For questions regarding elliptic curves. Questions on ellipses should be tagged [conic-sections] instead.

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Rational points on an elliptic curve

Consider the following elliptic curve $y^2=(x+1540)(x-508)(x-65024)$. It is trivial that the points $P_1(-1540,0)$, $P_2(508,0)$ and $P_3(65024,0)$ lie on this curve. It is also quite easy to find ...
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153 views

Elliptic Curves Without Geometry

Unfortunately geometry terrifies me, so I was hoping to understand the basic theory of elliptic curves algebraically (via their function fields). Let F be a transcendence degree 1 extension of ...
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5k views

How could I calculate the rank of this elliptic curve?

The birational change of variables $(u,v) = (\frac{36+y}{6x},\frac{36-y}{6x})$ maps $u^3+v^3=1$ to $y^2 = x^3 - 432$ which has discriminant $-2^{12}\cdot 3^9$. Using pari/gp we can compute the ...
4
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1answer
362 views

Square root in Characteristic 2 Field

Let $K$ be a field of characteristic 2. For each $a\in K$, can we always find some $x$ such that $x^2=a$? I came upon this question while reading "Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves". The original ...
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295 views

Question about quadratic twists of elliptic curves

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve and $d$ be a squarefree integer. If $E'$ and $E$ are isomorphic over $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{d})$, must $E'$ be a quadratic twist of $E$?
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137 views

Example of an elliptic curve with trivial torsion subgroup and rank 0

What is an example of an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$ with trivial torsion subgroup and rank 0?
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263 views

The rational points on the curve: $y^2=ax^4+bx^2+c$.

I wonder how to find the rational points on the curve: $y^2=ax^4+bx^2+c$. Is there infinite rational points on this curve? For example:$y^2=x^4+3x^2+1.$If we set $y=x^2+k$,then $2kx^2+k^2=3x^2+1$, ...
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69 views

Galois representations and isogenies of elliptic curves

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$. For each prime $\ell$, the action of $\mathrm{Gal}(\bar{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$ on $E[\ell]$ (the group of $\ell$-division points of $E$) defines a ...
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111 views

Concrete and elementary applications of modular forms to elliptic curves

What are some useful facts/algorithms for elliptic curves that can be obtained (proved completely) using the theory of modular forms without heavy machinery? It's often been asked what elementary ...
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73 views

Is it possible to do elliptic curve cryptography over $\mathbb{Q}$ instead of a finite field?

Whenever I read about elliptic curve cryptography (ECC), the writer always works over a finite field. But as I understand it there is no group-theoretic reason not to use $\mathbb{Q}$ as the ...
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1answer
146 views

Elliptic curve question

Let $P$ be a point on an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{R}$. Give a geometric condition that is equivalent to P being a point of order (a) $2$ , (b) $3 $ , (c) $ 4$ . Could someone explain this to ...
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192 views

Exposition on Modular Curves

I was recently reading this paper by Weston, whereby he talks about the modular curves $X_0(11)$ and $X_1(11)$. I was wondering if anyone can recommend a more general exposition of modular curves ...
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115 views

Bound for number of points on surface over $\mathbb{F}_p$

I know of the bound for the number of points on an elliptic curve over a finite field: $$|\# E(\mathbb{F}_q) - q - 1| < 2\sqrt{q}$$ where this includes the point at infinity. I have been told that ...
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113 views

Modular curves over finite fields

I'm looking for a detailed reference for modular curves over finite fields, such as $X(N)$, $X_1(N)$, and $X_0(N)$. There seems to be a lot of literature dealing with them over $\mathbb{C}$, but I'm ...
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149 views

The group $E(\mathbb{F}_p)$ has exactly $p+1$ elements

Let $E/\mathbb{F}_p$ the elliptic curve $y^2=x^3+Ax$. We suppose that $p \geq 7$ and $p \equiv 3 \pmod {4}$. I want to show that the group $E(\mathbb{F}_p)$ has exactly $p+1$ elements. I was ...
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85 views

Can one check by hand whether the Tate module of an elliptic curve is semi-simple

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $\mathbb Q$, and $\ell$ a prime number. Then, the $\ell$-adic Tate module $V_\ell(E)$ of $E$ is semi-simple as a $\mathbb Q_\ell$-representation of ...
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1k views

Point addition on an elliptic curve

I have an elliptic curve $y^2 = x^3 + 2x + 2$ over $Z_{17}$. It has order $19$. I've been given the equation $6\cdot(5, 1) + 6\cdot(0,6)$ and the answer as $(7, 11)$ and I'm unsure how to derive ...
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Silverman Adv. Topics example

I would like to refer you to Silverman's Advanced Topics in the Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves example 10.6: Let $D$ be a nonzero integer, $E:y^2=x^3+D$ with complex multiplication by $\mathcal{O}_K$ ...
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1answer
38 views

Animation of Weierstrass $\wp$-function as a map from a torus to the sphere?

I am wondering if there exists somewhere an "animation" of one such map (for some lattice / torus), in the style of the kind of $z \mapsto z^2$ maps one encounters in complex analysis classes (one can ...
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1answer
190 views

Mordell-Weil rank in elliptic surfaces

Suppose that an elliptic smooth K3 surface $X$ defined over a number field $k$ has arithmetic Picard rank $r$ and assume that it is equipped with a $k$ fibration over $\mathbb{P}^1$ that has a section ...
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127 views

Rational map of a curve to an elliptic curve

If I have a curve given by $$ y^2 = (x^3-1)(x^3-a), $$ how do I find out if there is a rational variable transformation $y=y(s,t)$, $x=x(s,t)$ that maps this curve onto an elliptic curve of the form ...
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129 views

Why are mathematicians more interested in elliptic curves than other algebraic curves?

Why are mathematicians more interested in elliptic curves than other algebraic curves? There must be some reason that motivates mathematicians to research elliptic curves specifically.
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229 views

Prym variety associated to an étale cover of degree 2 of an hyperelliptic curve.

In view of this question, I have an additional question. The situation is as follows. Let $C$ be the hyperelliptic curve over $\mathbb{C}$, which is given on an affine by the equation $y^2 = x^5 +1 ...
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138 views

There is no Pythagorean triple in which the hypotenuse and one leg are the legs of another Pythagorean triple.

According to Wikipedia, There are no Pythagorean triples in which the hypotenuse and one leg are the legs of another Pythagorean triple. I cannot find the proof in the citation provided. I am ...
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218 views

How to visualize projective plane

I need to comprehend projective plane as a prerequisite for some other topic. But I can't understand what it really looks like. How can I make this plane natural to me? Moreover I want to understand ...
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166 views

Cohomology group and elliptic curve

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve with a 3-torsion point $P$ and $G = \operatorname{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$. Let $X = \{O, P, -P\}$ where $O$ is the point at infinity and $X$ is a ...
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615 views

Proving Fermat's Last Theorem (easily) using “assumed” conjectures

It can easily be proven assuming Szpiro's conjecture that Fermat's Last Theorem is true for sufficiently large $n$. The proof consists of extremely straightforward computations. My question is, is ...
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196 views

division polynomials of elliptic curve as function on $\mathbb{C}$

I have a question about exercise 6.15 of Silverman's book AEC. Suppose that $E$ is a nonsingular elliptic curve over $\mathbb{C}$ given by the equation $$y^2+a_1xy+a_3y=x^3+a_2x^2+a_4x+a_6.$$ Then we ...
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Help with proving that the torsion subgroup of $y^2=x^3+x$ is $E(\mathbb{Q})_{tors} \cong \mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$

Let $E: y^2= x^3 + x$ be an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$. I'm trying to prove that $E(\mathbb{Q})_{tors} \cong \mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$. In order to do that, I've already shown that ...
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92 views

Quantities $g_2$, $g_3$, $\Delta$

This question is somewhat related to this one. Let $\lambda$ be the modular lambda function. Greenhill (Elliptic Functions, p. 57) states that we may put $$g_2 = \frac{1 - \lambda + \lambda^2}{12}, ...
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1answer
67 views

First problem in Silverman's Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves

I started working through Silverman's Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves. For some reason it looks like the first problem in the first chapter is the hardest problem in the whole chapter or I'm completely ...
4
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1answer
209 views

Cube of an integer

$\frac{x}{y}+\frac{y}{z}+\frac{z}{x}=k$ and $x, y, z, k$ are integers. Prove that $xyz$ is cube of some integer number. I was wondering about giving a parametrization for the rational points on ...
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1answer
118 views

motivation for talking about torsion points on an elliptic curve

Let's consider elliptic curves over a fixed field $k$. I understand that viewing the set of $k$-rational as an abelian group is interesting and useful, but I am confused about why the torsion points ...
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136 views

Group law for an elliptic curve using schemes

I was trying to understand better the definition of the group law for an elliptic curve given in Katz and Mazur's book ...
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1answer
70 views

Confusion with computing kernel of an isogeny between two elliptic curves

Consider the two elliptic curves $$E_3: y^2+y=x^3+x^2+x \enspace [Cremona:19A3]$$ and $$E_1: y^2+y=x^3+x^2−9x−15 \enspace [Cremona:19A1]$$ Let $\varphi$ be the $3$-isogeny from $E_3$ to $E_1$. I want ...
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1answer
163 views

solving $x^3-2y^3=1$ using cubic number field

I am trying to solve the diophantine equation $x^3-2y^3=1$ using $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt[3]{2}).$ I've read this link: Solve $x^3 +1 = 2y^3$ The following is what i have tried: Finding all integer ...
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1answer
127 views

Computing cohomology groups of elliptic curves

I'm skimming through Silverman's text to recall some theory of elliptic curves that I've learned in undergrad. In practice however, I'm having trouble actually computing the cohomology groups. For ...
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2answers
209 views

Rank of the elliptic curve $y^2=x^3+px$

I need to prove that the rank of the curve $y^2=x^3+px$ is $0$, if $p\equiv 7 \pmod {16}$ is a prime. Using the standard technique, we need to show that none of the following two equations admits an ...
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1answer
546 views

Computing the divisors of a meromorphic function defined by a hyperelliptic curve.

Let $X$ be a hyperelliptic curve defined by $y^2=h(x).$ Let $\pi : X\to \mathbb{P}^1$ be the double covering map sending $(x,y)$ to $x$. Let $\omega=\pi^{*}(dx/h(x)).$ Compute div$(\omega)$. I ...
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1answer
164 views

Discriminant of isogenous elliptic curves

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve with a rational $p$-torsion point $P$. Then $E$ is isogenous to the elliptic curve $E' := E/\langle P \rangle$ via the mod $P$ map. I know that the conductor of $E$ and ...
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233 views

Global minimal model of elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$

I am basically trying to solve the cannonball problem using elliptic curves. In other words I have to show that the only integer points on the "elliptic curve" $6y^2 = 2x^3 + 3x^2 + x$ are $(0,0), ...
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150 views

How to show that the image of a certain projective embedding is an algebraic curve?

I found the following claim in a paper by Griffiths and Harris : Start with a complex torus $\mathbb{C}/\Lambda$. The vector space of meromorphic functions having period lattice $\Lambda$ and a pole ...
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1answer
122 views

Hyperelliptic curve order

How to compute order of a hyperelliptic curve ($y^2=f(x)$, $deg(f)=2 \cdot g+1$, $g=4$), over $F_p$ for small $p$ ($p$ prime)? Are there any efficient algorithms to do so? Is it possible with ...
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1answer
68 views

Does there have to be a point on elliptic curve over $\mathbb{C}(t)$

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{C} (t)$ (rational functions). I require $E$ to be defined by the following equation. $$ y^2 = x^3 + A x + B$$ Where $A, B \in \mathbb{C} (t)$. Question: ...
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1answer
115 views

Sums of three cubes in arithmetic progression equal to a cube $x^3+(x+y)^3+(x+2y)^3 = z^3$

Using exhaustive search, small positive and primitive integer solutions to, $$x^3+(x+y)^3+(x+2y)^3 = 3 x^3 + 9 x^2 y + 15 x y^2 + 9 y^3= z^3\tag1$$ are, $$x,y = 3,1,\quad x+y =2^2$$ $$x,y = ...
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1answer
134 views

seeing the differential dx/y on an elliptic curve as an element of the sheaf of differentials

$\newcommand{\CC}{\mathbb{C}}$ $\newcommand{\Spec}{\text{Spec }}$ It's a well known fact that every elliptic curve (say, over a field $k$) has a global holomorphic nowhere vanishing differential. If ...
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420 views

Where does a CM elliptic curve have bad reduction?

Let $d>1$ be square-free, and $K=\mathbf Q(\sqrt{-d})$. Choose an embedding of $K$ in $\mathbf C$, and let $E = \mathbf C/\mathcal O_K$. It is known that $E$ admits a model over the Hilbert class ...
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1answer
63 views

functoriality of $K(G,1)$ spaces in a particular situation involving complex elliptic curves

I apologize if the subject doesn't accurately describe my question. Let $F_2$ denote the free group on two generators. Suppose you have some group homomorphism $A : ...
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1answer
129 views

Computing the kernel of an isogeny between two elliptic curves

Consider the two rational elliptic curves - $ E_{1}: y^{2}+y=x^{3}+x^{2}-131x-650 $ $ [\text{Cremona}:35a2] $ $ E_{2}: y^{2}+y=x^{3}+x^{2}-x $ $ [\text{Cremona}:35a3] $ We know that ...
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34 views

Part of verifying that the Weil pairing $e_m$ is well-defined.

As part of a homework problem, I need to show that the value of $e_m(P,Q)$ is independent of the choice of a point $S \in E[m] \setminus \{\mathcal{O},P,-Q,P-Q\}$, where $E[m]$ is the collection of ...