Estimation theory is a branch of statistics and signal processing that deals with estimating the values of parameters based on measured/empirical data that has a random component.

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how to estimate the phase parameter of a complex function

There is a complex serie: $f(t_n)=\alpha_n+\beta_n i$, for $n = 1,...,N$,$t_n,\alpha_n$ and $\beta_n$ are known.When we have know that $f(t)$ has the following form: $$f(t)=Ae^{-iBt}$$ with unknown ...
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29 views

How to compute MAP estimate of y?

Suppose that a scalar random variable y is of the form $y=z+v$, where the pdf of $v$ is $p_{v}(t)=\frac{t}{2}$ on the interval $[0,2]$, and the pdf of $z$ is $p_{z}(t)=2t$on the interval $[0,1]$. Both ...
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154 views

questions on bias of estimator

a) Let $X_{1},...,X_{n}$ be i.i.d Uniform$[0,\theta]$. Show that estimator $\beta(X)=max(X_{1},..,X_{n})$ is a biased estimator for $\theta$.Find an unbiased estimator, based on $\theta$. My attempt: ...
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96 views

statistics inequality

Let $\theta$ be a discrete pararmeter and $\gamma_{n}$ be an estimator. Prove that for any $c>0$ we have that $$\text{E}[(\gamma_n-\theta)^2] \ge\Pr[|\gamma_n-\theta|>c]\cdot c^2$$
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27 views

ML estimate of sum of guassian variables?

consider the sum $z=x_{1}+...+x_{k}$, where the scalar variables $x_{i}$ are statistically independent and Gaussian, each having the same mean $0$ and variance $\sigma^2_{x}.$ how can I construct the ...
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1answer
276 views

log likelihood function of a cauchy distribution

What is the log likelihood function of a random varible x with cauchy distribution (0,1)? I've tried to work it out. I think its $\log (1+x)^2$. Is that correct?
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1answer
91 views

When is a minimum distance decoder also a maximum likelihood decoder?

It is well known that if we have a binary symmetric channel with crossover probability $\epsilon<0.5$ and we send a word $x$ through it, the most likely word is the one with minimum hamming ...
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1answer
31 views

Given 50 IID normals, find the exact SE for the estimate of $\sigma^2$?

Given 50 I.I.D Normal distributions random variables $X_i$, the Maximum Likelihood estimator for $\sigma^2$ is $\hat{\sigma}^2$, as proven in my lecture notes. Find the EXACT SE. My Attempt: ...
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39 views

Convergence rate of an estimator

Say we are interested in estimating some unknown real scalar parameter $\alpha$ using data. Suppose the estimator $\widehat \alpha_N$ of $\alpha$ using the data is consistent. I want to know what it ...
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79 views

Identification of real functions

this my second question, so I'm still new... thanks in advance for any help! Basically, I'm looking for some references and tools to study the following problem. Consider the following function ...
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1answer
75 views

Finding the MLE of pareto dist., and trouble interpreting $\prod$ notation properly.

I am generally having trouble understanding how to use product notation when calculating Maximum Likelihood Estimators. The example bellow is from a random sample $X_1,...,X_n$. Find the MLE of ...
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1answer
33 views

Mean Square Estimate problem

I have to find $\textbf{s}_{MS}$ given $\textbf{r} = h\textbf{s}+\textbf{n}$ where $h$ is a Bernoulli random variable with $Pr(h=1)=Pr(h=0) = 1/2$ and $\textbf{s}$ and $\textbf{n}$ are independent ...
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1answer
42 views

Literature study for Optimal Estimation Theory

It seems Optimal Estimation/Control Theory requires a lot more than undergraduate maths. Any good book that would help me get started? I have so far referred the following books but found them quite ...
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88 views

Estimation of a Ito's semi-martingale linear functional

Could someone check my solution for the following problem please? Or maybe propose a smarter/shorter solution. Consider a stochastic process $X=(X_t)_{t \in [0,1]}$ defined in a filtred ...
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237 views

Maximum Likelihood Estimator of the exponential function parameter based on Order Statistics

Let $X_1, \ldots, X_n$ be a random sample from the exponential distribution $\exp(\lambda)$. Let $$M_n=\max\{X_1, \ldots, X_n\}$$ with probability density function $$g_{M_n}(x)=n\lambda e^{-\lambda ...
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1answer
249 views

Find the Method Moment Estimator of parameter $\theta$

Find the MME of parameter $\theta$ in the distribution with the density $f(x,\theta)=(\theta +1)x^{-(\theta+2)}$, for $x>1$ and $\theta >0$. So far I think I have a basic understanding of the ...
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1answer
84 views

Is Sample Covariance Tied to a Specific Distribution

In many sources on data analysis, the author(s) talk about calculating covariance of the data, and the formula is given as such $$ \Sigma = cov(X) = E[(X-E[X])(X-E[X])^T]$$ This formulation is given ...
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1answer
22 views

Likelihood function for only one trial

I have a trial $\mathbb X = (X_1,X_2,....X_n)$. $X_i$ has specified distribution with unknow parameter $\theta$. I want to find an estimator of this parameter. So I can use methods like Likelihood ...
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1answer
73 views

How is the “cooking” done in surveys

In my country there's an official center undertaking surveys of voting intention every 4 months. However, they provide only "direct" voting intention, and the statistics obtained are usually pretty ...
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1answer
33 views

Estimator of a Random Variable

Given a random varable $Y$ where $$ f_Y(y) = \begin{cases}e^{-(y-k)} \quad x>k\\0\quad \text{otherwise}\end{cases} $$ Given $n$ observations of $Y$. Is the sample mean $\bar{Y}$ an unbiased ...
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119 views

Estimation theory: Finding MSE and Variance of an Estimator

Let $\hat{A}$ be an estimator of $A$ where $a<A<b$ and $\tilde{A}$ be another estimator such that$$\tilde{A} = \cases{a \text{ if } \hat A \leq a\\\hat A \text{ if } a< \hat A <b\\{b ...
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89 views

Calculating likelihood of event based on retrospective analysis

I have a simple dataset consisting of the dates/times at which certain medications were taken by a patient. By looking retrospectively I'd like to make a best guess estimate as to which medication ...
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3answers
97 views

More accurate estimation of mathematical constant $e$

Very often in books and also on Wikipedia we can find that: $$e \approx \left(1+\frac{1}{n}\right)^n$$ but I want more accurate estimation, it means instead using $\approx$ I wonder if I can use ...
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115 views

Maximum likelihood estimator of $P(X < y)$ for fixed $y$

I'm having a problem understanding the following question. Given the following density function $f_X(x; \theta) = (\theta +1)x^\theta$ on $0<x<1$, find the maximum likelihood estimator for ...
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24 views

Estimate the population mean when random selection is not possible

Consider I have a jar with marbles labeled 0 and 1 in it. They're not well mixed so the possibility of obtaining a sample sized 1000 with mean 0.6 and another sample sized 1000 with mean 0.4 is not so ...
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124 views

If $(X_i)$ are i.i.d. exponential $\lambda$, then $\hat\lambda=n/\sum{X_i}$ is a biased estimator of $\lambda$

the main problem is that i have no clue on calculating $E(\frac{1}{x})$ let $U = \frac{1}{\frac{1}{n}\sum{X_i}}$ then, $E(U) = n*E(\frac{1}{\sum{X_i}})$. I think that i'm supposed to calculate: ...
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1answer
47 views

How to estimate a vocabulary size?

I have a list of the 1 million most common English words ordered by number of times they appear on all books in Google Books. I want for the user to select from a list of 100 words (small sample) ...
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1answer
53 views

proving unbiasedness of an estimator

Question given independent random variable $X_{1},X_{2},...,X_{n}$ from a geometric distribution with parameter $p$. we have an estimator for $p$, mainly $T=Y/n$ where Y is number of $i$ that ...
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80 views

Time series (stochastic process) estimating parameters using characteristic function

I have a time series of assets ${A_1, A_2, ..., A_n}$, which is described by a sophisticated distribution having the following characteristic function: $\phi(u; t;\theta)$, where $\theta$ is a vector ...
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105 views

calculating mean squared error for the Mean.

Exam Question There are two independent random variables $X_{1}$ $\&$ $X_{2}$ that are having normal distribution with mean $\mu$. Further Var$(X_{1})=1$ and Var$(X_{2})=2$.an unbiased estimator ...
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19 views

Estimating Attendence

I am trying to estimate attendance at events. What I have is daily/weekly ticket sales numbers. The goal is to analyze the ticket sales each day and estimate where we might be at by the day of the ...
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44 views

Variance of a difference in estimated proportions with trivariate discrete distributions

Let a multivariate distribution be given by $P(Y,S_1,S_2)$, where all three variables are discrete, $Y$ is multivalued, $S_1=(0,1)$ and $S_2=(0,1)$, respectively, and all may be dependent. Define the ...
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63 views

Unbiased estimator with conditional expectation.

Suppose that $X$ has a binomial distribution with parameter $N=1$ and $p=1/2$. Y, which is independent of $X$, has a normal distribution with mean $\mu$ and variance 1. Consider the estimator $\mu$ of ...
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1answer
57 views

Variance of unbiased estimator

Let $Y_1,Y_2,...,Y_N$ be a random sample from a distribution with probability density function $f_Y(y,\theta) = 2y/\theta^2$ if $0<y<\theta$ and $0$ otherwise. (a) Show that $W = 3\bar{Y}/2$ ...
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1answer
85 views

is any upper bound for mean square error of an unbiased estimator?

There is always a lower bound for an unbiased estimator called Cramer-Rao Lower Bound. Does any one remember any upper bound for unbiased estimator? The upper bound is used for worst-case analysis of ...
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24 views

Making sense of an equation

I'm wanting to impliment a formula but I'm having issues understanding some of the components that make it up. The premise of the equation is to use a modified version of Kalman filter that estimates ...
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2answers
106 views

Finding the MLE of a function when L'($\theta$) doesn't depend on $\theta$

Here's the problem: Find the MLE of of $\theta$ when $f(x\mid\theta)=(1+x\theta)/2$ for $-1<x<1$, $=0$ otherwise. $0<\theta<1$ Find the maximum likelihood of $\theta$ and find its ...
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70 views

estimation of a parameter

The question is: $x_i = \alpha + \omega_i, $ for $i = 1, \ldots, n.$ where $\alpha$ is a non-zero constant, but unknown, parameter to be estimated, and $\omega_i$ are uncorrelated, zero_mean, ...
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1answer
33 views

Conjugate Bayesian analysis

Suppose that conditional on $\tau$, the random variable $X$ has normal distribution with mean zero and variance $1/ \tau$. The prior distribution for $\tau$ is Gamma with parameter $\alpha$ and ...
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1answer
26 views

How to show this estimation?

i have this polynom $$p(x) = \sum_{i=0}^{m}a_ix^i$$ I want to show, that if $\tilde{z}$ is the approximation to the simple zero digit $z \neq 0$ in first approximation, the following estimation ...
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1answer
25 views

How to show, that a relative mistake of a special function can be estimated in a given way

how to show, that if you have a function like this $$ y = f(x_1,...,x_m) := c \frac{x_1 *...*x_r}{x_{r+1},...,x_m}, \quad 1 < r \leq m,$$ the relative mistake in first order can be estimated ...
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1answer
83 views

A quick chanllenge: height and weight probability problem

The average height and weight of a group of people is 175cm and 70kg; Find the upper bound of the portion of the people who are over 200cm and over 100kg. I thought about Markov inequality, but I ...
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139 views

Maximum Likelihood

Find maximum likelihood estimator $\hat\theta$ of $f(x;\theta) = (1/2)\exp(-|x-\theta|)$, for $-\infty \leq x < \infty$ and $-\infty \leq x < \infty$. I am confused of how to deal with the ...
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1answer
146 views

Optimal combination of two estimates

I have a set of random variables, $X_1,\dots,X_N$. They are i.i.d. Gaussian with zero mean and $w$ variance. I observe $Y_1,\dots,Y_N$ where $Y_i=\sum_{j=1}^N a_{ij} X_j+N_i$ where all $a_{ij}$s are ...
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44 views

Statistics: why is this probablility smaller?

a shipment of goods contains two containers, one container has 300 units and the other container has 700 units. A supervisor checks 30 units in the first container and he finds $X_1$ broken units and ...
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1answer
43 views

Overestimate of $|\oint_{|z|=R} f(z) \mathrm{d}z|$ with $f(z)=\frac{z^a}{z^2+1}$, $0<|a|<1\mathrm{with} \;a \in \mathbb R$

How can I overestimate, $|\oint_{|z|=R} f(z) \mathrm{d}z |$ with $f(z)=\frac{z^a}{z^2+1}$, $0<|a|<1 \; \mathrm{with} \;a \in \mathbb R$ ? I tried this: $|\oint_{|z|=R} f(z) \mathrm{d}z | <= ...
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1answer
336 views

expectation of Gamma distribution help

If x∼Gamma(1,λ) how would i find the expected value E(e^bx) where b=aλ I'm kinda stuck as to how to approach the question. Some help will be greatly appreciated Thank you in advance
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2answers
86 views

Why we always put log() before the joint pdf when we use MLE(Maximum likelihood Estimation)?

Maybe this question is simple, but I really need some help. When we use the Maximum Likelihood Estimation(MLE) to estimate the parameters, why we always put the log() before the joint density? To use ...
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1answer
55 views

Suitability of skew normal for rating task and calculation

in an experiment, I ask participants to rate qualities on a continuous scale. I expect the results to be normal distributed and I am confident that assuming a normal works fairly well for most values. ...
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27 views

A question on Stochastic Approximation

I have just started learning stochastic approximation methods, so the question I'm going to ask may be a trivial one in this field, but I need to know this seriousely. I know, that if $g(x,\xi)$ is a ...