A division algebra $D$ is a vector spaces over a field $F$ equipped with a bilinear product and a multiplicative neutral element $1$. All the non-zero elements of $D$ have a multiplicative inverse. Associativity is often assumed but not always. Any field is a commutative, associative division ...

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algebraically closed field in a division ring?

Is it possible to have $K \subset D$ where $K$ is algebraically closed field and $D$ is a division ring such that $K \subseteq Z(D)$?
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36 views

Factoring and solving a cubic polynomial

When can we not use synthetic division to solve for a cubic polynomial? For example we can use synthetic division to solve $-t^3 -4t^2 +20t +48$. When I can't use synthetic division what are my other ...
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29 views

Involutions on endomorphisms over division rings

Let $D$ be a division ring, and let $M $ be a free left $D$-module of finite rank. Assume that $x\mapsto x^*$ is an involution on the ring $\operatorname{End}_D(M)$ (which in this case means: ${}^*$ ...
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1answer
28 views

Finite dimensional central division algebras over a finite extension of $\mathbb{F}_q(T)$

Over number fields, finite dimensional central division algebras are always cyclic algebras. So the construction of cyclic algebras is a nice recipe to create algebras, which exhausts all finite ...
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48 views

On Nilpotent Elements of $M_n (F)$

For a field $F$, I have proved that $A \in M_n(F)$ is nilpotent iff $A^n=0$. Now I am curious about Division Rings. If we consider $F$ as a division ring then what happens? Does the result remain ...
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26 views

Division algebra over 2-adic fields

Let $D$ be the quaternion division algebra and $O$ be a maximal $\mathbb{Z}$-order in $D$, say the Hurwitz quaternion integers. It can be proved that $D$ and $O$ split at odd primes, that is ...
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64 views

Has the Riemann Hypothesis been generalized to the Octonions and the Quaternions?

I've noticed that it uses imaginary numbers. I know that sometimes when I have too few dimensions like (-1)^n, dots show where I might expect lines due to imaginary numbers. So perhaps there is a ...
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2answers
28 views

Finding basis and dimension based on definition of space

I've got two vector spaces $U$ and $V$ over division ring $\mathbb{T}$ . Space $W$ over division ring $\mathbb{T}$ is defined as $W =\{( u, v ); u \in U, v \in V \}$ with operations $(u_1, v_1) + ...
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40 views

A corollary of Niven

Please proof corollary of Niven: For $a \in D\backslash R$, the equation ${t^n} = a$ has exactly $n$ solutions in $D$, all of which lie in $R\left( a \right)$, in there $R$ is a real-closed field and ...
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3answers
188 views

Prove that the division ring is commutative if for every $x$, $x^7=x$

I'm trying to solve a problem and I'm stuck. Here is the original problem: Let $A$ be a finite-dimensional algebra over a field $K$, such that for every $a\in A$, $a^7=a$. Show that $A$ is a ...
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1answer
134 views

Examples of division algebras

Together with the Grunwald–Wang theorem, the Albert–Brauer–Hasse–Noether theorem implies that every central simple algebra over an algebraic number field is cyclic, i.e. can be obtained by an explicit ...
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A central division algebra is not its commutator

In looking at old qualifying exam questions, I've come upon a question that has me stumped. Let $A$ be a central division algebra (of finite dimension) over a field $k$. Let $[A,A]$ be the ...
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1answer
47 views

Ideal in a certain algebra over a field

Let $K|k$ be a finite field extension. Define $D$ to be a finite dimensional $k$ division algebra. If $J$ is a nonzero two-sided ideal of $D\otimes_k K$ then by considering $K$-dimensions, I see that ...
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1answer
62 views

Show that $D \cong {\rm End}_A(D^n)$ where $D$ is a division algebra and $A\cong M_n(D)$

Define $A$ to be a finite dimensional simple algebra over a field $k$. $D$ is a $k$-division algebra (not necessarily commutative) such that $A\cong M_n(D)$ for some integer $n$. Let $L$ be a minimal ...
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1answer
51 views

Simple $M_n(D)$-module with $D$ a division ring

Define $D$ to be a division algebra over a field $k$ and $R=M_n(D)$ the $n\times n$ matrix ring over $D$. A simple $R$-module $M$ is the quotient of $R$. I can write $R=\bigoplus_j I_j$ where $I_j$ is ...
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0answers
60 views

Involutions of the second type in a division algebra

I'm trying to figure out some details about involutions of division algebra, thought maybe someone here might have a better insight. Let $k$ be a $p$-adic or number field, and let ...
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1answer
71 views

Ring Structures On $\mathbb {R} ^n$

In the book of Musili it is written that $\mathbb{R}^n$ is a division ring under usual addition and multiplication for $n=1,2,4$. I have understood this. But after that he said, in those cases we ...
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1answer
64 views

The reals as an algebra over the rationals

R, the real numbers, is an infinite dimensional commutative division algebra over the rationals Q. Is there an example of an infinite dimensional noncommutative division algebra over the rationals Q?
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27 views

Solving function in difference quotien equation

I have the problem Find the difference quotient $\frac{f(2 + h) - f(2)}{h}$ for $f(x) = \frac{1}{x^2}$. The answer they gave is $\frac{-(4 + h)}{4(2 + h)^2}$ So far I've done: $$\frac{[1/(2 + h)^2 ...
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0answers
34 views

Type of isomorphism

Let K algebraic closed field, M a simple A-module where A a K-algebra then $ End(M) \cong K $. My question is what kind of isomorphism there is between the two objects.There is a correspondence for $ ...
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1answer
40 views

finite integral domain algebras are division algebras [duplicate]

If R is a finite-dimensional algebra over a field k, and if R is also an integral domain, show that R is a division algebra over k.
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53 views

The elegant expression in terms of gcd and lcm - algebra - (2)

Definition: suppose a quantity $P$ is identified by $$ \frac{P}{k}\simeq \frac{P}{k}+1 $$ what we mean is that $$ P= 0\pmod{k}. $$ That means that when $P \to P+k$, then $$ \frac{P}{k}\to ...
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1answer
169 views

Endomorphisms of direct sum and division ring

How to prove that $$\operatorname{End}_R(V^{ \oplus n }) \cong M_n(D),$$ where $V$ is a simple left $R$-module and $D=\operatorname{End}_R(V)$. This is part of the proof finally leads to prove ...
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1answer
96 views

Why are there no Dual-octonions?

In the case of quaternions, we can define the traditional quaternions setting the imaginary components equal to root negative one, the hyperbolic quaternions by using root positive one, and the dual ...
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1answer
50 views

Example of an ordered, noncommutative division ring

Does there exist a noncommutative division ring $D$ (i. e. a field except that commutativity of multiplication is violated, e. g. the quaternions) which is also an ordered ring? Since most examples ...
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1answer
64 views

Simple $R$-module

Let $M$ be a simple $R$-module and $N=M\bigoplus M$. Then which one is true: 1) $N$ has a finite number of submodules. 2) $\operatorname{Hom}_R(N,N)$ is a division ring. 3) ...
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61 views

A proof using Fermat's Little Theorem?

Let $p$ be prime and let $a\in Z$ such that p doesn't divide a (sorry I couldn't find the symbol for it in MathJaX). Prove that if $k$ is the smallest integer such that $a^k\equiv 1 \pmod p$, then ...
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2answers
405 views

Proof: Subsequence of n integers is divisible by n?

So I'm confused and stuck on how to approach this question. Any direction in the right path would be greatly appreciated. Let $n\in N$. Prove that any sequence of $n$ integers $a_1, a_2, ... a_n$ (no ...
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1answer
46 views

direct products and direct sums of skew fields

If F is a skew field then are the arbitrary direct sums of F-modules isomorphic to their direct products (over the same index). I mean, if R is a division ring, and $\{M_i\}_{i\in I}$ some familly ...
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1answer
120 views

“Vector spaces” over a skew-field are free?

Are modules over a skew field free? That is, if $F$ is a skewfield then can any module $M$ be written as $\underset{i \in I}{\bigoplus} F$ for some indexing set $I$?
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120 views

Indefinite quaternion algebra over Q

Let $D$ be an indefinite quaternion algebra over $\Bbb Q$. We have a chosen isomorphism $\iota \colon D \otimes_{\Bbb Q} {\Bbb R} \cong {\mathrm{M}}_2({\Bbb R})$. Q: If we choose another isomorphism ...
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106 views

What can you do with octonions?

How can you calculate with them and what can you actually make up from the calculations? And what is exactly meant by normed division-algebras?
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1answer
40 views

How to check for division ring's definition.

I am rather unskilled in algebra (have never done it to be precise), but today, I had to deal with some division rings (i.e. rings with multiplicative inverse) and I came to a point where I had to ...
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1answer
55 views

Division ring as a $K$-algebra.

I want to solve the following question: Suppose that the division ring $\Delta$ is a $K$-algebra with $(\Delta:K)$ finite. Prove that $\Delta=K$ if $K$ is algebraically closed. Deduce that if $K$ ...
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1answer
54 views

A problem in division rings and Brauer group

Suppose that $D, E$ are two division rings in the Brauer group of $F$ ($Br(F)$), where $F$ is local field. Show that $D\otimes_FE$ is a division ring iff $([D:F],[E:F])=1$.
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1answer
468 views

Prove that any integer divides zero: $a\in \mathbb Z \implies a\mid0$

Prove that any integer divides zero: $a\in \mathbb Z \implies a\mid0$ How can i prove that any integer divides zero? i tried using the definition of divisibility, but i dont know if for the formal ...
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1answer
59 views

Subspace of Division Algebra

I'm working on understanding the following proof: https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/17606191/proof.gif but I'm having some trouble understanding some of the author's terminology. We're asked to ...
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1answer
238 views

About a proof of the Frobenius Theorem on Division Algebras

I'm trying to understand a proof of the Frobenius Theorem on Division Algebras, but my knowledge of the relevant mathematics isn't really up to scratch. The proof I'm reading is this one. I'm not ...
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2answers
84 views

There isn't any maximal finite subgroup of a multiplicative group of a division ring.

It is an exercise in division algebras and I couldn't find the answer: Suppose that $D$ is a division ring. Prove that $D^{\times}$ has no finite maximal subgroup.
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1answer
84 views

Schur's Lemma and division algebras

Let $A$ be an abelian subgroup of the unimodular group of degree $n$ (i.e. $GL(n,\mathbb Z)$). $A$ can be regarded as a group of automorphisms of a free abelian group of rank $n$ ($\mathbb Z^n$), and ...
2
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0answers
48 views

Brauer equivalence classes over $\mathbb{Q}$.

How to show that there are infinitely many Brauer equivalence classes over $\mathbb{Q}$? I proved that every such class has exactly one division algebra in it, so the question reduces to showing that ...
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0answers
66 views

A corollary to the Wedderburn-Artin theorem.

Suppose we proved the Wedderburn-Artin theorem, i.e. we have the fact that if S is a semisimple algebra over a field $F$, then $$ A \cong M_{n_1} (D_1) \times ... \times M_{n_k} (D_k), $$ where ...
5
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3answers
454 views

Brauer group of a field of rational numbers

Can we say anything about Brauer group of $\mathbb{Q}$? And how can we construct it?
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1answer
59 views

Factoring a polynomial over finite field $\,F_3$ that has a root

A question I am struggling with. We are asked to factor $\,f(x)=x^2+x+1$ over the field $F_3 =\{0,1,2\}$ So, I checked for a root, and I saw that $f(1) = 1^2+1+1 =0$ (because $3=0$ in $F_3$) that ...
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1answer
61 views

Is $SL_1(D)$ toplogically finitely generated, for $D$ a division algebra over a local field?

I've been struggling with this one all day, and I was wondering if someone can give me a hand with the proof. I'm not even sure if the group in question is finitely generated, so I would appreciate if ...
0
votes
1answer
199 views

Finding Pitch Diameter of sprocket

I am currently following a tutorial on Instructables here. In the instructable to find the pitch diameter of a sprocket they use the formula on the above link. the pitch that is used is 12.70, the ...
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0answers
46 views

normed division algebra

Can we prove that every division algebra over $R$ or $C$ is a normed division algebra? Or is there any example of division algebra in which it is not possible to define a norm? Definition of normed ...
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2answers
323 views

Statement equivalent to fundamental theorem of algebra

In the article The Classification Of Real Division Algebras (written by R. S. Palais) it is said that if D is finite dimensional division algebra over $\mathbb{R}$, then: One way of stating the ...
2
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1answer
165 views

Quaternion algebra and norm

Let $a \in \mathbb{Q}$ be a nonzero rational number and set $(5,a)$ and (for the associated division algebras over $\mathbb{Q}$). Let us suppose that $b$ is the norm of some element of ...
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1answer
287 views

what are the p-adic division algebras?

Is there a classification of division algebras over $\mathbb{Q}_p$? There are field extensions of $\mathbb{Q}_p$, but are there any others? In particular, I want to know if they are all commutative. ...