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16 views

Duality set for $L~p$ spaces, $1<p<\infty$.

I need to show that, given $f \in L^p$, $1<p<\infty$, the duality set $F(f)$ is equal to the point $$\|f\|_p^{2-p}|f|^{p-2}\overline{f}.$$ I have a hint: this is a consequence of convexity of ...
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0answers
46 views

Representation of a linear functional Lipschitz in total variation

Let $\Omega$ be a Borel space and let $\mathcal P(\Omega)$ be the space of all Borel probability measures on $\Omega$ endowed with the topology of weak convergence. Define the total variation metric ...
2
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2answers
80 views

How to find the polar dual of $\{(x,y):y\geqslant x^2\}$ in $\Bbb R^2$?

How to find the polar dual of $\{(x,y):y\geqslant x^2\}$ in $\Bbb R^2$? If the polar dual of a set $A$ is $A^*=\{x\text{ in }\Bbb R^2:ax\leqslant 1\text{ for all }a\text{ in }A\}$. I study from ...
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2answers
24 views

LP: An algorithm to decide whether a polyhedron is a subst of another polyhedron

I've encountered the following question which I am unable to solve: $$ P = \{\vec x | A\vec x \geq \vec a\} \\ Q = \{\vec x | B\vec x \geq \vec b\}\\ P, Q \subseteq R^n $$ Find an algorithm to ...
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0answers
16 views

Conic programming duality - relative interior

Consider the primal/dual conic programming problems $$ \newcommand{\ip}[1]{\left< #1 \right>} \newcommand{\myvec}[1]{\mathbf{#1}} \newcommand{\bvec}[0]{\mathbf{b}} ...
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0answers
6 views

If a voronoi vertex q is an endpoint of a voronoi edge l, then the delaunay polygon dual to q has a delaunay edge dual to l as one of its edges.

If a Voronoi vertex $q$ is an endpoint of a Voronoi edge $l$, then the Delaunay polygon dual to $q$ has a Delaunay edge dual to $l$ as one of its edges. I understand and know what the ...
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0answers
52 views

The dual simplex algorithm

Following is the dual simplex algorithm, adapted from p. 283 of Daniel Solow's "Linear Programming, An Introduction to Finite Improvement Algorithms", Elsevier Science Publishing Co., Inc., 1984. I ...
2
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1answer
32 views

Does the Duality Theorem of Linear Programming hold only in closed convex cones

I've just read the the Duality Theorem of Linear Programming. Here is the proof from my book (and my questions after it): Duality Theorem of Linear Programming: If the primal or dual linear ...
0
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1answer
15 views

how to show weakly convergence is equivalent to point convergence under a certain condition?

Let $\{f_n\}$ in $C[0,1]$ satisfy $\sup_n \sup_{x\in[0,1]}|f(x)|<\infty$. Show that $$f_n \ \ \text{converges weakly to 0} \Longleftrightarrow \lim_{n}f_n(x)=0 \ \ \text{for all }x\in[0,1].$$ ...
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0answers
24 views

dual form of an optimization

Consider the following optimization in primal form $\displaystyle\max_{x_1, \ldots, x_n}\sum_{i=1}^n d_ix_i -\sum_{i=1}^n x_i\log(x_i)$ subject to $a_i\leq x_i\leq b_i$ and $\sum_{i=1}^n ...
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1answer
35 views

Why $(1,\textbf{0}) \not\in \{(r,\textbf{w}): r=tz_0-\textbf{c}^T\textbf{x}, \textbf{w}=t\textbf{b}-\textbf{Ax}, \;\textbf{x}\geq\textbf{0}, t\geq0\}$

I'm learning about linear and nonlinear programming and on the chapter about duality I have the following statement and proof I can't understand: minimize $\textbf{c}^T\textbf{x}$ subject to ...
3
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1answer
35 views

Trouble seeing why this is the dual of an LP

$A$ is an $m \times n$ matrix. Using the notation $x=(x_1, \ldots, x_n)$, $z=(z_1, \ldots, z_m)$, and $y=(y_1, \ldots, y_m)$, I'm reading that if the primal LP is $$ \min 0x_1 + 0x_2 + \cdots + 0x_n ...
1
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1answer
29 views

Functional defined on the space of functions with compact support

Let $X=C_c(\mathbb{R})$, the space of functions with compact support, normed with the max norm. Define $\Gamma: X \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ as: $$ \Gamma f= \int_{- \infty}^{\infty} f(t)dt ...
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0answers
25 views

Dual of a polyhedra vs. dual of an optimalization problem

There are lot of fields where the term duality appear. Is there relationship between dual of az optimalization problem [see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duality_(optimization) ] and dual of a ...
2
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1answer
36 views

Hecke equivariance in Poincaré duality.

Consider the first singular homology and cohomology groups of a modular curve, $H^1(X,\mathbb{Z})$ and $H_1(X,\mathbb{Z})$. The Hecke algebra acts on both of them and they are dual to each other under ...
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0answers
9 views

Dual representations of affine span of a set of affine transformers.

I am not well versed in the literature of affine transformers or Farkas' Lemma. I just know the basics of the two concepts. Are there any dual representation of affine span of a set of affine ...
4
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1answer
79 views

Categorical proof of Pontrjagin Duality?

I would like to ask if there is any reference in which Pontrjagin Duality is proved in a categorical context: I started reading the Pontrjagin Dual entry in nLab, ...
0
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0answers
22 views

dual feasibility question in augmented Lagrangians and the method of multipliers

I am going through Boyd's tutorial on ADMM. My question is basically from Sec 2.3. Consider the optimization problem $$\min.~f(x)~~~~\text{s.t.}~~~Ax = b.$$ Then the Lagrangian is ...
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0answers
21 views

Dual Vector Spaces - Evaluation at a Point of a Polynomial Gives a Basis

My question is the following: Let $\{a_0,a_1,...,a_n\}$ be (pairwise) distinct, real numbers. Let $V$ be the vector spaces of all polynomials of degree at most $n$, ie $V = \Bbb P_n$. Let $\phi_j : ...
3
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0answers
37 views

Understanding the duals of $L^{\infty}(K)$ and $C(K)$ and weak-* compactness

Let $(K\subset \mathbb{R}^n,\mathcal{B}(K),\lambda)$ be a measure space, where $\lambda$ is the Lebesgue measure and $K$ is compact. According to Wikipedia (with adapted notation), The dual ...
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1answer
119 views

Dual Simplex Method Example Problem

I have tried to solve this Linear Program: max z = −2*x1 − x2 s.t. −2*x1 + x2 + x3 ≤ −4 x1 + 2x2 − x3 ≤ −6 x1,x2,x3≥0 Choosing -6, ...
1
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1answer
59 views

The first Weyl algebra is Calabi-Yau

Why is the Weyl algebra $A_1(k)$ over a field $k$ Calabi-Yau? (My definition of Calabi-Yau is Ginzburg's)
2
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2answers
67 views

Dual Vector Space embedding

Is there an embedding of any vector space $V$ into $V^*$? As far as I know it is not true. The statement that I know of is that there is natural embedding of $V$ into $V^{**}$ Is there any ...
2
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2answers
39 views

Dual Mapping Preserves Linear Independence if and only if Original Mapping is Surjective

Here is my question: Let $V$ and $W$ be finite-dimensional vectors spaces over a field $F$ and $f:V \rightarrow W$ a linear map. Show that $f$ is surjective if and only if the image under ...
2
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0answers
29 views

Reference Request: Algebraic Serre's Duality Theorem for Curves

Serre's Duality Theorem is well known and well studied and, as far as I know, there is a "big" algebraic proof for the general case, which is now kind of standard, and can be found in Hartshorne and ...
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0answers
23 views

Prove one program to be another's dual program

This is the Primal problem $\min f_0(x)$, subject to $f_i(x) \leq 0$, i = $1,2,\ldots,m$ $f(x)$ is a linear program and my target is to prove that $\max g(λ)$ subject to ...
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0answers
19 views

dual basis and standaard basis and matrix

let $V$ be a vector space from dimantion $n$ and $V^{\star}$ be a map from $V$ to $R$ ($V^{\star}$: $V$$\mapsto$$R$) and $A$ be a matrix from a bilineare form $T$:$V$$\times$V$^{\star}$ $\mapsto$$R$ ...
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26 views

flabbiness of hyperfunctions

Let $A(\mathbb R^n)$ be the real analytic functions and $\mathscr B(\mathbb R^n)$ the hyperfunctions, dual to $A(\mathbb R^n)$. Further let $W\subset \mathbb C$ be a cone in the complex plane with ...
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1answer
58 views

Natural map from vector space to double dual not surjective example

I recognize the fact that the natural map from an infinite dimension vector space $V$ to it's double dual space $V^{**}$ need not necessarily to be surjective because we don't have that the $\dim V$ = ...
0
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1answer
32 views

Maximization with the Dual using the Simplex Method.

I have an exam in a few hours. I need to understand the solution to the following question Find the Maximal to the the following $2 x_1 + 3 x_2$ is the objective function. The constraints are ...
1
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1answer
35 views

How to obtain primal problem from Lagrangian?

If you're trying to optimize $\min_x f_0(x)$ subject to $f_i(x) \leq 0$ then the Lagrangian would be $$L(x, \lambda) = f_0(x) + \sum_i \lambda_i f_i(x)$$ The dual problem is $\max_\lambda g(y)$ ...
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1answer
71 views

Existence of a function in Radon Measure

I am having trouble to construct a function $f$ in the following problem. Let $X$ be Locally Compact Hausdorff topological space. Let $\mu$ is a positive Radon measure on $X$ with $\mu(X)=\infty$ ...
3
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1answer
68 views

Proof of Poincare duality in Bott and Tu's book

In Bott and Tu's book, "Differential forms in Algebraic Topology", page 45, Section 5 of Chapter one, he tried to prove the Poincare duality. But I find one step mysterious, namely when he describes ...
3
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1answer
25 views

cofree comodules and embedding

For an $R$-coalgebra C, is it possible for every C-comodule M to be embeded into a C-comodule of the form $\underset{i \in I}{\bigoplus} C$?
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1answer
52 views

Proof of properties of dual cone

Show that if C $\subseteq$ D then $D^*$ $\subseteq$ $C^*$ where * is dual cone operation. Can somebody explain it.
1
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1answer
22 views

Calculating the dual module

Is the dual $\mathbb{Z}$-module of $\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z}$, that is ${\rm Hom}_{\mathbb{Z}}(\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z},\mathbb{Z})$ isomorphic to $\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z}$. Looking at it briefly I think ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

The dual space of normed vector space $X$ is isomorphic to the dual of its completion

Let $\overline{X}$ be Banach space and $X$ be dense subset of it. Show that dual space of X and dual space of $\overline{X}$ are isomorphic. Why these are isomorphic? I don't know how to prove ...
4
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1answer
93 views

Duality in algebraic de Rham cohomology

I am trying to prove that the following is a short exact sequence $$ 0 \rightarrow H^0(X,\Omega_X) \rightarrow H^1_{\text {dR}}(X/k) \rightarrow H^1(X,\mathcal O_X) \rightarrow 0, $$ where $k$ is an ...
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2answers
66 views

Constructing Dual notions via Duality

First of all, I do not have much mathematical background and I have minimal category theory knowledge. I am just trying to understand one or two things about category theory because the concept sounds ...
2
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1answer
49 views

Auto-Langlands dual gruops.

Consider a semisimple Lie group $G$. We define the Langlands dual $\hat{G}$ of $G$ as the group which has as a root system, the root system generated by the coroots of $G$. Recall that given a root ...
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1answer
23 views

Duality in a finite dimension

Let $E$ and $F$ be two finite dimension vector spaces over the same field $K$, $V$ is sub-space of $E$, $L_V(E,F)$ is the set of linear maps from $E$ to $F$ which vanish on $V$. And let $W$ such that ...
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1answer
84 views

The convex conjugate of a quadratic form with positive semi definite matrix

I want to find the convex conjugate (Legendre transform) of a quadratic for $1/2x^{t}Qx$ when $Q$ is positive semi-definite. If Q is non-singular, the solution is easy - the gradient is $y-Qx=0$ so ...
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0answers
30 views

Is this dual-spaced norm based on $L_2$ norm

I am reading the book of Claes Johnson about Numerical Solution of Partial Differential Equations by the Finite Element Method and particularly pages 34 and 98. I wrote these notes to my craft Is ...
3
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1answer
101 views

Lagrange dual of a sum of convex functions

Given a set of convex functions $f_i(x)$ and convex sets $X_i$ in $\mathbb R^n$ I need to find the Lagrange dual problem for the problem $\min \sum{f_i(x)} , x \in X_i \forall i$. There is of course ...
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1answer
61 views

Lagrangian dual for the sum of norms

I would like some help in deriving the Lagrangian dual function of a sum-of-norms minimization problem : $\sum{||A_{i}x-b_{i}||}$ when $A_{i}$ are matrices, and $b_{i},x$ vectors. I understand I can ...
1
vote
1answer
209 views

Orthogonal Complements property

I have a question about how to prove a certain property of orthogonal complements of vector subspaces. Given $\mathrm E$, a vector space over a commutative field k, define: $$\phi\text{ : } \mathrm E ...
2
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1answer
167 views

Recovering the solution of optimization problem from the dual problem

In the context of (most of the times convex) optimization problems - I understand that I can build a Lagrange dual problem and assuming I know there is strong duality (no gap) I can find the optimum ...
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0answers
22 views

how to get the dual of that optimization problem

max $1^\top x$ such that $x^\top M x = 0$ and $x_i^2 = x_i$ for all i For the above problem how can I derive the dual form. My main problem is to choose matrix notation or the element-wise notation ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

how to construct the Lagrangian dual problem?

The primal optimization problem is, \begin{align*}\min_x\;&f_0(x)\\ \text{s.t.}\;&f_i(x)\le0\\ &h_j(x)=0\end{align*}, to construct the dual problem, I form the Lagrangian, ...
0
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1answer
62 views

Dual space of a complete vector space

Let $(X, \mathcal{F}, \mathbb{P})$ be a Probability space. Consider the space of all functions with topology induced from convergence in Probability. I am interested in knowing the dual space of it. ...