For questions related to Euler's constant, which is defined to be the limiting difference between the natural logarithm and the harmonic series.

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38
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10answers
2k views

What is the fastest/most efficient algorithm for estimating Euler's Constant $\gamma$?

What is the fastest algorithm for estimating Euler's Constant $\gamma \approx0.57721$? Using the definition: $$\lim_{n\to\infty} \sum_{x=1}^{n}\frac{1}{x}-\log n=\gamma$$ I finally get $2$ decimal ...
12
votes
1answer
213 views

Prove that $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{(-1)^n}{n}\left\lfloor\frac{\log(n)}{\log(2)}\right\rfloor=\gamma$

Prove that $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{(-1)^n}{n}\left\lfloor\frac{\log(n)}{\log(2)}\right\rfloor=\gamma$$ Can we find a known value for ...
9
votes
8answers
646 views

“How I wish I could calculate pi” analogs…

You might know the mnemonic for $\pi$ in the title or even this more elaborated one: Sir, I bear a rhyme excelling In mystic force, and magic spelling Celestial sprites elucidate All my own ...
9
votes
2answers
175 views

Why does $\gamma=\lim_{s\to1^+}\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\left(\frac{1}{n^s}-\frac{1}{s^n}\right)=\lim_{s\to0}\frac{\zeta(1+s)+\zeta(1-s)}{2}$?

To be clear, I'm having trouble with proving both equalities, and would appreciate a hint. I'm also not sure why $1^+$ must be used as opposed to $1^-$. I'm not sure about the definition of $\zeta(x), ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Has Euler's Constant $\gamma$ been proven to be irrational?

I found a paper by Kaida Shi called "A Proof: Euler’s Constant γ is an Irrational Number" which claims to have proven the irrationality of $\gamma$. I know people have been trying to prove that ...
8
votes
2answers
103 views

Why is $-\gamma = \int_0^1 \frac{e^{-z}-1}{z}dz+\int_1^\infty \frac{e^{-z}}{z}dz$

It seems like the sum of the two RHS integrals is "well known"$^\dagger$ to be Euler's constant: $$\gamma \equiv \int_1^\infty \frac{1}{\lfloor z\rfloor} - \frac{1}{z}dz \quad\stackrel{?}{=}\quad ...
8
votes
1answer
235 views

Is this Euler-Mascheroni constant calculation from double integrals a true identity?

A prime number is a number that is only divisible by itself and one, that is the number of divisors of a prime number is equal to $2$. One way to illustrate this is to plot a matrix such that if the ...
6
votes
3answers
416 views

Limit of Zeta function

I'm looking for a reference for (or an elementary proof of) $$ \lim_{s \rightarrow 1} \left( \zeta(s) - \frac{1}{s-1} \right) = \gamma$$ Thanks for your help.
6
votes
3answers
476 views

Integral representation of Euler's constant

Prove that : $$ \gamma=-\int_0^{1}\ln \ln \left ( \frac{1}{x} \right) \ \mathrm{d}x.$$ where $\gamma$ is Euler's constant ($\gamma \approx 0.57721$). This integral was mentioned in Wikipedia as in ...
5
votes
6answers
3k views

Is the integral of $\frac{1}{x}$ equal to $\ln(x)$ or $\ln(|x|)$?

The inconsistency I see between mathematical subjects is really confusing me. I understand that it isn't possible for $e^x$ to be less than zero for real $x$, which is probably why they say that the ...
5
votes
2answers
408 views

Equality with Euler–Mascheroni constant

While trying to prove integral with exponential function and logarithm in an alternative way, I came to this solution: $$\sum_{k=0}^{+\infty}(-1)^{k+1}\frac{\log (k+1)+\gamma }{(k+1)}.$$ As both ...
5
votes
2answers
88 views

Integral $\int_0^{\infty} \log(x) e^{-x^2} \mathrm{d}x = -\frac{1}{4}\sqrt{\pi} (\gamma + \log(4)).$

While trying to compute the expected value $E[\log(X)]$ for a normally distributed variable $X$ I found the following integral $$\int_0^{\infty} \log(x) e^{-x^2} \mathrm{d}x = -\frac{1}{4}\sqrt{\pi} ...
5
votes
1answer
143 views

Define integral for $\gamma,\zeta(i) i\in\mathbb{N}$ and Stirling numbers of the first kind

Consider the integral $$\int\limits_0^{\infty}e^{-x}x^k\ln(x)^n\dfrac{dx}x$$ For $n=3$ we have ...
4
votes
4answers
368 views

Of all the possible combinations of positive numbers that sum to 10, which has the largest multiplication?

Of all the possible combinations of positive numbers that sum to 10, which has the largest multiplication? I had also got a clue: it's related to e. Please help! ...
4
votes
1answer
146 views

Euler's Question

I came across this problem that I would like to ask you about: For which values $a>0$ does there $\exists$ a limit of the sequence $$a, a^{a},a^{a^{a}}, a^{a^{a^{a}}}...$$ Well this looks like a ...
3
votes
2answers
160 views

Potence of Euler's Number

Show with help of the Bernoulli Inequality that $$\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}\left(1-\frac{1}{n^2}\right)^{n}=1$$ End with: $$\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}\left(1-\frac{1}{n}\right)^n=\frac{1}{e}$$
3
votes
3answers
93 views

definition of the constant $e$

To my knowledge there are two possible ways to define $e^x$ $$e^x = \sum_{i=0}^{\infty}\frac{x^i}{i!}$$ $$e^x = \lim_{n \to \infty} \left(1 + \frac{x}{n}\right)^n$$ So my question is: Why does… ...
3
votes
2answers
130 views

Need to show that $\lim_{x\to\infty}\left(\sum_{n\le x}^{}\frac{1}{n}-\ln x \right)$ exist and is less than $1$ [duplicate]

Need some help here. I need prove that the following limit exist and is less than $1$ $$\lim_{x\to\infty}\left(\sum_{n\le x}^{}\frac{1}{n}-\ln x\right)$$ I feel a little lost here, this is my first ...
3
votes
2answers
194 views

Elementary derivation of certian identites related to the Riemannian Zeta function and the Euler-Mascheroni Constant

Is the proof of these identities possible, only using elementary differential and integral calculus? If it is, can anyone direct me to the proofs? ( or give a hint for the solution ) ...
2
votes
3answers
109 views

Limit of an equation similar to the Euler's constant definition

$$ \lim_{n\to \infty} \left(2+\frac{1}{n}\right)^{n} = ? $$ I don't know even how to start this.
2
votes
3answers
75 views

More accurate estimation of mathematical constant $e$

Very often in books and also on Wikipedia we can find that: $$e \approx \left(1+\frac{1}{n}\right)^n$$ but I want more accurate estimation, it means instead using $\approx$ I wonder if I can use ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Pole of Riemann zeta and Riemann zeta zeros, prove this relation.

Prove this relation: $$\displaystyle \lim_{s\to 1} \, \left(\zeta (s)-\frac{\zeta '(s-1+\rho _n)}{\zeta \left(s-1+\rho _n\right)}\right)=\gamma -\frac{\zeta ''(\rho _n)}{2 \zeta '(\rho ...
2
votes
1answer
244 views

Simple proof Euler–Mascheroni $\gamma$ constant

I'm searching for a really simple and beautiful proof that the sequence $(u_n)_{n \in \mathbb{N}} = \sum\nolimits_{k=1}^n \frac{1}{k} - \log(n)$ converges. At first I want to know if my answer is OK. ...
2
votes
2answers
63 views

Evaluate $a^i$ where $a$ is real:

I have a question involving the evaluation of $3^i$, but I am unsure how to do this. I know how to solve such questions involving $e^{i\theta}$, but how does this work with a different base? (I ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Does this have a name? (Regarding ways to calculate e)

Just wondering...came across this relationship regarding Euler's number in my math tinkerings, but I'm unaware if this particular relationship has a specific name or not: ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

An Euler-Mascheroni-like sequence [duplicate]

How does one compute the limit of the sequence: $$\sum_{k = 0}^{n}\frac{1}{3k+1} - \frac{\ln(n)}{3}$$ I would apreciate a hint.
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Outputting inequality with $e^x$

I many books I can find inequality which estimates $e$: $$\left(1+\frac{1}{n}\right)^n \lt e \lt \left(1+\frac{1}{n}\right)^{n+1}$$ I am wondering if correct is also to write: ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Terms that cannot be solved for a variable

Yesterday our analysis professor told us you cannot solve $$ y = e^x+2/(1+x^2) $$ for x, but you have the option to approximate this numerically. He did not prove that, he just noted it. I can't ...
1
vote
2answers
88 views

Euler-Mascheroni constant: understanding why $\lim_{m\rightarrow \infty} \sum_{n=1}^{m} (\ln (1 + \frac{1}{n})-\frac{1}{n+1})= 1 - \gamma$

I am trying to understand why the Euler-Mascheroni constant $\displaystyle \gamma = \lim_{n \rightarrow \infty} \left ( \sum_{k=1}^n \frac{1}{k} - \ln n \right )$ is equal to $1 - \displaystyle ...
1
vote
4answers
412 views

Explain this chain rule for differentiating $y=xe^{-kx}$

I am asked to differentiate $$y=xe^{-kx}$$ The answer I am given is $$e^{-kx}(-kx+1)$$ I understand that when e is differentiated, it remains the same. I also see the product rule, but I'm not sure ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

How to show $\gamma =\sum_{m=2}^{\infty}(-1)^{m}\frac{\zeta (m)}{m}$?

How to show $$\gamma =\sum_{m=2}^{\infty}(-1)^{m}\frac{\zeta (m)}{m}$$ where $\gamma $ is the Euler-Mascheroni constant and $\zeta (m)$ is the Riemann Zeta Function.
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Proving this identity $\gamma=1+\ln(\frac{1}{2})+\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}(-1)^{k+1}\frac{\zeta(k+1)-1}{k+1}$ where $\gamma$ is the Euler-Masceroni constant

I've seen this identity here $$ \displaystyle \gamma=1+\ln(\frac{1}{2})+\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}(-1)^{k+1}\dfrac{\zeta(k+1)-1}{k+1} $$ and I'd like to know how it is deduced. Could anyone help? Thanks. ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Identify Equation

I have a mathematical equation. Can anyone tell the function related to the equation? $$ \frac{1}{1+\exp\frac{x-u}{s}}$$ Any help is much appreciated. Thanks.
1
vote
1answer
131 views

Use Euler's method with step size 10^-n to estimate x(1), where f(x) is the solution of the initial-value problem below. f(x)=-x x(0)=1

Use Euler's method with step size $10^{-n}$ for $n=1,2,3,4.$ to estimate $x(1)$, where $f(x)$ is the solution of the initial-value problem below. $x'=f(x)=-x$ $x(0)=1$ EDIT / UPDATE: x_n+1=x_n + ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

About Abel Summation

http://arxiv.org/pdf/math/0504289v3.pdf Here i'm trying to understand page 5. Writer uses the abel sum to find the sum of the prime's reciprocals. So he founds the formula (2.2.1) Now here y=2 ...
0
votes
2answers
64 views

Asymtptotic limit of $e^x$ [closed]

I am looking for functions $A,B$ such that $$ A < e^x < B.$$ $A,B$ should be as close to $e^x$ as possible. I was trying to find something, but all I found was very distant. Can someone suggest ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

What is the limit of difference between harmonic series and natural logarithm of n+1?

I'm an undergraduate student in geology and I'm dealing with a project in math. The last question of the project gives me the harmonic series (An = 1 + 1/2 + ... + 1/n) and this natural logarithm L = ...
0
votes
2answers
28 views

How to plot a curve in complex plane that include e constant

I can understand how a complex numbers such as $10 + 7i$ can be plotted in complex plane with Imaginary and Real axis. But I have no idea how to approach this problem. I have been asked to plot ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Showing the correctness of inequality with $e$

Is true that always for every $x$ and $n, n\not=0$ this inequality is true: $$\left(1-\frac{1}{n}\right)^{x} \leq e^{-x/n}\;\;?$$ I have the doubt about the values of $n$ which are very close to $0$, ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Dynamic Sizing of Circles Along a Logarithmic Spiral

I have created an logarithmic spiral in HTML canvas, and plotted circles along it. Using your mouse scroll wheel you can zoom in and out of the spiral (which works) – but I am having problems updating ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

How do i prove the Euler-Mascheroni constant is positive?

Define $\gamma=\lim_{n\to\infty} \sum_{k=1}^n 1/k - ln(n)$. I know that $\gamma$ is nonnegative, but i don't know how to prove that it is positive.
0
votes
0answers
26 views

How to show that $-\int_0^\infty{\ln(x)\exp(-x)dx}=\gamma$ where $\gamma$ is the Euler's constant.

I know that the Euler's constant $\gamma$ is defined by the term $\lim\limits_{N\rightarrow\infty}{\left(\sum_{n=1}^{N}{\frac{1}{n}}-\ln N\right)}$. But I can't see how this term is equal to the ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Euler's method and Kutta's [duplicate]

dy/dx=xy2 given $y(0)=1$ (i) Find the analytical solution to this problem. (ii) Given that $y(1.4)=50$, use the modified Euler method to calculate $y(1.5)$. Take $h=0.1$ and work to 4 decimal place ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Arp Equation, simple, b = 0

I am working with Arp Equations. Letters slightly changed for simplicity/formatting purposes. \begin{equation} q(t) = \frac{A}{(1+bDt)^{1/b}} \end{equation} now when $b = 0$, how does the result end ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Practical significance of $e$ [duplicate]

We know, for example, the constant $\pi$ is the perimeter of a circle with diameter $1$ unit. In the similar manner how would we explain the constant $e$. I have searched a lot for it. But I couldn't ...
0
votes
2answers
46 views

Simplifying euler exponent?

How would I go about simplifying and finding the exact value for this question: $e^{6\ln(4)}$ I know that $e ^{\ln x} = x$ but how does the $6$ affect this answer?
0
votes
0answers
82 views

Continued fraction of $\gamma+1$ using recursion

Number $\gamma,$ the Euler-Mascheroni constant, is defined as the value of $$\gamma = \lim_{n\to\infty} \sum_{k=1}^n \frac{1}{k} - \ln(n).$$ We know that $$\lim_{n\to\infty} ...
0
votes
0answers
150 views

Help with interesting sum involving Euler's constant

Wikipedia gives an interesting infinite sum for Euler's constant $\gamma$ and I was wondering how one would evaluate this interesting sum. The sum is given as follows: Let $N_0 (x)$ and $N_1 (x)$ ...