Estimation theory is a branch of statistics and signal processing that deals with estimating the values of parameters based on measured/empirical data that has a random component.

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60 views

MLE of variance for a spherical Gaussian

I am trying to implement the X-Means clustering algorithm. In it, the authors use the BIC to determine which model fits the data best. It is explained here: ...
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113 views

Sum of variances of multinomial distribution.

I've k fair coins, and I would like to know the number of heads obtained in $n$ trials. But that is simple binomial distribution. But if I want to find out how much it varies from binomial ...
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64 views

Hammersley–Chapman–Robbins bound for Rice distribution

I am trying to evaluate the Hammersley–Chapman–Robbins bound for the variance of an unbiased estimate $\hat{\alpha}$ of $\alpha$ (for a given $\sigma$) for the Rice distribution: $$p(x|\alpha,\sigma) ...
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114 views

Expectation of inverse of a symmetric matrix with gaussian elements

Is there any way to calculate: \begin{equation} \mathbb{E} \; ( H^{T}H )^{-1} \end{equation} assuming that the entries of the matrix $H$ are gaussian random variables with unknown means but same ...
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32 views

Rao-Blackwell improvement for a nonrandomized estimator

Context: please consider a parametric statistical model $(\mathcal{Y},\{P_\theta:\theta\in\Theta\})$ and suppose that we are estimating $g(\theta)$. Associated with this is the set of decisions ...
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41 views

On the finite expectation of a function

Let $y_i$, $i=1,\dots,n$, be independent Gaussian rv's of mean $\theta_i$ and variance $\sigma^2$ and let $\mathbf{y}:=[y_1,\dots,y_n]^\top$. Consider the function $f\colon \mathbb{R}^n\to ...
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105 views

When to use Central Limit Theorem or Cramers Theorem

In for example this paper the authors say The central limit theorem provides an estimate of the probability \begin{align} P\left( \frac{\sum_{i=1}^n X_i - n\mu}{\sigma \sqrt{n}} > x \right) ...
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39 views

asymptotic unbiasedness of weibull mle

It's known that the MLEs of the two-parameter Weibull distribution scale and shape parameters are not available in a closed form. It is, however, known that they do exist, are unique, and moreover, ...
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78 views

asymptotic normality and unbiasedness of mle

Suppose $\hat{\theta}_n$ is the MLE for some parameter $\theta$. Suppose also that the MLE is such that the Cramer regularity conditions are fulfilled, and $\hat{\theta}_n$ is asymptotically normal ...
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2answers
34 views

How to periodically estimate states of a LTI if the output is measured irregularly?

How can I periodically estimate the states of a discrete linear time-invariant system in the form $$\vec{x}(k+1)=\textbf{A}\vec{x}(k)+\textbf{B}\vec{u}(k)$$ ...
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1answer
49 views

Maximum Likelihood Question

The aim is to find the maximum likelihood estimator for theta. $f(x)$ is given and we can assume that $1\le x\le-1$. I have completed the steps seen in the image, however I am having difficulty ...
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45 views

Unbiased estimator for maximum

Assume $n$ independent random variables with unknown distributions $\{X_1,X_2,...,X_n\}$. Multiple "samples" or observations for each of these variables are given (not necessarily with the same ...
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64 views

Working with the sum of two independent random variables, and estimating a parameter

A network source sends a sequence of zeros and ones, $X_1, X_2, ...$ with $X_i$(iid) Bernoulli with $p = P(X_i = 1), 0 < p < 1$. Due to disturbances the received sequence is $Y_1, Y_2, ...$ ...
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1answer
44 views

Shapiro-Wilk test

I am trying to determine if a given sample comes from a Normal distribution. For that purpose I want to perform a Shapiro-Wilk test in the way stated on wikipedia. My concern comes with the vector ...
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2answers
777 views

how to calculate vehicle speed using mathematics and Image processing?

i am doing my project in image processing.using segmentation i have detected the moving part(i.e the car) in the video successfully. But now i want to calculate speed of vehicle. in the above ...
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102 views

Expectation of $\cos(\|X\|)$ where $X \sim \mathcal{N}(\mu,\Sigma)$

Do: $$ \int_{-\infty}^\infty \int_{-\infty}^\infty \cos\left(\sqrt{x^2+y^2}\right) e^{-\frac{1}{2}\left[\frac{(x-\mu_x)^2}{\sigma_x^2} + ...
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32 views

ML estimate of sum of guassian variables?

consider the sum $z=x_{1}+...+x_{k}$, where the scalar variables $x_{i}$ are statistically independent and Gaussian, each having the same mean $0$ and variance $\sigma^2_{x}.$ how can I construct the ...
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55 views

Convergence rate of an estimator

Say we are interested in estimating some unknown real scalar parameter $\alpha$ using data. Suppose the estimator $\widehat \alpha_N$ of $\alpha$ using the data is consistent. I want to know what it ...
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105 views

Estimation of a Ito's semi-martingale linear functional

Could someone check my solution for the following problem please? Or maybe propose a smarter/shorter solution. Consider a stochastic process $X=(X_t)_{t \in [0,1]}$ defined in a filtred ...
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1answer
120 views

Maximum likelihood estimator of $P(X < y)$ for fixed $y$

I'm having a problem understanding the following question. Given the following density function $f_X(x; \theta) = (\theta +1)x^\theta$ on $0<x<1$, find the maximum likelihood estimator for ...
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93 views

Time series (stochastic process) estimating parameters using characteristic function

I have a time series of assets ${A_1, A_2, ..., A_n}$, which is described by a sophisticated distribution having the following characteristic function: $\phi(u; t;\theta)$, where $\theta$ is a vector ...
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27 views

Making sense of an equation

I'm wanting to impliment a formula but I'm having issues understanding some of the components that make it up. The premise of the equation is to use a modified version of Kalman filter that estimates ...
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1answer
46 views

Statistics: why is this probablility smaller?

a shipment of goods contains two containers, one container has 300 units and the other container has 700 units. A supervisor checks 30 units in the first container and he finds $X_1$ broken units and ...
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1answer
43 views

Overestimate of $|\oint_{|z|=R} f(z) \mathrm{d}z|$ with $f(z)=\frac{z^a}{z^2+1}$, $0<|a|<1\mathrm{with} \;a \in \mathbb R$

How can I overestimate, $|\oint_{|z|=R} f(z) \mathrm{d}z |$ with $f(z)=\frac{z^a}{z^2+1}$, $0<|a|<1 \; \mathrm{with} \;a \in \mathbb R$ ? I tried this: $|\oint_{|z|=R} f(z) \mathrm{d}z | <= ...
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32 views

A question on Stochastic Approximation

I have just started learning stochastic approximation methods, so the question I'm going to ask may be a trivial one in this field, but I need to know this seriousely. I know, that if $g(x,\xi)$ is a ...
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1answer
73 views

Is it possible to “customize” the multinomial distribution to your specifications?

So according to the multinomial distribution, the probability function $\Pr(X_1 = x_1, X_2 = x_2, \dots, X_k = x_k)$ is equal to $\dfrac{n!}{x_1! x_2! \cdots x_k!} \cdot p_1^{x_1}\cdot p_2^{x_2} ...
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1answer
343 views

How to calculate probability using multinomial distribution?

So according to the multinomial distribution, the probability function $\Pr(X_1 = x_1, X_2 = x_2, \dots, X_k = x_k)$ is equal to $\dfrac{n!}{x_1! x_2! \cdots x_k!} \cdot p_1^{x_1}\cdot p_2^{x_2} ...
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26 views

ML Estimation for number of animals in a park. Hypothesis Testing.

A park of area $S=10 000 km^2$ was surveyed for bears, and out of $n$ disjoint regions of equal area $s=1km^2$, there were $n_k$ regions with $k=0,1,....,N$ bears. On each of these regions, the amount ...
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1answer
35 views

Improving related estimates

There are three underlying quantities $x$, $y$, and $a$, where $x$ and $y$ are vectors, and $a$ is a scalar. They are related by $x = ay$. We get noisy observations, $x_0,y_0$. We want to find $a$, ...
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30 views

Is there a way to estimate the range of fitting coefficients from only the data?

Considering an approximation $f$ for a set of $N$ data points $(x,y)$ using, for example, $M$ radial basis functions at arbitrary sites in the domain $f_i = \sum_{j=1} ^M c_j\phi(||x_i-x_j||)$ where ...
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91 views

Hypothesis testing problem of Normal distributions.

Consider the following Hypothesis Testing problem: Hypothesis $H_0$ : $X \sim N(\mu_0, \sigma_0)$. Mean $\mu_0$ is known but only upper and lower bounds on $\sigma_0$ are known. Hypothesis $H_1$ : ...
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1answer
302 views

Use Held-out estimator for unseen events

Held out estimator is an empiric estimation technique for calculating probabilities of events. (I would put a Wikipedia link, but i couldn't find a wikipedia page on this subject) The main idea is to ...
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1answer
100 views

biasedness/unbiasedness of an MLE.

To show whether an MLE I just found is biased/unbiased, would I need to find the expectation of the answer? Plus would I do this by integrating $\text{MLE} \cdot \text{pdf}$. My MLE is $ ...
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87 views

Estimating the number of observations from a set of samples

I repeatedly measure a value $S_n$ which is the sum of a set of $n$ hidden inputs. The goal is to identify the number of hidden inputs. All of the hidden inputs are driven by an experimenter ...
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73 views

Showing that statistic is unbiased

Let $X $ be observed data. Let $\hat{\theta}(X)$ be an unbiased estimate of $\theta$ and let T be a sucient statistic for $\theta$. Define the new estimator $\hat\theta^{*}$ of $\theta$, $$ ...
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52 views

Estimate the size of a set given random sub sets.

Assuming there is a set $S$ that you are given subsets of, $s_1, s_2, ..., s_n$, estimate $|S|$ (and a confidence interval if possible) making as few assumptions as possible. I'm not going to quibble ...
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128 views

Worst-case error related to Cramer-Rao bound

I would like to understand the relation (if any) between the Cramer-Rao Lower Bound of estimation theory and the following simple definition of "reconstruction accuracy" which doesn't use any ...
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1answer
192 views

The fundamental gaussian identities of bayesian estimation

In bayesian estimation, when the model and plant noise is hold , the optimal estimator is Kalman filter. but I am wondering is there any literature that could prove the following gaussian identities? ...
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113 views

Maximum Likelihood Estimator of SNR for a Known Signal Superimposed in AWGN

I would like to evaluate the Maximum Likelihood Estimator for the SNR of a given signal: $ x(t) = as(t-\tau) + n(t) $ Under the following assumptions (This is the model of Radar Signal): The input ...
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33 views

MLE estimation of parameters, converting normalized observations to integers and back

I am fitting a model's parameters to grouped data by maximizing the likelihood equation: $L(\theta)=N!\prod_{i=1}^{G}\frac{p_i(\theta)^{n_i}}{n_i!}$ $\theta$ is the vector of parameters. $n_i$ is ...
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2answers
51 views

Biased MLE estimate of mean (expectation)

Please give an example of p.m.f. or p.d.f. , the maximum likely-hood estimate of whose mean (expectation) is a biased estimator . Thanks
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1answer
35 views

Does consistent estimators have in-variance property?

If $(T_n)$ is a sequence of consistent estimators of a parameter $\theta$ ( i.e. for every $ \epsilon >0$ , $\lim_{n \to \infty} P [ \space |T_n -\theta|< \epsilon ]=1$ ) , then is it true that ...
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1answer
66 views

proving unbiasedness of an estimator

Question given independent random variable $X_{1},X_{2},...,X_{n}$ from a geometric distribution with parameter $p$. we have an estimator for $p$, mainly $T=Y/n$ where Y is number of $i$ that ...
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1answer
386 views

Estimator for second moment for Poisson random variable

Let $X \sim Poiss(\lambda)$. As, $\displaystyle \sum_{i=1}^{N} X_i $ is sufficient statistic for both mean (and variance) of $Y$, so we can define the unbiased estimate for mean as , $ s=\frac{1}{N} ...
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1answer
139 views

Sample size required to estimate population proportion with given precision

It plans to conduct a study on the percentage of homeowners who have at least two TVs. What should be the sample size if we want to ensure that $95\%$ of estimation error is less than $0.01$? ...
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2answers
91 views

MAP Estimator with Laplacian Noise

I need to calculate the MAP estimator of $ x $ in the following case: $$ \left [ \begin{matrix} {y}_{1}\\ {y}_{2} \end{matrix} \right ] = \left [ \begin{matrix} x\\ x \end{matrix} \right ] + ...
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1answer
544 views

Does an UMVUE's variance match the Cramer-Rao lower bound?

I know it can match the CRLB, but does it have to, if it is an UMVUE?
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1answer
80 views

Several Unbiased Estimators

If I have some data set $ D={X_1,...X_N} $ and have an esitmator be "pick the first point" $X_1$, how can I show that this estimator is unbiased? I also have to show why its highly undesirable, and I ...
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1answer
147 views

Estimation of discrete random variable

Suppose you have a discrete random variable $X_1$ with known probability mass function. I guess that choosing a variable drawn from the same pmf would be the best way to guess $X_1$ assuming all ...
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1answer
26 views

What is an estimator?

If $p_y$ is a probability function for a density, which depends on the value of $y$ (for example, $y$ might be the mean in the poisson distribution). Assuming that $y$ is random -- i.e. unknown -- ...