0
votes
1answer
49 views

Pair of functions $F(x)$ (transcendental),$A(x)$ (algebraic) with expanded series of positive integer coefficient linked by derivative

$$F(x)=\sum_0^{\infty}b_k x^k,b_k\in \mathcal{N} \bigcup 0,\exists M \space b_k \leq M^k$$. $$A(x)=\sum_0^{\infty}a_k x^k,a_k\in \mathcal{N} \bigcup 0,\exists M \space a_k \leq L^k$$ where $F(x)$ is ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Distributive lattices (interpretation of distributivity)

Simple counter example Ok, there is a very simple counter-example ^^ : This lattice isn't distributive, because $M=x\wedge(a\vee b)=x>0=(x\wedge a)\vee(x\wedge b)=m$, but for all $n<N$ the ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Reference request: An example of a false conjecture with a very large number as the first counter example

I recall that there was some conjecture, something that I believe involved prime numbers, and was believed to be true (as it was checked up to a relatively large number) until a counter example was ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Where can I find good examples about Algebra (but not only): Usual counter-examples, but also limit cases, rare ones, etc [duplicate]

I recently discovered the importance of examples and couter-examples in mathematics. Where could I find good examples books or anything related to it ? I am particularly looking for rare limit-cases, ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Examples for Conditional Expectation (modern probability theory)

I'm in the process of learning about conditional expectation in the framework of modern probability theory. The sudden change brought about by the notion of conditional expectation being a function on ...
4
votes
1answer
83 views

Weakened associativity axiom: $(x * y) * z \leq x*(y*z).$

Call a partially ordered magma $(X,*)$ sub-associative iff it satisfies the following axiom. $$(x*y)*z \leq x*(y*z).$$ Basically, this is saying that we may shuffle brackets right to get a larger ...
2
votes
3answers
89 views

An example of a non first countable Fréchet-Urysohn space?

As the head title says, I need a Fréchet-Urysohn space but not first countable, (on the way, a good Text book to follow). Thanks.
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Reducing size of ODE system by using symmetries: examples, references help request.

We know: A high order differential equation can be expressed as an ODE system. Knowledge of a symmetry allow one to reduce the order of a differential equation. So if we do $n$-order ODE ...
1
vote
3answers
100 views

Examples of root, parabolic, and borel subgroups corresponding to roots

I'm interested in seeing a few examples of root, parabolic, and Borel subgroups given a specific reductive group $G$. Here is what I know. Let $G$ be a reductive algebraic group over an ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

An isometrie $\varphi: S_1\to S_2$ which cannot be extended into distance-preserving map

I'm searching for an example isometrie $\varphi: S_1\to S_2$($S_i$ are regular surfaces) which cannot be extended into distance-preserving maps $F: \Bbb R^3 \to \Bbb R^3$. A reference or hint will ...
2
votes
2answers
67 views

A non-UFD where we have different lengths of irreducible factorizations?

A unique factorization domain (UFD) is defined to be an integral domain where each element other than units and zero has a factorization into irreducibles, and if we have two such factorizations then ...
2
votes
4answers
134 views

Boolean prime ideal theorem and the axiom of choice

The Boolean prime ideal theorem is strictly stronger than ZF, and strictly weaker than ZFC. I'm looking for nice examples (like the existence of non-measurable set) that request at least that theorem ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Moduli space of stable principal $G$-bundles on a compact Riemann surface.

Let $C$ be a compact Riemann surface. I'm looking for some references in order to try to understand what is the moduli space of stable principal $G$-bundles on $C$, where $G$ is a simple Lie group. ...
4
votes
3answers
139 views

abstract algebra example book

It's very exciting when you can use the theory to solve "lower level" problems. For example, I'm looking forward to understanding why the quintic equation is not solvable. In the undergraduate ...
4
votes
1answer
204 views

List of proofs of non-trivial theorems which were unnoticed to be wrong for at least a few years

For example, the Weber's proof of Kronecker–Weber theorem. I would like to know such proofs. It seems to be important for me to remember that a widely accepted proof might be wrong.
5
votes
1answer
369 views

Two variable limits via paths - are there pathalogical examples?

In the first year calculus course at my university, we do not introduce the $\varepsilon$-$\delta$ definition of a limit. When considering the limit of a function of two variables, we resort to paths. ...
7
votes
3answers
531 views

Banach Algebra counterexample

Can someone give me an exemple of a Banach Algebra $\mathbb{A}$, for which there is no isometric representation in a Hilbert Space ? (with proof or references to proof) Thank you very much :)
3
votes
2answers
290 views

Interesting Problems for NonMath Majors

Sometime in the upcoming future, I will be doing a presentation as a college alumni to a bunch of undergrads from an organization I was in college. I did a dual major in mathematics and computer ...
7
votes
3answers
110 views

What questions become answerable/computable given an uncountable character set?

Having reached the concluding portion of my first course in real analysis, one subject that I feel was not adequately addressed was the issue of cardinalities. This is a subject I was interested in ...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

Worst category with first isomorphism?

I am no expert in category theory, but from VIII of Algebra: Chapter 0 I learnt that In an abelian category every $A\xrightarrow{\phi}B$ can be decomposed into \begin{equation}A\twoheadrightarrow ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Amenability of abelian and nonabelian groups.

Let $G$ be an abelian group. Is there any probability measure $\mu:\mathcal{P}(G)\to [0,\infty)$ such that for any $A\subseteq G$ and $x \in G$: $$\mu(A)=\mu(xA)$$ How if $G$ is not abelian? (do you ...
4
votes
0answers
67 views

Quotient-lifting properties

I borrowed this terminology from K. Conrad's article on series of subgroups, in which he discusses solvability of groups. This property of certain groups satisfies Let $N\triangleleft G$. Then ...
26
votes
1answer
826 views

Counterexample Math Books

I have been able to find several counterexample books in some math areas. For example: $\bullet$ Counterexamples in Analysis, Bernard R. Gelbaum, John M. H. Olmsted $\bullet$ Counterexamples in ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Duality between $[G,G]$ and $Z(G)$? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Center-commutator duality Let $G$ be a group. It seems that there is a certain duality between two of its normal subgroups, the commutator \begin{equation} ...
9
votes
1answer
352 views

Is there a counterexample to this weakened converse of Hall's theorem?

Suppose that a finite group $G$ contains a Hall $\{p,q\}$-subgroup for every pair of prime divisors $p,q$ of $|G|$. Does it follow that $G$ is solvable?
8
votes
2answers
245 views

What was Klein working on when he “replaces his Riemann surface by a metallic surface”?

I am reading The Value of Science by Poincare, and the following paragraph from Chapter I seems rather interesting: Look at Professor Klein: he is studying one of the most abstract questions of ...
7
votes
1answer
294 views

What are the requirements for separability inheritance

Suppose we have an arbitrary separable topological space $X$. What are some (possibly nonequivalent) minimal requirements to put on $X$ to ensure that every subspace of $X$ is separable? This is not ...
27
votes
5answers
721 views

Why does the Hilbert curve fill the whole square?

I have never seen a formal definition of the Hilbert curve, much less a careful analysis of why it fills the whole square. The Wikipedia and Mathworld articles are typically handwavy. I suppose the ...
1
vote
1answer
212 views

Reference: Compendium of interesting graphs

I've been writing a little about some results on graph theory, and I want some nice examples of applying the results to some interesting finite connected graphs to show how the results might be ...
4
votes
1answer
121 views

Bidual of a WSC space

Let $E$ be a Banach space which is weakly sequentially complete (i.e. each weak Cauchy sequence converges weakly). Must $E^{**}$ be weakly sequentially complete either? Of course, this question is ...
5
votes
2answers
849 views

Reflexive space which is not uniformly convex

I found this beautiful theorem (Milman-Pettis): Every uniformly convex Banach space is reflexive I think it's a remarkable statement, since uniformly convexity is a geometric property of the norm ...
13
votes
5answers
2k views

Intuitive meaning of Limit Supremum?

I am trying to understand the difference between the following two equations: $$\bar{P} = \limsup_{t \to \infty}\frac{1}{t} \sum_{\tau = 0}^{t-1}E\{P[\tau]\} < \infty$$ and $$\bar{P} = \lim_{t ...