Questions on elliptic integrals, integrals that involve the square root of a cubic or quartic polynomial.

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22 views

Is the elliptic integral bounded?

Is the elliptic Integral of the first kind bounded (also for complex argument)?
-1
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0answers
23 views

Solving Elliptic Integrals with variables

I have this complete elliptic integral of the second kind: $$ E\left(-\frac {4x}{(1+\delta)^2}\right) $$ I know I can solve the integral by giving a value to $\delta$ and $x$. However, I can't because ...
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0answers
20 views

Find similar estimate for complex numbers

According to Borwein, page 356 Prop. 2, $\left|\ln\left(\frac{4}{k}\right)-\operatorname{I}(1,k)\right|\leq 4k^2\left(8+\left|\ln k\right|\right)$ holds for $k\in\left(0,1\right]$. ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Fourier serie of $\sqrt{1 - k^2 \sin^2{t}}$

I'm struggling with a Fourier serie. I need to find the Fourier series of the following function. That's the function under study: $f(t)=\left[\sqrt{1-k^2\sin^2t}\,\right]$. The function ...
5
votes
1answer
88 views

Indefinite integral typo in Gradshteĭn: reciprocal square-root of sixth degree polynomial

The indefinite integral below, quoted from Gradshteĭn's Table of Integrals, Series, and Products, 7th ed., (bottom of p.104) appears to contain at least two typos (highlighted in purple). ...
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0answers
34 views

Integrating the function $\alpha^{2}\sin^{2}\left( \dfrac {2 \pi x}{w}\right)$

I need to find $\int ^{x}_{0} \alpha^{2}\sin^{2}\left( \dfrac {2 \pi x}{w}\right) dL$ where $L=\dfrac {2kE\left( \dfrac {2\pi \alpha }{k}\right) }{\pi}\approx \dfrac {k+w}{2}\left( \dfrac {3\left( ...
4
votes
3answers
169 views

Integral of inverse of square root of quartic function with real roots

I was doing a physics problem and in order to finish it, I need to prove that: $\int_{x1}^{x2}\frac{dx}{{((x1 - x)(x - x2)(x - x3)(x - x4))}^{1/2}} = \int_{x3}^{x4}\frac{dx}{{((x1 - x)(x - x2)(x - ...
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3answers
187 views

How do I integrate $\frac{\sqrt{1-k^2\sin^2 x}}{\sin x}$

How do I evaluate this indefinite integral, for $|k| < 1$: $$ \int\frac{\sqrt{1-k^2\sin^2 x}}{\sin x}\mathrm{d}x $$ I tried the change of variable $t=\sin x$, and obtained two integrals, but I ...
0
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0answers
22 views

Is there a nice way to solve this Ramanujan-like approximation?

I have managed to approximate $l=\frac{2 \sqrt{4 \pi ^2 A^2+W^2} E(\epsilon )}{\pi }$ with parameter $\epsilon =k=\frac{2 \pi A}{\sqrt{4 \pi ^2 A^2+W^2}}$ alike Ramanujan as $l \approx ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

Changes of variables to get an Elliptic Integral of the First Kind

I'm working with a non-linear second order ODE which has an analytical solution in terms of the Jacobi elliptical function $sn(u|k^2)$. The equation is $y''=y(\gamma - \frac{y^2}{2})$ where $\gamma$ ...
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0answers
73 views

Approximating an Infinite Summation into Closed Form

I want to be able to approximate the following in closed form $$L=\sqrt{\gamma ^2+4 \pi ^2 \psi ^2} \sum _{j=0}^{\infty } \frac{\left(\frac{(2 j-1)\text{!!} (2 \pi \psi )^j}{(2 j)\text{!!} ...
3
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0answers
51 views

How can I find my eccentricity (k, of the incomplete elliptic integral of the second kind) using a binomial series or root-finding algorithm

My main objective is to rearrange the following to find $A=$. I start with $C=\int^{B}_{0}\sqrt {1+\dfrac {A^{2}}{B^{2}}\cos^{2}\left(\dfrac {x}{B}\right) }dx$ By substituting $y=x/B$ and using ...
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0answers
46 views

Value of an elliptic integral of the first kind

The elliptic integral of the first kind $$ \int_0^{\pi/2}{\frac{du}{\sqrt{1-k^2\sin^2{u}}}} $$ cannot be expressed in terms of standard functions. But in the following context from The Pendulum by ...
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2answers
41 views

Derivative of Integral of (g) with g in the limit

I would like to evaluate the following: $$\frac{\partial }{\partial \beta }\int _0^{\cos ^{-1}(\beta )}\text{dx} \sqrt{\beta +\cos (x)}$$ given that $0\leq\beta\leq1$ basically I'd like to find ...
4
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2answers
124 views

An identity of an Elliptical Integral

Suppose $0<k<1$ and $\displaystyle K(k)=\int_0^1\frac{\mathrm{d}x}{\sqrt{(1-x^2)(1-k^2x^2)}}$. Let $\tilde{k}$ be $\tilde{k}^2=1-k^2$. Show that $$\displaystyle ...
4
votes
1answer
81 views

Elliptic integral $\int^1_0 \frac{K(k)}{\sqrt{1-k^2}}\,dk$

Question: Prove that $$\int^1_0 \frac{K(k)}{\sqrt{1-k^2}}\,dk=\frac{1}{16\pi}\Gamma^4\left( \frac{1}{4}\right)$$ My attempt Start by the transformation $$k \to \frac{2\sqrt{k}}{1+k}$$ ...
1
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1answer
34 views

Numerical evaluation of the first (K) and second (E) complete elliptic integrals

To get a numerical evaluation of the first (K) and second (E) complete elliptic integrals: $$K(k)=\int_0^1\frac{dt}{(1-t^2)^{1/2}(1-k^2t^2)^{1/2}}, \ \ \ \ \ ...
1
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1answer
29 views

Is the Inverse of the Vectorised Solid Angle Equation for $n$ Circular Discs Continuous?

I have a continuous function$^{*1}$ that takes in 3 arguments, and returns 24 outputs. I want to know if the inverse of this function is continuous. The 3 input arguments are the x, y, and z position ...
3
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2answers
126 views

Elliptical Integrals

I was trying to figure out the length of the arc in a single cycle of a sinusoidal curve and I used the curve length formula to arrive at $$\int_0^{2\pi}\sqrt{1+\cos^2x}\ dx,$$ which I am fairly ...
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0answers
26 views

Expression of $2\int_{0}^{\frac{1}{r_{0}}}\frac{du}{\sqrt{\frac{r_{0}-r_{s}}{r_{0}^{3}}-u^{2}\left(1-u r_{s}\right)}}$ in terms of elliptic integrals

In Gravitation by Misner et al. 1973 the authors state that (calculus related to the Schwarzschild metric page 678) : ...
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0answers
57 views

Closed form of $\sum_{n=1}^\infty(-1)^{n+1} \frac xn \ln\left(1+\frac xn\right), \quad x \in (0,1)$

Is there a known closed form of the series below? $$\sum_{n=1}^\infty(-1)^{n+1} \frac xn \ln\left(1+\frac xn\right), \quad x \in (0,1]$$
4
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1answer
59 views

Fundamental period of the WeierstrassP elliptic function?

Consider the WeierstrassP elliptic function $\wp(z, g_2, g_3)$ with the invariants $g_2\in\mathbb{R}$ and $g_3\in\mathbb{R}$: $$\wp'(z)^2 = 4\wp(z)^3 - g_2 \wp(z) - g_3$$ According to Wikipedia when ...
3
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1answer
102 views

TaylorSeries of complete elliptic integral of the first kind

I want compute $K(k)$ as a Taylor Series; $k\in\mathbb{R}$ and $\vert k \vert < 1$. Can someone help me? $$ K(k):= \int^{\frac{\pi}{2}}_0 \dfrac{dt}{\sqrt{1-k^2 sin^2t}} $$ Results so far: $$ ...
8
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0answers
142 views

The closed form of $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} \arcsin\left(\frac{1}{e^n}\right)$

In my study on some type of integrals I met the series below that I don't how to approach it. Of course, one of the obvious questions is: does it have a closed form? Before answering that, I need to ...
10
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5answers
290 views
4
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1answer
134 views

Does $\int_0^{2 \pi} \sqrt{1-(a+b \sin\phi)^2} d\phi $ have a closed form in terms of elliptic integrals?

Consider the following integral for real $a, b$ such that the square root is real: \begin{equation} I=\int_0^{2 \pi} \sqrt{1-(a+b \sin\phi)^2} d\phi \end{equation} For $a = 0$, the integral is easily ...
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1answer
53 views

Infinite series representation of elliptic integrals $F(k,\phi)$ and $E(k,\phi).$

Here is my working so far. For a natural number $n,$$$2^{2n-1}\left(-1\right)^n\sin^{2n}\phi=\frac{\left(-1\right)^n}{2}\binom{2n}{n}+\sum\limits_{r=0}^{n-1}\binom{2n}{r}\left(-1\right)^r\cos ...
4
votes
4answers
233 views

Prove that these two curves have the same length

My midterms are approaching, and I was going through some of our past Calculus midterms when I stumbled upon this question from 1996: Show that these two curves, $$(\Gamma) : \frac ...
0
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1answer
61 views

How to get arc-length of polar function $r= 4(1-\sin{\phi})$?

How can I get arc-length of this polar function? $$ r= 4(1-\sin{\phi})$$ $$-\frac{\pi}{2}\leq\phi\leq\frac{\pi}{2}$$ I know that arc-length of polar function can get calculate by ...
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0answers
17 views

Relationship between elliptic integrals of first and second order.

A colleague and I are making an issue where order to reach the result we are asked to prove identity between elliptic integrals first and second order. This is: $$\frac{V}{\pi}\left( ...
14
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1answer
267 views

Formula for $\int_0^\infty \frac{\log(1+x^2)}{\sqrt{(a^2+x^2)(b^2+x^2)}}dx$

Is it possible to express the following integral in terms of known special functions? $$I(a,b)=\int_0^\infty \frac{\log(1+x^2)}{\sqrt{(a^2+x^2)(b^2+x^2)}}dx$$ I have managed to solve the special ...
4
votes
1answer
118 views

Conjecture about integral $\int_0^1 K\left(\sqrt{\vphantom1x}\right)\,K\left(\sqrt{1-x}\right)\,x^ndx$

I'm interested in the following integral: $$\mathcal J(n)=\int_0^1 K\left(\sqrt{\vphantom1x}\right)\,K\left(\sqrt{1-x}\right)\,x^ndx,\tag1$$ where $K(z)$ is the complete elliptic integral of the 1ˢᵗ ...
4
votes
1answer
106 views

Proving Legendres Relation for elliptic curves

The legendre's relation can be stated as follows $$ K(k) E(k^*)+ E(k) K(k^*) - K(k) K(k^*) = \frac{\pi}{2} $$ where $k^* = \sqrt{1 - k^2}$ is the complimentary modulus, and $E$ and $K$ are ...
10
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1answer
173 views

How to prove $\int_1^\infty\frac{K(x)^2}x dx=\frac{i\,\pi^3}8$?

How can I prove the following identity? $$\int_1^\infty\frac{K(x)^2}x dx\stackrel{\color{#B0B0B0}?}=\frac{i\,\pi^3}8,\tag1$$ where $K(x)$ is the complete elliptic integral of the 1ˢᵗ kind: ...
12
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1answer
297 views

How to prove $\int_0^\pi\frac{\ln(2+\cos\phi)}{\sqrt{2+\cos\phi}}d\phi=\frac{\ln3}{\sqrt3}K\left(\sqrt{\frac23}\right)$?

How can I prove the following conjectured identity? $$\int_0^\pi\frac{\ln(2+\cos\phi)}{\sqrt{2+\cos\phi}}d\phi\stackrel?=\frac{\ln3}{\sqrt3}K\left(\sqrt{\frac23}\right),\tag1$$ where $K(x)$ is the ...
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1answer
99 views

The transformations on the nome and Landen's transformation

Could someone please explain how to transform the nome $q = e^{-\pi K'/K}$ from $q^2$ to $q$ and then to $-q$? In other words, how does changing $q^2$ to $q$ and then $q$ to $-q$ affect $k$ and $K$. ...
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2answers
57 views

A general solution to the sine-gordon equation (with only time dependence)

I have a non-linear equation similar to the sine-gordon equation, but it is ordinary: $\frac{d^2x}{dt^2} - g \sin(x) = 0$ where $g$ is some positive constant. I'm looking for a general solution of ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Inverse of an arbitrary elliptic integral

Given an arbitrary elliptic integral $I\left( x \right) = \int_{c}^{x} R \left(t, \sqrt{P(t)} \right) \, dt,$ where $R$ is a rational function of its arguments and $P\left( t \right)$ a polynomial ...
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0answers
51 views

Closed form double integral $ \int_{a}^{c}dr \int_{b}^{d} dr' \, \frac{r r'}{\sqrt{(r - a)(r' - b)(r-c)(r'-d)}} \frac{r_<^{\ell}}{r_>^{\ell+1}}$

Is there a closed form expression for $$ S_\ell = \int\limits_{a}^{c}dr \int\limits_{b}^{d} dr' \, \frac{r r'}{\sqrt{(r - a)(r' - b)(r-c)(r'-d)}} \frac{[\min( r , r')]^{\ell}}{[\max(r,r')]^{\ell+1}} ...
0
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0answers
80 views

Solid angle of an off axis disk

In the diagram on the first page of this paper, what does the point c represent? Alternatively, what does the length R, the length r, or the angle theta represent? This is what I know so far. The ...
2
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0answers
76 views

Evaluation of $A$ in $2K(\sqrt{x}) = -\log(1 - x) + A + o(1)$ when $x \to 1^{-}$

Let $$K(k) = \int_{0}^{\pi/2}\frac{dx}{\sqrt{1 - k^{2}\sin^{2} x}}$$ be the complete elliptic integral of first kind where $0 < k < 1$. Let $k' = \sqrt{1 - k^{2}}$ be the complementary modulus. ...
5
votes
2answers
384 views

Closed form integral $\int_b^c \frac{x^2}{\sqrt{(x-a)(x-b)(c-x)(d-x)}} dx$

Is there a closed form expression for the definite integral $$I=\int_b^c \frac{x^2}{\sqrt{(x-a)(x-b)(c-x)(d-x)}} dx$$ for $a<b<c<d$? Mathematica 9.0 can do it for special cases using ...
1
vote
1answer
285 views

Heuman Lambda Function in MATLAB

I'm trying to implement the Heuman Lambda function in MATLAB, but i'm having problems getting a correct answer. The Heuman Lambda Function is: $$ \Lambda_0(\beta,k) = \frac{2}{pi}[E(k)F(\beta,k') + ...
3
votes
1answer
882 views

How to compute elliptic integrals in MATLAB

I need to calculate the complete elliptic integrals of the first and second kind , the incomplete elliptic integral of the first kind, and the incomplete elliptic integral of the second kind in ...
7
votes
1answer
153 views

Understanding why $\int_0^{\pi/2} \sqrt{1+\cos^2x} \geq \frac{\pi}{4}\bigl( 1 + \sqrt{2}\bigr)$

Lately I stumbled accros the magnifient paper by Roger Nelsen, which can be found here Symmetry and Integration In this paper it is shown that $$ \int_0^{\pi/2} \frac{\mathrm{d}x}{1 + ...
2
votes
0answers
71 views

How to compute the arc length of $f(x) = ax + b \sin(x)$.

I would like to compute the length of the arc of $f(x) = a x + b \sin(x)$ (let's say from $0$ to $\alpha < 2\pi$.). The traditional method of computing it as the integral $\int_0^\alpha ...
0
votes
1answer
284 views

Jacobian of an ellipse

An ellipse is given by $$ \frac {x^2}{a^2} + \frac {y^2}{b^2} = 1$$ You want to find the area by using a change of coordinates: $x = r\cos θ$, $y = \frac{br}{a}\sin θ$. Find the range of values of ...
25
votes
1answer
314 views

Conjectured closed form for $\int_0^1x^{2\,q-1}\,K(x)^2dx$ where $K(x)$ is the complete elliptic integral of the 1ˢᵗ kind

I am interested in a general closed-form formula for integrals of the following form: $$\mathcal{J}_q=\int_0^1x^{2\,q-1}\,K(x)^2dx,\tag0$$ where $K(x)$ is the complete elliptic integral of the 1ˢᵗ ...
0
votes
2answers
62 views

Elliptic Integrals of the First Kind

Suppose I have $$F(\phi(x), k) = x$$ where the elliptic integral of the first kind is defined to be $$F(\phi, k) = \int_{0}^{\phi} \frac{1}{\sqrt{1-k^2\sin(\theta)}} \, d\theta $$ How could I invert ...
8
votes
1answer
276 views

Indefinite integral $\int \arcsin \left(k\sin x\right) dx$

It would take too long to explain the context reasonably well - but in short, this integral, or rather its equivalent $$\int\frac{x\cos x\,dx}{\sqrt{1-k^2\sin^2x}},\qquad 0<k<1$$ is related to ...