For questions regarding elliptic curves. Questions on ellipses should be tagged [conic-sections] instead.

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5
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1answer
461 views

Number of 3-torsion points on an elliptic curve

If we take our elliptic curve over $K$ to be the zero set of $$ F(X_1, X_2, X_3) = X_2^2 X_3 - (X_1^3 + AX_1X_3^2 + BX_3^2), $$ which is in projective form with $X = X_1, Y = X_2, Z=X_3$, then I ...
2
votes
1answer
692 views

Weierstrass Form of Elliptic Curve

One can put every cubic curve into Weierstrass form, how unique is this form?
2
votes
1answer
211 views

Intuition behind elliptic curves and $K$-rational points

I find myself becoming confused whenever I try to think about this. In the following, $K$ is a field. An elliptic curve $\mathcal{C}$ is defined to be a nonsingular projective cubic curve over $K$, ...
2
votes
1answer
439 views

Birationally equivalent elliptic curves

I encountered a question about showing that the curve $$ y^2 = x^4 + a_3 x^3 + a_2x^2 + a_1x + a_0, \qquad\qquad(1) $$ where $a_i \in \mathbb{Q}$, can be birationally transformed over $\mathbb{Q}$ ...
0
votes
1answer
106 views

Maximal small lattice points of an elliptic curve

The elliptic curve $-4 x^3 + 4 x^2 y + 16 x - y^3 + 9 y$ goes through $21$ integer points in the range $-9$ to $9$. Is that the maximum?
8
votes
2answers
457 views

Is the real locus of an elliptic curve the intersection of a torus with a plane?

In Lawrence Washington's book Elliptic Curves: Number Theory and Criptography I read that if $E$ is an elliptic curve defined over the real numbers $\mathbb{R}$ then the set of real points ...
2
votes
1answer
247 views

Modular functions and elliptic functions

Does anybody know of an equation formally equating modular functions and elliptic functions similar to Euler's equation for exponential and trigonometric functions? Any advice much appreciated. ...
6
votes
2answers
234 views

Injection of $E(\mathbb{Q})_{\text{tors}}$ into $\tilde{E}(\mathbb{F}_p)$?

I'm looking at Example VII.3.3.3 (p.193, 2nd ed.) of Silverman's The Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves. We have the elliptic curve $E:y^2=x^3+x$, with discriminant $\Delta=-64$, so there is good reduction ...
4
votes
1answer
103 views

Cokernel of morphism of Tate module of elliptic curves

Let $K$ be a field, and $\phi: E_1\to E_2$ be an isogeny of elliptic curves over $K$. Given a prime $\ell$ different from the characteristic of $K$, $\phi$ induces an injection $T_\ell \phi: T_\ell ...
4
votes
2answers
114 views

Bound for number of points on surface over $\mathbb{F}_p$

I know of the bound for the number of points on an elliptic curve over a finite field: $$|\# E(\mathbb{F}_q) - q - 1| < 2\sqrt{q}$$ where this includes the point at infinity. I have been told that ...
4
votes
1answer
180 views

Extend an holomorphic function defined on a torus

Suppose we have an holomorphic function $$ f : \frac{\mathbb{C}}{\Lambda} \mapsto \frac{\mathbb{C}}{\Lambda} $$ where $\Lambda$ is a lattice. Is it always possible to find another function $\psi : ...
5
votes
4answers
286 views

upper bound on rank of elliptic curve $y^{2} =x^{3} + Ax^{2} +Bx$

I was told the following "Theorem": Let $y^{2} =x^{3} + Ax^{2} +Bx$ be a nonsingular cubic curve with $A,B \in \mathbb{Z}$. Then the rank $r$ of this curve satisfies $r \leq \nu (A^{2} -4B) +\nu(B) ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Integral points on an elliptic curve

Let's start with an elliptic curve in the form $$E : y^2 = x^3 + Ax + B, \qquad A, B \in \mathbb{Z}.$$ I am wondering about integral points. I know that Siegel proved that $E$ has only finitely many ...
8
votes
2answers
813 views

The modular curve X(N)

I have a question about the modular curve X(N), which classifies elliptic curves with full level N structure. (A level N structure of an elliptic curve E is an isomorphism from $Z/NZ \times Z/NZ$ to ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Definition of the j-invariant of an elliptic curve

It seems that most introductory books on elliptic curves simply state the definition of the j-invariant of an elliptic curve without giving any background on how that definition was conceived. Of ...
4
votes
2answers
949 views

What is a primitive point on an elliptic curve?

While working with elliptic curves for cryptography reasons, I found the notion of a primitive point, but no definition. For example, $P(0,6)$ is a primitive point on the elliptic curve $y^2\equiv ...
1
vote
1answer
192 views

Algebraic points on an elliptic curve

There is a book about rational points on elliptic curves. What about algebraic points?
2
votes
1answer
119 views

Extracting the value of $y$ from $x$ in an elliptic curve over a finite field

Given an elliptic curve $y^2 = x^3 + ax + b$ over a finite field $\mathbf{F}_p$, how can I retrieve the value of $y$ given the value of $x$? My knowledge in this area is quite limited, so I ...
17
votes
2answers
2k views

Elliptic Curves and Points at Infinity

My undergraduate number theory class decided to dip into a bit of algebraic geometry to finish up the semester. I'm having trouble understanding this bit of information that the instructor presented ...
1
vote
2answers
162 views

Understanding how to calculate $E_\text{tors}$ of an elliptic curve

In a set of lecture notes, there is an example of calculating the group $E_\text{tors}$ of an elliptic curve. This is the example: Let $E$ be the elliptic curve $$y^2=x^3-5x+4.$$ The curve ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

How elliptic arc can be represented by cubic Bézier curve?

If I have an arc (which comes as part of an ellipse), can I represent it (or at least closely approximate) by cubic Bézier curve? And if yes, how can I calculate control points for that Bézier curve?
3
votes
1answer
165 views

What else can the elliptic integral count?

I just read this document - Jacobi's Four Square Theorem. It shows how to count the number of representations of a number as the sum of four squares. I can follow the proof but currently it just ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Group Law for an Elliptic curve

I was reading this book "Rational points on Elliptic curves" by J.Silverman, and J.Tate, 2 prominent figures in Number theory and was very intrigued after reading the first couple of pages. The ...
4
votes
3answers
4k views

How could I calculate the rank of this elliptic curve?

The birational change of variables $(u,v) = (\frac{36+y}{6x},\frac{36-y}{6x})$ maps $u^3+v^3=1$ to $y^2 = x^3 - 432$ which has discriminant $-2^{12}\cdot 3^9$. Using pari/gp we can compute the ...
7
votes
2answers
523 views

A question on FLT and Taniyama Shimura

Sometime back i watched the documentary of Andrew Wiles proving the Fermat's Last theorem. A truly inspiring video and i still watch it whenever i am in a depressed mood. There are certain ...
2
votes
1answer
263 views

Deriving Eulers Addition Theorem for Elliptic Integrals

In the book Elliptic Curves - McKean & Moll we are given the outline for a proof of Eulers addition theorem: The (projective) quartic $\mathbf y^2 = (1-\mathbf x^2)(1-k^2 \mathbf x^2)$ has ...
2
votes
2answers
231 views

Trying to piece together an integral addition theorem

If we have a curve $C:\{ P(x,y) = 0 \}$ and define $\omega=\frac{\mathrm{d}x}{y}$ then is $$\int_0^A \omega + \int_0^B \omega = \int_0^{A \oplus B} \omega$$ (with $\oplus$ being addition on a group ...
25
votes
3answers
951 views

What is an elliptic curve, and how are they used in cryptography?

I hear a lot about Elliptic Curve Cryptography these days, but I'm still not quite sure what they are or how they relate to crypto...