Questions on elliptic integrals, integrals that involve the square root of a cubic or quartic polynomial.

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Reducing integral

let $$I=\int \frac{dx}{\sqrt{mx^3-x^2+n}}$$ How do we reduce $I$ to an elliptic Integral of the first Kind ? where $m,n>0$ are constants.
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1answer
108 views
+100

Closed-form of sums from Fourier series of $\sqrt{1-k^2 \sin^2 x}$

Consider the even $\pi$-periodic function $f(x,k)=\sqrt{1-k^2 \sin^2 x}$ with Fourier cosine series $$f(x,k)=\frac{1}{2}a_0+\sum_{n=1}^\infty a_n \cos2nx,\quad a_n=\frac{2}{\pi}\int_0^{\pi} ...
3
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0answers
30 views

Finding the length of an elliptical spiral

Okay, i had a very strange thought, it was "Is it possible to find the length of an elliptical spiral whose major and minor axes were decreasing?" Like for example lets say that $$ \frac{a}{b} = n ...
0
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1answer
18 views

integral of a function bounded over an elliptic area

I've been stuck with the following integral, I know I have to use substitution, but I don't know how. Let $S=\{(x,y):\frac{x^2}{a^2}+\frac{y^2}{b^2}\leq 1\}$. Show that $$\int \int_{S} \left( ...
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0answers
32 views

Calculate volume in ${\mathbb{R}}^{3}$ bounded by the given function, inside the region $S$.

Let $S=\{(x,y): \frac{x^2}{a^2}+\frac{y^2}{b^2}\leq 1\}$. Verify that: $$\iint\limits_S {\left(\frac{1-\frac{x^2}{a^2}-\frac{y^2}{b^2}}{1+\frac{x^2}{a^2}+\frac{y^2}{b^2}}\right ...
4
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1answer
90 views

Proving that $\sum_{k=0}^\infty\frac{2^{-5k}(6k+1)((2k-1)!!)^3}{4(k!)^3} = {1\over\pi}$

While trying to prove that $$(1)\qquad x\sum_{k=0}^\infty\frac{2^{-5k}(6k+1)((2k-1)!!)^3}{4(k!)^3} = 1 \implies x=\pi$$ I got to a point, using W|A, where I have to prove that $$\color{red}{(2)\qquad ...
7
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1answer
171 views

Is this integral reducible to an elliptic integral?

I believe if $k=0$ the following integral is reducible to an elliptic integral. If $k > 0$ is it possible to reduce it to an elliptic integral or some other special function? $$\int_\rho^x \sqrt{1 ...
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0answers
30 views

Finding the inverse of an integral

I'm looking for a computational approach here, since I don't think there is a closed-form solution. I have the following: $$ s(x) = \rho + \int_{\rho}^{x} \sqrt{ 1 + (\alpha \cos t - k)^2 } \, dt $$ ...
16
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1answer
213 views
1
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0answers
53 views

Further integrals of the seemingly unintegrable

I remember having to solve the following problem: Let \begin{equation} I_n=\int_0^{1}\frac{x^ndx}{\sqrt{x^3+1}}. \end{equation} Prove \begin{equation} ...
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1answer
56 views

Double Integral Query

Looking for advice/direction on the following query please. Ok, here is the problem: If we have $$ \vec{T} = \frac{\mu IbN}{4\pi L}\int_{-L/2}^{L/2}C\int_{0}^{2\pi}\frac{\cos(\theta)}{p^3}d\theta ...
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0answers
29 views

Is the elliptic integral bounded?

Is the elliptic Integral of the first kind bounded (also for complex argument)?
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0answers
21 views

Find similar estimate for complex numbers

According to Borwein, page 356 Prop. 2, $\left|\ln\left(\frac{4}{k}\right)-\operatorname{I}(1,k)\right|\leq 4k^2\left(8+\left|\ln k\right|\right)$ holds for $k\in\left(0,1\right]$. ...
4
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1answer
230 views

Fourier series of $\sqrt{1 - k^2 \sin^2{t}}$

I'm struggling with a Fourier series. I need to find the Fourier series of the following function. That's the function under study: $f(t)=\left[\sqrt{1-k^2\sin^2t}\,\right]$. The function ...
6
votes
1answer
100 views

Indefinite integral typo in Gradshteĭn: reciprocal square-root of sixth degree polynomial

The indefinite integral below, quoted from Gradshteĭn's Table of Integrals, Series, and Products, 7th ed., (bottom of p.104) appears to contain at least two typos (highlighted in purple). ...
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0answers
37 views

Integrating the function $\alpha^{2}\sin^{2}\left( \dfrac {2 \pi x}{w}\right)$

I need to find $\int ^{x}_{0} \alpha^{2}\sin^{2}\left( \dfrac {2 \pi x}{w}\right) dL$ where $L=\dfrac {2kE\left( \dfrac {2\pi \alpha }{k}\right) }{\pi}\approx \dfrac {k+w}{2}\left( \dfrac {3\left( ...
4
votes
3answers
228 views

Integral of inverse of square root of quartic function with real roots

I was doing a physics problem and in order to finish it, I need to prove that: $\int_{x1}^{x2}\frac{dx}{{((x1 - x)(x - x2)(x - x3)(x - x4))}^{1/2}} = \int_{x3}^{x4}\frac{dx}{{((x1 - x)(x - x2)(x - ...
10
votes
3answers
201 views

How do I integrate $\frac{\sqrt{1-k^2\sin^2 x}}{\sin x}$

How do I evaluate this indefinite integral, for $|k| < 1$: $$ \int\frac{\sqrt{1-k^2\sin^2 x}}{\sin x}\mathrm{d}x $$ I tried the change of variable $t=\sin x$, and obtained two integrals, but I ...
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0answers
25 views

Is there a nice way to solve this Ramanujan-like approximation?

I have managed to approximate $l=\frac{2 \sqrt{4 \pi ^2 A^2+W^2} E(\epsilon )}{\pi }$ with parameter $\epsilon =k=\frac{2 \pi A}{\sqrt{4 \pi ^2 A^2+W^2}}$ alike Ramanujan as $l \approx ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Changes of variables to get an Elliptic Integral of the First Kind

I'm working with a non-linear second order ODE which has an analytical solution in terms of the Jacobi elliptical function $sn(u|k^2)$. The equation is $y''=y(\gamma - \frac{y^2}{2})$ where $\gamma$ ...
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0answers
79 views

Approximating an Infinite Summation into Closed Form

I want to be able to approximate the following in closed form $$L=\sqrt{\gamma ^2+4 \pi ^2 \psi ^2} \sum _{j=0}^{\infty } \frac{\left(\frac{(2 j-1)\text{!!} (2 \pi \psi )^j}{(2 j)\text{!!} ...
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0answers
53 views

How can I find my eccentricity (k, of the incomplete elliptic integral of the second kind) using a binomial series or root-finding algorithm

My main objective is to rearrange the following to find $A=$. I start with $C=\int^{B}_{0}\sqrt {1+\dfrac {A^{2}}{B^{2}}\cos^{2}\left(\dfrac {x}{B}\right) }dx$ By substituting $y=x/B$ and using ...
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0answers
56 views

Value of an elliptic integral of the first kind

The elliptic integral of the first kind $$ \int_0^{\pi/2}{\frac{du}{\sqrt{1-k^2\sin^2{u}}}} $$ cannot be expressed in terms of standard functions. But in the following context from The Pendulum by ...
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2answers
42 views

Derivative of Integral of (g) with g in the limit

I would like to evaluate the following: $$\frac{\partial }{\partial \beta }\int _0^{\cos ^{-1}(\beta )}\text{dx} \sqrt{\beta +\cos (x)}$$ given that $0\leq\beta\leq1$ basically I'd like to find ...
4
votes
2answers
132 views

An identity of an Elliptical Integral

Suppose $0<k<1$ and $\displaystyle K(k)=\int_0^1\frac{\mathrm{d}x}{\sqrt{(1-x^2)(1-k^2x^2)}}$. Let $\tilde{k}$ be $\tilde{k}^2=1-k^2$. Show that $$\displaystyle ...
5
votes
1answer
90 views

Elliptic integral $\int^1_0 \frac{K(k)}{\sqrt{1-k^2}}\,dk$

Question: Prove that $$\int^1_0 \frac{K(k)}{\sqrt{1-k^2}}\,dk=\frac{1}{16\pi}\Gamma^4\left( \frac{1}{4}\right)$$ My attempt Start by the transformation $$k \to \frac{2\sqrt{k}}{1+k}$$ ...
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vote
1answer
47 views

Numerical evaluation of the first (K) and second (E) complete elliptic integrals

To get a numerical evaluation of the first (K) and second (E) complete elliptic integrals: $$K(k)=\int_0^1\frac{dt}{(1-t^2)^{1/2}(1-k^2t^2)^{1/2}}, \ \ \ \ \ ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Is the Inverse of the Vectorised Solid Angle Equation for $n$ Circular Discs Continuous?

I have a continuous function$^{*1}$ that takes in 3 arguments, and returns 24 outputs. I want to know if the inverse of this function is continuous. The 3 input arguments are the x, y, and z position ...
3
votes
2answers
147 views

Elliptical Integrals

I was trying to figure out the length of the arc in a single cycle of a sinusoidal curve and I used the curve length formula to arrive at $$\int_0^{2\pi}\sqrt{1+\cos^2x}\ dx,$$ which I am fairly ...
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0answers
28 views

Expression of $2\int_{0}^{\frac{1}{r_{0}}}\frac{du}{\sqrt{\frac{r_{0}-r_{s}}{r_{0}^{3}}-u^{2}\left(1-u r_{s}\right)}}$ in terms of elliptic integrals

In Gravitation by Misner et al. 1973 the authors state that (calculus related to the Schwarzschild metric page 678) : ...
2
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1answer
70 views

Closed form of $\sum_{n=1}^\infty(-1)^{n+1} \frac xn \ln\left(1+\frac xn\right), \quad x \in (0,1)$

Is there a known closed form of the series below? $$\sum_{n=1}^\infty(-1)^{n+1} \frac xn \ln\left(1+\frac xn\right), \quad x \in (0,1]$$
4
votes
1answer
71 views

Fundamental period of the WeierstrassP elliptic function?

Consider the WeierstrassP elliptic function $\wp(z, g_2, g_3)$ with the invariants $g_2\in\mathbb{R}$ and $g_3\in\mathbb{R}$: $$\wp'(z)^2 = 4\wp(z)^3 - g_2 \wp(z) - g_3$$ According to Wikipedia when ...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

TaylorSeries of complete elliptic integral of the first kind

I want compute $K(k)$ as a Taylor Series; $k\in\mathbb{R}$ and $\vert k \vert < 1$. Can someone help me? $$ K(k):= \int^{\frac{\pi}{2}}_0 \dfrac{dt}{\sqrt{1-k^2 sin^2t}} $$ Results so far: $$ ...
8
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0answers
169 views

The closed form of $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} \arcsin\left(\frac{1}{e^n}\right)$

In my study on some type of integrals I met the series below that I don't how to approach it. Of course, one of the obvious questions is: does it have a closed form? Before answering that, I need to ...
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5answers
307 views
4
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1answer
164 views

Does $\int_0^{2 \pi} \sqrt{1-(a+b \sin\phi)^2} d\phi $ have a closed form in terms of elliptic integrals?

Consider the following integral for real $a, b$ such that the square root is real: \begin{equation} I=\int_0^{2 \pi} \sqrt{1-(a+b \sin\phi)^2} d\phi \end{equation} For $a = 0$, the integral is easily ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Infinite series representation of elliptic integrals $F(k,\phi)$ and $E(k,\phi).$

Here is my working. For a natural number $n,$$$2^{2n-1}\left(-1\right)^n\sin^{2n}\phi=\tfrac{1}{2}\left(-1\right)^n\binom{2n}{n}+\sum\limits_{r=0}^{n-1}\binom{2n}{r}\left(-1\right)^r\cos ...
4
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4answers
236 views

Prove that these two curves have the same length

My midterms are approaching, and I was going through some of our past Calculus midterms when I stumbled upon this question from 1996: Show that these two curves, $$(\Gamma) : \frac ...
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1answer
65 views

How to get arc-length of polar function $r= 4(1-\sin{\phi})$?

How can I get arc-length of this polar function? $$ r= 4(1-\sin{\phi})$$ $$-\frac{\pi}{2}\leq\phi\leq\frac{\pi}{2}$$ I know that arc-length of polar function can get calculate by ...
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0answers
21 views

Relationship between elliptic integrals of first and second order.

A colleague and I are making an issue where order to reach the result we are asked to prove identity between elliptic integrals first and second order. This is: $$\frac{V}{\pi}\left( ...
14
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1answer
284 views

Formula for $\int_0^\infty \frac{\log(1+x^2)}{\sqrt{(a^2+x^2)(b^2+x^2)}}dx$

Is it possible to express the following integral in terms of known special functions? $$I(a,b)=\int_0^\infty \frac{\log(1+x^2)}{\sqrt{(a^2+x^2)(b^2+x^2)}}dx$$ I have managed to solve the special ...
6
votes
1answer
134 views

Conjecture about integral $\int_0^1 K\left(\sqrt{\vphantom1x}\right)\,K\left(\sqrt{1-x}\right)\,x^ndx$

I'm interested in the following integral: $$\mathcal J(n)=\int_0^1 K\left(\sqrt{\vphantom1x}\right)\,K\left(\sqrt{1-x}\right)\,x^ndx,\tag1$$ where $K(z)$ is the complete elliptic integral of the 1ˢᵗ ...
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1answer
124 views

Proving Legendres Relation for elliptic curves

The legendre's relation can be stated as follows $$ K(k) E(k^*)+ E(k) K(k^*) - K(k) K(k^*) = \frac{\pi}{2} $$ where $k^* = \sqrt{1 - k^2}$ is the complimentary modulus, and $E$ and $K$ are ...
10
votes
1answer
186 views

How to prove $\int_1^\infty\frac{K(x)^2}x dx=\frac{i\,\pi^3}8$?

How can I prove the following identity? $$\int_1^\infty\frac{K(x)^2}x dx\stackrel{\color{#B0B0B0}?}=\frac{i\,\pi^3}8,\tag1$$ where $K(x)$ is the complete elliptic integral of the 1ˢᵗ kind: ...
14
votes
1answer
324 views

How to prove $\int_0^\pi\frac{\ln(2+\cos\phi)}{\sqrt{2+\cos\phi}}d\phi=\frac{\ln3}{\sqrt3}K\left(\sqrt{\frac23}\right)$?

How can I prove the following conjectured identity? $$\int_0^\pi\frac{\ln(2+\cos\phi)}{\sqrt{2+\cos\phi}}d\phi\stackrel?=\frac{\ln3}{\sqrt3}K\left(\sqrt{\frac23}\right),\tag1$$ where $K(x)$ is the ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

The transformations on the nome and Landen's transformation

Could someone please explain how to transform the nome $q = e^{-\pi K'/K}$ from $q^2$ to $q$ and then to $-q$? In other words, how does changing $q^2$ to $q$ and then $q$ to $-q$ affect $k$ and $K$. ...
0
votes
2answers
72 views

A general solution to the sine-gordon equation (with only time dependence)

I have a non-linear equation similar to the sine-gordon equation, but it is ordinary: $\frac{d^2x}{dt^2} - g \sin(x) = 0$ where $g$ is some positive constant. I'm looking for a general solution of ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

Inverse of an arbitrary elliptic integral

Given an arbitrary elliptic integral $I\left( x \right) = \int_{c}^{x} R \left(t, \sqrt{P(t)} \right) \, dt,$ where $R$ is a rational function of its arguments and $P\left( t \right)$ a polynomial ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Closed form double integral $ \int_{a}^{c}dr \int_{b}^{d} dr' \, \frac{r r'}{\sqrt{(r - a)(r' - b)(r-c)(r'-d)}} \frac{r_<^{\ell}}{r_>^{\ell+1}}$

Is there a closed form expression for $$ S_\ell = \int\limits_{a}^{c}dr \int\limits_{b}^{d} dr' \, \frac{r r'}{\sqrt{(r - a)(r' - b)(r-c)(r'-d)}} \frac{[\min( r , r')]^{\ell}}{[\max(r,r')]^{\ell+1}} ...
0
votes
0answers
90 views

Solid angle of an off axis disk

In the diagram on the first page of this paper, what does the point c represent? Alternatively, what does the length R, the length r, or the angle theta represent? This is what I know so far. The ...