For questions regarding elliptic curves. Questions on ellipses should be tagged [conic-sections] instead.

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Finding zeros and poles of rational functions over elliptic curve

The matter of explicitly finding the order of a rational function on an elliptic curve in the projective plane at infinity (i.e. at the point $(0, 1, 0)$) still seems unclear. For example, Silverman ...
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2answers
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Moduli space of isogeny classes of elliptic curves

The modular curve $Y(1)$ classifies isomorphism classes of elliptic curves, namely its $K$-points for any field $\mathbb Q\subseteq K\subseteq \mathbb C$ correspond via the $j$-invariant to $\mathbb ...
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2answers
2k views

How elliptic arc can be represented by cubic Bézier curve?

If I have an arc (which comes as part of an ellipse), can I represent it (or at least closely approximate) by cubic Bézier curve? And if yes, how can I calculate control points for that Bézier curve?
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65 views

rational points on particular elliptic curve

I do have a few books that discuss elliptic curves, however... What are the rational points on $$ y^2 = 4 x^3 - 4 x = 4 x(x-1)(x+1)? $$ I think it ought to be $(-1,0), (0,0), (1,0).$ Maybe it's ...
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1answer
269 views

Find all integer solutions to $x^2+4=y^3$. [duplicate]

Find all integer solutions to $x^2+4=y^3$. Some obvious solutions are $(x,y)=(\pm2,2)$. Are these the only ones?
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Isomorphism of Elliptic Curves:

In Stinson's Cryptography Theory and Practice, a theorem is given without proof: Theorem 6.1 Let $E$ be an elliptic curve defined over $Z_p$, where $p$ is prime and $p > 3$. Then there exist ...
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2answers
147 views

Does there exist a finite morphism of algebraic curves such that…

Let $K\subset L$ be a finite field extension. Let $X$ and $Y$ be (smooth projective geometrically connected) curves over $L$. Let $f:X\to Y$ be a finite morphism of curves over $L$. Assume that ...
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1answer
51 views

Isogeny of an elliptic curve

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$ and $p$ be a prime. Then what does it mean by "$E$ has a $\mathbb{Q}$-isogeny of degree $p$"?
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71 views

Genus of Edwards curve

Let us work over a field $\Bbbk$ of characteristic not equal to two. Let $d\in\Bbbk\setminus\{0,1\}$. It is said in the wikipedia article about Edwards curves that the plane quartic defined by the ...
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1answer
89 views

Division polynomials of elliptic curves

This is exercise 3.7 from Silvermans AEC (2nd edition). Let $E$ be a nonsingular elliptic curve over $\mathbb{C}$ given by $$ y^2+a_1xy+a_3y=x^3+a_2x^2+a_4x+a_6.$$ The $n^{th}$ division polynomls ...
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1answer
104 views

Why are mathematicians more interested in elliptic curves than other algebraic curves?

Why are mathematicians more interested in elliptic curves than other algebraic curves? There must be some reason that motivates mathematicians to research elliptic curves specifically.
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Let $E:y^2 = x^3 + 1$ be an elliptic curve. For each prime $5 \leq p \leq 13$, describe the group $E(\mathbb{F}_p)$.

$$\Large\textbf{Problem}$$ Let $E:y^2 = x^3 + 1$ be an elliptic curve. For each prime $5 \leq p \leq 13$, describe the group $E(\mathbb{F}_p)$, the Mordell-Weil group. $$\Large\textbf{Attempts and ...
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4answers
230 views

Two circles intersect in two points

Take for example two circles $$\begin{cases}x^2+y^2=1\\x^2+y^2-x-y=0\end{cases}$$ These two circles intersect in two points namely $(0,1)$ and $(1,0)$. But by Bezout's theorem they must intersect four ...
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1answer
104 views

How to visualize projective plane

I need to comprehend projective plane as a prerequisite for some other topic. But I can't understand what it really looks like. How can I make this plane natural to me? Moreover I want to understand ...
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60 views

Infinite family of genus one non-elliptic curves over the rationals

How easy is it to write down genus one curves over $\mathbf Q$ without a rational point? Can we write down an infinite family?
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2answers
449 views

Point addition on an elliptic curve

I have an elliptic curve $y^2 = x^3 + 2x + 2$ over $Z_{17}$. It has order $19$. I've been given the equation $6\cdot(5, 1) + 6\cdot(0,6)$ and the answer as $(7, 11)$ and I'm unsure how to derive ...
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1answer
90 views

Write an elliptic curve with coefficients only depending on its j-invariant

Let $$E:y^2 = 4x^3-g_2 x - g_3$$ be an elliptic curve and $$j=\frac{g_2^3}{g_2^3-27 g_3^2}$$ denote to its $j$-invariant. I want to transform $E$ to find $f$ and $g$ s.t. ...
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1answer
139 views

the elliptic curves with j-invariant zero

Let $B\in K^\ast$, where $K$ is a number field. Let $y^2=X^3+B$ be the Weierstrass equation for an elliptic curve $E_B$ over $K$. Note that the $j$-invariant of $E$ is zero. When is $E_B$ ...
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1answer
580 views

Birational equivalence of cubic with a Weierstrass form

I want to convert the cubic $x^3 + 3y^3 - 11z^3 = 0$ to Weierstrass form (to find its rank) so I tried to follow the suggestion from Timothy: I found three points ...
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1answer
198 views

Finding a pencil of elliptic curves parametrized by a given modular surface

The following is an attempt to formulate a couple of questions which have been lurking in the back of my mind for a while. I'm sorry if this is long, or if my terminology is not correct, or if my ...
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1answer
86 views

The group of $\mathbb{K}$--rational points for isomorphic elliptic curves

The Springer text by Tom Apostol on Dirichlet series and modular forms, which I have, defines modular functions and modular forms on page 34 and on page 114 respectively, not to mention the Springer ...
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Question about quadratic twists of elliptic curves

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve and $d$ be a squarefree integer. If $E'$ and $E$ are isomorphic over $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{d})$, must $E'$ be a quadratic twist of $E$?
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Explicitly computing finite subgroups on elliptic curves

I have a simple cubic curve, say $y^2 = x^3 - x.$ Is there a simple way to find a small finite subgroup of points lying on this curve? (with respect to the elliptic curve group law.) Otherwise, does ...
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1answer
87 views

projective cubic curve to complex projectie space

Suppose we are given the equation $$ y^2z = x(x - z)(x - 2z) $$ I would like to define a degree two map $g$ on this curve into complex projective space. I hate to say I am already lost here - how do I ...
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50 views

Showing that the map on $\mbox{Div}^0(E)$ induced by an isogeny takes principal divisors to principal divisors.

I'm doing a course on elliptic curves. An isogeny $\phi:E_1 \rightarrow E_2$ induces a map $$\begin{array}{llll}\phi_*: & \mbox{Div}^0(E_1) & \rightarrow & \mbox{Div}^0(E_2) \\ \\ & ...
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2answers
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Ranks of elliptic curves as the base field varies

Suppose that $E/\mathbb{Q}$. Is it the case that for any $r > 0$ there exists a finite field extension $\mathbb{Q} \subset K$ such that the rank of $E/K$ is greater than $r$?
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Show that if the curve $y^2 = p(x)$ has a double point, then it must be of the form $(r,0)$ where $r$ is a double root of $p(x)$.

Let $p(x) = ax^3 + bx^2 + cx + d$ where $a,b,c,d \in\mathbb{R}$. Show that if the curve $y^2 = p(x)$ has a double point, then it must be of the form $(r,0)$ where $r$ is a double root of $p(x)$. ...
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1answer
99 views

Reduction of endomorphism ring of elliptic curve

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve defined over a number field without complex multiplication and with ordinary reduction at a prime $p\in\mathbb{N}$. When is the reduction mod $p$ map a surjection on the ...
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1answer
438 views

How to find all rational points on the elliptic curves like $y^2=x^3-2$

Reading the book by Diophantus, one may be led to consider the curves like: $y^2=x^3+1$, $y^2=x^3-1$, $y^2=x^3-2$, the first two of which are easy (after calculating some eight curves to be solved ...
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172 views

Weierstrass Equation and K3 Surfaces

Let $a_{i}(t) \in \mathbb{Z}[t]$. We shall denote these by $a_{i}$. The equation $y^{2} + a_{1}xy + a_{3}y = x^{3} + a_{2}x^{2} + a_{4}x + a_{6}$ is the affine equation for the Weierstrass form of a ...
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1answer
36 views

functoriality of $K(G,1)$ spaces in a particular situation involving complex elliptic curves

I apologize if the subject doesn't accurately describe my question. Let $F_2$ denote the free group on two generators. Suppose you have some group homomorphism $A : ...
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The group structure of elliptic curve over $\mathbb F_p$

I want to find the group of the elliptic curve $y^2=x^3-x$ over $\mathbb F_p$ for all primes $p \le 29$. But I know only 1 fact about the structure of this group: $E(\mathbb F_p)=\mathbb Z/m \mathbb Z ...
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1answer
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solving $x^3-2y^3=1$ using cubic number field

I am trying to solve the diophantine equation $x^3-2y^3=1$ using $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt[3]{2}).$ I've read this link: Solve $x^3 +1 = 2y^3$ The following is what i have tried: Finding all integer ...
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1answer
31 views

Size of automorphism group of element of $Y_0(5)$

The modular curve $Y_0(5)$ parametrizes elliptic curves $E$ with an isogeny of degree five. So an element of $Y_0(5)$ can be interpreted as $E \xrightarrow{\phi} E'$. Suppose we are working over a ...
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1answer
62 views

Probability of an ECM factor

Suppose I have a composite number $N$ divisible by some prime $p\le x.$ What is the probability that one iteration of ECM finds $p$, given parameters B1 and B2? Usually people look for factors in ...
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2answers
165 views

Uncertain about Uniformizing Elements of Elliptic Curves.

I am following a subject on Elliptic Curves and have come accross the notion of a uniformizer. Wikipedia tells me that an element is a uniformizer of a Discrete Valuation Ring, if it generates the ...
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1answer
85 views

$q$-expansion of Modular forms

I am trying to compute the $q$-expansion of $g\theta_2$ and $g\theta_4$, the $q$-expansion of modular forms of weight $3/2$ and level $128$ and trivial character and character $\chi_8$ respectively. ...
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1answer
102 views

Finding number of solutions to an equation in $\mathbb F_p$

$p=3 \pmod 4$ is a prime. Let $b\in \mathbb F_p^*$. Show that the equation $v^2=u^4-4b$ has $p-1$ solutions $(u,v)$ with $u, v \in \mathbb F_p$. If we write the given equation as $v+u^2=x$ and ...
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1answer
68 views

Torsors under elliptic curves splitting over the same fields

I have a question somewhat related to my last question. Suppose $C$ and $C'$ are two genus $1$ curves (smooth, projective, geom conn.) over a perfect field $k$ with no $k$-rational points and that $C$ ...
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1answer
128 views

Proving that the differential on an elliptic curve $E$ given by $\omega=\frac{dx}{y}$ is translation invariant

I'm taking a course on elliptic curves and I'm stuck on a line in a proof. We're assuming we're in an algebraically closed field $K$ and char($K)\not=2$. We have our elliptic curve ...
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1answer
491 views

Reference request for “Weierstrass equation” and “Weierstrass normal form”

I would like to know more about the history of the widely used terms "Weierstrass equation" and "Weierstrass normal form", as they appear in the theory of elliptic curves. When were these terms first ...
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1answer
127 views

Can an algebraic group only have trivial elements over $k$

Let $G$ be an algebraic group over $k$ such that $G(k) = \{e\}$ is the trivial group. Does this imply that $G_{\overline{k}}$ is trivial? I think the answer is no. I think you can just take an ...
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1answer
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Computing the free-part

I wanted to ask about some existing algorithms for computing points over elliptic curves. Background : We know that the famous theorem of Mordell and Weil says that " Group of rational points on an ...
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1answer
173 views

Ring on an Elliptic Curve

I know that for a given elliptic curve $E$ we can define a group $G$ with the points on this curve. However, can we define a ring on it? That is, can we define a multiplication on the curve, where we ...
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1answer
159 views

Groups where discrete logarithm is hard

What are examples of groups, where DLP (discrete logarithm problem) is hard? Two obvious ones are: integers modulo $p$ ($p$ being prime) and elliptic curves over finite fields. What are the others?
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1answer
163 views

What else can the elliptic integral count?

I just read this document - Jacobi's Four Square Theorem. It shows how to count the number of representations of a number as the sum of four squares. I can follow the proof but currently it just ...
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1answer
43 views

Mordell-Weil rank bound

Given an elliptic curve $y^2 = x(x^2 + bx + c)$ is a non-singular curve, say $c > 0$ and $b^2 - 4c > 0$. Can we show the bound on the rank $r$ in terms of $\nu(c)$ and $\nu(b^2 - 4c)$ without ...
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54 views

Cubic diophantine equation

How can I solve the equation $x^3+x-1=y^2$ in positive integers? I know this equation defines an elliptic curve but this seems to be a non-elementary way to solve the question. Is there a more ...
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1answer
51 views

Correspondence between prime ideals and Galois orbits of affine points on an elliptic curve

In notes of prof. W.Stein - http://wstein.org/edu/2010/581b/stein-algebraic_number_theory.pdf - the first paragraph of page 112 has the following told: "When $K$ is a perfect field, the prime ideals ...
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1answer
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Embedding of elliptic curves into $\mathbb{P}^2$ by arbitrary line bundle of degree $3$

Let $E$ be a complex elliptic curve, with distinguished point $x_0 \in E$. Any divisor of degree three is equivalent to the divisor $D=x+2x_0$. If $x=x_0$, it is well known that $L(D)$ has an explicit ...