For questions regarding elliptic curves. Questions on ellipses should be tagged [conic-sections] instead.

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Odd torsion of elliptic curves are isomorphic

$C: Y^2=X(X^2+aX+b)$ $D: Y^2=X(X^2+a_1X+b_1)$ where $a,b,\in\mathbb Z a_1=-2a,b_1=a^2-4b,b(a^2-4b)\neq0$ Let $C_{oddtors}(\mathbb Q)$ denote the set of torsion elements of $C(\mathbb Q)$ which ...
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Finding J-invariant of Legendre form of Elliptic Curve

PROBLEM: Put the Legendre equation $y^2 = x(x − 1)(x − λ)$ into Weierstrass form and use this to show that the j-invariant is j = $2^8\frac{(λ2 − λ + 1)^3}{λ^2(λ − 1)^2}$ . Recall: Weierstrass ...
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How to prove $-P = (x, -a_1x - a_3 - y)$ for an Elliptic Curve of the General Weirstrass equation for P not the identity?

Let $P = (x,y) \ne \{\infty\}$. Then $-P$ is the other finite point of intersection of the curve and the vertical line through $P$. General Weirstrass equation: E: $a_1y^2+a_3xy+a_5y = ...
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solving $x^3-2y^3=1$ using cubic number field

I am trying to solve the diophantine equation $x^3-2y^3=1$ using $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt[3]{2}).$ I've read this link: Solve $x^3 +1 = 2y^3$ The following is what i have tried: Finding all integer ...
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Elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$ cannot have $\mathbb{Z}_4\times\mathbb{Z}_4$ as a subgroup

Show that an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$ cannot have $\mathbb{Z}_4\times\mathbb{Z}_4$ as a subgroup. We've been told that for this problem, we are not allowed to use Mazur's Theorem. ...
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Is torsion subgroup of elliptic curve birationally invariant?

It's probably a very basic question: Having two birationally equivalent elliptic curves over $\mathbb{Q}$ - is the torsion subgroup unchanged under the birational equivalence?
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Show that the curve $2Y^2 = X^4 - 17$ has no points in $\mathbb{Q}$

There is a hint to show that if there were points in $\mathbb{Q}$, then there would exist $r,s, t \in \mathbb{Z}$ with $\gcd(r, t) = 1$ such that $2s^2 = t^4 - 17r^4$ , and then show that any prime ...
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Discriminants and Weierstrass form of elliptic curves

I'm confused by what appears to be contradictory information. In this post, the claim is made that "Every elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$ can be written in the form $y^{2}= x^{3}+ax+b$ where ...
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Number of points over elliptic curve is p+1 given…

Suppose that -1 is not a square in $\mathbb{Z_p}$. Show that the number of points on the elliptic curve $y^2=x^3+ax$ over $\mathbb{Z_p}$ is $p+1$. Hint: Use the fact that $x^3+ax$ is an odd function. ...
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Show that the curve $2Y^2 = X^4-17$ has points in every $\mathbb{Q}_p$

I've been asked to show that the curve $2Y^2 = X^4-17$ has points in every $\mathbb{Q}_p$ - I've managed to show that it is birationally equivalent to the curve $Y^2 = 2X^4 - 34$ (as suggested in the ...
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Why are we not allowed to rescale the variables of the equation of an elliptic curve independently one from the other?

It seems that in whatever proof of the theorem that an elliptic curve can be put in Weierstrass form that you look at, the next step after getting an equation: $$\alpha Y^2Z + a_1XY Z + a_3Y Z^2= ...
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58 views

Elliptic curves on a K3 surface

Let $X$ be an elliptic K3 surface. Let $\alpha$ be a smooth curve of genus $\geq3$. Define $$d(\alpha)=\min\lbrace \epsilon\cdot \alpha \ | \ \epsilon \mbox{ is an elliptic curve on } X \rbrace, $$ ...
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230 views

Two circles intersect in two points

Take for example two circles $$\begin{cases}x^2+y^2=1\\x^2+y^2-x-y=0\end{cases}$$ These two circles intersect in two points namely $(0,1)$ and $(1,0)$. But by Bezout's theorem they must intersect four ...
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Is it possible to do elliptic curve cryptography over $\mathbb{Q}$ instead of a finite field?

Whenever I read about elliptic curve cryptography (ECC), the writer always works over a finite field. But as I understand it there is no group-theoretic reason not to use $\mathbb{Q}$ as the ...
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E: $y^2+y=x^3$ an elliptic curve over $F_{2}$. How to prove the number of $E(F_{2^n})$ = $2^n+1$ if n is odd, …

Let E be the elliptic curve $y^2 + y = x^3$ over $F_2$. Prove $ $#E($F_{2^n})$$ = \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} 2^n+1 & \quad n=odd \\ 2^n+1-2(-2)^{n/2} & \quad ...
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Moduli space of isogeny classes of elliptic curves

The modular curve $Y(1)$ classifies isomorphism classes of elliptic curves, namely its $K$-points for any field $\mathbb Q\subseteq K\subseteq \mathbb C$ correspond via the $j$-invariant to $\mathbb ...
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69 views

Is it correct to say $ x^3+2x+1=y^2 $ is an elliptic curve?

I'm a bit confused about the definition on elliptic curve. For example, can we say that $x^3+2x+1=y^2$ is an elliptic curve? My opinion is that it is not an elliptic curve as the definition given in ...
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Elliptic Curves Without Geometry

Unfortunately geometry terrifies me, so I was hoping to understand the basic theory of elliptic curves algebraically (via their function fields). Let F be a transcendence degree 1 extension of ...
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104 views

How to visualize projective plane

I need to comprehend projective plane as a prerequisite for some other topic. But I can't understand what it really looks like. How can I make this plane natural to me? Moreover I want to understand ...
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Minimal Discriminant of An Elliptic Curve

I want to determine the minimal discriminant of $$ y^2 + xy = x^3-x^2-50x+111 $$ as an elliptic curve over the rationals. I managed to reduce it to the form $y^2=x^3+Ax+B$ where $A,B$ are rational, ...
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$L$-functions of elliptic curves over $\mathbb{Q}$

How to find out the $P_{v}(E/\mathbb{Q},X)$ theoretically given below in the definition of $L$-functions for elliptic curves over $\mathbb{Q}$ $?$ Please cite some references for the same. For an ...
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Generate point with desired order on a curve

I'm looking to construct a set of elliptic curve parameters for the Tate pairing. I'm working with an elliptic curve over the field $F_{q^{12}}$ where $q$ is a prime number of magnitude around ...
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Elliptic curve which attains potential good reduction over an Artin-Schreier extension.

I am looking for an elliptic curve $E$ over the field $\overline{\mathbb{F}_{p}}((t))$, which attains good reduction over an Artin-Schreier extension of $\overline{\mathbb{F}_{p}}((t))$, i.e.: an ...
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Question about kernel of reduction mapping of elliptic curves

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$ which has good (nonsingular) reduction $\tilde{E}$ modulo some prime $p$. Denote their groups $E(\mathbb{Q})$ and $\tilde{E}(\mathbb{F}_p)$ ...
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63 views

From $y^2=x^3+Ax^2+Bx$ to $y^2+(1-c)xy-by=x^3-bx^2$

I have two question How can I transfer with a change of coordinates from $$y^2=x^3+Ax^2+Bx$$ to $$y^2+(1-c)xy-by=x^3-bx^2?$$ In a note of Prof. Lozano "Elliptic Curves, Modular Forms and their ...
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Correspondence between prime ideals and Galois orbits of affine points on an elliptic curve

In notes of prof. W.Stein - http://wstein.org/edu/2010/581b/stein-algebraic_number_theory.pdf - the first paragraph of page 112 has the following told: "When $K$ is a perfect field, the prime ideals ...
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28 views

Finding the inverse of P on the generalized weierstrass equation

If P = (x, y) = ∞ is on a monic cubic polynomial, then −P is the other finite point of intersection of the curve and the vertical line through P. Show that −P = (x, −$a_{1}x$ − $a_3$ − y). (Hint: This ...
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44 views

Semistable Elliptic Curves

For a general representation $\rho: G_{\mathbb{Q}} \rightarrow \operatorname{GL}(V)$, where $V$ is a two dimensional $\overline{\mathbb{F}}_p$ vector space, the level $N(\rho)$ in Serre's conjecture ...
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63 views

Elliptic curves: Why over the complex numbers?

I am a math undergrad, so much of the literature on elliptic curves escapes me. I'm trying to understand why one considers elliptic curves over the complex numbers. Specifically, this part of the ...
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50 views

Elliptic curves in projective form question

Let $K$ be any field with Char $K \neq 2, 3$, and let $\varepsilon : F ( X_0 ;X_1 ;X_2 ) = X_1^2 X_2- ( X_0^3 +AX_0 X_2^2 + BX_2^3 )$ ; with $A, B \in K$, be an elliptic curve. Let $P$ be a point on ...
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Birational Transformations question

so I'm wondering, is there a birational transformation one can make to the equation $Y^2 = X^m + f_{m-1}X^{m-1} + ... + f_0$, where all $f_i \in \mathbb{Q}$ so it is of the form $Y^2 = X^m + ...
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On the rank of $y^2=x^3+k^2x$ [closed]

Which value of k leads the curve $y^2=x^3+k^2x$ to have the rank equal to zero? Can we find a family of this such curves with rank zero?
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Why is the answer set limited here?

This question is based on pp $67$ - $68$ of Ash and Gross's "Elliptic Tales". Here the authors discuss points on a curve in the projective plane. We have an equation $f(x,y) = x^2+y^2$ We can ...
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On the rank of $y^2=x^3+a^2x^2-a^4x$

How can I prove that the rank of $y^2=x^3+a^2x^2-a^4x$ is zero where $a$ is rational and positive?
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Rational Number Form

I was reading Rational Points on Elliptic Curves by Silverman and Tate and they state: Every non-zero rational number may be uniquely written in the form $\frac{m}{n}p^v$, where $m,n$ are integers ...
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Rational points of order 2 on elliptic curves

I'm working on a question that's asking me to list all the $\mathbb Q$-rational points of order 2 and all the $\mathbb C$-rational points of order 2 for some elliptic curves. I've made the following ...
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Reduction of isogenies at bad primes

Let $L$ be a number field and $E,E'$ two elliptic curves defined over $L$. Suppose $\varphi\colon E\to E'$ is an isogeny defined over $L$. Let $\mathfrak p$ be a prime of bad reduction for $E,E'$. ...
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37 views

Weierstrass normal form

How can I show that the Weierstrass normal form $u^3 + v^3 = \alpha$,with $x=12\alpha/(u+v)$ and $y=36\alpha (u-v)/(u+v)$, satisfy $y^2=x^3-432α^2$ ?
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Rational Points on Elliptic Curves [closed]

Compute the group $C(F_p)$ for the curve $С : y^2=x^3 + x + 1 $ and the primes $p = 3, 7, 11$ and $13$.
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Are $10^{10}$-digit-numbers too big for Lenstra's elliptic curve method (ECM)?

I would like to search prime factors of the numbers $$10^{10^{10}}-113$$ and $$10^{10^{10}}+13$$ Both numbers have no prime factor below $10^9$. Are these numbers still too big for ECM ? I also ...
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How to determine the group structure of $E(\mathbb{R})$ for an elliptic curve $E/\mathbb{R}$

Using Weierstrass' $\wp$ function it can be proved that the group of complex points on an elliptic curve $E /\mathbb{C}: y^2 = x^3 + ax + b$ satisfies $E(\mathbb{C}) \cong \mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z} \oplus ...
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Complex Multiplication of $y^2=x^3+B$

I would like to find out what the complex endomorphism for the class of elliptic curves given by $$y^2=x^3+B$$ looks like. I know that for the class of elliptic curves $$y^2=x^3+Ax,$$ the complex ...
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Solutions of elliptic curve in finite field

If I take the following elliptic formula over a finite field of size $17$: $$y^2 = x^3 + 2x + 3$$ The solutions for $x = 2$ would be $7$ and $10$. Because $7^2=49$ and $49 \equiv 15 \bmod 17$ ...
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Using an elliptic curve to create pseudo random number

I recently started learning about encryption. I read about how elliptic curves can be used to create pseudo random numbers (and how the nsa might have abused this fact to create a backdoor in ...
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Formal group of an elliptic curve, from Silverman's the arithmetic of an elliptic curves

In the beginning of page 120, to establish the formal group law for an elliptic curve, the book adds 2 points $(z_1,w_1)$ and $(z_2,w_2)$, where $w_1 = w(z_1), w_2 = w(z_2)$ using the group law. It ...
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Inflection points on elliptic curves over a field of characteristic 2

I'm looking at the elliptic curve $C:={\cal Z}(XY^2+ZX^2+YZ^2)$ in the field $k:=\overline{\mathbb{F}_2}$. I want to prove that this curve has 9 inflection points. Since the characteristic of $k$ is ...
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A special cubic curve

How can I transfer following cubic curve to a Weierstrass normal form? $$2x^2y+4xy^2+2y^3-2axy-ay^2+a=0,$$ where $a$ is a fixed rational number.
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Size of automorphism group of element of $Y_0(5)$

The modular curve $Y_0(5)$ parametrizes elliptic curves $E$ with an isogeny of degree five. So an element of $Y_0(5)$ can be interpreted as $E \xrightarrow{\phi} E'$. Suppose we are working over a ...
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56 views

Weierstrass to general form

Can we go from short Weierstrass equation equation $y^2=x^3+Ax^2+Bx+C$ to general $$y^2+a_1xy+a_3y=x^3+a_2x^2+a_4x+a_6$$?
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$ax^3+by^3+cz^3=0$ and Elliptic curves

What is relation between $ax^3+by^3+cz^3=0$ and Elliptic curves?