0
votes
2answers
47 views

Cost per item. Diminishing marginal discount, if you will. (Bigger discount for first few items) Optimal number of units to buy?

The graph above shows price per unit. Say they are cupcakes. When you buy a higher quantity, you get a lower price per unit. Say it levels off like this graph. Obviously, buying 2 nets a nice ...
-2
votes
1answer
41 views
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Minimizing the cost of production by choosing between two options with different resource demands

Suppose that the firm has two possible activities to produce output. Activity $A$ uses $a_1$ units of good $1$ and $a_2$ units of good $2$ to produce $1$ unit of output. Activity $B$ uses $b_1$ units ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Application of a general “Weierstrass theorem”

http://books.google.at/books?id=9OSrV73a40gC&pg=PA45&lpg=PA45 gives a general Weierstrass theorem. Are there notable applications of this theorem, say in the calculus of variations? (I could ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Optimize profit given complete market information

Assume there are $N$ market participants (on the order of several hundred), and $M$ items (several thousand) being bought and sold on a market. For each participant/item pair, you know how many units ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Why is that a risk averse consumer buys the optimum insurance when there is actuarially fair insurance?

I've asked the same question at the Quantitative Finance StackExchange. Consider the following example: "As a risk-averse consumer, you would want to choose a value of x so as to maximize expected ...
-1
votes
1answer
55 views

Optimization: Finding line connecting non-pareto-optimal allocation in Edgeworth Box to PO allocation

Two people, A and B, with respective utility functions of: $$U_a(X_a,Y_a) = X_a^2 Y_a\\ U_b(X_b,Y_b) = X_b Y_b^2$$ Total $X$ (that is, $X_a+X_b$) is fixed at $36$. Total $Y$ ($Y_a+Y_b$) is fixed ...
2
votes
2answers
120 views

Multivariable optimization books

I have some economic data in hand, and I would like to make forecasting out of it (e.g., consumer demand, price elasticity and so on). As far as I understand, these characteristics can be (to some ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

How do I optimize a function subject to a two-part constraint?

I would like to maximize the following function $$\max\; U= log(xT_o + (1-x)T_s) + log(Y)$$ by choosing levels of $T_o$, $T_s$, and $Y$, and where $x\in[0:1]$ subject to $$N = \binom{P_sT_s+Y ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Constrained optimization when lending money between two periods

The question is: A consumer has utility function $u= x_{11}x_{12}+\beta x_{21}x_{22}$ where $x_{ti}$ is amount of good $i$ consumed in period $t$, $\beta$ is a positive parameter. We are asked to ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

Maximize $ax + by + c$

Working on a problem of comparative advantage of the economist David Ricardo, I've gone into solving a more general case of that study in which I stumbled over this question : how do we maximize the ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

How are relative maximum problems solved?

I found this problem in an economics mathematics book self test and I really do not know how a person goes about solving a problem like this: I think there is differentiation involved but I'm just ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

How are these maximization problems same?

This question is from Nicholson-Snyder's "Microeconomic Theory",page 200.(e-book here.) Compare$$V^*(p_1,\dots,p_n,I_1,\dots,I_m)= \max_{x_1,…,x_n} \left[U(x_1,…,x_n)\text{ such that}\sum_{i\in ...
1
vote
0answers
888 views

Profit Maximization Question of a Leontief (Perfect Complements) Production Function?

This is a question from my intermediate micro economics text book. Any help is very appreciated! Given Info: Company ST (a company which offers custom travel-planning services) is a ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Production function (economy)

A company produces one good using two factors of production factors. If $x$ and $y$ denotes the units of the factors used by the company, the technology function is given by $F(x; y) = xy^2$. In the ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Optimizing revenue clicks CPC

I am quite new to optimization procedure and would like to get some hints here: I am work for a small business that offers a service of niche selling items where subribers pay for every item they ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

$\frac{\partial}{\partial\theta}\phi'\mu+\frac{\alpha\phi'\Sigma\phi}{2}=0$

Ok, I am working on a problem that consists of the following: I am looking to solve the portfolio choice optimization problem (maximizing utility with a known utility function) in the case where all ...
0
votes
1answer
150 views

Mathematical Economics - Utility maximization

I am thankful to any hints: What I have: Simple log-utility form: $u = \log c_1 + \beta \log c_2$ Budget constraints: $c_1 + s \leq w$ $c_2 \leq R\; s$ Problem: For utility maximization: $s = ...
0
votes
2answers
382 views

Endowments & Utility Function to get Demand Function

We have two people, $A$ and $B$, A has $200$ units each of both good $X$ and $Y$ and $B$ has $100$ units each of both good $X$ and $Y$. $A$ has tastes providing a utility function such that $u(X,Y) = ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

How to build (and maximize) this equation

I'm trying to solve an economics problem but I cannot figure out how to build the equation system, or how to find the maximum in a piecewise function. A simplified version of the function would be ...
0
votes
1answer
132 views

Minimizing total cost function

In today's test (question c) I had to minimize equation $(3)$ and solve for N*. I did it through deriving, setting to $0$ and solve for N (no doubts about that). My question is, in this image it ...
0
votes
1answer
149 views

Economic Analysis / Minimization Problem

I am studying and going through some old exams for a microeconomic analysis class. I am just looking for some clarification regarding one of the answers given. The question is as follows Suppose ...
0
votes
1answer
150 views

Finding competitve equilibrium(consumption rivalry)

Consider two agents (Pascal and Friedman) in a pure exchange economy with two goods and no free disposal. Pascal has a preference relation give by the utility function $$u^P(x_1^P,x_2^P)=a\ln ...
0
votes
1answer
110 views

Market optimization problem

Demand schedule: $Q_d=a_0-a_1P_d$Supply schedule: $Q_s=b_0+b_1P_s$$P_d$ and $P_s$ are prices faced by consumers and producers. $a_0,a_1,b_0,b_1$ are all positive constants, where $a_0>b_0$. The ...
0
votes
2answers
255 views

Portfolio Optimization Problem Without Correlation Info

I received this interesting problem from a friend today: Assume that you are a portfolio manager with $10 million to allocate to hedge funds. The due diligence team has identified the following ...
1
vote
1answer
205 views

Economic optimisation problem

Here is the question: Consider a car-owning consumer with utility function $$u (x) = x_1x_2 + x_3 (x_4)^2 ,$$ where $x_1$ denotes food consumed, $x_2$ denotes alcohol consumed, $x_3$ denotes kms of ...
3
votes
0answers
118 views

Optimal tax rate

Suppose you have two countries A and B, with a tax rate $T_A$ and $T_B$, respectively. The tax is redistributed to all people equally. Hence if you live in A and you make $I$ as income then you will ...
10
votes
1answer
373 views

A (mathematically) sound investment strategy

It is common wisdom in the investment community that a long-term investor saving for his future would do well to invest in high-risk/high-return assets when he is young, slowly switching his portfolio ...