geometry assuming the parallel postulate of Euclid: in a plane, given a line and a point not on that line, there is exactly one line parallel to the given line through the given point.

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Prove that there exist 4 such planes which form a tetrahedron containing P.

Let $P \subset \Bbb{R}^3$ be a convex polytope such that of the planes spanned by the faces, every $3$ intersect at a point, but no $4$ intersect. Prove that there exist $4$ such planes which form a ...
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61 views

prove that all line can be intersected with a unit circle

I need to solve this problem.. from geometry. suppose there are n lines in the plane such that every three of them can be intersected with a unit circle. Prove that all of them can be intersected ...
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306 views

Interesting locus

Consider an acute triangle $ABC$ and non-constant(*) point $P$ on $AB$. Take then points $D$ and $E$ on $AC$ and $BC$ respectively such that $\angle DPA=\angle EPB=\angle ACB$. Let $M$ be the ...
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find the side of this equilateral triangle with an point inside.please help me. [duplicate]

Triangle $ABC$ is an equilateral triangle and $P$ is an arbitrary point inside it. The distance from $P$ to $A$ is $4$ and the distance from $P$ to $B$ is $6$ and the distance from $P$ to $C$ is $5$. ...
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1answer
55 views

Determine all the integer solutions to $23x + 39y = 2$

I would like to calculate all the solutions to this equation using Euclides' algorithm and linear combination after finding the GCD. I suppose it's easy, but I'm a beginner. $23x + 39y = 2$
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1answer
45 views

Test if a point is inside a 3D cuboid

I have a cuboid in 3D space, it is not regular at all. I do have the coordinates of its 8 vertices and my problem is how to determine a given point coordinate is inside or outside this cuboid. I ...
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35 views

Prove Proposition I.7 of Euclids for the case where D lies in the interior of triangle ABC

Prove that Given triangle ABC with apex C, we cannot construct another triangle ABD with D lying in the interior of ABC Is this proven the same way as if D lies on the same side of AB? I have it ...
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2answers
56 views

Trisecting a Triangle

Given a (non-degenerate) triangle $PQR$ in the Euclidean plane, does there exists a point $A$ in the interior of the triangle such that, the triangles $APQ$, $AQR$, and $ARP$ have same area? If it ...
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39 views

Number of faces $F$, edges $E$ in a polyhedron.

A polyhedron has the property that three edges intersect in six of its nodes, while four edges intersect in the remaining node, what are the number of edges and faces in the polyhedron? I've gone ...
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3answers
110 views

Diameter of a circle touching three inner circles of diameter 1

If the diameters of three three inner circle are $1$ meter, what is the radius of the big circle? (Note: the OP provided own answer below, after getting a hint).
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1answer
47 views

Bisectors problem

I need help with this geometric problem. Given triangle ABC. CM is the bisector of $\angle ACB, M\in AB$ and $CN, N\in AB$ is the bisector of the suplementary angle of $\angle ACB$. B is between M and ...
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46 views

Calculating weighted Euclidean distance with given weights

This question is regarding the weighted Euclidean distance. I have three features and I am using it as three dimensions. I need to place 2 projects named A and B in this 3 dimensional space and ...
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98 views

Similar Triangles Proof - How to tackle proofs?

Well, I know it is repetitive.I have read the proof from different textbooks.But sometimes I feel doubtful about it all.Every time I try to prove it for myself, I fail at some points.I'm asking those ...
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1answer
45 views

Projecting line onto edge of ellipse?

I feel like the answer to this should be fairly simple, but I am absolutely hitting a brick wall here. I have a line, with angle $\beta$ and origin $(x_l, y_l)$. I have a rotated ellipse, with major ...
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2answers
106 views

The concurrence of angle bisector, median, and altitude in an acute triangle

$ABC$ is an acute triangle. The angle bisector $AD$, the median $BE$ and the altitude $CF$ are concurrent. Prove that angle $A$ is more than $45$ degrees. Here $D,E,F$ are points on $BC,CA,AB$ ...
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1answer
47 views

Difference between Euclidean space and $\mathbb R^3$

What is the difference between Euclidean space and $\mathbb R^3$? I have found in some books that they are the same, but in other references like Wikipedia, it says that a vector in $\mathbb R^3$ is ...
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1answer
45 views

Sum of Determinants = Scalar product with normal vector?

Today I have seemingly simple question and maybe someone knows the answer without getting into messy calculations. So we have $n$ vectors $v_1,\dots,v_n\in\mathbb{R}^n$ and let us assume for the ...
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4answers
71 views

Two overlapping squares

$ABCD$ is a square. $BEFG$ is another square drawn with the common vertex $B$ such that $E,\ F$ fall inside the square $ABCD$. Then prove that $DF^2=2\cdot AE^2$.
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69 views

Shortest path between two points via two disks

Hallo everybody, I have the following problem regarding shortest paths in $R^2$. Suppose you are given two points $p$ and $q$ and two unit disks, as in the picture. I am looking for a path from ...
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1answer
51 views

exercises for Euclid's Elements

Can you suggest some books with exercises related to Euclid's Elements, or to Euclidean Geometry, as an aid to an undergraduate course on Euclidean Geometry and its history? I need exercises that ...
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1answer
59 views

Geometry question pertaining to a plane going through the skeleton of a cube

My question is as follows: a plane that has taken the shape of a pentagon is intersecting the skeleton of the cube. Or I guess we could think of it as a cross section. Points $M$ and $N$ were used ...
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246 views

Which statements are equivalent to the parallel postulate?

I would like to have a long-ish list of statements that are equivalent to the parallel postulate. If a line segment intersects two straight lines forming two interior angles on the same side that ...
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72 views

There exist a bijection between the Real numbers and points of a straight

Assuming that we are building our geometry on the axioms of Euclid/Hilbert, and using either the Dedeking or Cauchy construction of the reals, how can one prove this statement? I've looked up on the ...
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2answers
93 views

Visually understanding the formula for the distance from a point to plane.

Ok, so we know that if we have an arbitrary point, $p$, and a normal perpendicular to an arbitrary plane, $n$, the distance from the point to the plane can be computed as follows: $$distance = p ...
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1answer
49 views

Is there a name for this point?

I found the following problem interesting: In a three villages $A$, $B$ and $C$ there are $a,b$ and $c$ pupils respectively. Where should one build the school such that the total length of pupils ...
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Propagating a 3d vector to a spcific point in a 2d plane

I have an $xyz$ point $P$, and a 3d vector pointing from it denoted by $N$. I want to propagate the vector forward to a certain point in the $xy$ plane and calculate the corresponding value of $z$. ...
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2answers
54 views

Find the value of $a$.

please help I'm lost on what numbers to add or what formula to use
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1answer
129 views

I need to find the value of x. Im only given the a degree how would you solve this?

this is the link to the triangle that is connected to the question. What is the value x?
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2answers
56 views

How to find the area of an isosceles triangle without using trigonometry?

I have an isosceles triangle with equal sides $10$ unit, angle between them is $30^\circ$. I need to be confirmed that the area of this triangle can be found in any method other than using any kind ...
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1answer
70 views

Is there anything we can add to the present Euclidean Geometry?

I did not study the detail history of Euclid. As far as I know, the geometry starts from a few postulates and keeps on expanding (through theorems developing) to the present state. Even with these ...
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2answers
67 views

Constructing two tangents to the given circle from the point A not on it

I'm trying to complete Level 21 from euclid the game: http://euclidthegame.com/Level21/ The goal is to construct two tangents to the given circle from the point A not on it. So far I've figured ...
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18 views

Convert Euler angles from one group of rotation axes to another

I have Z-X-Z Euler angles which I would like to convert to X-Y-X Euler angles. What would be the formula for that? The exact choice of source and target rotation axis is not important, I just wish to ...
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RFC: Proof relating area to intersection of points.

this is the first time I used latex. Please excuse the rough edges. I asked a question about this problem here: Relating area to a line intersecting with a point. but I think I was able to find a ...
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1answer
49 views

Can any vertex of an isosceles triangle represent the centre of a circle, and the base vertices represent points on the circumference of that circle?

This question occurred to me doing this circle geometry problem, and I was wondering if anyone could clear it up. Geometrically, it seems it would make sense, provided that 2 sides are equal (equal ...
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1answer
85 views

Distance between two barycentric coordinates

I am developing a system, and generally in this system we examine the effect of a number of factors on our data. We choose to use Barycentric coordinates to help us to achieve that. I have no problem ...
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2answers
145 views

Simple 9-th grade geometry problem

I have a geometry problem which states that Find the range of $x$ in following figure. Given that $AD$ and $AC$ are equal, and the values and angles are also given. How to estimate the range ...
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Is there an algorithm that, given a point cloud, infers an optimal wireframe (surface) structure?

I have a point cloud that I would like to convert to a surface, in the form of a wireframe lattice structure. This means, from a sequence of 3D points (x,y,z), obtaining three 2D matrices X,Y,Z of ...
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1answer
47 views

dot product of vectors with not orthogonal basis

The dot produt (inner product in the context of Euclidean space) of two vectors $\mathbf{a}=\left [ a_{1},a_{2},...,a_{n} \right]$ and $\mathbf{b}=\left [ b_{1},b_{2},...,b_{n} \right ]$ is defined ...
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1answer
40 views

Relating area to a line intersecting with a point.

I really could use a hint with this following problem: If a line L separates a parallelogram into two regions of equal areas, then L contains the point of intersection of the diagonals of the ...
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1answer
102 views

Incentre and excentre of a triangle

Prove that the triangle formed by the points of contact of the sides of a given triangle with the excircles corresponding to these sides is equivalent to the triangle formed by the points of contact ...
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63 views

Equivalent descriptions of “flat space with non Euclidean metric” and “curved space with (local) Euclidean metric”: the case of Minkowski space.

FIRST: I start with the guiding idea: 1. we have the surface of a paraboloid (z = x2 + y2); its metric, in an infinitesimal neighbourhood of one of its points is (we can choose it) EUCLIDEAN; now, ...
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3answers
77 views

Equation of rectangle

I need equation of a rectangle on the Cartesian coordinate system. Is there an equation for a rectangle? for example equation of ellipse is $$\frac{x^2}{a^2} + \frac{y^2}{b^2} = 1$$
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1answer
20 views

Solving the following relation in triangle

If a line through the centroid $G$ of a triangle ABC meets $AB$ in $M$ and $AC$ on $N$ then prove that $AN. MB+AM. NC=AM. AN$ both in magnitude as well as sign I tired dividing the equation by $AM. ...
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1answer
36 views

Function on plane with incenter

Let $f$ be a function from the set of all points on the plane to the nonzero real numbers. Suppose that for any triangle $ABC$ with incenter $I$, we have that $f(I)=f(A)f(B)f(C)$. What are the ...
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26 views

Bisector of a triangle

From A, perpendiculars AX, AY are drawn to the bisectors if the exterior angles of B and C of triangle ABC. Prove that XY parallel to BC
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41 views

Doubts about locus and its equation

Two points A and B with $(1,1)$ and $(-2,3)$ respectively are given.find the locus of point P.So that area of $\Delta$PAB is 9 square units. answer is :- $2x+3y+13=0$ or $2x+3y-23=0$. how i tried:- i ...
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Geometry : find the points of tangency between two lines and two circles [closed]

I have a programming problem. I need to find the intersection points between two lines tangent to two circles and the circles! I have the circles' radiuses and centers. So I need points ...
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3answers
88 views

Average distance from a point in a ball to a point on its boundary

What variety of methods are readily available to find the average distance from a point in $\{ (x,y,z) : x^2+y^2+z^2 \le r^2 \}$ to the point $(0,0,r)$? I just worked this out and got $6r/5$. Later ...
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1answer
55 views

How to embed this circle tangent to the other circles?

I want to construct a circle that would be tangent to the $3$ circles and would have its diameter lie somewhere on the segment $BI$. $EF$ includes the diameters of the $3$ given circles. $EB=BF$. ...
3
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2answers
50 views

What is the ratio of the side length of a regular hepatgon to the side length of the internal heptagon?

Given a regular heptagon with side length 1, create a star heptagon by connecting every vertice. Note that removing the "points" of the star yields a similar heptagon. I want to know the side ...