geometry assuming the parallel postulate of Euclid: in a plane, given a line and a point not on that line, there is exactly one line parallel to the given line through the given point.

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What's a bi-rhombus?

Please, our class is desperate. We need to know what is a bi-rhombus. Our teacher asked us to do a graded project involving this
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What is the ratio of the side length of a regular hepatgon to the side length of the internal heptagon?

Given a regular heptagon with side length 1, create a star heptagon by connecting every vertice. Note that removing the "points" of the star yields a similar heptagon. I want to know the side ...
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37 views

Circle with perpendicular chords

A blue circle is divided into $100$ arcs by $100$ red points such that the lengths of the arcs are the positive integers from $1$ to $100$ in an arbitrary order. Prove that there exists two ...
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How can I find the volume of prism: $V = \frac{(a + b + c)Q}{3} $

In the book Handbook of Mathematics (I. N. Bronshtein, pg 194), we have without proof. If the bases of a triangular prism are not parallel (see figure) to each other we can calculate its volume by ...
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29 views

can you help me solve my menu board dilemma?

If I have a menu board that measures 35 3/8 $\times$ 71 5/8 and I need to cut in 3 equal pieces, what measurements should each piece be?
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Show a complex equation has one or two roots

Let $a$ $\neq$ $0$, $b,$ and $c$ be complex constants. Show that the quadratic equation $az^2+bz+c=0$ has one or two roots. My thoughts: Let $a=a_1+ia_2,$ $b=b_1+ib_2,$ and $c=c_1+ic_2$. I also ...
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1answer
24 views

To use Vieta's formula for complex constant solution or not?

Let $b$ and $c$ be complex constants such that $z^2$ + $bz$ + $c$ = $0$ has two different real roots. Show $b$ and $c$ are real. I think I need to be using Vieta's formula, however I have solved it ...
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1answer
40 views

The point of contact between a line with a circle

My question is: I have a circle of radius 40 and a line which the circle is tangent to. So, if I take a circle of radius 80, do the two circles have the same point of contact? I mean: do they (my ...
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1answer
38 views

A construction of a triangle mapping with a homothety

Given an acute triangle $ABC$ draw a triangle $PQR$ such that $AB=2PQ,BC=2QR,CA=2RP$, and the lines $PQ,QR,RP$ pass through $A,B,C$ respectively. Note $A,B,C,P,Q,R$ are distinct. This is a problem ...
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47 views

How do 3 points define a plane?

I was solving a combinatorics problem which asked me to find the number of planes that can be constructed from a set of 25 points such that no 4 points in the set of 25 points are co-planar and then I ...
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2answers
36 views

Is it appropriate to apply Euclidean Distance to Complex Numbers?

Would complex numbers be considered as part of Euclidean Space? Would this measurement give an accurate result? If not, what would be a more appropriate distance measurement/similarity measure with ...
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39 views

Is for open connected $U$ the set $U_\varepsilon$ for small $\varepsilon$ connected?

Let for an open connected subset $U\subset \mathbb R^n$ and a number $\varepsilon >0$: $$ U_\varepsilon=\{x\in U: dist (x, \partial U)> \varepsilon \}. $$ Then $U_\varepsilon$ is open but in ...
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1answer
35 views

Roundness in Taxicab Geometry

I was just wondering whether circles are considered "round" still in taxicab geometry. I know that "roundness" is probably not a well-defined term and I know what a circle /appears/ to look like in ...
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3answers
48 views

Euclidean “straight line” calculation

Please see image first.. I have as input the following (I presume these are in effect Euclidean coordinates): The angle and the length of the red line. The angle and the length of the green ...
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1answer
237 views

Bounding box enclosing circles, that complies with ratio constraints

Given a circle centered at $A$, with radius $R_a$ and another radius $R_b$, I need to find a center for circle $B$ such that both circles are tangential, and the bounding box including both circles ...
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255 views

Tangent and angle bisectors

The tangent to the incircle of a triangle ABC is reflected about the external angle bisectors. Show that the triangle formed by the resulting 3 lines is congruent to ABC .
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Find the coordinates in an isosceles triangle

Given: $A = (0,0)$ $B = (0,-10)$ $AB = AC$ Using the angle between $AB$ and $AC$, how are the coordinates at C calculated?
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1answer
30 views

is there a higher dimensional analogue of the first isogonic center?

I'm curious to know if, given four points $a, b, c, d$, you can always find a point $p$ such that last lines $pa, pb, pc, pd$ form equal angles pairwise. I'd also appreciate resources on 3d geometry ...
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5k views

Finding the area of a quadrilateral

I have a quadrilateral whose four sides are given $2341276$, $34374833$, $18278172$, $17267343$ units. How can I find out its area? What would be the area?
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391 views

IMO 2014 problem 3, first day

Convex quadrilateral $ABCD$ has $\angle ABC = \angle CDA = 90^{\circ}$. Point $H$ is the foot of the perpendicular from $A$ to $BD$. Points $S$ and $T$ lie on sides $AB$ and $AD$, respectively, such ...
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464 views

Center of Mass of Quadrilateral

I recently started studying Mass Points and the question arose: If you have a quadrilateral with a mass of 1 at each vertex, how do you locate the center of mass. I had several approaches but I was ...
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Derive formula for coordinates of internal and external centers of similitude.

Given 2 circles $(x - x_1)^2 + (y - y_1)^2 = r^2$ and $(x - x_2)^2 + (y - y_2)^2 = r'^2$ (with radii $r, r'$) coordinates of the internal and external centers of similitude $C_i, C_e$ are given by ...
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1answer
26 views

Unique Euclidean isometry between affinely independent points

Let $u_0,\dots,u_n$ be vectors in $\mathbb{R}^n$ such that $u_1-u_0,\dots,u_n-u_0$ are linearly independent and similarly let $v_0,\dots,v_n$ be vectors in $\mathbb{R}^n$ such that ...
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4answers
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Complex Numbers: Im$(\frac{12}{z-7})=1$

Sketch and describe the set of complex numbers satisfying $$Im(\frac{12}{z-7})=1$$ where $z=x+iy$ The answer should be in circle form. Here is what I have so far: $$Im(12)=z-7$$ $$Im(12)=x+iy-7$$ ...
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Banach Tarski paradox in Minkowski space

The Banach - Tarski paradox states: 'A three-dimensional Euclidean ball is equidecomposable with two copies of itself.' My simple question is: Does this paradox hold his validity also in the Minkowski ...
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1answer
46 views

Solution for the value of an angle of a triangle ABC

Find value of angle m< DBC Where $$BD=DC=AC$$ $$2(m\langle BAC)=14(m\langle ABD)=7(m\langle BCD)$$ I tried hard but im out of ideas now, I know the answer is 20 but I want to know how, thanks ...
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34 views

A mixtilinear tangency

Let ABC be a triangle with incircle $\gamma$ and circumcircle $\Gamma$. Let $\Omega$ be the circle tangent to rays $AB, AC,$ and to $\Gamma$ externally, and let $A^{\prime}$ be the tangency point of ...
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2answers
460 views

How to make a perpendicular construction in 3 moves?

I've been playing Euclid: The Game for some time now. I'm quite addicited to it, trying to get all the records now. Suprisingly, I'm not able to get a record for some really early level. In Level 4 ...
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1answer
543 views

How to plot N points on the surface of a D-dimensional sphere roughly equidistant apart?

Let's say I have a D-dimensional sphere with a radius R. I want to plot N number of points evenly distributed (equidistant apart from each other) on the surface of the sphere. It doesn't matter where ...
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About Euclid's Elements and modern video games

Update (6/19/2014) $\;$ Just wanted to say that this idea that I posted more than a year ago, has now become reality at: http://euclidthegame.com/ 12.292 users have played it in 96 different ...
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Find close points by grouping points in n-dimensional space

I know I already asked a similar question over here: Finding the closest point in a set to another point in n-dimensional space: efficiently But now my question is different. I have many points ...
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1answer
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euclid's 13th proposition

Euclid's 13th Proposition goes as : Proposition 13. If a straight-line stood on a(nother) straight-line makes angles, it will certainly either make two rightangles, or (angles whose sum is) equal ...
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1answer
78 views

Circumcircle of an isosceles triangle and length relation

I was asked to prove the following problem. Consider the following diagram where a triangle $ABC$ lies inside its circumcircle, $D$ is the point where the angle bisector $\alpha$ of $B$ intersects ...
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98 views

Fair division of an octagon

A land-plot belongs to two partners. Its form is a regular octagon with area 1. They want to divide it such that one gets area $p$ and one gets area $1-p$, where $p \in (0,1)$ is a given constant. ...
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48 views

Finding the closest point in a set to another point in n-dimensional space: efficiently

I'm a programmer and am working on writing an efficient algorithm that, given a point P in n-dimensional space, can find the closest point from a set of points. For ...
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1answer
576 views

Intersection of Two Circles

I have two circles as: $C_1: (x-x_1)^2+(y-y_1)^2=r_1^2$ and $C_2: (x-x_2)^2+(y-y_2)^2 =r_2^2$ and these circles have non-empty intersection. In other words $\sqrt{(x_1-x_2)^2+(y_1-y_2)^2}\leq ...
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278 views

Find locus of points relating to an ellipse

I would like to find the equation of the following locus. For a big circle C centered at (0,0), the locus of points that the sum of distances to Y-axis and to C is 1, say in the first quadrant, is ...
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Is taking the Euclidean norm of multiple Euclidean norms equivalent to taking the Frobenius norm?

I'm just a programmer venturing into the world of norms (is that even a thing?) here, and am wondering if two formulas are equivalent. Please forgive my ignorance! Suppose we have a $10\times3$ ...
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Rotation of an equation

Problem: Suppose a line $L$ is given by the equation $\frac{x}{a} + \frac{y}{b}=1$, where $a$ and $b$ are non-zero real numbers. Let $\Re_{\frac{\pi}{2}}$ be the counterclockwise rotation of the ...
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What do you call a projection of a hyperplane into a finite hypercube that keeps paraxial lines straight?

Similar to the Poincaré disc for hyperbolic space, is there a bijection from $\mathbb{R}^n$ into, say, $[-1,1]^n$, while any paraxial orthotope in $\mathbb{R}^n$ remains a paraxial orthotope after the ...
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1answer
26 views

Dilation proof verification

I am wanting to verify the proof below; can someone please tell me if they agree with the way I have argued this or if I have made any incorrect assumptions (and where they are). Thanks!! A ...
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1answer
44 views

Show every dilation is a non-constant linear function.

A dilation of reals is a function $f:\Re \mapsto \Re$ such that for some constant $c\neq0$ one has $|f(x)-f(y)|=c\ast|x-y|$ for all $x,y\in\Re$. Show that every non-constant linear function is a ...
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How to establish this result using induction?

A point $(x,y)$ in the plane is called a lattice point if both coordinates $x$ and $y$ are integers. Let $P$ be a polygon whose vertices are lattice points. Then the area of $P$ is $I + \frac{1}{2}B ...
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41 views

Square inscribed in a circle and an angle

Consider this badly drawn picture and the circle in the picture. Suppose that the circle has unit length, so that the area is $\pi$. Suppose that We know that the area enclosed by $ABCD$ is exactly ...
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781 views

calculating volume of a horizontal cylindrical tank from depth

Has anyone found a good formula to convert a depth of fluid to a volume remaining in a tank for a cylindrical tank laying horizontal? (with or without half sphere end caps) Much Thanks!
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Express the length of the as a function of x

I am having problems understanding how to extract this information into a formula. ...
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1answer
863 views

Does there exist a copy of Euclid's Elements with modern notation and no figures?

I am working through Euclid's Elements for fun, but I find the propositions difficult to understand without referencing the provided figures. Unfortunately, the figures usually give away the proofs, ...
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What are the coordinates of a point on a rigid body after a rotation in 3D Euclidean space, given the initial coordinates and a center of rotation

Main question Let ($x_p$, $y_p$, $z_p$) be the initial coordinates of a point $P$ on a rigid body in a right-handed 3D Euclidean space. Let ($x_r$, $y_r$, $z_r$) be the coordinates of a center of ...
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2answers
65 views

A question about 4 concyclic points

In a triangle $ABC$, let $I$ denote its incenter. Points $D, E, F$ are chosen on the segments $BC, CA, AB$, respectively, such that $BD + BF = AC$ and $CD + CE = AB$. The circumcircles of triangles ...
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A Modern Alternative to Euclidean Geometry

First of all, I want to master Geometry, I have knowledge on high school geometry and I was thinking of learning Euclidean Geometry. I bought a copy of Euclid's Elements, it is very interesting, ...