Questions on congruences, linear diophantine equations, greatest common divisor, divisibility, etc.

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1answer
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Sum of a Sequence of Prime Powers is a Perfect Square

Find all primes p such that $p^{2n}+p^{2n-1}+p^{2n-2}+\cdots+p^{2}+p+1$ is a square for some value of n.
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A natural number $n>2$ is a prime iff $\prod_{k=1}^{n-1} k \equiv n-1 \pmod {\sum_{k=1}^{n-1} k}$

Is this proof acceptable ? Theorem 1 (Wilson). A natural number $n>1$ is a prime iff: $$(n-1)! \equiv -1 \pmod n.$$ Theorem 2. A natural number $n>2$ is a prime iff: ...