Questions on elliptic integrals, integrals that involve the square root of a cubic or quartic polynomial.

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4
votes
4answers
212 views

Prove that these two curves have the same length

My midterms are approaching, and I was going through some of our past Calculus midterms when I stumbled upon this question from 1996: Show that these two curves, $$(\Gamma) : \frac ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

How to get arc-length of polar function $r= 4(1-\sin{\phi})$?

How can I get arc-length of this polar function? $$ r= 4(1-\sin{\phi})$$ $$-\frac{\pi}{2}\leq\phi\leq\frac{\pi}{2}$$ I know that arc-length of polar function can get calculate by ...
0
votes
0answers
4 views

Relationship between elliptic integrals of first and second order.

A colleague and I are making an issue where order to reach the result we are asked to prove identity between elliptic integrals first and second order. This is: $$\frac{V}{\pi}\left( ...
13
votes
1answer
203 views

Formula for $\int_0^\infty \frac{\log(1+x^2)}{\sqrt{(a^2+x^2)(b^2+x^2)}}dx$

Is it possible to express the following integral in terms of known special functions? $$I(a,b)=\int_0^\infty \frac{\log(1+x^2)}{\sqrt{(a^2+x^2)(b^2+x^2)}}dx$$ I have managed to solve the special ...
4
votes
1answer
84 views

Conjecture about integral $\int_0^1 K\left(\sqrt{\vphantom1x}\right)\,K\left(\sqrt{1-x}\right)\,x^ndx$

I'm interested in the following integral: $$\mathcal J(n)=\int_0^1 K\left(\sqrt{\vphantom1x}\right)\,K\left(\sqrt{1-x}\right)\,x^ndx,\tag1$$ where $K(z)$ is the complete elliptic integral of the 1ˢᵗ ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

Proving Legendres Relation for elliptic curves

The legendre's relation can be stated as follows $$ K(k) E(k^*)+ E(k) K(k^*) - K(k) K(k^*) = \frac{\pi}{2} $$ where $k^* = \sqrt{1 - k^2}$ is the complimentary modulus, and $E$ and $K$ are ...
10
votes
1answer
147 views

How to prove $\int_1^\infty\frac{K(x)^2}x dx=\frac{i\,\pi^3}8$?

How can I prove the following identity? $$\int_1^\infty\frac{K(x)^2}x dx\stackrel{\color{#B0B0B0}?}=\frac{i\,\pi^3}8,\tag1$$ where $K(x)$ is the complete elliptic integral of the 1ˢᵗ kind: ...
11
votes
1answer
244 views

How to prove $\int_0^\pi\frac{\ln(2+\cos\phi)}{\sqrt{2+\cos\phi}}d\phi=\frac{\ln3}{\sqrt3}K\left(\sqrt{\frac23}\right)$?

How can I prove the following conjectured identity? $$\int_0^\pi\frac{\ln(2+\cos\phi)}{\sqrt{2+\cos\phi}}d\phi\stackrel?=\frac{\ln3}{\sqrt3}K\left(\sqrt{\frac23}\right),\tag1$$ where $K(x)$ is the ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

The transformations on the nome and Landen's transformation

Could someone please explain how to transform the nome $q = e^{-\pi K'/K}$ from $q^2$ to $q$ and then to $-q$? In other words, how does changing $q^2$ to $q$ and then $q$ to $-q$ affect $k$ and $K$. ...
0
votes
2answers
21 views

A general solution to the sine-gordon equation (with only time dependence)

I have a non-linear equation similar to the sine-gordon equation, but it is ordinary: $\frac{d^2x}{dt^2} - g \sin(x) = 0$ where $g$ is some positive constant. I'm looking for a general solution of ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Inverse of an arbitrary elliptic integral

Given an arbitrary elliptic integral $I\left( x \right) = \int_{c}^{x} R \left(t, \sqrt{P(t)} \right) \, dt,$ where $R$ is a rational function of its arguments and $P\left( t \right)$ a polynomial ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Closed form double integral $ \int_{a}^{c}dr \int_{b}^{d} dr' \, \frac{r r'}{\sqrt{(r - a)(r' - b)(r-c)(r'-d)}} \frac{r_<^{\ell}}{r_>^{\ell+1}}$

Is there a closed form expression for $$ S_\ell = \int\limits_{a}^{c}dr \int\limits_{b}^{d} dr' \, \frac{r r'}{\sqrt{(r - a)(r' - b)(r-c)(r'-d)}} \frac{[\min( r , r')]^{\ell}}{[\max(r,r')]^{\ell+1}} ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Solid angle of an off axis disk

In the diagram on the first page of this paper, what does the point c represent? Alternatively, what does the length R, the length r, or the angle theta represent? This is what I know so far. The ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Evaluation of $A$ in $2K(\sqrt{x}) = -\log(1 - x) + A + o(1)$ when $x \to 1^{-}$

Let $$K(k) = \int_{0}^{\pi/2}\frac{dx}{\sqrt{1 - k^{2}\sin^{2} x}}$$ be the complete elliptic integral of first kind where $0 < k < 1$. Let $k' = \sqrt{1 - k^{2}}$ be the complementary modulus. ...
5
votes
2answers
250 views

Closed form integral $\int_b^c \frac{x^2}{\sqrt{(x-a)(x-b)(c-x)(d-x)}} dx$

Is there a closed form expression for the definite integral $$I=\int_b^c \frac{x^2}{\sqrt{(x-a)(x-b)(c-x)(d-x)}} dx$$ for $a<b<c<d$? Mathematica 9.0 can do it for special cases using ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

Heuman Lambda Function in MATLAB

I'm trying to implement the Heuman Lambda function in MATLAB, but i'm having problems getting a correct answer. The Heuman Lambda Function is: $$ \Lambda_0(\beta,k) = \frac{2}{pi}[E(k)F(\beta,k') + ...
3
votes
1answer
306 views

How to compute elliptic integrals in MATLAB

I need to calculate the complete elliptic integrals of the first and second kind , the incomplete elliptic integral of the first kind, and the incomplete elliptic integral of the second kind in ...
7
votes
1answer
135 views

Understanding why $\int_0^{\pi/2} \sqrt{1+\cos^2x} \geq \frac{\pi}{4}\bigl( 1 + \sqrt{2}\bigr)$

Lately I stumbled accros the magnifient paper by Roger Nelsen, which can be found here Symmetry and Integration In this paper it is shown that $$ \int_0^{\pi/2} \frac{\mathrm{d}x}{1 + ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

How to compute the arc length of $f(x) = ax + b \sin(x)$.

I would like to compute the length of the arc of $f(x) = a x + b \sin(x)$ (let's say from $0$ to $\alpha < 2\pi$.). The traditional method of computing it as the integral $\int_0^\alpha ...
0
votes
1answer
139 views

Jacobian of an ellipse

An ellipse is given by $$ \frac {x^2}{a^2} + \frac {y^2}{b^2} = 1$$ You want to find the area by using a change of coordinates: $x = r\cos θ$, $y = \frac{br}{a}\sin θ$. Find the range of values of ...
25
votes
1answer
299 views

Conjectured closed form for $\int_0^1x^{2\,q-1}\,K(x)^2dx$ where $K(x)$ is the complete elliptic integral of the 1ˢᵗ kind

I am interested in a general closed-form formula for integrals of the following form: $$\mathcal{J}_q=\int_0^1x^{2\,q-1}\,K(x)^2dx,\tag0$$ where $K(x)$ is the complete elliptic integral of the 1ˢᵗ ...
0
votes
2answers
42 views

Elliptic Integrals of the First Kind

Suppose I have $$F(\phi(x), k) = x$$ where the elliptic integral of the first kind is defined to be $$F(\phi, k) = \int_{0}^{\phi} \frac{1}{\sqrt{1-k^2\sin(\theta)}} \, d\theta $$ How could I invert ...
8
votes
1answer
244 views

Indefinite integral $\int \arcsin \left(k\sin x\right) dx$

It would take too long to explain the context reasonably well - but in short, this integral, or rather its equivalent $$\int\frac{x\cos x\,dx}{\sqrt{1-k^2\sin^2x}},\qquad 0<k<1$$ is related to ...
7
votes
0answers
111 views

Closed-form expression for an iterated integral

Does the following iterated integral have a simple closed-form expression in terms of $z$? $$ I = \int_0^\infty \int_0^\infty \sqrt{\frac{1 + x^2 y^2 + x^2 z^2 + y^2 z^2}{(x^2 + y^2 + z^2 + x^2 y^2 ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

how do i give upper and lower limits to an elliptical integral---

how do i give upper and lower limits to an elliptical integral? I want to compute: $$\int_0^{2\pi} \frac{1}{\sqrt{1-k^2\sin^2x}} dx$$ for which I get $F(x/k^2)$ I need to put upper and lower ...
9
votes
2answers
230 views

Show that $K=K'$ if and only if $k=(\sqrt{2}-1)^2$ (Ahlfors)

In Ahlfors' Complex Analysis text, page 240, he defines the following two integrals: $$K=\int_{-1}^1 \frac{dt}{\sqrt{(1-t^2)(1-k^2 t^2)}}, $$ $$K'=\int_1^{1/k} \frac{dt}{\sqrt{(t^2-1)(1-k^2t^2)}}. $$ ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Difficulties with an elliptic integral (Ahlfors)

In Ahlfors' Complex Analysis text, page 239 he defines $$F(w)=\int_0^w \frac{dw}{\sqrt{(1-w^2)(1-k^2w^2)}} $$ where $0<k<1$ is a constant. He notes this time we agree that ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Reference for Expansions of elliptic integrals

You can typically write Elliptic integrals in terms of a series expansion. These for example occur when you want to write the period for small oscillations of the (nonlinear) pendulum. I am looking ...
16
votes
0answers
237 views

Simplify $\frac{_3F_2\left(\frac{1}{2},\frac{3}{4},\frac{5}{4};1,\frac{3}{2};\frac{3}{4}\right)}{\Pi\left(\frac{1}{4}\big|\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}\right)}$

Is it possible to simplify the ratio $$\mathcal{E}=\frac{_3F_2\left(\frac{1}{2},\frac{3}{4},\frac{5}{4};\ 1,\frac{3}{2};\ \frac{3}{4}\right)}{\Pi\left(\frac{1}{4}\Big|\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}\right)},$$ ...
1
vote
0answers
139 views

Rewriting an elliptic integral

Let's say I have an elliptic differential $R(t,\sqrt{f(t)})$, where $f(t)$ is a fourth or third order polynomial. I want to prove it can be transformed by a Möbius transform ...
1
vote
1answer
157 views

Can we express all doubly periodic functions as one of doubly periodic function?

Singly Periodic Functions $e^{x},\cos(x),\sin(x),\tan(x), .. etc.$ Euler's identity is $$e^{i\alpha}=\cos(\alpha)+i\sin(\alpha)$$ $$e^{-i\alpha}=\cos(\alpha)-i\sin(\alpha)$$ Thus, we can express ...
2
votes
0answers
161 views

Simple pendulum: Rewriting integral in elliptic integral

I've been reading through the math on nonlinear (large amplitude) pendulum in wikipedia, and it beats me on how can $\displaystyle\int_{0}^{\theta_0} \dfrac{d\theta}{\sqrt{\cos(\theta) - ...
2
votes
0answers
159 views

Separate incomplete elliptic integral into real and imaginary parts

I am working in a problem that involves Incomplete Elliptic Integrals of the First and Second kind of the form $F(\sin^{-1}x~|~m)$ and $E(\sin^{-1}x~|~m)$ where the parameters $m$, $x$ are real ...
3
votes
1answer
222 views

A tricky integral (flux of a point charge through a disk)

The integrals: $$ \oint \frac{r\,dr\,d\phi}{\left(L^2+r^2+h^2+2Lr\cos\phi\right)^{3/2}}\\ \oint \frac{dx\,dy}{\left((L+x)^2+y^2+h^2\right)^{3/2}} $$ If we have a point charge at the origin and we ...
4
votes
1answer
84 views

Computing the inverse Jacobi function $\mathrm{arccd}$ with elliptic integrals

According to page 42 of 1, $\operatorname{arccd}(x, k)=F\left(\arcsin\left(\sqrt{\frac{1 - x^2}{1 - k^2x^2}}\right), k\right)$, where $F(\phi, k)=\int_0^\phi \frac{dt}{\sqrt{1 - k^2\sin^2t^2}}$, and ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Looking for examples where $f(z)=\operatorname{inv} \int_{0}^{z} g(z)\, dz$ with $f(z)$ entire and $g(z)$ not meromorphic.

I'm looking for examples where $f(z)=\operatorname{inv}\int_{0}^{z} g(z) \, dz$ with $f(z)$ entire and $g(z)$ not meromorphic. For clarity, by $\operatorname{inv}$, I mean the functional inverse. ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Series Expansion of JacobiZeta in Both Arguments

I am looking for a series expansion of the JacobiZeta function at the following argument values: $$JacobiZeta[~ArcSin[1+a \epsilon]~,~1-b\epsilon~]_{\epsilon\approx 0}=?$$ where $a$ and $b$ are ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

Identity concerning complete elliptic integrals

It can be easily checked that both the complete elliptic integrals $K(k), K'(k)$ satisfy the same second order differential equation $$kk'^{2}\frac{d^{2}y}{dk^{2}} + (1 - 3k^{2})\frac{dy}{dk} - ky = ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

To find the limit of three terms mean iteration

We know that the arithmetic-geometric mean $AGM(a,b)$ of $a$ and $b$ defined as $$2a_1=a+b$$ $$b^2_1=ab$$ $$2a_n=a_{n-1}+b_{n-1}$$ $$b^2_n=a_{n-1}b_{n-1}$$ $AGM(a,b)=\lim\limits_{n\to \infty} ...
6
votes
1answer
451 views

Derivative of the elliptic integral of the first kind

The complete elliptic integral of the first kind is defined as $$K(k)=\int_0^{\pi/2} \frac{dx}{\sqrt{1-k^2\sin^2{x}}}$$ and the complete elliptic integral of the second kind is defined as ...
0
votes
1answer
310 views

How to compute complete elliptic integral of the first kind in explicit form using elementary functions?

How to compute complete elliptic integral of the first kind in explicit form using elementary functions? If it is not possible to compute complete elliptic integral of the first kind in explicit way, ...
4
votes
2answers
98 views

How to solve this integral

Wolfram integrator is unable to solve this: $$ \int_0^\pi \frac{1}{\sqrt {(a-\cos(t))^2+(b-\sin(t))^2+c^2}}\,\mathrm dt $$ Any suggestions? Thanks!
12
votes
1answer
260 views

Closed form for $\int_1^\infty\int_0^1\frac{\mathrm dy\,\mathrm dx}{\sqrt{x^2-1}\sqrt{1-y^2}\sqrt{1-y^2+4\,x^2y^2}}$

Consider the following integral: $$\mathcal{I}=\int_1^\infty\int_0^1\frac{\mathrm dy\,\mathrm dx}{\sqrt{x^2-1}\sqrt{1-y^2}\sqrt{1-y^2+4\,x^2y^2}}.$$ It can be represented as ...
1
vote
1answer
550 views

Incomplete elliptic integral of the second kind and the arc length of an ellipse - does a `simple` relation exist?

Short introduction For a calculation I am working on I need to determine the arc length $l$ of a part of an ellipse in terms of the major axis $2a$, the minor axis $2b$ and the angle $\phi$. I ...
3
votes
1answer
196 views

Calculating the integral $\int_{0}^{\pi /6}\sqrt{1-\left(\frac{R_s\sin \theta }{C_L}\right)^2} d\theta$

I want to integrate $I=\int\limits_{0}^{\pi /6}{\sqrt{1-{{\left( \frac{{{R}_{s}}\sin \theta }{{{C}_{L}}} \right)}^{2}}}d \theta}$. I get incomplete elliptic integral $E(z\mid m)$ in the calculation by ...
1
vote
0answers
183 views

Approximations of the incomplete elliptic integral of the second kind

For a calculation I am working on I need to determine the arc length $l$ of a part of an ellipse in terms of the major axis $2a$, the minor axis $2b$ and the angle $\phi$. I know that this is a ...
4
votes
2answers
207 views

Help computing rational square root integral

Those integral techniques I thought I'd never need to remember are coming back to bite me. Is there a way to compute integrals of the form: $$ \int_0^\infty \frac{1}{\sqrt{1 + a x^2 + b x^4}} dx $$ I ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

An integral for the Earth's insolation

Consider the function $$ [-\pi/2,\pi/2] \ni \theta \mapsto s_\beta(\theta) = \int_0^{2\pi} \sqrt{ 1 - \left(\cos \theta \sin \beta \cos \gamma - \sin \theta \cos \beta \right)^2} \, d \gamma $$ for ...
1
vote
0answers
123 views

Complete Elliptic Integral of the 3rd Kind - Residual Computation

Let us consider the following function $f(a,k)$ in the interval $a,k\in (0,1]$ : $$f(a,k)=\frac{2 \sqrt{1-a^2} \sqrt{a^2-k^2}}{\sqrt{a^2}}\Pi\left(a^2,k^2\right)$$ where $\Pi\left(a^2,k^2\right)$ is ...
2
votes
1answer
281 views

Circumference of the ellipse, elliptic integrals, and WolframAlpha

The arc length of a graph of a function $f(x)$ is $$\mathcal{l} = \int_a^b \sqrt {1 + f'(x)^2} dx$$ If you choose $f$ to be a parametrization of the ellipse with $a=1, b=\frac{1}{2}$, i.e. $f(x) = ...