For questions related to Euler's constant, which is defined to be the limiting difference between the natural logarithm and the harmonic series.

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40
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10answers
2k views

What is the fastest/most efficient algorithm for estimating Euler's Constant $\gamma$?

What is the fastest algorithm for estimating Euler's Constant $\gamma \approx0.57721$? Using the definition: $$\lim_{n\to\infty} \sum_{x=1}^{n}\frac{1}{x}-\log n=\gamma$$ I finally get $2$ decimal ...
38
votes
2answers
757 views

Evaluating $\int_{0}^{1}\cdots\int_{0}^{1}\left\{\frac{1}{x_{1}\cdots x_{n}}\right\}^{2}\:\mathrm{d}x_{1}\cdots\mathrm{d}x_{n}$

Here is my source of inspiration for this question. I suggest to evaluate the following new one. $$ I_{n}:= \int_{0}^{1} \! \cdots \! \int_{0}^{1} \left\{\frac{1}{x_{1}x_{2} \cdots ...
23
votes
6answers
3k views

What Gauss *could* have meant?

I was reading the Wikipedia entry on Euler's identity ($e^{i\pi}+1=0$) and I came across this statement: "The mathematician Carl Friedrich Gauss was reported to have commented that if this formula ...
13
votes
1answer
278 views

Prove that $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{(-1)^n}{n}\left\lfloor\frac{\log(n)}{\log(2)}\right\rfloor=\gamma$

Prove that $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{(-1)^n}{n}\left\lfloor\frac{\log(n)}{\log(2)}\right\rfloor=\gamma$$ Can we find a known value for ...
12
votes
1answer
652 views

Derivative of Riemann zeta, is this inequality true?

Is the following inequality true? $$\gamma -\frac{\zeta ''(-2\;n)}{2 \zeta '(-2\;n)} > \log (n)-\gamma$$ This for $n$ a positive integer, $n=1,2,3,4,5,...$, and more precisely when $n$ approaches ...
11
votes
3answers
479 views

Very challenging: max{floor,ceil}=?

I spotted a pattern while trying to generalize a problem. (EDIT: said problem has been removed from this post to avoid confusion. EDIT(2): Here is the problem again: ...
9
votes
8answers
674 views

“How I wish I could calculate pi” analogs…

You might know the mnemonic for $\pi$ in the title or even this more elaborated one: Sir, I bear a rhyme excelling In mystic force, and magic spelling Celestial sprites elucidate All my own ...
9
votes
2answers
190 views

Why does $\gamma=\lim_{s\to1^+}\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\left(\frac{1}{n^s}-\frac{1}{s^n}\right)=\lim_{s\to0}\frac{\zeta(1+s)+\zeta(1-s)}{2}$?

To be clear, I'm having trouble with proving both equalities, and would appreciate a hint. I'm also not sure why $1^+$ must be used as opposed to $1^-$. I'm not sure about the definition of $\zeta(x), ...
9
votes
3answers
145 views

Possible new definition of Gamma (Euler-Mascheroni Constant): $\lim_{x \to 0} (-\ln ( \sqrt[x]{x!} )) = \gamma$

I think I've discovered a new definition for the Euler-Mascheroni Constant (Gamma) I can't find it online anywhere, has anyone seen it before? $$\lim_{x \to 0} (-\ln ( \sqrt[x]{x!} )) = \gamma$$
9
votes
1answer
280 views

Is this Euler-Mascheroni constant calculation from double integrals a true identity?

A prime number is a number that is only divisible by itself and one, that is the number of divisors of a prime number is equal to $2$. One way to illustrate this is to plot a matrix such that if the ...
9
votes
1answer
142 views

An integral with $e^{1+e^x}$ I had trouble working through

I had an analysis test earlier this morning and came across this integral, which I couldn't figure out. Parts of it are easy, but after integrating $y$ you're left integrating $xe^{1+e^x}$ which had ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Has Euler's Constant $\gamma$ been proven to be irrational?

I found a paper by Kaida Shi called "A Proof: Euler’s Constant γ is an Irrational Number" which claims to have proven the irrationality of $\gamma$. I know people have been trying to prove that ...
8
votes
2answers
111 views

Why is $-\gamma = \int_0^1 \frac{e^{-z}-1}{z}dz+\int_1^\infty \frac{e^{-z}}{z}dz$

It seems like the sum of the two RHS integrals is "well known"$^\dagger$ to be Euler's constant: $$\gamma \equiv \int_1^\infty \frac{1}{\lfloor z\rfloor} - \frac{1}{z}dz \quad\stackrel{?}{=}\quad ...
7
votes
3answers
641 views

Integral representation of Euler's constant

Prove that : $$ \gamma=-\int_0^{1}\ln \ln \left ( \frac{1}{x} \right) \ \mathrm{d}x.$$ where $\gamma$ is Euler's constant ($\gamma \approx 0.57721$). This integral was mentioned in Wikipedia as in ...
6
votes
3answers
480 views

Limit of Zeta function

I'm looking for a reference for (or an elementary proof of) $$ \lim_{s \rightarrow 1} \left( \zeta(s) - \frac{1}{s-1} \right) = \gamma$$ Thanks for your help.
5
votes
6answers
196 views

Finding $\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \left[\frac{1}{2k}-\log \left(1+\frac{1}{2k}\right)\right]$

How do we find $$S=\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \left[\frac{1}{2k} -\log\left(1+\dfrac{1}{2k}\right)\right]$$ I know that $\displaystyle\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \left[\frac{1}{k} ...
5
votes
6answers
4k views

Is the integral of $\frac{1}{x}$ equal to $\ln(x)$ or $\ln(|x|)$?

The inconsistency I see between mathematical subjects is really confusing me. I understand that it isn't possible for $e^x$ to be less than zero for real $x$, which is probably why they say that the ...
5
votes
2answers
444 views

Equality with Euler–Mascheroni constant

While trying to prove integral with exponential function and logarithm in an alternative way, I came to this solution: $$\sum_{k=0}^{+\infty}(-1)^{k+1}\frac{\log (k+1)+\gamma }{(k+1)}.$$ As both ...
5
votes
2answers
116 views

Integral $\int_0^{\infty} \log(x) e^{-x^2} \mathrm{d}x = -\frac{1}{4}\sqrt{\pi} (\gamma + \log(4)).$

While trying to compute the expected value $E[\log(X)]$ for a normally distributed variable $X$ I found the following integral $$\int_{0}^{\infty}\log\left(x\right) {\rm e}^{-x^{2}}\,{\rm d}x =-\,{1 ...
5
votes
1answer
149 views

Define integral for $\gamma,\zeta(i) i\in\mathbb{N}$ and Stirling numbers of the first kind

Consider the integral $$\int\limits_0^{\infty}e^{-x}x^k\ln(x)^n\dfrac{dx}x$$ For $n=3$ we have ...
5
votes
1answer
189 views

A closed form for the series $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{H_n^2-(\gamma + \ln n)^2}{n}$

I have found a closed form for the following new series involving non-linear harmonic numbers. Proposition. $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \dfrac{H_n^2-(\gamma + \ln n)^2}{n} = ...
4
votes
4answers
452 views

Of all the possible combinations of positive numbers that sum to 10, which has the largest multiplication?

Of all the possible combinations of positive numbers that sum to 10, which has the largest multiplication? I had also got a clue: it's related to e. Please help! ...
4
votes
2answers
68 views

Is this a legal transformation?

To be found: $$\lim \left(1+\frac{2}{n}\right)^n$$ Presuppose $~~\lim \left(1+\frac{1}{n}\right)^n=e~~$ is already shown. Expanding the first equation: $$\lim ...
4
votes
1answer
159 views

Euler's Question

I came across this problem that I would like to ask you about: For which values $a>0$ does there $\exists$ a limit of the sequence $$a, a^{a},a^{a^{a}}, a^{a^{a^{a}}}...$$ Well this looks like a ...
4
votes
1answer
80 views

Intuitive reason for why the Gaussian integral converges to the square root of pi?

This is a very famous problem, which is commonly taught when students begin learning about multivariable integration in polar coordinates. However, it has always bothered me that we recieved such an ...
3
votes
2answers
163 views

Potence of Euler's Number

Show with help of the Bernoulli Inequality that $$\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}\left(1-\frac{1}{n^2}\right)^{n}=1$$ End with: $$\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}\left(1-\frac{1}{n}\right)^n=\frac{1}{e}$$
3
votes
1answer
69 views

Why is $\int |e^{ix}|^2 dx = x + C$?

Quick question: Wolfram Alpha tells me that $$\int |e^{ix}|^2 dx = x + C$$ Why is that?
3
votes
3answers
105 views

definition of the constant $e$

To my knowledge there are two possible ways to define $e^x$ $$e^x = \sum_{i=0}^{\infty}\frac{x^i}{i!}$$ $$e^x = \lim_{n \to \infty} \left(1 + \frac{x}{n}\right)^n$$ So my question is: Why does… ...
3
votes
4answers
183 views

Compute $\sum (1+\frac12+\dotsb+\frac1n-\ln (n+\frac12)-\gamma)$

Compute $$\sum_{n=1}^\infty \Big(1+\frac12+\dotsb+\frac1n-\ln (n+\frac12)-\gamma\Big)$$ where $\gamma$ is Euler's constant It seems to be difficult, I have no idea go get started Thank you very ...
3
votes
2answers
139 views

Need to show that $\lim_{x\to\infty}\left(\sum_{n\le x}^{}\frac{1}{n}-\ln x \right)$ exist and is less than $1$ [duplicate]

Need some help here. I need prove that the following limit exist and is less than $1$ $$\lim_{x\to\infty}\left(\sum_{n\le x}^{}\frac{1}{n}-\ln x\right)$$ I feel a little lost here, this is my first ...
3
votes
2answers
267 views

Elementary derivation of certian identites related to the Riemannian Zeta function and the Euler-Mascheroni Constant

Is the proof of these identities possible, only using elementary differential and integral calculus? If it is, can anyone direct me to the proofs? ( or give a hint for the solution ) ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

Asymptotics of coefficients $[x^n] \frac{1}{\Gamma(1+x)}$ as $n$ is great

I am interested in the behaviour, as $n$ is great, of the coefficients $g_n$ in the Maclauren expansion of $\displaystyle \frac{1}{\Gamma(1+x)} $. We have $$ \frac{1}{\Gamma(1+x)}=\sum_{n=0}^\infty ...
2
votes
3answers
120 views

Limit of an equation similar to the Euler's constant definition

$$ \lim_{n\to \infty} \left(2+\frac{1}{n}\right)^{n} = ? $$ I don't know even how to start this.
2
votes
2answers
172 views

Why is $1 + \frac{1}{2} + \frac{1}{3} + … + \frac{1}{n} \approx \ln(n) + \gamma$?

On StackExchange, I read that the harmonic series up to $\frac{1}{n}$ is approximately $\ln(n) + \gamma$, where $\gamma$ is the Euler-Mascheroni constant, which is close to $0.5772$. When I researched ...
2
votes
3answers
85 views

More accurate estimation of mathematical constant $e$

Very often in books and also on Wikipedia we can find that: $$e \approx \left(1+\frac{1}{n}\right)^n$$ but I want more accurate estimation, it means instead using $\approx$ I wonder if I can use ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Pole of Riemann zeta and Riemann zeta zeros, prove this relation.

Prove this relation: $$\displaystyle \lim_{s\to 1} \, \left(\zeta (s)-\frac{\zeta '(s-1+\rho _n)}{\zeta \left(s-1+\rho _n\right)}\right)=\gamma -\frac{\zeta ''(\rho _n)}{2 \zeta '(\rho ...
2
votes
1answer
929 views

Simple proof Euler–Mascheroni $\gamma$ constant

I'm searching for a really simple and beautiful proof that the sequence $(u_n)_{n \in \mathbb{N}} = \sum\nolimits_{k=1}^n \frac{1}{k} - \log(n)$ converges. At first I want to know if my answer is OK. ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Infinite product: $(1-0.5^2)(1-0.5^3)(1-0.5^4)…$

Find a closed form for the value of the infinite product $(1-0.5^2)(1-0.5^3)(1-0.5^4)...$ I know it converges. At first I thought it was the Euler–Mascheroni constant, but it's only accurate to about ...
2
votes
2answers
37 views

Zeta Function $\zeta(1\pm1/n)$ and Euler's constant.

How do I show that $$\lim_{n\to\infty}{\zeta(1+1/n)+\zeta(1-1/n)}=2\gamma$$ and $$\lim_{n\to\infty}{\zeta(1+1/n)-\zeta(1-1/n)}=\infty,$$ where $\gamma$ is the Euler's constant?
2
votes
2answers
67 views

Evaluate $a^i$ where $a$ is real:

I have a question involving the evaluation of $3^i$, but I am unsure how to do this. I know how to solve such questions involving $e^{i\theta}$, but how does this work with a different base? (I ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Does this have a name? (Regarding ways to calculate e)

Just wondering...came across this relationship regarding Euler's number in my math tinkerings, but I'm unaware if this particular relationship has a specific name or not: ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

Mertens Constant and Euler–Mascheroni constant

I found this titillating equation: $$M = \gamma + \sum_{p} \left[ \ln\! \left( 1 - \frac{1}{p} \right) + \frac{1}{p} \right]$$ where $\displaystyle M=\lim_{n \rightarrow \infty } \left( \sum_{p\,\leq ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

An Euler-Mascheroni-like sequence [duplicate]

How does one compute the limit of the sequence: $$\sum_{k = 0}^{n}\frac{1}{3k+1} - \frac{\ln(n)}{3}$$ I would apreciate a hint.
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Terms that cannot be solved for a variable

Yesterday our analysis professor told us you cannot solve $$ y = e^x+2/(1+x^2) $$ for x, but you have the option to approximate this numerically. He did not prove that, he just noted it. I can't ...
1
vote
2answers
122 views

Euler-Mascheroni constant: understanding why $\lim_{m\rightarrow \infty} \sum_{n=1}^{m} (\ln (1 + \frac{1}{n})-\frac{1}{n+1})= 1 - \gamma$

I am trying to understand why the Euler-Mascheroni constant $\displaystyle \gamma = \lim_{n \rightarrow \infty} \left ( \sum_{k=1}^n \frac{1}{k} - \ln n \right )$ is equal to $1 - \displaystyle ...
1
vote
2answers
75 views

Limit of ${x}^{\frac1{1-x}}$ as $x$ approaches 1

I have the following homework question, and I've been stuck on it for the last 2 hours. I have no idea how to find the answer. $$\lim\limits_{x\to1} {x}^{\frac1{1-x}}$$ I have tried manipulating the ...
1
vote
4answers
798 views

Explain this chain rule for differentiating $y=xe^{-kx}$

I am asked to differentiate $$y=xe^{-kx}$$ The answer I am given is $$e^{-kx}(-kx+1)$$ I understand that when e is differentiated, it remains the same. I also see the product rule, but I'm not sure ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

How to show $\gamma =\sum_{m=2}^{\infty}(-1)^{m}\frac{\zeta (m)}{m}$?

How to show $$\gamma =\sum_{m=2}^{\infty}(-1)^{m}\frac{\zeta (m)}{m}$$ where $\gamma $ is the Euler-Mascheroni constant and $\zeta (m)$ is the Riemann Zeta Function.
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Proving this identity $\gamma=1+\ln(\frac{1}{2})+\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}(-1)^{k+1}\frac{\zeta(k+1)-1}{k+1}$ where $\gamma$ is the Euler-Masceroni constant

I've seen this identity here $$ \displaystyle \gamma=1+\ln(\frac{1}{2})+\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}(-1)^{k+1}\dfrac{\zeta(k+1)-1}{k+1} $$ and I'd like to know how it is deduced. Could anyone help? Thanks. ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

An integral representation for $\psi$

Let $\displaystyle \gamma$ denote the Euler constant defined by $\displaystyle \gamma := \lim\limits_{n \to \infty} \left(\frac11+\frac12+\cdots+\frac1n- \log n\right)$. Here is an integral for ...