For questions regarding elliptic curves. Questions on ellipses should be tagged [conic-sections] instead.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

5
votes
1answer
148 views

Group structure of an elliptic curve

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over field $\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z}$. The curve group $E(\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z})$ is always a) cyclic or b) direct product of two cyclic groups. First question: How do I ...
5
votes
1answer
155 views

Family of elliptic curves with trivial torsion

I'm wondering, if it is true that the torsion subgroup of $y^2=x^3+p$ (for $p$ some prime, greater than 2), is always trivial?. I was trying to prove this using Lutz-Nagell, but I can't quite get it. ...
5
votes
2answers
417 views

Turning an elliptic curve over C into a complex torus

I have been reading a lot about the Weierstrass $\wp$ function and I understand the parameterization of an elliptic curve with the elliptic function( i.e. $x=\wp(z)$ and $y=\wp^\prime(z)$). I would ...
5
votes
1answer
127 views

Direct proof of the non-zeroness of an Eisenstein series

Question: Can you show directly from its formula that $G_4(i)\neq0$? Recall that the holomorphic Eisenstein series of weight $2k$ is defined by: $$G_{2k}(\tau)= \sum_{(m,n)\in\mathbb{Z}^2\setminus ...
5
votes
2answers
280 views

Relation involving the conductor of an elliptic curve

Consider an elliptic curve $E: y^{2} = x^{3} + ax + b$. Then the quadratic twist by a squarefree $d$ is given by $E^{d} : dy^{2} = x^{3} + ax + b$. What is the relationship between the conductor of ...
5
votes
1answer
115 views

Complex elliptic curve for the “conjugate” lattice

Let $\Lambda$ be a lattice in $\mathbb{C}$, and $E=\mathbb{C}/\Lambda$ the corresponding complex elliptic curve. Let $\bar{\Lambda}$ be the "conjugate" lattice, i.e. the one obtained by conjugating ...
5
votes
1answer
69 views

Minimal degree of a field extension to obtain an elliptic curve

Let $K$ be a number field and let $X$ be a smooth projective geometrically connected curve over $K$ of genus $1$. There exists a number field $L/K$ such that $X$ has a $L$-rational point. Let $L$ be ...
5
votes
1answer
645 views

How do I show that this curve has a nonsingular model of genus 1?

Let $C$ be the projective closure of $Z(f) \subset \mathbf{A}^2$ where $f$ is an irreducible polynomial of degree 4 in $x$ and degree 2 in $y$, so $C = Z(f^*) \subset \mathbf{P}^2$ where $f^*$ is the ...
5
votes
1answer
84 views

Proving the Uniformization Theorem for Elliptic Curves (An Exercise from Silverman's Advanced Topics on Elliptic Curves )

In Silverman's Advanced Topics in the Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves there are two demonstrations of the Uniformization Theorem for the Elliptic Curves (It says that, given an Elliptic Curve $E$, ...
5
votes
1answer
83 views

Prove that $y^2 = x(x-1)(x- \lambda)$ is irreducible for all $\lambda \in k$

I wish to prove that $y^2 = x(x-1)(x- \lambda)$ is irreducible for all $\lambda \in k$. It seems like this follows from the fact that $x(x-1)(x- \lambda)$ cannot be written as the square of any ...
5
votes
1answer
53 views

How to relate the valuation of x/y (For a minimal Weierstrass equation)

I'm reading an article about elliptic curves, but since I'm not very experienced on this subject, I ended up getting stuck. The problem starts as: "Let $K/\mathbb{Q}$ be a number field and $E/K$ an ...
5
votes
1answer
286 views

On Bachet's Duplication Formula and the number $-432$

While reading "Rational Points on Elliptic Curves" by Silverman and Tate, I came across this interesting passage about Bachet's duplication formula: I know how to derive Bachet's duplication ...
5
votes
1answer
119 views

Show that an ideal is unramified

See Advanced Topics in elliptic curves for the full question(see also errata: http://www.math.brown.edu/~jhs/ATAEC/ATAECErrata.pdf): 2.30 (pg 184) Given $E/L$ an elliptic curve with complex ...
5
votes
1answer
130 views

Abelian Elliptic Surfaces

By abelian surface we mean a 2-dimensional algebraic complex torus. Thus $$ S=\Bbb{C}^2/\Gamma$$ where $\Gamma$ is a rank $4$ lattice in $\Bbb{C}^2$ and such that $S$ is algebraic. It has trivial ...
5
votes
0answers
130 views

Attacking Elliptic Curve Cryptography Problem with a Bad Reduction $\pmod p$

I'm working on a crypto problem as a puzzle and unfortunately my math isn't at the level I need it to be to answer the question. I have been given a prime $p$, a curve $E$ defined over $F(p)$, a ...
5
votes
0answers
128 views

What is the complex *algebraic* moduli of elliptic curves?

It's well-known that $SL_2(\mathbb{Z}) \backslash \mathfrak{h}$ is a coarse moduli space for complex elliptic curves. Thus, I would expect this to be related to the pullback of $\mathcal{M}_{ell} ...
5
votes
0answers
111 views

Why is this a characterization of isogenies of elliptic curves? (From Silverman)

In the proof of Theorem III.6.2 (c) in Silverman's The Arithmetic Of Elliptic Curves it says: Let $x_1, y_1 \in K(E_1)$ and $x_2, y_2 \in K(E_2)$ be Weierstrass coordinates. We start by looking at ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Group Law for an Elliptic curve

I was reading this book "Rational points on Elliptic curves" by J.Silverman, and J.Tate, 2 prominent figures in Number theory and was very intrigued after reading the first couple of pages. The ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Integral points on an elliptic curve

Let's start with an elliptic curve in the form $$E : y^2 = x^3 + Ax + B, \qquad A, B \in \mathbb{Z}.$$ I am wondering about integral points. I know that Siegel proved that $E$ has only finitely many ...
4
votes
2answers
142 views

Subvariety of Product of Elliptic Curves

This is almost certainly known (and maybe written down somewhere?). Is there an example of two elliptic curves $C, E/k$ that are not isomorphic, yet there is an embedding $C\hookrightarrow E\times E$ ...
4
votes
1answer
581 views

Intuition and Stumbling blocks in proving the finiteness of WC group

After reading many articles about the Tate-Shafarevich Group ,i understood that "in naive perspective the group is nothing but the measure of the failure of Hasse principle, and coming to its ...
4
votes
2answers
81 views

Isomorphic Elliptic Curves

I want to solve the following exercise: Show that the two elliptic curves $E/ \mathbb{Q}$ and $E'/ \mathbb{Q}$ are isomorphic. $E: y^2 = x^3+x-2$ and $E': y'^2 = x'^3-\frac{1}{3}x' - \frac{52}{27}$. ...
4
votes
1answer
150 views

Elliptic Curves Without Geometry

Unfortunately geometry terrifies me, so I was hoping to understand the basic theory of elliptic curves algebraically (via their function fields). Let F be a transcendence degree 1 extension of ...
4
votes
4answers
443 views

Elliptic curves with finitely many rational points

A conjecture by Goldfeld says that half of all elliptic curves have rank zero (i.e. their Mordell-Weil group has finite order.) Are there any known infinite families of elliptic curves (over ...
4
votes
1answer
325 views

Square root in Characteristic 2 Field

Let $K$ be a field of characteristic 2. For each $a\in K$, can we always find some $x$ such that $x^2=a$? I came upon this question while reading "Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves". The original ...
4
votes
2answers
396 views

Why do we define the group law on elliptic curves only for Weierstrass forms and $O$ an inflexion point?

In almost all texts concerning the group law on an elliptic curve it is first proven that any nonsingular cubic can be given by a Weierstrass equation and then the group law using the point $O$ at ...
4
votes
3answers
5k views

How could I calculate the rank of this elliptic curve?

The birational change of variables $(u,v) = (\frac{36+y}{6x},\frac{36-y}{6x})$ maps $u^3+v^3=1$ to $y^2 = x^3 - 432$ which has discriminant $-2^{12}\cdot 3^9$. Using pari/gp we can compute the ...
4
votes
1answer
386 views

Find all integer solutions to $x^2+4=y^3$. [duplicate]

Find all integer solutions to $x^2+4=y^3$. Some obvious solutions are $(x,y)=(\pm2,2)$. Are these the only ones?
4
votes
3answers
121 views

Example of an elliptic curve with trivial torsion subgroup and rank 0

What is an example of an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$ with trivial torsion subgroup and rank 0?
4
votes
3answers
228 views

The rational points on the curve: $y^2=ax^4+bx^2+c$.

I wonder how to find the rational points on the curve: $y^2=ax^4+bx^2+c$. Is there infinite rational points on this curve? For example:$y^2=x^4+3x^2+1.$If we set $y=x^2+k$,then $2kx^2+k^2=3x^2+1$, ...
4
votes
2answers
69 views

Is it possible to do elliptic curve cryptography over $\mathbb{Q}$ instead of a finite field?

Whenever I read about elliptic curve cryptography (ECC), the writer always works over a finite field. But as I understand it there is no group-theoretic reason not to use $\mathbb{Q}$ as the ...
4
votes
2answers
174 views

Exposition on Modular Curves

I was recently reading this paper by Weston, whereby he talks about the modular curves $X_0(11)$ and $X_1(11)$. I was wondering if anyone can recommend a more general exposition of modular curves ...
4
votes
2answers
114 views

Bound for number of points on surface over $\mathbb{F}_p$

I know of the bound for the number of points on an elliptic curve over a finite field: $$|\# E(\mathbb{F}_q) - q - 1| < 2\sqrt{q}$$ where this includes the point at infinity. I have been told that ...
4
votes
1answer
71 views

Fundamental period of the WeierstrassP elliptic function?

Consider the WeierstrassP elliptic function $\wp(z, g_2, g_3)$ with the invariants $g_2\in\mathbb{R}$ and $g_3\in\mathbb{R}$: $$\wp'(z)^2 = 4\wp(z)^3 - g_2 \wp(z) - g_3$$ According to Wikipedia when ...
4
votes
2answers
905 views

Point addition on an elliptic curve

I have an elliptic curve $y^2 = x^3 + 2x + 2$ over $Z_{17}$. It has order $19$. I've been given the equation $6\cdot(5, 1) + 6\cdot(0,6)$ and the answer as $(7, 11)$ and I'm unsure how to derive ...
4
votes
2answers
86 views

Silverman Adv. Topics example

I would like to refer you to Silverman's Advanced Topics in the Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves example 10.6: Let $D$ be a nonzero integer, $E:y^2=x^3+D$ with complex multiplication by $\mathcal{O}_K$ ...
4
votes
1answer
136 views

Elliptic curve question

Let $P$ be a point on an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{R}$. Give a geometric condition that is equivalent to P being a point of order (a) $2$ , (b) $3 $ , (c) $ 4$ . Could someone explain this to ...
4
votes
1answer
104 views

Rational map of a curve to an elliptic curve

If I have a curve given by $$ y^2 = (x^3-1)(x^3-a), $$ how do I find out if there is a rational variable transformation $y=y(s,t)$, $x=x(s,t)$ that maps this curve onto an elliptic curve of the form ...
4
votes
2answers
84 views

How does $\text{Gal}(L/K)$ act on the automorphism group of an elliptic curve?

Let $L/K$ be a finite Galois extension of number fields; I'm interested mainly in the case $K = \Bbb{Q}$ and $L= \Bbb{Q}(\sqrt{d})$. Let $X$ be an elliptic curve over $K$ and $\text{Aut}(X_L)$ the ...
4
votes
1answer
122 views

Why are mathematicians more interested in elliptic curves than other algebraic curves?

Why are mathematicians more interested in elliptic curves than other algebraic curves? There must be some reason that motivates mathematicians to research elliptic curves specifically.
4
votes
2answers
129 views

There is no Pythagorean triple in which the hypotenuse and one leg are the legs of another Pythagorean triple.

According to Wikipedia, There are no Pythagorean triples in which the hypotenuse and one leg are the legs of another Pythagorean triple. I cannot find the proof in the citation provided. I am ...
4
votes
1answer
160 views

Cohomology group and elliptic curve

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve with a 3-torsion point $P$ and $G = \operatorname{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$. Let $X = \{O, P, -P\}$ where $O$ is the point at infinity and $X$ is a ...
4
votes
1answer
602 views

Proving Fermat's Last Theorem (easily) using “assumed” conjectures

It can easily be proven assuming Szpiro's conjecture that Fermat's Last Theorem is true for sufficiently large $n$. The proof consists of extremely straightforward computations. My question is, is ...
4
votes
1answer
186 views

division polynomials of elliptic curve as function on $\mathbb{C}$

I have a question about exercise 6.15 of Silverman's book AEC. Suppose that $E$ is a nonsingular elliptic curve over $\mathbb{C}$ given by the equation $$y^2+a_1xy+a_3y=x^3+a_2x^2+a_4x+a_6.$$ Then we ...
4
votes
1answer
87 views

Quantities $g_2$, $g_3$, $\Delta$

This question is somewhat related to this one. Let $\lambda$ be the modular lambda function. Greenhill (Elliptic Functions, p. 57) states that we may put $$g_2 = \frac{1 - \lambda + \lambda^2}{12}, ...
4
votes
1answer
199 views

Cube of an integer

$\frac{x}{y}+\frac{y}{z}+\frac{z}{x}=k$ and $x, y, z, k$ are integers. Prove that $xyz$ is cube of some integer number. I was wondering about giving a parametrization for the rational points on ...
4
votes
1answer
60 views

Can one check by hand whether the Tate module of an elliptic curve is semi-simple

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $\mathbb Q$, and $\ell$ a prime number. Then, the $\ell$-adic Tate module $V_\ell(E)$ of $E$ is semi-simple as a $\mathbb Q_\ell$-representation of ...
4
votes
1answer
104 views

motivation for talking about torsion points on an elliptic curve

Let's consider elliptic curves over a fixed field $k$. I understand that viewing the set of $k$-rational as an abelian group is interesting and useful, but I am confused about why the torsion points ...
4
votes
1answer
113 views

Group law for an elliptic curve using schemes

I was trying to understand better the definition of the group law for an elliptic curve given in Katz and Mazur's book ...
4
votes
1answer
54 views

Confusion with computing kernel of an isogeny between two elliptic curves

Consider the two elliptic curves $$E_3: y^2+y=x^3+x^2+x \enspace [Cremona:19A3]$$ and $$E_1: y^2+y=x^3+x^2−9x−15 \enspace [Cremona:19A1]$$ Let $\varphi$ be the $3$-isogeny from $E_3$ to $E_1$. I want ...