7
votes
1answer
101 views

An analogue of Hensel's lifting for Fibonacci numbers

In this question Oleg567 conjectured the following interesting fact about Fibonacci numbers: $$ k\mid F_n\quad\Longrightarrow\quad k^d\mid F_{k^{d-1}n} $$ that can be regarder as an analogue of the ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Fibonacci numbers $F_{n+3} + F_{n} = 2F_{n+2}$

Prove $F_{n+3} + F_{n} = 2F_{n+2}$ for any positive integer n. So What I did was this: fn+ fn+1 = fn+2 fn + fn+1 = fn+2 => fn+2 -fn+1 fn+1 + fn+2 = fn+3 then I subsituted into equation in ...
1
vote
2answers
69 views

How to establish this inequality without using induction?

Given the Fibonacci sequence $a_1 = 1$, $a_2 = 2$, $\ldots$, $a_{n+1} = a_n + a_{n-1} $ for $n \geq 2$, how to derive, without using induction, the inequality $$ a_n < (\frac{1+\sqrt{5}}{2})^n $$ ...
2
votes
2answers
87 views

How do I apply the $\pm4$ part of the equation $5F_n^2\pm~4=L_n^2$ without knowing $n$?

I'm trying to test a great many numbers $a^3+b^3$ to see if any of them are Fibonacci using the formula $$a^3+b^3=F_n \iff 5(a^3+b^3)^2\pm~4=L_n^2$$ I want to make my search more efficient by having ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

finding $n$ consecutive composite Fibonacci numbers.

For each $n$, How can we find $n$ consecutive composite Fibonacci numbers?
-1
votes
2answers
115 views

how to find nth term of different fibonacci series with golden ratio [duplicate]

what i know : if i want to find $Nth$ term of a fibonacci series like : 1 1 2 3 5 8 13 21 ....... then to find $6th$ term we use golden ratio ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Fibonacci number “alpha-beta” induction proof [duplicate]

The Question: Use mathematical induction to prove the following: let n be a positive integer and let alpha = [1+sqrt(5)]/2 and beta = [1-sqrt(5)]/2. Then the nth Fibonacci number f_n is given by ...
0
votes
2answers
99 views

Proving that $fib(n) < (5/3)^n$ for $n \ge 1$ by induction

I know this has been shown before here but no post really answered my question. I had this problem given to me as an induction practice problem and I couldn't solve it without help. When I got the ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Converting Fibonacci number $F_{5n+3}$ to Lucas numbers $L_{n+k}$

I'm trying to prove that$F_{5n+3}\text{mod}10 = L_{n}\text{mod}10$. I rearranged it into a more solvable form of $F_{5n+3}-L_n = 10k$ (because if two numbers end in the same digit, their difference ...
7
votes
1answer
200 views

Proof that Fibonacci Sequence modulo m is periodic?

It's well known that the Fibonacci sequence modulo m (where m is any integer) is periodic. I have figured out a proof for this, but upon googling, I found proofs online that were far more complicated. ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Find all solution to $a^{2}\equiv -1 \pmod b$ and $b^{2}\equiv -1\pmod a$ (self-answer)

There was a question here just a moment ago but was deleted by the author. It is to find all solution to $a^{2}\equiv -1 \pmod b$ and $b^{2}\equiv -1 \pmod a$ with $a,b>1$. But I already typed up ...
1
vote
4answers
1k views

how to find nth term in a fibonacci series or sum of a series of fibonacci numbers

A series is given as $1,6,7,13,20,33,.......$ and so on Find the sum of first 52 terms? what i know is The sum of the first n Fibonacci numbers is the [(n + 2)nd Fibonacci number - 1] . So the sum ...
1
vote
1answer
232 views

Pisano periods of fibonacci mod

The wikipedia article on Pisano periods utilises the Binet's formula and quadratic residues to find $f(n)$ such that $F_n=f(n) \pmod{p}$ where $p$ is a prime number and $F_n$ is a Fibonacci number. ...
0
votes
0answers
82 views

Fibonacci sequense, problem od division

How to show that $7\mid F_m\Longrightarrow 8\mid m$ and $4\mid F_m\Longrightarrow 6\mid m$, knowing that (I) Two consecutive terms in the Fibonacci sequence are relatively prime. (II) In ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Strong Induction Proof: Fibonacci number even if and only if 3 divides index

The Fibonacci sequence is defined recursively by $F_1 = 1, F_2 = 1, \; \& \; F_n = F_{n−1} + F_{n−2} \; \text{ for } n ≥ 3.$ Prove that $2 \mid F_n \iff 3 \mid n.$ Proof by Strong Induction : ...
0
votes
2answers
89 views

How to prove that the Fibonacci sequence $7\mid U_m\Longrightarrow 8\mid m$ and $4\mid U_m\Longrightarrow 6\mid m$

How to prove that the Fibonacci sequence $$7\mid U_m\Longrightarrow 8\mid m$$ and $$4\mid U_m\Longrightarrow 6\mid m$$I was confused because there $\{ 4,7 \}$ in Fibonacci sequece
1
vote
4answers
261 views

Divisibility and the Fibonacci sequence

While studying the Fibonacci sequence I encountered this problem in the handout, and I can not understand how to do it. Show that if the Fibonacci sequence has a term divisible by a natural number ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

Two issues of Number Theory

Knowing in Fibonacci sequence$$u_n\mid u_m\Longleftrightarrow n\mid m$$ Question 1: In Fibonacci sequence, show that $$5\mid u_m\Longleftrightarrow 5\mid m$$ Show: $\Longrightarrow$ In ...
2
votes
3answers
139 views

Statement on the Fibonacci sequence

Question: Let $n,m,\in\mathbb{N^*}$ with $n>1$ and let $u_n$ denote the $n$-th term of the Fibonacci sequence, then $$u_{n+m}=u_{n-1}u_m+u_nu_{m+1}$$ I know these theorems: Two consecutive ...
2
votes
2answers
110 views

Is Fibonacci sequence the minimum of unique pairwise sum sequence?

Let $(a_n)_{n=1}^\infty$ be a strictly increasing (condition added per earlier answer of Amitesh Datta) sequence of natural numbers where all pairwise element sums are unique. Can anyone prove or ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Sums and products involving Fibonacci

In summary, if $\phi$ is the golden ratio, I want to show: \begin{align} \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac1{F_n} &= 4-\phi \\ \sum_{n=1}^\infty \dfrac{(-1)^{n+1}}{F_nF_{n+1}} &= \phi-1 \\ ...
9
votes
4answers
229 views

Fibonacci Cubes: $F_n^3 + F_{n+1}^3 - F_{n-1}^3 =F_{3n}$

Prove $$F_n^3 + F_{n+1}^3 - F_{n-1}^3 =F_{3n}$$ I've tried induction, either its just very long or a neat trick is required in the inductive step but for some odd reason its not working out. ...
8
votes
7answers
383 views

Why is the Fibonacci ratio though a decreasing function, it is alternating and decreasing?

I tried to find the ratio of consecutive terms of the Fibonacci series and found that it is a decreasing function and it converges . I tried it though a small code piece in python so that I can have a ...
-1
votes
3answers
611 views

What are the first 3 digits of the product of the first 1000 fibonacci numbers

What are the first 3 digits of the product of the first 1000 Fibonacci numbers? Could anyone give me hints on how to start this problem? I haven't done a problem like this before and I am curious ...
3
votes
2answers
315 views

Computing first digits of Fibonacci numbers

How would you compute the first $k$ digits of the first $n$th Fibonacci numbers (say, calculate the first 10 digits of the first 10000 Fibonacci numbers) without computing (storing) the whole numbers ...
1
vote
3answers
94 views

Fibonacci series in 0-Even-Odd-Even-Odd-N series up to N

Another question from the test for the Normale of Pisa: Consider the series $S_n$ of integer numbers repeteandly even - odd - even - odd that start with 0 and finish with n, so with n = 3 we get 2 ...
4
votes
2answers
157 views

$n +1$th Fibonacci number modulo $n$

The Pisano period studies the $n$th Fibonacci number $F_{n}$ modulo $n$. Is there anything about $F_{n + 1} \pmod n$?
1
vote
4answers
139 views

Proving that $\alpha^{n-2}\leq F_n\leq \alpha^{n-1}$ for all $n\geq 1$, where $\alpha$ is the golden ratio

I got stuck on this exercise. It is Theorem 1.15 on page 14 of Robbins' Beginning Number Theory, 2nd edition. Theorem 1.15. $\alpha^{n-2}\leq F_n\leq \alpha^{n-1}$ for all $n\geq 1$. Proof: ...
2
votes
1answer
202 views

Simple Fibonacci / Lucas Numbers Relationship

Prove the identity by induction: $$ F_{2n} = F_n L_n, $$ where $F_n$ and $L_n$ are the $n^{th}$ Fibonacci and Lucas number, respectively. I have an answer but am not happy with it since it doesn't ...
7
votes
2answers
391 views

Fibonacci numbers divisible by $9$

The $n$th Fibonacci number $F_n$ is defined as follows,$$F_1=F_2=1\mbox{ and } F_{n+2}=F_{n+1}+F_{n}\mbox{ for } n\geq 1$$ I want to know how many of the first $1000$ Fibonacci numbers are divisible ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

How to prove gcd of consecutive Fibonacci numbers is 1? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Prove that two any consecutive terms of Fibonacci sequence are relatively prime How to proof it ? Can you help me ? Let $f_n$ be Fibonacci Sequence. ...
1
vote
1answer
134 views

How to solve for the $n$-th Fibonacci number that is greater than or equal to $N$?

The general formula for the $n$-th Fibonacci number is: $$\frac{\phi^n - (1 - \phi)^n}{\sqrt{5}}$$ where $$\phi = \frac{1 + \sqrt{5}}{2}$$ Given $N$, is there a way to solve for $n$ in this ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Every natural number can be written as the sum of distinct Fibonacci numbers?

Can anyone hint me to prove: $\forall n\in \mathbb{N}: \exists$ Fibonacci numbers $ F_{i_1},\ldots,F_{i_k}$ such that: $$\sum F_{i_k}=n$$ Note: Every Fibonacci number can appear only once. Thanks
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Power Variant of Fibonacci sequence

I was trying to simplify the following sequence, such that I can calculate the $n$th term in $\log n$ time. This can be done, if we can express the $n$th in terms of combinations of Fibonacci like ...
1
vote
1answer
166 views

Need formula for sequence related to Lucas/Fibonacci numbers

I am trying to get a formula for the nth term of the following sequence: 2, 14, 22, 58, 266, 398, 1042, 4774, 7142, 18698, 85666, 128158, 335522,... It's not in OEIS and as far as I can tell ...
1
vote
0answers
201 views

Fibonacci and Lucas relations

We know that $H_n$ = $L_n + mF_n$, where $n = 0$ or $n > 0$ is simply relation between Fibonacci sequence and generalized Fibonacci-Lucas sequence. Are there any methods to prove the following ...
3
votes
1answer
162 views

Fibonacci numbers moduli

I have made some observation on very interesting material on Fibonacci series. I need some help in proving them mathematically. We can observe that the periodicity of Fibonacci numbers modulo m, ...
4
votes
1answer
296 views

What is the next “Tribonacci-like” pseudoprime?

Given the three roots of $x^3=x^2+x+1$. Then we get the tribonacci-like sequence, $B_n = x_1^n+x_2^n+x_3^n = 3, 1, 3, 7, 11, 21, 39, 71, 131,\dots$ where $B_n = B_{n-1}+B_{n-2}+B_{n-3}$, and the ...
2
votes
1answer
183 views

If $m$ and $n$ are positive integers, then $(F_m,F_n)=F_{(m,n)}$.

Edit: The $F$'s are Fibonacci numbers. I need an idea on how to show the following: If $m$ and $n$ are positive integers, then $(F_m,F_n)=F_{(m,n)}$. I believe that using the fact that ...
4
votes
5answers
448 views

Showing that $f_{2n+1}=f_{n+1}^2+f_n^2$.

I am trying to solve the following exercise: Let $f_1=1$, $f_2=1$, $f_{n+1}=f_n+f_{n-1}$, where $n\in\mathbb{N}$. Show that $f_{2n+1}=f_{n+1}^2+f_n^2$. I have not had much progress, but this is ...
3
votes
3answers
164 views

Prove for Fibonacci numbers: $3\mid f(n) \iff 4\mid n$

Let $f(n)$ be the $n$th Fibonacci number. Prove that $$3\mid f(n) \iff 4\mid n$$ I tried to use induction to prove it but I couldn't continue when I reached $n+1$ case.
1
vote
2answers
280 views

Modular Fibonacci series

My second observation is the following. Let $p$ be a prime not equal to $5$. Then $5$ is a quadratic residue modulo $p$ if and only if $p\equiv\pm1\pmod5$. And $5$ is not a quadratic residue modulo ...
35
votes
7answers
3k views

Project Euler, Problem #25

Problem #25 from Project Euler asks: What is the first term in the Fibonacci sequence to contain 1000 digits? The brute force way of solving this is by simply telling the computer to generate ...
3
votes
2answers
559 views

$f_n$ is divisible by $4$ if and only if $n$ is divisible by $6$

I thought I had this question down, but while looking over my solution, I think I'm missing a step. I want to show for $f_n$ the nth fibonacci number, that $f_n$ is divisible by $4$ if and only if ...
15
votes
1answer
5k views

Prove that two any consecutive terms of Fibonacci sequence are relatively prime

Prove that two any consecutive terms of Fibonacci sequence are relatively prime My attempt: We have $f_1 = 1, f_2 = 1, f_3 = 2...$. So obviously $\gcd(f1, f2) = 1$. Suppose that $\gcd(f_n, ...
4
votes
1answer
124 views

Prove that If $f_n$ where $n>3$ is prime, then $n$ is prime for a Fibonacci series where $f_1$=$f_2$=1

This problem came up in my conversation with a friend—not sure how basic it is, but it seems quite interesting: Prove that if $f_n$ where $n>3$ is prime, then $n$ is prime for a Fibonacci sequence ...
5
votes
3answers
418 views

Fibonacci identity

Consider this Fibonacci equation: $$f_{n+1}^2 - f_nf_{n+2}$$ The problem asked to write a program with given n, output the the result of this equation. I could use ...
8
votes
1answer
296 views

Prove: the intersection of Fibonacci sequence and Mersenne sequence is just $\{1,3\}$

$$\frac{{{\varphi ^n} - {{(1 - \varphi )}^n}}}{{\sqrt 5 }} = {2^m} - 1 .$$ Here $\varphi = \frac{{1 + \sqrt 5 }}{2}$ . This integer equation has no solution for $n>3$ and $m>2$. How to prove?