# Tagged Questions

For questions regarding elliptic curves. Questions on ellipses should be tagged [conic-sections] instead.

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### The term “elliptic”

There are many things which are called “elliptic” in various branches of mathematics: Elliptic curves Elliptic functions Elliptic geometry Elliptic hyperboloid Elliptic integral Elliptic modulus ...
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### History and future of algebraic curves and the like?

Now that Fermat's last theorem has been proven, and also elliptic curves see widespread use in simple everyday applications, I would love to learn how the related theories came into beeing, how they ...
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### Elliptic curve - perfect square discriminant

Given an elliptic curve: $$y^2 = x^3+ax+b$$ where a,b are rational, what can be said about the curve if its elliptic discriminant is a perfect square? $$discriminant= -16(4a^3+27b^2)$$ Any special ...
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### Nice formulas for the lambda invariant of an elliptic curve

Where can I find some nice formulas for the lambda invariant of an elliptic curve? I vaguely recall there's a nice product formula in terms of $q$, but a Google search didn't give me much. Also, are ...
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### Fundamental period of the Weierstrass $\wp$ elliptic function?

Consider the Weierstrass $\wp$ elliptic function $\wp(z, g_2, g_3)$ with the invariants $g_2\in\mathbb{R}$ and $g_3\in\mathbb{R}$: $$\wp'(z)^2 = 4\wp(z)^3 - g_2 \wp(z) - g_3$$ According to Wikipedia ...
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### Rational solutions of $y^2 = x^3 - x$

I believe that the only rational solutions of $$y^2 = x^3 - x$$ are the obvious ones $(-1,0)$, $(0,0)$, $(1,0)$, and that this was proved by Fermat using the method of descent. Can anyone outline a ...
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### Finding an Elliptic Curve with 103 points

I am trying to solve the following problem: Find an elliptic curve over F101 with 103 points. I know all of the equations when needing to find alpha, and beta and all that when I am given two points ...
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### A diophantine equation of degree 3

Find the integer solutions of $y^2+6=x^3$. I guess it does not have integer solutions but I cannot prove it. By $\pmod 8$, I can know that $y$ is odd and $x\equiv7 \pmod 8$. Then what else can I do?
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### What are the prime factors of $4^{256}+253\$?

I search a composite number near $4^{4^4}$ with a very large smallest prime factor. A candidate is $$4^{4^4}+253=4^{256}+253$$ The number is composite and has $155$ digits, so it is in the range , ...
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### Meaning of this expression

I found a relation while studying elliptic curves, I could not understand its' meaning. $E[n]$ is a $n$-torsion subgroup then $E[n]\cong Z/nZ \oplus Z/nZ$, What does this $\oplus$ symbol mean? Thanks ...
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### Rank of an elliptic curve

How could we compute the rank of an elliptic curve? I looked for a methodology in my book, but I didn't find anything. Could you give me a hint? I want to find the rank of the curve $Y^2=X^3+p^2X$ ...
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### Automorphisms of an elliptic curve fixing the invariant differential?

If we consider an elliptic curve $E/k$ given in Weierstrass form $y^{2}+a_{1}xy+a_{3}y=x^{3}+a_{2}x^{2}+a_{4}x+a_{6}$, then I know that the translation maps $\tau_{P}$ with $P\in{E}$ fix the invariant ...
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### Find all integral solutions for the Diophantine Equations $x^4 - x^2y^2 + y^4 = z^2$ and $x^4 + x^2y^2 + y^4 = z^2$.

Find all integral solutions for the Diophantine Equations $$x^4 - x^2y^2 + y^4 = z^2$$ and $$x^4 + x^2y^2 + y^4 = z^2$$ I basically think that to solve these equations we need to use the fact that ...
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### Can Hecke Operators be defined on more general spaces of elliptic curves?

Classically, the Hecke Operators act as endomorphisms of $\omega^k_{\mathcal{M}_{ell}(\mathbb{C})}$, defined by noting that there is a distinguished class of covering maps $\widetilde{E}\to E$ given ...
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### Real Period of an Elliptic Curve

Trying to work out what the real period of an elliptic curve is as seen in the Birch Swinnerton-Dyer conjecture. From what I've read, given an elliptic curve E over the rationals, one can associate ...
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### How can I “groupify” an elliptic curve over a non-field?

The book Primes of the form $x^2+ny^2$ by David A. Cox contains the following definitions regarding an elliptic curve (by which he means an equation $y^2=4x^3-g_2x-g_3$ such that $\Delta=g_2^3-27g_3^2$...
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### Homogeneous spaces of elliptic curve

Let $d>1$ be a cube free natural number and $a,b,c$ are natural numbers greater than 1 with $abc=d$. How to explain that the curve $D: ax^3+by^3+cz^3=0$ is homogeneous space (over $\mathbb{Q}$) ...
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### clarification on the inertia group in the proposition 1.5 chap VIII of Silverman's Arithemic of elliptic curves

Let K be a number field. Let $Q\in \mathbb {P}^2 (\overline {K})$ and define $K (Q)=$ fixed field of $\{\sigma\in G_{ \overline {K}/K } :Q^\sigma=Q \}$ where $G_{ \overline {K}/K }$ is the ...
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### Find all points of finite order on the elliptic curve $y^2+7xy=x^3+16x$.

I am studying Rational Points on Elliptic Curves by Silverman and Tate. This is Problem 2.12 (h). Determine all of the points of finite order on the elliptic curve $y^2+7xy=x^3+16x$. Also ...
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### Elliptic curve linear recurrence proof

Let $E/\mathbb{F}_q$ be an elliptic curve with $q=p^m$ for some prime $p$. Let $a_n=q^n+1-\#E(F_{q^n})$ and by convention we let $a_0=2$. Prove that $a_{n+2}=a_1a_{n+1}-qa_n$ for all $n>0$. ...
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### Elliptic curves with trivial Mordell–Weil group over certain fields.

I am looking for elliptic curves $E,E'$ defined over $\mathbb{F}_{3}$ and $\mathbb{F}_{4}$ respectively and given by a Weierstrass equation such that their Mordell-Weil group is trivial, i.e. such ...
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### The cardinal of the Mordell-Weil group is prime for certain elliptic curves over $\mathbb{F}_{q}$ for certain $q$.

Let $p\in\{2,3\}$ and $r\in\mathbb{Z}_{\geq 2}$. I would like to find if there exists an elliptic curve defined over $\mathbb{F}_{p}$ such that $|E(\mathbb{F}_{p^{r}})|$ is a prime number. If $p>3$ ...
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### help to parametrize $y^2 = x^3 -x^2$

I appreciate if someone could help me to parametrize this equation $y^2 = x^3 -x^2$. Thanks in advance. I used maple to find the solution as $(x,y) = ((t^2-1),(t(t^2-1))$
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### $p$ adic modular forms and wide open neighbourhood (e.g. Coleman primitive): is it possible to obtain a holomorphic function?

It is well known that a modular form (of weight $k$ and level $N$) is in particular also a classical modular form; this can be seen both using Serre's definition with $q$-expansion and the Katz's one, ...
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### Show 2-torsion subgroups are equivalent?

Let $E/k$ be an elliptic curve defined by the Weierstrass form $y^2=x^3+ax+b$. Let $c$ be a nonzero squarefree element in $k$. Let $E_c/k$ be a curve defined by $cy^2=x^3+ax+b$. Show that the 2-...
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### How to show elliptic curve endomorphism is commutative?

For an elliptic curve $E/k$, let $\alpha$ be any endomorphism over $\bar{k}$ in End($E$) and let $[n]$ be the multiplication-by-$n$ endomorphism. Show that $[n] \bullet \alpha=\alpha \bullet [n]$, ...
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### Show an elliptic curve is a twist of another curve?

Let $E/k$ be an elliptic curve defined by the Weierstrass form $y^2=x^3+ax+b$. Let $c$ be a nonzero square free element in $k$. Let ${E_c}/k$ be a curve defined by $cy^2=x^3+ax+b$. Using a linear ...
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### Convert affine coordinates to projective coordinates?

For any rational map represented by $(\frac{x^4+3y}{x^2+1}, \frac{x+1}{y})$ in affine coordinates, write down the corresponding representation $[F_1(X, Y, Z) : F_2(X, Y, Z) : F_3(X, Y, Z)]$ in ...
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### Complex multiplication and ray class fields

This question is mainly referring to the proof of Theorem 5.6, Chapter 2 of Silverman's "Advanced Topics in the AEC". Basically, let $K$ be an imaginary quadratic field, and $E$ be an elliptic curve ...
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### Confusion about holomorphic differential on elliptic curve

Let $(a:b)\in\mathbb{C}P^1$ and look at the elliptic curve $C$ given by $y^2=x^3+a^4x+b^6$. It is well known that on this elliptic curve we have the holomorphic differential $dx/y$. I have two ...
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### How to compute explicitly the covering map in the modularity theorem?

The modularity theorem (original Shimura-Taniyama-Weil conjecture) asserts the existence of a covering (uniformization) map $\pi:X_0(N) \to E$ for every $E$, an elliptic curve defined over $\mathbb{Q}$...
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### Show $(x,y) \rightarrow (x,-y)$ is a group homomorphism?

Show that $(x,y) \rightarrow (x,-y)$ is a group homomorphism from $E$ to itself where $E$ is an elliptic curve in Weierstrass form. So $E$ is of the form $y^2=x^3+ax+b$. Would I just show that any ...
I'm trying to perform point addition on an elliptic for two points taken from an example in the book "Understanding Cryptography by Christof Paar & Jan Pelzl". The points I'm trying to add are: ...