding when the differences are the same. i.e. if the second differences are the same, it is a polynomial of the 2nd ...
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1answer
55 views

Explanation over this simple equation, which involves multiplication of two square-roots

It was the time in schools, where we were taught about finding square roots of numbers. For a long time, i found the technique very difficult, so always used to find some shortcut to get rid of the ...
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4answers
614 views

Divide by a number without dividing.

Can anyone come up with a way to divide any given x by any given y without actually dividing? For example to add any given x to any given y without adding you would just do: $x-(-y)$ And to ...
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9answers
1k views

Free online mathematical software

What are the best free user-friendly alternatives to Mathematica and Maple available online? I used Magma online calculator a few times for computational algebra issues, and was very much satisfied, ...
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365 views

Reducibility of $x^{2n} + x^{2n-2} + \cdots + x^{2} + 1$

Just for fun I am experimenting with irreducibility of certain polynomials over the integers. Since $x^4+x^2+1=(x^2-x+1)(x^2+x+1)$, I thought perhaps $x^6+x^4+x^2+1$ is also reducible. Indeed: ...
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1k views

Unexpected approximations which have led to important mathematical discoveries

On a regular basis, one sees at MSE approximate numerology questions like Prove $\log_{{1}/{4}} \frac{8}{7}> \log_{{1}/{5}} \frac{5}{4}$, Prove $\left(\dfrac{2}{5}\right)^{{2}/{5}}<\ln{2}$, ...
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2answers
78 views

How to find length when viewing at some angle?

I have a question on angles. I have a rectangular tile. when looking straight I can find the width of the tile, but how do I find the apparent width when I see the same rectangular tile at some ...
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1answer
23 views

look for a metric for a two variable system

I have a series of experiments for different objects from the experiments let me put it in an abstract way there is a condition A for a specific object O the success rate/percentage is p(A) generally ...
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1answer
71 views

simplifying “$\prod_{a\in A}\sum_{b\in B_a}{h(a,b)}$”

Is this equality correct? For finite sets $A$ and $B_a$ (where $a\in A$), we have: $$\prod_{a\in A}\sum_{b\in B_a}{h(a,b)}=\sum_{f\in \prod_{a\in A}B_a}\quad \prod_{a\in A}{h(a,f(a))}$$
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124 views

Given $n+1\mid2\sum_{k=1}^{n}{a_k}$, find $a_k$.

Let $m$ be a positive integer. There are only 2 finite sequences of positive integers like $a_1,a_2,...,a_m$ such that $$(\forall n \leq m)\left(n+1\mid2\sum_{k=1}^{n}{a_k}, \quad a_n\in [1,m],\quad ...
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2answers
155 views

Congruent division of a shape in euclidean plane

Any triangle can be divided into 4 congruent shapes: http://www.math.missouri.edu/~evanslc/Polymath/WebpageFigure2.png An equilateral triangle can be divided into 3 congruent shapes. Questions: ...
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1answer
324 views

Yet another nested radical

Consider $$F(x) = \sqrt{x -\sqrt{2x - \sqrt{3x - \cdots}}}$$ I believe I can prove (with some handwaving) that $F$ does converge everywhere in $\mathbb{C}$ $\Im F = 0$ for sufficiently large real ...
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0answers
125 views

What would be the most useful BOINC project to help researchers?

There are some distributed computing projects like BOINC? What would be the most useful BOINC project to help mathematicians or are those just waste of energy and time?
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10answers
2k views

Mind-blowing mathematics experiments

We've all heard of some mind-blowing phenomena involving the sciences, such as the double-slit experiment. I was wondering if there are similair experiments or phenomena which seem very ...
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3answers
268 views

Probability of Random number selection

Suppose you are asked to pick any random real number. Then you have a choice to pick any number between -∞ and +∞, i.e, infinite numbers. The probability that you select a particular number n = 1/∞ = ...
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149 views

Tanh-Sinh integration in 2-dimensions.

I recently implemented a Tanh-Sinh quadrature integrator for a two dimensional integral, simply by integration first over the the first variable and then over the second. My question is whether or not ...
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2answers
668 views

Why is $\zeta(2) = \frac{\pi^2}{6}$ almost equal to $\sqrt{e}$? [closed]

Why is $\zeta(2) = \frac{\pi^2}{6}$ almost equal to $\sqrt{e}$? Experimenting a bit I also found $\zeta(\frac{8}{3}) \approx e^\frac{1}{4}$, $\zeta(\frac{31}{9}) \approx e^\frac{1}{8}$ and ...
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1answer
195 views

number of additive partition

I have a question related with number of additive partition or method similar like this: $$p(5)=1+4=2+3=1+1+1+1+1=1+1+1+2=1+2+2=1+1+3$$ For a given number $n$,if we are trying to calculate ...
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2answers
259 views

What experimental-mathematical problem would you try to solve if you had a supercomputer?

At the present moment, what open mathematical problem do you seriously think you could solve if you had a very powerful computer at your disposition? I mean something like the Four-Color Problem, i.e. ...
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3answers
1k views

Extract a Pattern of Iterated continued fractions from convergents

I have been working on an article at https://oeis.org/wiki/Table_of_convergents_constants where I posted a table of "convergents constants" (defined at https://oeis.org/wiki/Convergents_constant) ...
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1answer
167 views

Is there an explanation for the patterns formed by the binomial coefficients C(n+d-1,d) mod 512?

Simplicial sequences generalize the familiar "linear", "triangular", and "tetrahedral" number sequences. (A line segment is a 1-simplex, a triangle is a 2-simplex, a tetrahedron is a 3-simplex, and so ...
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581 views

Is there a real number lookup algorithm or service?

Is there a way of taking a number known to limited precision (e.g. $1.644934$) and finding out an "interesting" real number (e.g. $\displaystyle\frac{\pi^2}{6}$) that's close to it? I'm thinking of ...