0
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1answer
24 views

Help with marginal utility [closed]

There are two goods in the economy: X1 , X2 Consider a utility function given by U(X1,X2) =( X1)^(1/4)(X2)^(3/4) Price of good 1 (P1) = $2 Price of Good 2 (P2) = $3 Income (m) = $120 1) Formula ...
0
votes
1answer
10 views

help finding marginal utility [duplicate]

There are two goods in the economy: X1 , X2 utility function given by $U(X_1,X_2) =X_1^{1/4}X_2^{3/4}$ Price of good 1 $(P_1) = \$2$ Price of good 2 $(P_2) = \$3$ Income $(m) = \$120$ Find out ...
0
votes
0answers
103 views

preference relation.

In the exercise below I need to check whether the relation below is a preference relation ( need to be transitive (if $x>y$ and $y>z$ then $x>z$) and connected ). But I cannot find an ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Counterexample in axioms of expected utility theory

This is an exercise problem. Suppose $X_1=200$ with probability $1/3$, $0$ with probability $2/3$. $X_2=200$ with probability $p$, $0$ with probability $1-p$. $X_3=200$ with probability $1-p$, ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Expected utility representation

I am stuck on some question on utility theory. The question is as follow: Consider $A=[0,+\infty)$, and $Q=${F-cumulative distribution function on $A: \int^{+\infty}_0 x dF(x)<\infty$}, the set of ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

utility and uncertainty of economics

United Petroleum is operating a deep water oil rig in the Gulf of Calexico. Management have been informed that the drilling riser may be susceptible to methane build up and hence at risk of an ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Finding the value of $p$

I need some help with this question: Consider an individual who possesses the Bernoulli utility function of $u(x)=\dfrac{x^{1-\gamma }}{1-\gamma }$ where $\gamma>0$, $\gamma \neq 1$. Who maintains ...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

Curvature and the Arrow Pratt Absolute Risk Coefficient

So I'm in my first year of grad school, and I'm taking a decision analysis course. One of the topics we're covering is risk aversion, and with that comes discussion of the Arrow Pratt Absolute Risk ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

How do I optimize a function subject to a two-part constraint?

I would like to maximize the following function $$\max\; U= log(xT_o + (1-x)T_s) + log(Y)$$ by choosing levels of $T_o$, $T_s$, and $Y$, and where $x\in[0:1]$ subject to $$N = \binom{P_sT_s+Y ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

Mistake wikipedia article on St petersburg paradox?

I suspect that there is a mistake in the wikipedia article on the St petersburg paradox, and I would like to see if I am right before modifying the article. In the section "Solving the paradox", the ...
4
votes
2answers
220 views

What does Arrow's theorem say about Kaldor-Hicks social welfare functions with von Neumann-Morgenstern utility?

Let $A$ be the set of all possible states of the world, let $G(A)$ be the set of all "lotteries" or "gambles", i.e. the set of all probability distributions over $A$. Now consider an individual with ...
2
votes
1answer
209 views

How can a social welfare function be a linear combination of von Neumann-Morgenstern utility functions?

The von Neumann-Morgenstern axioms were an attempt to characterize rational decision-making in the presence of risk. The von Neumann-Morgenstern utility theorem says that if someone is vNM-rational, ...
0
votes
1answer
141 views

Mathematical Economics - Utility maximization

I am thankful to any hints: What I have: Simple log-utility form: $u = \log c_1 + \beta \log c_2$ Budget constraints: $c_1 + s \leq w$ $c_2 \leq R\; s$ Problem: For utility maximization: $s = ...
0
votes
2answers
355 views

Endowments & Utility Function to get Demand Function

We have two people, $A$ and $B$, A has $200$ units each of both good $X$ and $Y$ and $B$ has $100$ units each of both good $X$ and $Y$. $A$ has tastes providing a utility function such that $u(X,Y) = ...
1
vote
1answer
11k views

Deriving demand functions given utility

A consumer purchases food $X$ and clothing $Y$. Her utility function is given by: $U(X,Y) = XY +10Y$, income is $\$100$ the price of food is $\$1$ and the price of clothing is $P_y$. Derive the ...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

Preference Relation and Utility Function - Problem with inductive proof

I have a problem with an inductive proof of the following result. Theorem: If $X$ is a finite set, a binary relation $\succ$ is a preference relation iff there exist a function $u:X\rightarrow R$ ...
1
vote
0answers
84 views

Game theory question- information quality maximisation, opinions of the question

I am developing a game theory question to help in deconstructing situations where information quality is comprimised and requires valuation against a set of criteria. I would be interested to know any ...
2
votes
1answer
225 views

Elasticity of Substitution (CES)

This appears to be a nice forum. I just registered since I have a question... I have a CES aggregator-function $$ f(c,q) = (r c^{a} + b q^{a})^{1/a}. $$ It is postulated that it can be rewritten as ...
1
vote
2answers
362 views

Game theory: Nash equilibrium in asymetric payoff matrix

I have a utility function describing the desirability of an outcome state. I weigh the expected utility with the probability of the outcome state occuring. I find the expected utility of an action, a, ...
2
votes
1answer
145 views

How to prove that there exist a concave function and $\gamma\in[0,1]$ and some other numbers which satisfy an inequality

I'm working on an economics paper, and in the model I've made I've basically gotten myself a little bit stuck. I need to show that there exists a nondecreasing concave function $u$ and numbers $P$ and ...