Questions related to the teaching and learning of mathematics.

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5
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4answers
336 views

What sequence should I study these topics in?

I will shortly list a series of topics that amount to what is essentially the first two years of an undergraduate degree. I'd like to know what is considered best order in which to study these ...
3
votes
1answer
225 views

Math enthusiast wants to learn math

I'm an english major with a vivid interest in mathematics,I've read and enjoyed What Is Mathematics? by Courant and Robbins (does this count as some background?),and I've decided to begin a serious ...
3
votes
2answers
112 views

Prove withoui calculus: the integral of 1/x is logarithmic

It was known in the 17th century that the function $$ t \mapsto \int_{1}^{t} \frac{dx}{x} $$ is logarithmic: a geometric sequence in the domain produces an arithmetic sequence in the codomain. This ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Computing of the Gamma Function

I have stumbled upon Gamma functions when dealing with Gamma distributions on my studies with basic statistics. However, I have not understood how its computation expands factorials to real and ...
8
votes
3answers
436 views

(translated)Russian mathematics books?

Most russian mathematician(generally) are known to do and teach mathematics in a very original manner,they do in a very intuitive yet rigorous way, with/through wonderful connection to physics. ...
1
vote
1answer
466 views

Gilbert Strang's books on calculus and linear algebra?Are they for math majors?

I would to know what are the best resources to use to teach and learn elementary subjects (calculus,linear algebra),I remember when learning calculus, I used Spivak's book which had wonderful ...
-1
votes
1answer
37 views

Can i calculate velocity at a point P without using calculus in this case

I actually wanted to understand calculus. And read many a times, that concept of differentiation is about splitting the path into infinitesimally small divisions. In most cases the such division is ...
1
vote
4answers
127 views

Explaining multiplication of fractions

The best way I've been able to describe multiplication is as $$ a\times b = \sum^a_{i=1} b$$ But my definition does not account for things such as $2.99792458\times8.987551787$ and ...
4
votes
2answers
326 views

Teaching the Concept of Infinity to Children.

I was recently out with the family and we left it up to the children where we ate lunch (11 and 9 years old). They couldn't agree and were going back and forth calling each other names. This ...
0
votes
2answers
44 views

Alternative to using greater than operator for comparing numbers on a number line

The sign greater than "$>$" represents the quantity of one number more than another number. However the same sign is used to know the direction of a number on the numberline ( with respect to an ...
11
votes
3answers
496 views

A question from an engineering undergraduate

My question primarily concerns the necessary transition from an undergraduate program in electrical engineering to graduate program in applied mathematics or pure mathematics. I'm an electrical ...
8
votes
1answer
904 views

Where does the “Visual Multiplication” technique originate from?

There is a geometric technique to perform multiplication of numbers. But as the internet goes, it is hard to figure out who deserves the credit. What I've heard is A mayan technique From Vedic ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How many bit strings of length 15 have exactly three 0s?

I need help with this question: How many bit strings of length 15 have exactly three 0s?
1
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0answers
122 views

Prerequisites of Vector Calculus for Freshman

I'm doing BSc as Physics major, i had studied Calculus and Vectors in 12th grade. For now i want to study Mathematical physics myself, i had decided to follow Arfken but it starts from the topics ...
5
votes
1answer
108 views

What math have I missed as an Engineeering graduate? [closed]

To explain, I have a Master's in Engineering from a well known university. We did a wide variety of mathematical topics, vector calc, perturbation methods, numerical methods, linear algebra, discrete ...
5
votes
1answer
113 views

How would Johann Bernoulli have tutored Euler?

Early in Euler's life (when he was still a child/teenager), the Euler family friend Johann Bernoulli would tutor Euler in mathematics. Do we know how Johann Bernoulli would have tutored the young ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Able to adjust a Function/Formula with Weighted Variables to correct for changes in a variable?

I apologize for the somewhat cryptic title as I don't quite know how to word it. I have a somewhat abstract question that may have a simple answer. But I am wracking my mind all over this! So ...
1
vote
2answers
52 views

Markup and Margins

My question is if I can have 80% margins with 180% markup of operating costs? For instance if I have an operating cost of 300 dollars and I mark it up by 180% I would charge the customer 540 dollars. ...
1
vote
2answers
60 views

“Full”-Simplification of arbitrary mathematical expressions

I've come across many (classroom) problems, like Roy did, whereby the solution to a problem, $$−3(7−2x)^2−5(1+x)^2$$ is the result of simplifying that expression as much as is possible, i.e. ...
2
votes
0answers
83 views

On which occasions will the intelligent layperson fail to recognize a mathematics problem?

Suppose an intelligent lay person is ignorant of mathematics and believes all the crap taught in classrooms to the effect that mathematics consists of believing dogmas, obeying instructions, and ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Which Universities in US should I apply to study for a Masters in Statistics?

I've decided that I want to join a masters programme that prepares graduates for industry work as opposed for a phd. At the same time, I also want to really understand the theory behind the ...
6
votes
2answers
224 views

Misunderstanding the Theorem of Bayes

Saw this problem in an article on bbc.com (6 July 2014, "Do doctors understand test results?," by William Kremer BBC World Service; link below, slightly modified): A 50-year-old woman, with no prior ...
0
votes
4answers
57 views

Is it correct to write gcd(a,b) if a<b?

While creating an algorithm to compute the greatest common divisor of two numbers I saw that — on various websites/books — when you have "gcd(a,b)" a is superior to b ; is it an obligation or am I ...
-1
votes
2answers
116 views

Mathematical field theory Application in real world and other branches of Mathematics

I need to write work about applications of Mathematical field theory in real world and in other branches of Mathematics. Can someone guide me to an appropriate book, resource? Thanks, Denis.
1
vote
0answers
60 views

Soft question — I need books and exercise books that will be working on my fundamental skills.

I need help, urgently. I acquired a book called: Mathematics, Its Content, Method and Meaning. Now the problems is the book doesn't provide me with any exercises. I was searching for a book that would ...
0
votes
3answers
60 views

A lab worker needs $5$ litres of $20\%$ alcohol solution.

A lab worker needs $5$ litres of $20\%$ alcohol solution. A $10\%$ solution is mixed with a $60\%$ solution. How many litres of the $60\%$ solution will be required?
0
votes
2answers
77 views

Find point in 3D plane

I have four points in a 3D space, example: $$(0,0,1),\ (1,0,1),\ (1,0,2)\ \mbox{and}\ (0,0,2).$$ Then I have a 2D position on that square plane: $$x = 0.5,\ y = 0.5.$$ I need to find out the 3D ...
0
votes
1answer
129 views

The fourth pillar of mathematics? (analysis, algebra, geometry and …) [closed]

Many universities claim that there are three general areas in mathematics: analysis, which deals with continuous aspects of mathematics; algebra, which deals with discrete aspects; and geometry. If ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

What are the topics taught in Pennsylvania for the Algebra 1 course?

I am entering 8th grade and I recently took a placement test. I am hoping to get into the 11th grade mathematics course (Algebra 2), but I am not sure whether or not I will qualify. The school that I ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Masters' thesis in group theory [closed]

I would like some ideas on topics in group theory which would be suitable for a masters' thesis. What sort of problems would be suitable for this level? Because it is at masters' level, no original ...
0
votes
2answers
81 views

What is the meaning of calculating sine of a number?

When we calculate sine/cos/tan etc. of a number what exactly are we doing in terms of elementary mathematical concept, please try to explain in an intuitive and theoretical manner and as much as ...
1
vote
2answers
291 views

Why it is always circle to represent a Set?

When we draw a Venn diagram, we use circle to represent a Set. We can use any closed plane figure but most of the time it is a circle. Why? are there any specialty about that?
2
votes
1answer
82 views

What are Basis images?

I have read that using Fourier transformation we can decompose any arbitrary image into orthogonal basis images and reconstruct it back. But what are basis images actually?
3
votes
2answers
425 views

What's after undergrad? Advice needed.

I'm currently a rising senior at a small, yet well ranked liberal arts college studying Pure Mathematics. I've taken multiple high level mathematics courses and plan on doing a few more independent ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

SAT word problem

Set S consists of all positive multiples of 5 that are less than 100, and set T consists of all positive multiples of 10 that are less than 100. The median of the numbers in set T is how much greater ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

Rigorous Book on Topology of Surfaces and Simplicial Complexes

In the undergraduate course I am on the topology course covered the basics of point set topogly very well and everything was done, but then moved on to simplicial complexes and surfaces which was very ...
12
votes
3answers
331 views

Textbooks, lecture notes, and articles from arXiv for undergraduate students

I have found some interesting textbooks and articles on arXiv, such as the following one, that are accessible to an undergraduate student: Course of linear algebra and multidimensional geometry, ...
7
votes
0answers
1k views

Learning higher-mathematics on your own

I was hoping someone had an opinion on how to learn higher-mathematics (specific fields that could be of use to me) outside of a classroom setting. I graduated with an M.S. in Computer science about ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

how to check the variables which underwent the maximum change in a time course data?

I have time series data of many variables (these data for these variables are coming from a high-throughput experimental studies) The time series looks like $x \to x_1, x_2, x_3..$ which is the value ...
1
vote
2answers
66 views

$f(x)=\log x\Leftrightarrow f^{-1}(x)=e^x$. Why $e=2.73\cdots$?

$$f(x)=\log x\Leftrightarrow f^{-1}(x)=e^x.$$ Ok, $\log x$ is defined as the function $f(\cdot)$ such that: $f'(x)=\dfrac{1}{x}$. How to get, from this, the inverse of it $f^{-1}(x)$? And why ...
-1
votes
3answers
32 views

What is the difference between the derivative of a sine function between the degrees and radian values?

Is the derivative of the sine function, where the angle is measured in degrees, the same as the derivative of the sine function, where the angle is measured in radians.? Please spare me the ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

I want an intutive/theoretical understanding of the $\sin(\omega t +f)$

What is the meaning of $x(t)=x_0\cos(\omega t+f)$, where $x_0$ is the amplitude, $\omega$ the angular frequency, $t$ time and $f$ phase constant? I know how to solve the mathematical problems which ...
10
votes
6answers
258 views

When the approximation $\pi\simeq 3.14$ is NOT sufficent

It's common at schools to use $3.14$ as an appropriate approximation of $\pi$. However, here it's stated that for some purposes, $\pi$ should be approximated to $32$ decimal places. I need an example ...
6
votes
10answers
1k views

how to see the logarithm as the inverse function of the exponential?

I saw here in math.stackexchange some proofs of how the log and exp functions are related to each other, but I want to get an intuition for that. In layman terms, how would you explain the connection ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

How do you use reference books?

Reference books at the research levels often does not include any problem or exercise. While you can't read these books like novels(you normally need to work on other sheet of paper), I'm just ...
0
votes
2answers
29 views

How do we emphasize that $\displaystyle x\mapsto\frac{1}{f(x)-y}$ “makes sense” if we know $y\notin\text{im }f$?

Please take a look at the following function $$x\mapsto\frac{1}{f(x)-y}$$ where $f$ is "some other function". Suppose we know $y\notin\text{im }f$, i.e. the expression in the denominator "makes ...
1
vote
4answers
408 views

Help for Mathematics High school

I'm looking for mathematics books, courses + exercises for high school level. My daughter was high school certificated but she has stopped her studies for 5 years. She would like to be involved in new ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

How to get the domain of $x^x$?

The function $$f(x)=x^x.$$ is defined on $(0,\infty)$ because it is equal to $\exp\left(x\log\left(x\right)\right)$. But what happen when $x\leqslant0$? I tried for example $x=-1$, so ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

How is math used in computer graphics? [closed]

I'm doing a research paper on the mathematics of computer graphics and animation (3D) and I do not know where to start. What mathematical equations and concepts are used for computer graphics and ...
3
votes
0answers
94 views

In which field of science that we can prove $0! =1$ and what i can say to studentof high school if he asked about it's prove ?? [duplicate]

In mathematics there are some data , we have took them by convention and mathematics is not able to show us them proves , now want just to know if the "convention" term enough mathematics ...