Question about probability spaces $(X,\mathcal B,\mu)$ with a measurable map $T\colon X\to X$ preserving the measure, that is $\mu(T^{—1}A)=\mu(A)$ for all $A$ measurable.

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11
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1answer
176 views

Square root of an integer has only even digits

Is there a non-square positive integer $n$, that $\sqrt{n}$ has only even digits in its decimal representation ?
1
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1answer
108 views

How does the Markov measure extend to cylinders with 1 specified coordinate?

Consider a Markov Chain $(X,\mathcal{F},\mu,T)$, where $X = (1,2,\dots,n)^\mathbb{Z}$ and $T$ is the left shift and a transition matrix $P=(p_{i,j})$ and stationary distribution $\pi$ such that $\pi P ...
2
votes
0answers
82 views

Ergodic/stochastic convergence

I do have a problem with my homework, and to be honest I am simply lacking any idea on how to begin- maybe someone could give me a tip. First off, here is the assignment: The whole assignment deals ...
8
votes
1answer
215 views

Showing a Transformation increases measure (Ergodic Theory)

Hoi, ive been breaking my head on this fora few days.. Ive been trying to show that $T:[0,1)\to [0,1)$ given by $$ T(x)= \begin{cases} 3x & \mbox{ if } x\in [0,1/3)\\ ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

How can I improve this proof? On $\sum\limits^\infty f(T^nx)=\infty$ for a.a. $x \in \{f >0\}$.

Let $(X,\mathcal{F},\mu)$ be a prob. space and $T:X \rightarrow X$ be measure preserving, and $f \in \mathcal{L}^1(X,\mathcal{F},\mu)$. Assume that $f \geq 0$ and suppose the set $A = \{f > 0\}$ ...
11
votes
2answers
349 views

An equivalent condition for strong-mixing

For a measure-preserving (finite) system $(X,\mathcal{B},\mu,T)$, is it correct that the following are equivalent? For every $A,B\in\mathcal{B}$ , $\displaystyle\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}\mu(A\cap ...
4
votes
0answers
99 views

Existence of a sequence which is good for mean convergence but not good for pointwise convergence

The ergodic theorems talk about the limit behaviour of the ergodic averages. For example, if $(X,\chi,\mu,T)$ is a measure preserving system, where $\mu$ is a probability measure on $X$, then we have ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

Trying to show an implication for a measure preserving $T$ on a probability space.

Here's the problem: Let $(X,\mathcal{F},\mu)$ be a probability space and $T:X \rightarrow X$ a measure preserving transformation. Show that if $f(Tx) \leq f(x)$ $\mu$ a.e., then its holds that $f(Tx) ...
2
votes
1answer
384 views

What exactly does the space average in the ergodic theorem mean?

Space Average: If μ(X) is finite and nonzero, we can consider the space or phase average of ƒ: (from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ergodic_theory#Ergodic_theorems) But is it comparable to ...
3
votes
2answers
82 views

Defining an f-invariant measure

Suppose I have a compact oriented manifold $M$ with an orientation preserving self-diffeomorphism $f$. I wish to define a volume form on $M$ which is invariant under $f$. Certainly, it is necessary ...
3
votes
0answers
145 views

Generalization of Dobrushin's Ergodic Decomposition for continuous Markov Chains

Let $T$ be the shift transformation. Let $P$ be invariant for $T$ and also define a discrete state space Markov Chain. Let $C_{1},\ldots,C_{n}$ be the connected components of the Markov Chain. It ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

The first return time of an irrational rotation

For the probability space $([0,1),\mathcal{B},\lambda)$ and for an irrational $\theta \in (0,1)$ we have the map $Tx = x + \theta \bmod 1$. I'm trying to find an expression for $n(x):=\inf\{n \in ...
0
votes
1answer
110 views

Related questions on the Hausdorff dimension and local dimension of a Cantor set

Suppose $I$ is an interval on a Cantor tree with $m$ children $I'$, each of length $\varepsilon$. I have that $\sum_{\hat I\text{ is a child of }I}|\hat I |^s=|I|^s \Rightarrow ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Injectivity of a certain operator

Consider a compact $K$ of the complex plane of interior void, $f$ a rational fraction leaving $K$ invariant (i.e. $f(K) \subset K$), and $\mu$ a borelian probability measure supported by $K$, and ...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

Knopp's Lemma - Show T is ergodic

Be $\beta > 1$ non-integer. $T_{\beta}: [0,1)\rightarrow[0,1)$ with $T_{\beta}x = \beta x$ mod$(1) = \beta x-\lfloor\beta x\rfloor$. Show with Knopp's Lemma that $T_{\beta}$ is ergodic with ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

An equivalent condition for a measure to be invariant

Why is it true that for a compact metric space $X$ and a continuous function $T:X\rightarrow X$, a measure $\mu$ on $X$ is $T$- invariant iff $\int_X f\circ T \, d\mu=\int_X f \, d\mu$ for every ...
1
vote
2answers
112 views

measurable, measure preserving

$T: [0,1)^{2}\rightarrow[0,1)^{2}$ by $T(x,y) = (2x,\frac{y}{2})$, with $0 \leq x < \frac{1}{2}$ and $T(x,y) = (2x-1, \frac{y+1}{2})$, with $\frac{1}{2} \leq x < 1$ (i) invertible (ii) ...
0
votes
1answer
124 views

invertible, measurable and measure preserving

$T: [0,1)^{2}\rightarrow[0,1)^{2}$ by $T(x,y) = (2x,\frac{y}{2})$, with $0 \leq x < \frac{1}{2}$ and $T(x,y) = (2x-1, \frac{y+1}{2})$, with $\frac{1}{2} \leq x < 1$ In class we said this $T$ ...
0
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1answer
44 views

Adjusting my lower bound for Hdim with two limits that may be related.

I'm computing the lower bound for the Hausdorff dimension of a Cantor-like set; I've reduced it to computing $\lim_{k\rightarrow \infty, \delta \rightarrow 0^+}\frac{1}{(1+\delta)^{k(p-1)}}$, where ...
7
votes
1answer
253 views

A question about continued fractions and Gauss map

For $\alpha \in (0,1)$, write $\alpha$ as a continued fraction like $\alpha=[a_1, a_2, \ldots]$ (note that the implicit $0$th coefficient $a_0=0$ has been omitted), and let $\frac{p_n}{q_n}$ be the ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

Uniform convergence of finitely additive measure along a tree of partitions

Learning about Lebesgue-Rohlin spaces is prominently on my to-do-list, so I'm reading Fundamentals of measurable dynamics by Daniel Rudolph, were I'm stuck on an exercise. Framework There is a ...
10
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0answers
605 views

Compact set of probability measures

I think I can solve the following exercise if X is assumed to be separable, otherwise I can't. Let $X$ be a (Hausdorff) locally compact space, $\pi\colon X \to Y$ a continuous map into a ...
3
votes
2answers
335 views

$\sigma$-algebra of $\theta$-invariant sets in ergodicity theorem for stationary processes

Applying Birkhoff's ergodic theorem to a stationary process (a stochastic process with invariant transformation $\theta$, the shift-operator - $\theta(x_1, x_2, x_3,\dotsc) = (x_2, x_3, \dotsc)$) one ...
5
votes
1answer
292 views

Ergodic theory in mathematics and physics

How is the theory of ergodic measure-preserving transformations related to ergodicity in the physical sense (which I understood as, very very roughly speaking, that a physical system is called ergodic ...
1
vote
2answers
159 views

Why is ergodicity of transformations only defined for measure-preserving transformations?

In ergodic theory, why does the defintion of an ergodic transformation $T$, why do I have to claim that it is measure-preserving? E.g. $T$ is ergodic if $\mathbb{P}(A) \in \{0,1\}$ for all $A$ ...
3
votes
1answer
127 views

Solution space to a functional equation

This question comes from my attempts at understanding an example presented by Bill Gasarch on his blog. The example is of a continuous strictly increasing function whose derivative is zero almost ...
4
votes
1answer
338 views

How follows the Strong Law of Large Numbers from Birkhoff's Ergodic Theorem?

We want to prove the strong law of large numbers with Birkhoff's ergodic theorem. Let $X_k$ be an i.i.d. sequence of $\mathcal{L}^1$ random variables. This is a stochastic process with ...
5
votes
1answer
167 views

Endomorphisms preserve Haar measure

I am having trouble following the argument in page 21 of P. Walters, Intro. to ergodic theory, of the following statement: Any continuous endomorphism on a compact group preserves Haar measure. ...
3
votes
1answer
182 views

Does an uncountable intersection of sets with probability one also have probability one? ; in connection with the ergodic theorem

Let $(\Omega, {\cal F},P)$ be a complete probability space and $T$ a mesure-preserving transformation on $\Omega$ that is ergodic. The point-wise ergodic theorem states that for any $f\in L^1(P)$, ...
2
votes
2answers
304 views

Ergodicity of the First Return Map

I was looking for some results on Infinite Ergodic Theory and I found this proposition. Do you guys know how to prove the last item (iii)? I managed to prove (i) and (ii) but I can't do (iii). Let ...
1
vote
1answer
157 views

Ergodicity of measure induced by generic points in Birkhoff's ergodic theorem

Let $X=\{0,1\}^{\mathbb{N}}$, $T:X\to X$ the shift map, and $\mu$ a $T$-invariant probability measure on $X$. A point $x \in X$ is generic if $$ \lim\, \frac{1}{n}\sum_{i<n} ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Give a example about invariant ergodic measure and quasi-symmetric mapping

Is there a example $(X,f,\mu)$ such that $X$ is a closed subset of Euclidean space, $f$ be a quasi-symmetric mapping but not a Lipschitz mapping, $f(X)=X$, $\mu$ is a finite measure on $X$ that is ...
2
votes
2answers
135 views

Book about ergodic theory, group actions and number theory.

Does anyone Know about an introductory book showing the intersection between ergodic theory, group actions and number theory? I have been looking for but it has been impossible to me. Thanks.
1
vote
1answer
149 views

What can you say about the periods of a function with uniformly bounded periodic orbits?

Assume that all prime periods of periodic orbits of a continuous map $f:[0:1]\to [0:1]$ are uniformly bounded (i.e. there exists N such that the prime period of every periodic orbit of f is smaller ...
8
votes
1answer
310 views

A convergence problem in Banach spaces related to ergodic theory

Suppose $X$ is a Banach space, $T\in B(X)$, satisfied the following condition. $\sup \Big\lVert\frac{1}{n}\sum \limits_{i=0}^{n-1}T^{i}\Big\rVert<\infty$ $\frac{1}{n}\lVert ...
2
votes
1answer
152 views

Space of $T$-invariant probability measures is compact.

I'm trying to show that the space of $T$-invariant probability measures is compact in the weak* topology ($T$ is some measurable transformation from a compact metric space to itself). I'm trying to ...
5
votes
1answer
595 views

Why is unique ergodicity important or interesting?

I have a very simple motivational question: why do we care if a measure-preserving transformation is uniquely ergodic or not? I can appreciate that being ergodic means that a system can't really be ...
5
votes
1answer
467 views

Rotation $x \to x+a \pmod 1$ of the circle is Ergodic if and only if $a$ is irrational

I have a book, Ergodic problems of classical mechanics by Arnold/Avez, and in it they prove that rotation $Tx = x+a \pmod 1$ of the circle $M=\{x \pmod 1\}$ is Ergodic if and only if a is irrational. ...
0
votes
1answer
123 views

Manipulating ergodic Markov chains in order to make them non-ergodic

Consider a Markov chain, for simplicity let us consider time discrete chains. The problem We consider a TDMC (Time Discrete Markov Chain) $(X_t)_{t \geq 0}$ with $X \in \mathcal{X}$ (having ...
4
votes
1answer
154 views

Maximal Ergodic Theorem

Does the maximal ergodic theorem have any dynamical or qualitative interpretations, or is it just a custom-made theorem to leave the demonstration of the Birkhoff ergodic theorem more elegant?
3
votes
1answer
97 views

different concepts of abel summation?

I have a little question concerning abel-summmation. In some books the n-th abel-mean of a sequence $(x_n) \subset \mathbb{K}$ is defined as: $$ A_{n,r}[x_n] = (1 - r) \sum_{k=0}^{n} x_k r^k $$ In ...
3
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0answers
133 views

The measures in Furstenberg's correspondence

In the paper Inverting the Furstenberg correspondence (IFC), the author defines a function $D_{A}(\sigma)$ on the Basic clopens of Cantor space, $2^{\mathbb{N}}$, where $A$ is a finite binary string ...
1
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1answer
252 views

Ergodic process and random walk

Is a gaussian random walk process an ergodic process? If Yes, does someone knows the proof? Thanks in advance
5
votes
1answer
401 views

Measure theoretic entropy of General Tent maps

Let $I=[0,1]$ and $\alpha \in ( 0,1)$. Define the Tent map, $T: I \rightarrow I$ by $T(x)= x/\alpha$ for $x \in [0,\alpha]$ and $(1-x)/(1-\alpha)$ for $x \in [\alpha,1]$ Find the measure theoretic ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

Means of sequence of functions

Let $(\Omega_n)$ be a sequence of subsets of $\mathbb{R}^d$ with $\Omega_n\uparrow\mathbb{R}^d$ where the Lebesgue measure $\lambda^d(\Omega_n)$ is finite for every $n$. Let $(f_n)$ be a sequence of ...
6
votes
1answer
394 views

Krylov-Bogoliubov for measurable transformations

In the Krylov-Bogoliubov theorem, the transformation is assumed continuous. Does the theorem hold if the transformation is assumed only to be measurable? If not, what is a counterexample? Edit A few ...
3
votes
1answer
397 views

Two questions regarding the ergodic decomposition theorem

In Walters' An Introduction to Ergodic Theory, page 153, Remark (2), he writes If $E(X,T)$ denotes the set of extreme points of $M(X,T)$ then for each $\mu \in M(X,T)$ there is a unique measure ...
9
votes
2answers
395 views

Irrational rotation and recurrence time

Let $\mathbb{T}=\mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z}$ be the torus, and $\alpha\in(0,1)$ be an irrational number, then the transformation $T$ defined by $Tx=x+\alpha$ is the irrational rotation on $\mathbb{T}$. ...
11
votes
1answer
312 views

$(n^2 \alpha \bmod 1)$ is equidistributed in $\mathbb{T}^2$ if $\alpha \in \mathbb{R} \setminus \mathbb{Q}$

I did the following homework question, can you tell me if I have it right? We want to show that the sequence $(n^2 \alpha \bmod 1)$ is equidistributed if $\alpha \in \mathbb{R} \setminus \mathbb{Q}$. ...
6
votes
2answers
443 views

Chaos and ergodicity in hamiltonian systems

EDIT : I formerly claimed something incorrect in my question. The Liouville measure needs NOT be ergodic on hypersurfaces of constant energy. Also, I found out that NO hamiltonian system can be ...