For questions regarding elliptic curves. Questions on ellipses should be tagged [conic-sections] instead.

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3
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2answers
134 views

Elliptic curves on a K3 surface

Let $X$ be an elliptic K3 surface. Let $\alpha$ be a smooth curve of genus $\geq3$. Define $$d(\alpha)=\min\lbrace \epsilon\cdot \alpha \ | \ \epsilon \mbox{ is an elliptic curve on } X \rbrace, $$ ...
3
votes
4answers
475 views

Two circles intersect in two points

Take for example two circles $$\begin{cases}x^2+y^2=1\\x^2+y^2-x-y=0\end{cases}$$ These two circles intersect in two points namely $(0,1)$ and $(1,0)$. But by Bezout's theorem they must intersect four ...
4
votes
2answers
73 views

Is it possible to do elliptic curve cryptography over $\mathbb{Q}$ instead of a finite field?

Whenever I read about elliptic curve cryptography (ECC), the writer always works over a finite field. But as I understand it there is no group-theoretic reason not to use $\mathbb{Q}$ as the ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

E: $y^2+y=x^3$ an elliptic curve over $F_{2}$. How to prove the number of $E(F_{2^n})$ = $2^n+1$ if n is odd, …

Let E be the elliptic curve $y^2 + y = x^3$ over $F_2$. Prove $ $#E($F_{2^n})$$ = \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} 2^n+1 & \quad n=odd \\ 2^n+1-2(-2)^{n/2} & \quad ...
3
votes
2answers
203 views

Moduli space of isogeny classes of elliptic curves

The modular curve $Y(1)$ classifies isomorphism classes of elliptic curves, namely its $K$-points for any field $\mathbb Q\subseteq K\subseteq \mathbb C$ correspond via the $j$-invariant to $\mathbb ...
0
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1answer
75 views

Is it correct to say $ x^3+2x+1=y^2 $ is an elliptic curve?

I'm a bit confused about the definition on elliptic curve. For example, can we say that $x^3+2x+1=y^2$ is an elliptic curve? My opinion is that it is not an elliptic curve as the definition given in ...
4
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1answer
152 views

Elliptic Curves Without Geometry

Unfortunately geometry terrifies me, so I was hoping to understand the basic theory of elliptic curves algebraically (via their function fields). Let F be a transcendence degree 1 extension of ...
4
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1answer
203 views

How to visualize projective plane

I need to comprehend projective plane as a prerequisite for some other topic. But I can't understand what it really looks like. How can I make this plane natural to me? Moreover I want to understand ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Minimal Discriminant of An Elliptic Curve

I want to determine the minimal discriminant of $$ y^2 + xy = x^3-x^2-50x+111 $$ as an elliptic curve over the rationals. I managed to reduce it to the form $y^2=x^3+Ax+B$ where $A,B$ are rational, ...
2
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1answer
105 views

$L$-functions of elliptic curves over $\mathbb{Q}$

How to find out the $P_{v}(E/\mathbb{Q},X)$ theoretically given below in the definition of $L$-functions for elliptic curves over $\mathbb{Q}$ $?$ Please cite some references for the same. For an ...
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1answer
25 views

Generate point with desired order on a curve

I'm looking to construct a set of elliptic curve parameters for the Tate pairing. I'm working with an elliptic curve over the field $F_{q^{12}}$ where $q$ is a prime number of magnitude around ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

Elliptic curve which attains potential good reduction over an Artin-Schreier extension.

I am looking for an elliptic curve $E$ over the field $\overline{\mathbb{F}_{p}}((t))$, which attains good reduction over an Artin-Schreier extension of $\overline{\mathbb{F}_{p}}((t))$, i.e.: an ...
2
votes
2answers
196 views

Question about kernel of reduction mapping of elliptic curves

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$ which has good (nonsingular) reduction $\tilde{E}$ modulo some prime $p$. Denote their groups $E(\mathbb{Q})$ and $\tilde{E}(\mathbb{F}_p)$ ...
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vote
2answers
69 views

From $y^2=x^3+Ax^2+Bx$ to $y^2+(1-c)xy-by=x^3-bx^2$

I have two question How can I transfer with a change of coordinates from $$y^2=x^3+Ax^2+Bx$$ to $$y^2+(1-c)xy-by=x^3-bx^2?$$ In a note of Prof. Lozano "Elliptic Curves, Modular Forms and their ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

Correspondence between prime ideals and Galois orbits of affine points on an elliptic curve

In notes of prof. W.Stein - http://wstein.org/edu/2010/581b/stein-algebraic_number_theory.pdf - the first paragraph of page 112 has the following told: "When $K$ is a perfect field, the prime ideals ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Finding the inverse of P on the generalized weierstrass equation

If P = (x, y) = ∞ is on a monic cubic polynomial, then −P is the other finite point of intersection of the curve and the vertical line through P. Show that −P = (x, −$a_{1}x$ − $a_3$ − y). (Hint: This ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Semistable Elliptic Curves

For a general representation $\rho: G_{\mathbb{Q}} \rightarrow \operatorname{GL}(V)$, where $V$ is a two dimensional $\overline{\mathbb{F}}_p$ vector space, the level $N(\rho)$ in Serre's conjecture ...
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1answer
90 views

Elliptic curves: Why over the complex numbers?

I am a math undergrad, so much of the literature on elliptic curves escapes me. I'm trying to understand why one considers elliptic curves over the complex numbers. Specifically, this part of the ...
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1answer
66 views

Elliptic curves in projective form question

Let $K$ be any field with Char $K \neq 2, 3$, and let $\varepsilon : F ( X_0 ;X_1 ;X_2 ) = X_1^2 X_2- ( X_0^3 +AX_0 X_2^2 + BX_2^3 )$ ; with $A, B \in K$, be an elliptic curve. Let $P$ be a point on ...
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1answer
33 views

Birational Transformations question

so I'm wondering, is there a birational transformation one can make to the equation $Y^2 = X^m + f_{m-1}X^{m-1} + ... + f_0$, where all $f_i \in \mathbb{Q}$ so it is of the form $Y^2 = X^m + ...
2
votes
0answers
73 views

On the rank of $y^2=x^3+k^2x$ [closed]

Which value of k leads the curve $y^2=x^3+k^2x$ to have the rank equal to zero? Can we find a family of this such curves with rank zero?
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1answer
38 views

Why is the answer set limited here?

This question is based on pp $67$ - $68$ of Ash and Gross's "Elliptic Tales". Here the authors discuss points on a curve in the projective plane. We have an equation $f(x,y) = x^2+y^2$ We can ...
0
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1answer
32 views

On the rank of $y^2=x^3+a^2x^2-a^4x$

How can I prove that the rank of $y^2=x^3+a^2x^2-a^4x$ is zero where $a$ is rational and positive?
3
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1answer
54 views

Rational Number Form

I was reading Rational Points on Elliptic Curves by Silverman and Tate and they state: Every non-zero rational number may be uniquely written in the form $\frac{m}{n}p^v$, where $m,n$ are integers ...
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1answer
229 views

Rational points of order 2 on elliptic curves

I'm working on a question that's asking me to list all the $\mathbb Q$-rational points of order 2 and all the $\mathbb C$-rational points of order 2 for some elliptic curves. I've made the following ...
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0answers
28 views

Reduction of isogenies at bad primes

Let $L$ be a number field and $E,E'$ two elliptic curves defined over $L$. Suppose $\varphi\colon E\to E'$ is an isogeny defined over $L$. Let $\mathfrak p$ be a prime of bad reduction for $E,E'$. ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Weierstrass normal form

How can I show that the Weierstrass normal form $u^3 + v^3 = \alpha$,with $x=12\alpha/(u+v)$ and $y=36\alpha (u-v)/(u+v)$, satisfy $y^2=x^3-432α^2$ ?
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1answer
107 views

Rational Points on Elliptic Curves [closed]

Compute the group $C(F_p)$ for the curve $С : y^2=x^3 + x + 1 $ and the primes $p = 3, 7, 11$ and $13$.
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1answer
124 views

Are $10^{10}$-digit-numbers too big for Lenstra's elliptic curve method (ECM)?

I would like to search prime factors of the numbers $$10^{10^{10}}-113$$ and $$10^{10^{10}}+13$$ Both numbers have no prime factor below $10^9$. Are these numbers still too big for ECM ? I also ...
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1answer
35 views

How to determine the group structure of $E(\mathbb{R})$ for an elliptic curve $E/\mathbb{R}$

Using Weierstrass' $\wp$ function it can be proved that the group of complex points on an elliptic curve $E /\mathbb{C}: y^2 = x^3 + ax + b$ satisfies $E(\mathbb{C}) \cong \mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z} \oplus ...
2
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1answer
43 views

Complex Multiplication of $y^2=x^3+B$

I would like to find out what the complex endomorphism for the class of elliptic curves given by $$y^2=x^3+B$$ looks like. I know that for the class of elliptic curves $$y^2=x^3+Ax,$$ the complex ...
1
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1answer
59 views

Solutions of elliptic curve in finite field

If I take the following elliptic formula over a finite field of size $17$: $$y^2 = x^3 + 2x + 3$$ The solutions for $x = 2$ would be $7$ and $10$. Because $7^2=49$ and $49 \equiv 15 \bmod 17$ ...
2
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0answers
116 views

Using an elliptic curve to create pseudo random number

I recently started learning about encryption. I read about how elliptic curves can be used to create pseudo random numbers (and how the nsa might have abused this fact to create a backdoor in ...
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1answer
57 views

Formal group of an elliptic curve, from Silverman's the arithmetic of an elliptic curves

In the beginning of page 120, to establish the formal group law for an elliptic curve, the book adds 2 points $(z_1,w_1)$ and $(z_2,w_2)$, where $w_1 = w(z_1), w_2 = w(z_2)$ using the group law. It ...
2
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0answers
43 views

Inflection points on elliptic curves over a field of characteristic 2

I'm looking at the elliptic curve $C:={\cal Z}(XY^2+ZX^2+YZ^2)$ in the field $k:=\overline{\mathbb{F}_2}$. I want to prove that this curve has 9 inflection points. Since the characteristic of $k$ is ...
1
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1answer
72 views

A special cubic curve

How can I transfer following cubic curve to a Weierstrass normal form? $$2x^2y+4xy^2+2y^3-2axy-ay^2+a=0,$$ where $a$ is a fixed rational number.
3
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1answer
39 views

Size of automorphism group of element of $Y_0(5)$

The modular curve $Y_0(5)$ parametrizes elliptic curves $E$ with an isogeny of degree five. So an element of $Y_0(5)$ can be interpreted as $E \xrightarrow{\phi} E'$. Suppose we are working over a ...
0
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1answer
108 views

Weierstrass to general form

Can we go from short Weierstrass equation equation $y^2=x^3+Ax^2+Bx+C$ to general $$y^2+a_1xy+a_3y=x^3+a_2x^2+a_4x+a_6$$?
0
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3answers
214 views

$ax^3+by^3+cz^3=0$ and Elliptic curves

What is relation between $ax^3+by^3+cz^3=0$ and Elliptic curves?
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2answers
90 views

Elliptic Curve and Conjugation

If I consider an elliptic curve $C$ as a Riemann surface cut out in $\mathbb{C}P^2$ by a homogenous cubic, and if that cubic is defined over $\mathbb{R}$, then I think we have a conjugation map ...
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0answers
725 views

Gross-Zagier formulae outside of number theory

(Edit: I have asked this question on MO.) The Gross-Zagier formula and various variations of it form the starting point in most of the existing results towards the Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer ...
2
votes
1answer
135 views

Linear Equivalence of Divisors on Projective Plane Cubic

I'm self-studying Miranda's Algebraic Curves and Riemann Surfaces and am uncertain of how I'm supposed to solve problem V.2c on linearly equivalent divisors: Let $X$ be the projective plane cubic ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

Embedding of elliptic curves into $\mathbb{P}^2$ by arbitrary line bundle of degree $3$

Let $E$ be a complex elliptic curve, with distinguished point $x_0 \in E$. Any divisor of degree three is equivalent to the divisor $D=x+2x_0$. If $x=x_0$, it is well known that $L(D)$ has an explicit ...
2
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0answers
60 views

Trivial divisor on elliptic curve

Suppose $E$ is an elliptic curve over $k$, and $(E,+)$ is an abelian group(suppose we fix some closed point as identity). Let $[p]$ denote the Weil divisor corresponding to the closed point $p \in ...
8
votes
1answer
110 views

Are all elliptic curves from $w^3 = \text{cubic}(z)$ isomorphic?

I've been playing around with Riemann surfaces of cubics, and it seems to me that all surfaces obtained as coverings of the Riemann sphere from equations of the form $w^3 = q(z)$, where $q(z)$ is a ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Projective coordinates for elliptic curves

If we consider an elliptic curve projectively, it is a homogeneous form in $3$ variables say $x$, $y$ and $z$. How is this related to the Thue equations (homogeneous forms in $2$ variables)? I'm ...
2
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1answer
40 views

Uniqueness of points in Elliptic Curve addition

When working on a curve E, is the point yielded by P + Q (some P and Q on E) completely unique? What I mean is there are no other points on E sharing the same x or y value. Thanks!
8
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0answers
182 views

Global sections of vector bundles on a complex elliptic curve and analytic functions

Let me fix an elliptic curve $E$ over complex numbers with distinguished point $x \in E$. Thanks to Atiyah we know everything about discreet parameters of vector bundles and its moduli spaces. But I ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Calculating Non-Singular Map of Elliptic Curve

I have a function y^2 = x^3 + Ax + B mod p. I know the curve has a singularity as the discriminate is zero mod p. I'm trying to isolate the non-singular points of the curve by mapping the singularity ...
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1answer
60 views

Prove that the Frobenius map is a homomorphism

I want to prove that the Frobenius map $\phi$ is a homomorphism from the group of points on an elliptic curve $E(F_{2^k})$ to itself (endomorphism). It is trivial to check that if a point $P \in E$ ...