For questions related to Euler's constant, which is defined to be the limiting difference between the natural logarithm and the harmonic series.

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3
votes
2answers
272 views

Elementary derivation of certian identites related to the Riemannian Zeta function and the Euler-Mascheroni Constant

Is the proof of these identities possible, only using elementary differential and integral calculus? If it is, can anyone direct me to the proofs? ( or give a hint for the solution ) ...
41
votes
10answers
2k views

What is the fastest/most efficient algorithm for estimating Euler's Constant $\gamma$?

What is the fastest algorithm for estimating Euler's Constant $\gamma \approx0.57721$? Using the definition: $$\lim_{n\to\infty} \sum_{x=1}^{n}\frac{1}{x}-\log n=\gamma$$ I finally get $2$ decimal ...
3
votes
2answers
139 views

Need to show that $\lim_{x\to\infty}\left(\sum_{n\le x}^{}\frac{1}{n}-\ln x \right)$ exist and is less than $1$ [duplicate]

Need some help here. I need prove that the following limit exist and is less than $1$ $$\lim_{x\to\infty}\left(\sum_{n\le x}^{}\frac{1}{n}-\ln x\right)$$ I feel a little lost here, this is my first ...
18
votes
1answer
264 views

A closed form for the series $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{H_n^2-(\gamma + \ln n)^2}{n}$

I have found a closed form for the following new series involving non-linear harmonic numbers. Proposition. $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \dfrac{H_n^2-(\gamma + \ln n)^2}{n} = ...
7
votes
3answers
542 views

Limit of Zeta function

I'm looking for a reference for (or an elementary proof of) $$ \lim_{s \rightarrow 1} \left( \zeta(s) - \frac{1}{s-1} \right) = \gamma$$ Thanks for your help.
7
votes
3answers
684 views

Integral representation of Euler's constant

Prove that : $$ \gamma=-\int_0^{1}\ln \ln \left ( \frac{1}{x} \right) \ \mathrm{d}x.$$ where $\gamma$ is Euler's constant ($\gamma \approx 0.57721$). This integral was mentioned in Wikipedia as in ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Simple proof Euler–Mascheroni $\gamma$ constant

I'm searching for a really simple and beautiful proof that the sequence $(u_n)_{n \in \mathbb{N}} = \sum\nolimits_{k=1}^n \frac{1}{k} - \log(n)$ converges. At first I want to know if my answer is OK. ...
49
votes
2answers
867 views

Evaluating $\int_{0}^{1}\cdots\int_{0}^{1}\left\{\frac{1}{x_{1}\cdots x_{n}}\right\}^{2}\:\mathrm{d}x_{1}\cdots\mathrm{d}x_{n}$

Here is my source of inspiration for this question. I suggest to evaluate the following new one. $$ I_{n}:= \int_{0}^{1} \! \cdots \! \int_{0}^{1} \left\{\frac{1}{x_{1}x_{2} \cdots ...
25
votes
6answers
3k views

What Gauss *could* have meant?

I was reading the Wikipedia entry on Euler's identity ($e^{i\pi}+1=0$) and I came across this statement: "The mathematician Carl Friedrich Gauss was reported to have commented that if this formula ...
11
votes
3answers
494 views

Very challenging: max{floor,ceil}=?

I spotted a pattern while trying to generalize a problem. (EDIT: said problem has been removed from this post to avoid confusion. EDIT(2): Here is the problem again: ...
5
votes
2answers
446 views

Equality with Euler–Mascheroni constant

While trying to prove integral with exponential function and logarithm in an alternative way, I came to this solution: $$\sum_{k=0}^{+\infty}(-1)^{k+1}\frac{\log (k+1)+\gamma }{(k+1)}.$$ As both ...
6
votes
6answers
4k views

Is the integral of $\frac{1}{x}$ equal to $\ln(x)$ or $\ln(|x|)$?

The inconsistency I see between mathematical subjects is really confusing me. I understand that it isn't possible for $e^x$ to be less than zero for real $x$, which is probably why they say that the ...
5
votes
1answer
150 views

Define integral for $\gamma,\zeta(i) i\in\mathbb{N}$ and Stirling numbers of the first kind

Consider the integral $$\int\limits_0^{\infty}e^{-x}x^k\ln(x)^n\dfrac{dx}x$$ For $n=3$ we have ...
3
votes
3answers
107 views

definition of the constant $e$

To my knowledge there are two possible ways to define $e^x$ $$e^x = \sum_{i=0}^{\infty}\frac{x^i}{i!}$$ $$e^x = \lim_{n \to \infty} \left(1 + \frac{x}{n}\right)^n$$ So my question is: Why does… ...
1
vote
1answer
141 views

Use Euler's method with step size 10^-n to estimate x(1), where f(x) is the solution of the initial-value problem below. f(x)=-x x(0)=1

Use Euler's method with step size $10^{-n}$ for $n=1,2,3,4.$ to estimate $x(1)$, where $f(x)$ is the solution of the initial-value problem below. $x'=f(x)=-x$ $x(0)=1$ EDIT / UPDATE: x_n+1=x_n + ...
0
votes
4answers
91 views

Proof that $ 3 > (1+\frac{1}{n})^n \geq 2$

I am studying computer science in first term, and i got a task that i was not able to solve for a long time now. I have to prove that $ 3 > (1+\frac{1}{n})^n>=2$ for every $n \in ...